Petition to the Prime minister of India to save 35,00000 Indians from possible dam break

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Mullaiperiyar Dam is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located 881 m (2,890 ft) above mean sea level, on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki District of Kerala, South India. It was constructed between 1887 and 1895 by John Persnickety and also reached in an agreement to divert water eastwards to the Madras Presidency area (present-day Tamil Nadu). It has a height of 53.6 m (176 ft) from the foundation, and a length of 365.7 m (1,200 ft).

The dam was constructed using stone rubble masonry with lime mortar grouting following prevailing 19th-century construction techniques that have now become archaic, seepage and leaks from the dam have caused concern. Moreover, the dam is situated in a seismically active zone. An earthquake measuring 4.5 on the Richter scale occurred on 7 June 1988 with maximum damage in Nedumkandam and Kallar (within 20 km of the dam). Subsequently, several tremors have occurred in the area in recent times. These could be reservoir-induced seismicity, requiring further studies according to experts. A 2009 report by IIT Roorkee stated that the dam "was likely to face damage if an earthquake of the magnitude of 6.5 on the Richter scale struck its vicinity when the water level is at 136 feet".

There are serious violations on the safety aspects of the dam in terms of seismological safety,
hydrological safety and environmental safety. The dam has been under-designed because at the time of its construction cement was not available and hence neither a masonry dam in cement mortar nor a concrete dam with cement mortar could be built to ensure better safety standards. The old methods of construction
followed about a century ago enabled the engineers to use only surkhi mortor with lime, sand
and rubble stone was used for the construction of the dam. Since the dam was under-designed
and with poor materials of construction it is bound to collapse due to aging also. Moreover the
magnitude of peak floods to be used for the spillway design was based upon rough estimates
which do not confirm to the modern estimates of extreme floods as recommended by experts of
the International committee on large dams Even the seismic potential was under- estimated
Hence there are abundant chances for the dam to collapse and such an accident will result in
the death of about 36,00000 people living downstream and the wiping off of many towns and cities which include Kochi city as well.  Consequently the people of Kerala living downstream of the dam are vociferously demanding for the implementation of dam review policies followed for evaluation of safety of the existing dams and take remedial actions to protect the lives of the people and their properties. But there is no unanimous
agreement on this subject of dam safety between Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the Union Government
and this as resulted in a controversy on the safety of the dam.

People of  Kerala is demanding for the removal of the existing aged and decaying dam
on the plea that its inevitable collapse within the near future will result in an avoidable manmade disaster like the Bhopal tragedy in India and the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan.

Due to this disaster waiting in the wings,  more than a lakh of people between the dam and the
Iddukki reservoir 40km below the dam more than 35 lakhs of people in the lower reaches of
Periyar river upto Ernakulam-Cochin belt will be drowned causing not only loss of millions of
lives and property.  

We request the Prime Minister of India, Sri Narendra Modi to intervene in this matter as fast as possible and save our lives. We believe that you have the capability to do this for us. 

I am drafting this petition from the middle of the Kerala floods 2019, and we cannot even think of a possible dam-break. I urge all fellow citizens of India to sign this petition and share it to save our lives.

References 

https://www.indiawaterportal.org/sites/indiawaterportal.org/files/dam_break_analysis_of_mullaperiyar_dam_prof._shivaji_rao_2014.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mullaperiyar_Dam

http://jamewils.blogspot.com/