Stop 'relocating stray dogs from the campus and inhumane treatment towards them'.
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Currently, IIT Roorkee is displacing the dogs that grew up on campus and leaving them far away. The dogs are not being relocated to any shelter. The dog catchers are untrained, usually more likely to get bitten and be cruel towards dogs. This practice is cruel and illegal and definitely not expected from a premier institute. We should raise our voice against such practices. The efforts of IITR are well intentioned to reduce human-dog aggression. But the means are ill-informed, inhumane, illegal and unfortunate.
Many students have pleasant interactions with these stray dogs. They are also uniquely named by students and are very obedient. For example Rampyari, Masoom, Leo, etc.
Dogs do not usually bite without provocation. Dogs may bite/attack when, they perceive aggression on your part, such as a raised stick, or bending to pick a stone, if you try to touch/catch them, or if you are carrying something unusually shaped/big for them, in a bid to protect their owner’s, or their own territory, or their food/source of food, mothers may bite to protect their young ones.
WHY NOT RELOCATE?
1. Dogs keep areas free of snakes, rodents, particularly sewer rats, that can overrun habitation with fearful diseases like plague. (Example, plague at Surat.)
2. Stray dogs are scavengers, and can live on insects, rodents, and garbage. Countries that have tackled garbage, filth, slums, etc. and resorted to large scale sterilization and vaccination, have effectively managed stray animals.
3. Stray dogs breed and live in and around human habitations – wherever there are people there are dogs. Efforts to completely rid territories of strays, or ‘throwing away’ or otherwise harming their young, does not usually have the desired effect. This is primarily because vacated territories which are vacuums are always taken up by other dogs. This cycle continues and the only way to stop it to “domesticate” the dogs that are already present in your area and get them sterilized and vaccinated. These dogs will guard your area from other dogs which may be rabid or un-sterilised.
4. If the dogs feed on Garbage then the garbage dump becomes their “primary food source” which they will try to protect from you and in turn may get hostile. But if you feed the dogs at least once in a day then you become the primary food source which they will Protect.
3. Hungry animals are more likely to fight, and bite, and be diseased (since they forage for food in garbage). Feeding stray dogs renders them docile and friendly, and they do not roam in search of food. It becomes easier to catch them for sterilization and vaccination.
3.DOG BITES and AGGRESSION
2. Management of Garbage Dumps
3. Feeding” of stray dogs
4. Vaccination & Sterilization of the same dogs
A rational, scientific solution to the problem of stray dogs has been
recommended by the World Health Organization (W.H.O.), and has been
demonstrated to be the only effective solution. The W.H.O. recommends systematic sterilization, vaccination and community level adoption of dogs for effectively reducing dog population and aggression in dogs, and eliminating the risk of rabies. Relocating stray dogs is not recommended. Dogs are released back in the areas they were picked up from, because they guard their territories and prevent other (possibly un-sterilized, un-vaccinated) dogs from coming in. This also serves to keep the dog population in a community in check.
1. The Animal Birth Control (Dog) Rules, 2001, enacted under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, provide for sterilization and vaccination as a means of stabilizing/reducing stray dog populations and eliminating the risk of rabies ; and prohibits relocation of stray dogs, i.e. throwing, or driving them out of one area, into another. Enclosed copies of an articles referring to an order passed by the Supreme Court of India in this regard, which prohibits removal, dislocation or killing of even nuisance dogs.
2. Under Stray Dog Management Rules 2001, it's illegal for an individual, RWA or estate management to remove or relocate dogs. The dogs have to be sterilized and vaccinated and returned to the same area. Vaccinated and sterilized dogs cannot be removed by the municipality too.
3. I.P.C. Section 428 and 429 provides severe punishment (up to 5 years imprisonment) to people resorting to dislocation, abduction and acts of cruelty towards community animals or pets.
4. The Environment (Protection) Act – 1986 and Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 at various places protects the stray dogs against any kind of cruelty.
5. The Supreme Court of India in 2009 gave a stay order against removal culling
or dislocation of a dog anywhere in India. Other notifications, laws, orders pertaining to Dog feeding, Protection and removal/ killing/ dislocation are attached herewith for consideration. Please note that these are serious offenses under the law of the land and are punishable also.
6. Harming animals, or treating them with cruelty, is a punishable offence, under the Constitution of India, the Indian Penal Code, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and the Environment Protection Act.
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