Global Fight Against Pandemic: Wildlife Market & Pandemic Force/Org.
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"When asked what was the biggest disaster of the twentieth century,
almost nobody answers the Spanish flu...
The Spanish flu is remembered personally, not collectively.
Not as a historical disaster, but as millions of discrete, private tragedies."
-Laura Spinney,Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and how it changed the world(2017)
Sometimes close contacts between humans and food animals have resulted in the transmission of many microbes from animals to humans which leads to Zoonotic Diseases. Currently, due to the outbreak of the CORONA VIRUS (SARS-CoV-2), the CORONA VIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) became a pandemic. The Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, also known as the Huanan Seafood Market, is a live animal and seafood market in Jianghan District, Wuhan, Hubei province, China. The market gained media attention after being identified as a point of origin of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. Wet markets and commingling with wild animals have created much misery for the Chinese and for the world. A leading hypothesis is that the virus emerged from animals at a popular market in Wuhan. This is not a surprise for many experts because it’s happened before. In 2003, a virus very similar to SARS-CoV-2 emerged from a market in Foshan, China. It caused the SARS disease, which spread to dozens of countries and killed nearly 800 people. The COVID-19 death toll is already multiples of that.
These Wet markets are a series of stalls that sell fresh vegetables and fruits, live fish, chickens, and other meats. They are named after the melting of ice used to preserve goods and the washing of floors to clean blood and entrails. During the 1970s famine, the Chinese government had given permission to the private farmers to trade all sorts of wild animals which has resulted in the many wet wildlife markets in Southern China. Wet wildlife markets were a means to survive in times of great famine and state-disaster or state-collapse. In 1998, China’s government enacted the Wildlife Protection Law, which designated the animals as “resources owned by the state,” and protected people engaged in the “utilization of wildlife resources,” The law encouraged the domestication and breeding of wildlife, which led to large scale industrialization of the industry. Although China is not the only country to have these ‘wet wildlife markets’.But also all wet markets are not wildlife markets, and confusing the two is dangerous too.
The deadly bug, Covid-19, put a spotlight on the regime’s poorly regulated wild animal trade – driven by the relentless demand for exotic delicacies and ingredients for traditional medicine. Not only did the Government of China fail to ban or supervise these markets, but it also passed supportive legislation to promote them across China, which created more opportunities for the virus to mutate into COVID-19. SARS might have been an accident, but the COVID-19 worldwide outbreak is the result of negligence in legislation and a lack of regulatory measures for wildlife trade in China.
Animal welfare and Human welfare are intertwined. The removal of these species from the wild will have an effect on us all. The survival of these megafaunas is intertwined with our own as we are all part of a complex ecosystem. The loss of such important and incredible animals that have been created over millions of years would be a testament to our selfishness and lack of care and respect for the natural world. Cruel conditions in these markets should be reason enough. However, add to that the risk to human health and it's patently obvious live animal markets must be closed permanently. we must take action for a complete ban worldwide, not only for these poor animals and their suffering, but to prevent the spread of any more of these zoonotic diseases spreading from animals to humans and claiming lives worldwide, so very apparent in the huge and devastating number of lives lost across the world recently due to this coronavirus.
Since the virus hit in December, almost 20,000 wildlife farms across seven Chinese provinces have been shut down or put under quarantine, including breeders specializing in peacocks, foxes, deer, and turtles, according to local government press releases. It isn't clear what effect the ban might have on the industry's future -- but there are signs China's population may have already been turning away from eating wild animals even before the epidemic.
A study by Beijing Normal University and the China Wildlife Conservation Association in 2012, found that in China's major cities, a third of people had used wild animals in their lifetime for food, medicine or clothing -- only slightly less than in their previous survey in 2004.
However, the researchers also found that just over 52% of the total respondents agreed that wildlife should not be consumed. It was even higher in Beijing, where more than 80% of residents were opposed to wildlife consumption.
Further, the surprising thing is only rich and powerful people in China eat such exotic animals risking the lives of the remaining 1.4 billion people hence closing of such wet wildlife markets won’t hurt the farmers. Conservative estimates are that millions of people may die globally from this pandemic, and the direct and indirect economic costs will be in the trillions of dollars.
so the benefits of closing it will overcome its drawbacks. Trade needs to be shut down immediately including e-commerce platforms and the black market. There is no better time to implement new measures and enforcement. Taking strict measures against the black market & illegal trade is a must otherwise this banning these wet wildlife markets can backfire. If not then we'll see virus outbreaks begin not in markets this time, but in rural communities (were underground black market and illegal trade can flourish in case loss measures ) And people won't talk to authorities about disease due to viral outbreak because it is actually illegal.
These wet wildlife markets not only exist in China but also Thailand, South America, Africa and other parts of the world. Prevention is always better than Cure, without stopping the activities that led to the virus it is likely this will happen again. The final effectiveness of the ban may depend on the government's willpower to enforce the law. "Culture cannot be changed overnight, it takes time but can change, Its the truth.
'It's not the time to only blame
others but to Act Together"
Along with banning the wet wildlife markets, United Nations with global cooperation can form a Pandemic Force/ Organisation whose function can be to earlier detection of potential viral hot spots. According to an assumption, on planet earth, there are more than 1.7 million unknown viruses and about half of which can get into a human. Forecasting, where the outbreak is most likely to occur is critical of defense strategy needed to prevent an outbreak before they emerge.
"In Pandemic, what is crucial is to act earlier."
The world is more interconnected than ever before with viruses easily being able to jump borders with more travelers from every country than ever seen before. Though the economic benefits are extraordinary the health concerns, if left unchecked, will lead to this situation again.
I would like the United Nation to pass a resolution to close these wet markets in Asia and elsewhere and for the formation of Pandemic Force/ Organisation, to help save these endangered animals, earlier detection of viral hot spots and stop the future virus infection from animals to humans. Also like governments to apply the utmost diplomatic and financial pressure on all countries that have live animal markets to ban this practice, and to maintain and enforce the bans. Such bans should include informing and educating the affected communities as a central feature and should not allow loopholes, such as the 'traditional medicine' loophole.
If you strongly feel for the issue as I do, please sign the petition and share before its too late for our own human species and take a step forward to make this world a better place to live in.
If again we don't put the regulations and take the necessary step, there are chances that other viruses may cause an outbreak in the near future and the world will again see another pandemic due to this eating habits of people.
We can not have another pandemic like the coronavirus happening again. This suffering can not continue.
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