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Stop Child Abuse

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We the Undersigned urge our US Congressmen/Congresswomen to pass the H.R. 3126: Stop Child Abuse in Residential Programs for Teens Act of 2011.


It is a sad fact that the United States has not protected the human rights of children in private residential treatment and wilderness camps. These programs remain largely unregulated and terrible abuse happens while children are kept from communicating with their families and getting advocacy for even their most basic needs. The US Congress (112th Congress: 2011-2012) needs to pass H.R. 3126: Stop Child Abuse in Residential Programs for Teens Act of 2011 without delay in order to pass legislation that will require certain standards and enforcement provisions to prevent child abuse and neglect in residential programs.


See the progress of this proposed legislation at:


H.R. 3126: Stop Child Abuse in Residential Programs for Teens Act of 2011

112th Congress: 2011-2012

Official Summary

To require certain standards and enforcement provisions to prevent child abuse and neglect in residential programs, and for other purposes.

Sponsor: Rep. George Miller [D-CA7]


Show Cosponsors (16)


Summary | Full Text

Status: This bill has been referred to the following Congressional Committees:


The bill has been referred to the following committees:

House Education and the Workforce

House Education and the Workforce, Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education

Summary of the Bill introduced on 10/6/2011

Stop Child Abuse in Residential Programs for Teens Act of 2011 - Directs the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services to require each location of a covered program to meet specified minimum standards if individually or together with other locations it has an effect on interstate commerce. Defines "covered program" as one operated by a public or private entity that with respect to one or more children unrelated to the program owner or operator: (1) provides a residential environment; and (2) operates with a focus on serving children with emotional, behavioral, or mental health problems or disorders, or problems with alcohol or substance abuse. Directs the Assistant Secretary to: (1) implement an ongoing review process for investigating and evaluating reports of child abuse and neglect; (2) establish public websites with information about each covered program, as well as a national toll-free telephone hotline to receive complaints; (3) establish civil penalties for violations of standards; and (4) establish a process to ensure that complaints received by the hotline are promptly reviewed by persons with appropriate expertise. Requires the Assistant Secretary to refer any violation of such standards to the Attorney General for appropriate action. Authorizes the Attorney General to file such a complaint on his or her own initiative regardless of whether such a referral has been made. Amends the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act to establish additional eligibility requirements for grants to states to prevent child abuse and neglect at residential programs. Require such states to develop policies and procedures to prevent child abuse and neglect at covered programs consistent with the standards specified by this Act. Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to study outcomes for children in both private and public covered programs under this Act encompassing a broad representation of treatment facilities and geographic regions.


 Added Notes from HEAL - Request for changes in the legislation as written.

HEAL ( is a network of families and individuals who have

been victims of fraud and abuse perpetrated by residential programs for children

and teens.  HEAL 126 SW148th St., Suite C100-422, Seattle, WA 98166-1984. (877)845-3232.

We have been investigating and exposing institutionalized abuse and fraud at

behavior modification programs, residential treatment centers, therapeutic

boarding schools, wilderness programs, boot camps, and faith-based children’s

homes since 2002.

HEAL currently has eight active chapters throughout the United States and

volunteers in nearly every state. Our chapters are organized by survivors of

institutionalized abuse at various programs that have operated and/or are

currently operating in the United States.

The remainder of the statement will identify sections of the bill(s) as written and

include our concerns, suggestions, and any questions we have regarding the


As registered voters and victims of the very industry this legislation seeks to

regulate, we entreat you to thoroughly review, address, and act to ensure that

children, teens, and families are truly protected from fraud and abuse.


S. 1667)


We have no concerns, suggestions, or questions regarding this section.



It is a minor concern that the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families of the

Department of Health and Human Services will be charged with the task of

implementing the new regulations. (Sec. 2. (1))

The primary reason that this is a concern is the lack of oversight of programs

currently operating with Department of Health and Human Services approval

and/or recommendation that are known to engage in fraudulent and abusive


For example, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

(SAMHSA/, a division of the Department of Health and Human

Services, approves of and refers to the following fraudulent and/or abusive

programs (found via SAMHSA’s Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator


1. Provo Canyon School in Provo, UT

Provo Canyon School has lost multiple lawsuits that included the following causes

of action: civil rights violations, cruel and inhumane treatment of children,

assault, battery, unlawful imprisonment, and fraud. (Source: www.healonline.


On June 18th, 2003, the Deseret News in Utah ran a story regarding the fact that

programs like Provo Canyon School receive no oversight or regulation. In

addition, the story cited Provo Canyon School as the starting place of WWASPS’

founders and leadership, including Robert Lichfield and Karr Farnsworth.

(Source: WWASPS is currently

facing a class action suit by families defrauded and children abused at its

facilities. (Source:

In addition, Provo Canyon School’s parent company, UHS, Inc., is currently being

investigated and prosecuted by the U.S. Attorney General for defrauding

Medicaid. (Source:

2. New Haven Residential Treatment Center in Lehi, UT

New Haven has engaged in false advertising. It has claimed that staff had

credentials and training that it clearly did not. The evidence of this is verifiable

and HEAL is processing the documents that substantiate this claim at this time.

Beyond this, Utah lists New Haven School as a school that is "accredited" by the

Northwest Association of Accredited Schools (NAAS). (Source:

Directory/DOCS/2010_EducationalDirectory.aspx) NAAS has been sued as codefendants

with WWASPS. And, NAAS was also sued for misappropriating the

name of a non-active accrediting agency. NAAS was forced to change names

and is now NWAC. NAAS was forced to change their name to NWAC (Source:


ybnjkmklopnaas) after a lawsuit was filed for misappropriating the name of a

legitimate accreditation agency. NAAS was also a co-defendant in a lawsuit

against the World Wide Association of Specialty Programs and Schools in 2006.

(Case Citation: Bruce Dungan, et al. v. World Wide Association of Specialty

Programs and Schools, Inc., NAAS, et al., United States District Court, Northern

District of New York, July 25th, 2006) The attorneys representing the plaintiffs

in this case were Hancock & Estabrook, LLP. The lawsuit was filed as a class

action. Academy at Ivy Ridge was the basis of the lawsuit. NAAS "accredited"

this school. Quote: "Ivy Ridge Academy accreditation rejected: The

Academy at Ivy Ridge will not be allowed to resume issuing high school

diplomas. The State Education Department has rejected the Academy's

application, according to stories Friday in St. Lawrence County newspapers and

The Watertown Times. A letter from the State Education Department to Ivy

Ridge quoted in the Watertown Times says, "The Department's review revealed

that AIR is principally a behavior modification program and not a school..."


A1B8-8002-4DEC-801C-294F33F1698E) For complete story, see So, NAAS/NWAC accreditation does

not provide effective assurance that the credits "earned" at New Haven are

transferable. This is a serious concern.

3. Youth Care of Utah in Draper, UT

Youth Care of Utah is an Aspen Education Group program. Multiple Aspen

Education Group programs have been closed due to deaths and abuse. Aspen

Education Group programs that have been closed due to deaths and/or abuse

include Mount Bachelor Academy (Oregon) and SageWalk (Oregon). Youth Care

of Utah operates under two names to avoid association with its poor track

record. The other name under which it operates is Pine Ridge Academy. The

addresses for Youth Care of Utah and Pine Ridge Academy are identical.

Brendan Blum died at Youth Care in 2007. (Source: www.healonline.


The above three examples are not an extensive list of the problems, abuses, and

concerns raised regarding the methods or standards currently upheld or required

by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Federal agencies charged with enforcing regulations in various industries

repeatedly fail to protect consumers and the public from fraud and abuse. In

addition, there are countless examples of regulators accepting bribes or other

incentives to lessen or avoid any penalties that would otherwise be applied to

offenders or violators of the very regulations the regulators are charged to


Examples of this are widespread and extremely under-reported. For a brief

overview of the problem, see the following websites:


scheme-121906394.html (American

Political Science Review, Vol. 105, No. 1 February, 2011)

The above three articles will need to suffice for brevity. It is our concern that

the Department of Health and Human Services inadequately provides the

oversight necessary for safeguarding children and families from fraudulent and

abusive programs.

From Page 45 of CAPTA Manual (Source:

.jsp?citID=177) (Sec. 2 (3))

“For purposes of this title [42 U.S.C. 5101 et. seq.]—

(1) the term “child” means a person who has not attained the lesser of—

(A) the age of 18; or

(B) except in the case of sexual abuse, the age specified by the child protection

law of the State in which the child resides;

(2) the term “child abuse and neglect” means, at a minimum, any recent act or

failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious

physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to

act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm;”

The above definition would appear to provide a substantial basis for determining

a child has been abused and/or neglected.

The concern generated from the above definition is that such actions are already

defined as abuse and the Department of Health and Human Services repeatedly

fails to protect or enforce CAPTA in regards to children in both public and private


HEAL understands that the intention of HR 3126 and S. 1667 is to explicitly and

clearly codify regulations based on existing laws to be enforced in regards to

residential programs for youth. However, we see the plan as lacking in some

regards and hope you will take our concerns, suggestions, and questions into


The definition of “Covered Program” lacks coverage of many programs that

appear to be the intended target of the regulations to be enacted. This is a

serious concern. A “Covered Program” operates “with a focus on serving

children with—emotional, behavioral, or mental health problems or disorders; or

problems with alcohol or substance abuse.” (Sec. 2 (4)) Residential programs

that claim to primarily be boarding schools with “specialties” dealing with certain

behavioral and/or learning challenges may use the fact that they claim to

primarily operate as a boarding school as opposed to a treatment environment

as a loophole to avoid regulation. There are other plays on language that will

assist such programs in avoiding regulation or arguing that their services fall

outside the parameters of the legislation. For instance, many programs are

already changing their language in claiming to be “youth development” and/or

“character building/training” programs. However, they continue to use the

destructive model in place at the majority of behavior modification/”troubled

teen” facilities. This raises serious concerns regarding the efficacy of the

legislation in regulating “Covered Programs” going forward.

In addition, many “faith-based” or “religious” homes and programs are claiming

to focus on ministry, conversion, and/or instilling “Christian/Religious values” into

youth enrolled in their residential homes and programs. It would appear that

claiming such would rule such programs out of the scope of regulatory

enforcement. Programs like Hephzibah House in Indiana, recently exposed in

CNN’s Anderson Cooper 360’s “Ungodly Discipline” series, need to be regulated.

And, the children in such programs should not be subjected to abuse in the

name of God just as children in secular programs should not be subjected to

abuse in the name of treatment. This is a serious concern.

The exclusion of a “hospital licensed by the State; or a foster family home that

provided 24-hour substitute care for children placed away from their parents or

guardians for whom the State child welfare services agency has placement and

care responsibility and that is licensed and regulated by the State as a foster

family home” is an additional serious concern.

For instance, the Aspen Institute of Behavioral Assessment in Syracuse, UT is an

Aspen Education Group program that operates in a similar capacity to Aspen

Education Group programs as Brightway Hospital operated in relation to

WWASPS’ programs when operating out of St. George, UT. (Source:

Aspen Institute for Behavioral Assessment is not listed on the "full list" of

licensed hospitals in Utah. (Source: However, they are

listed as a Psychiatric Hospital under Utah Stated Licensed Facility Listing by the

Utah Department of Health. (Source: And, the Aspen

Institute for Behavioral Assessment is not licensed by the Department of Human

Services. (Source:

&county=%) From HEAL's research, we have found that the state of Utah may

not require private mental health or psychiatric "hospitals" to be licensed.

"Representatives from only four States, Alaska, Delaware, Utah, and Wisconsin,

reported no provision for such licensing." (Author: Boyd E. Oviatt, Source:

34-0047.pdf) In fact, Aspen Institute for Behavioral Health appears to be

licensed with only a general business license as a foreign limited liability

company in Utah. (Source:

And, Aspen Institute for Behavioral Assessment claims to be accredited by the

Joint Commission. This also appears to be a false statement. Island View

Residential Treatment Center is accredited by the Joint Commission (JCAHO) and

claims to also provide services at Aspen Institute for Behavioral Assessment.


&ddstatelist=&st_nm=-1&st=) This shows that Island View is accredited, not

Aspen Institute for Behavioral Health. Beyond this, the Joint Commission has

been in repeat trouble for failure to enforce patient safety standards at programs

and facilities they accredit. (Source: http://www.healonline.

org/jointcommission.pdf) There is no suggestion by the Joint Commission

that Aspen Institute is ever surveyed for compliance, only that their sister facility,

Island View, is so surveyed.

Again, Aspen Institute of Behavioral Assessment is simply one example of the

problem the exclusion of hospitals licensed by the state pose in regards to

effectively regulating these programs.

The second issue is with the exclusion of a foster family home. If by “foster

family home” you mean actual foster homes that are family homes in which a

child or children may be placed, than that may be acceptable. However, many

children are placed in residential programs and some of these programs actually

operate as “foster homes” or “group homes”.

For instance, Utah’s Child Protection Services will not investigate foster homes or

residential placements where they have or the Department of Health and Human

Services has placed a child.

“Utah Code Annotated §62A-4a-409(5) requires another organization to conduct

child protection investigations when DCFS has a “conflict” or potential conflict of

interest. The most typical conflict is a report of maltreatment in a foster home.

DCFS makes the placement and, in theory, might over-identify with the child or

the foster parents were we to attempt to investigate. A less typical conflict is

when the referral alleges child maltreatment by one of our employees or an

employee of an agency with whom we work closely.” (Source: That

report goes on to say that they hire a for-profit firm to investigate such reports

and that their budget for such investigations is limited and therefore some

reports simply go uninvestigated.

Obviously, the States do not always provide adequate oversight and create legal

loopholes for oversight within their own laws. To eliminate oversight in regards

to children placed by the State into a foster home, group home, and/or even a

licensed hospital, if such is not more explicitly defined, will result in many

programs in need of regulation being exempt.


1. Include a directive to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)

to review and eliminate violating programs from referral lists of DHHS

departments such as SAMHSA.

2. In separate legislation, if needed, please create an oversight agency that is

charged with regulating the various regulatory agencies to ensure laws are

effectively enforced and opportunities for corruption are minimized.

3. Add to the definition of child abuse and neglect the language of the following

New Jersey statute:

“Emotional Abuse Citation: Ann. Stat. § 9:6-8.21

Abused child or abused or neglected child means a child under age 18 years who

is in an institution, and:

• Has been placed there inappropriately for a continued period of time with

the knowledge that the placement has resulted or may continue to result

in harm to the child's mental or physical well-being

• Who has been willfully isolated from ordinary social contact under

circumstances that indicate emotional or social deprivation “

4. Clarify definition of “Covered Programs” and excluded programs/services. If

possible, explicitly include “faith-based” programs, “youth development”

programs, and “character building/training” programs to list of “Covered


5. Add a rule that all programs that may fall under the umbrella will be subject

to initial review and oversight to determine whether or not the legislation is

intended to regulate those programs. This should include being subjected to

intense review and unannounced inspections during the first two years of

implementing the legislation for any program that provides residential care and

services to children.


1. Will faith-based programs be regulated if this legislation is enacted?

2. What residential programs or services for youth will be exempt from


3. How does regulation of such programs fall outside of the current purview of

DHHS authority?



The concerns regarding what constitutes a “Covered Program” were covered

effectively in regards to Section 2 and will not be repeated here. (Sec. 3 (1))

Federal law already prohibits child abuse and neglect through CAPTA. The

concerns and/or suggestions regarding further defining child abuse and neglect

were covered effectively in regards to Section 2 and will not be repeated here.

(Sec. 3 (a) (1)(A))

Wilderness programs, residential treatment centers, and the litany of “Covered

Programs” already claim they do not withhold “essential food, water, clothing,

shelter, or medical care necessary to maintain physical health, mental health,

and general safety”. However, many of these programs do not provide wellbalanced

meals and/or serve cheese sandwiches, peanut butter sandwiches,

and/or water as the sole sustenance for children enrolled in the programs. And,

most of these requirements include some level of subjective analysis on the part

of the programs. This subjective analysis is the very basis for creating loopholes

regarding meeting the minimum standards required by this legislation. And, as is

quite clear, loopholes of this nature are generally exploited by the “Covered

Programs”. This raises serious concerns regarding the efficacy of basically

encoding a law against neglect, especially when existing laws prohibiting such

neglect are not effectively enforced. (Sec. 3 (a) (1)(B))

For our understanding, we have included Sec. 290jj and subsection (b)(3) below.

(Source: (Sec. 3 (a)


“Sec. 290jj. Requirement relating to the rights of residents of certain nonmedical,

community-based facilities for children and youth


(a) Protection of rights

(1) In general

A public or private non-medical, community-based facility for

children and youth (as defined in regulations to be promulgated by the

Secretary) that receives support in any form from any program supported

in whole or in part with funds appropriated under this chapter shall

protect and promote the rights of each resident of the facility, including

the right to be free from physical or mental abuse, corporal punishment,

and any restraints or involuntary seclusions imposed for purposes of

discipline or convenience.

(2) Nonapplicability

Notwithstanding this part, a facility that provides inpatient

psychiatric treatment services for individuals under the age of 21, as

authorized and defined in subsections (a)(16) and (h) of section 1905 of

the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1396d], shall comply with the

requirements of part H of this subchapter.

(3) Applicability of Medicaid provisions

A non-medical, community-based facility for children and youth

funded under the Medicaid program under title XIX of the Social Security

Act [42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.] shall continue to meet all existing

requirements for participation in such program that are not affected by

this part.

(b) Requirements

(1) In general

Physical restraints and seclusion may only be imposed on a resident

of a facility described in subsection (a) of this section if -

(A) the restraints or seclusion are imposed only in emergency

circumstances and only to ensure the immediate physical safety of the

resident, a staff member, or others and less restrictive interventions have

been determined to be ineffective; and

(B) the restraints or seclusion are imposed only by an individual

trained and certified, by a State-recognized body (as defined in regulation

promulgated by the Secretary) and pursuant to a process determined

appropriate by the State and approved by the Secretary, in the prevention

and use of physical restraint and seclusion, including the needs and

behaviors of the population served, relationship building, alternatives to

restraint and seclusion, de-escalation methods, avoiding power struggles,

thresholds for restraints and seclusion, the physiological and psychological

impact of restraint and seclusion, monitoring physical signs of distress and

obtaining medical assistance, legal issues, position asphyxia, escape and

evasion techniques, time limits, the process for obtaining approval for

continued restraints, procedures to address problematic restraints,

documentation, processing with children, and follow-up with staff, and

investigation of injuries and complaints.*

(2) Interim procedures relating to training and certification

(A) In general

Until such time as the State develops a process to assure the

proper training and certification of facility personnel in the skills and

competencies referred (!1) in paragraph (1)(B), the facility involved shall

develop and implement an interim procedure that meets the requirements

of subparagraph (B).

(B) Requirements

A procedure developed under subparagraph (A) shall -

(i) ensure that a supervisory or senior staff person with training in

restraint and seclusion who is competent to conduct a face-to-face

assessment (as defined in regulations promulgated by the Secretary), will

assess the mental and physical well-being of the child or youth being

restrained or secluded and assure that the restraint or seclusion is being

done in a safe manner;**

(ii) ensure that the assessment required under clause (i) take

place as soon as practicable, but in no case later than 1 hour after the

initiation of the restraint or seclusion; and

(iii) ensure that the supervisory or senior staff person continues

to monitor the situation for the duration of the restraint and seclusion.

(b)(3) Limitations

(A) In general

The use of a drug or medication that is used as a restraint to

control behavior or restrict the resident's freedom of movement that is not

a standard treatment for the resident's medical or psychiatric condition in

nonmedical community-based facilities for children and youth described in

subsection (a)(1) of this section is prohibited.

(B) Prohibition

The use of mechanical restraints in non-medical, community-based

facilities for children and youth described in subsection (a)(1) of this

section is prohibited.

(C) Limitation

A non-medical, community-based facility for children and youth

described in subsection (a)(1) of this section may only use seclusion when

a staff member is continuously face-to-face monitoring the resident and

when strong licensing or accreditation and internal controls are in


(c) Rule of construction

(1) In general

Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting the use of

restraints for medical immobilization, adaptive support, or medical


(2) Current law

This part shall not be construed to affect or impede any Federal or

State law or regulations that provide greater protections than this part

regarding seclusion and restraint.”

The concern here is that many of the “Covered Programs” claim that they only

use restraint and seclusion in emergency situations and/or when less restrictive

measures have been deemed ineffective by staff. However, without constant

monitoring by a third-party agency, through televised filming of all areas of the

facility to be regulated, ensuring that such methods are not improperly used at

such programs will be improbable, if not, impossible.

We have corresponded with representatives (Sec. Kathleen Sebelius, Dir. Robin

Brooks (FOIA/PA Division, Office of Inspector General), and Dir. Marilyn Dahl

(Division of Acute Care Services)) from the U.S. Department of Health and

Human Services (DHHS) regarding the approval process used to approve

restraint and seclusion training programs. The only such guidelines identified,

defined, and implemented by DHHS are those found in the “Conditions of

Participation Manual” for Medicaid/Medicare approved providers. This manual

can be downloaded here: and

provides definitions of expected standards to be met. However, the system to

oversee that the standards are being met is insufficient and prone to

manipulation and abuse by corrupt officials and/or third-party contractors on

which States, and thereby the DHHS, depend for determining provider/facility


In Dir. Dahl’s responses to our inquiries, she stated:

“Title XVIII of the Social Security Act governs the Medicare program. Section

1864 of the Act provides that the Secretary of DHHS may enter into an

agreement with each State for that State to evaluate compliance of health care

facilities with the Medicare requirements/Conditions. All States have a Section

1864 agreement with CMS. When conducting such evaluations the State

Survey Agencies must evaluate compliance with federal regulations, following

federal policy and processes.”

Dir. Dahl and the State Operations Manual, Chapter 8, [Source:] to which Dir. Dahl

referred in our correspondence, states that States may rely on third-party

contractors/”accreditation agencies” to determine compliance with Federal

Standards. And, it has been HEAL’s experience, particularly when dealing with

Utah, that the Joint Commission will refer complainants to the Department of

Licensing; the Department of Licensing will refer to Child Protective Services,

Accreditation Agencies, and/or Law Enforcement; and each referred to resource

will continue to refer to another leaving complainants frustrated, confused, and

hopeless for justice or effective redress of grievances.

Based on the language of HR 3126 and S. 1667, it does not appear that this

legislation will effectively resolve the ongoing issues regarding lax oversight and

enforcement of standards. As stated above, even programs that receive

Medicaid; and are supposed to adhere to existing DHHS guidelines and

standards; fail to do so and fail to be effectively regulated to prevent abuses this

legislation intends to prevent.

An additional concern is that a supervisor or senior staff member may monitor

the use of restraint or seclusion otherwise than in person. This is implied to be

the case when a program has been given a timeframe in which to establish a

plan for handling restraint and seclusion under the regulatory guidelines

established by the Secretary of the DHHS. Such a standard creates an inherent

risk of serious harm or death to children held in such an environment.

“Adaptive support” appears to be a very subjective term that allows great leeway

for a “Covered Program” to determine the necessity of using restraint, seclusion,

or pressure points to “encourage” compliance from a youth enrolled in the

program. Such limitations may override the intent to prevent the abuse of

restraint and seclusion in “Covered Programs” and this raises serious concerns.

(Sec. 3 (a) (1)(C))

It is also a concern that programs do and will continue to claim that their

behavior modification models are not “designed to humiliate, degrade, or

undermine a child’s self-respect”. Positive Peer Culture/Pressure and

“Confrontational Therapy” are arguably designed to identify behaviors and issues

a child reportedly has difficulty identifying and though the methods may result in

feelings of humiliation, degradation, and/or undermining of a child’s self respect;

they are not intended nor “designed” to achieve that result. The language of

this section should be clarified to include that methods that result in feelings of

humiliation, degradation, and/or an undermining of self-respect or that would

reasonably result in such feelings by the average person if exposed to similar

treatment are prohibited. This is a serious concern given the ongoing redefining

and rebranding of programs that operate residential and wilderness programs.

(Sec. 3 (a) (1) (D))

It is a concern that other forms of domestic violence, physical assault, or battery

are not included in the terms that would preclude individuals from being allowed

to work with children. (Sec. 3 (a) (1) (J))

We will address any concerns and/or questions regarding section 7 and/or

section 114(b)(1) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act in the

discussion of section 7 below. (Sec. 3. (a) (1) (N))

It is a serious concern that the Department of Health and Human Services is

allowed 60 days to complete an investigation into any violation of Sec. 3 (a)(1).

60 days is long enough to move, transfer, or otherwise make unavailable

witnesses, victims, and perpetrators. And, such has been the status quo for this

particular industry, so that is exactly what will likely occur. (Sec. 3. (b) (1) (AC))

It is a serious concern that credible complaints of abuse at any of the covered

programs may begin up to 30 days after receipt of the complaint. As stated

above, this long of a delay from complaint receipt to investigation will likely

result in loss of witnesses, victims, perpetrators, and/or evidence. (Sec. 3. (d)



1. Define essential food, water, clothing, shelter, and medical care. Specifically,

create dietary guidelines to which programs must adhere. And, create clothing

and shelter guidelines in a relative table that includes climate/location variables.

In addition, include standards and guidelines for requiring medical attention.

2. Explicitly define “emergency situation(s)” that would mandate the use of

restraint and/or seclusion.

3. Require installation of video surveillance in all areas where staff may be in the

presence of children. Require video surveillance to be accessible by DHHS

through closed-circuit satellite monitors.

4. Require in-person supervision by supervisory and/or senior staff in any

incident where restraint or seclusion is deemed necessary. This should be

included as a requirement even during interim periods of adjustment by the

“Covered Programs” to new regulations/requirements.

5. The use of restraint and/or seclusion for the purposes of “adaptive support”

should be clearly defined and/or abolished (i.e. not included as permissible) by

the legislation.

6. Positive Peer Culture/Pressure and “Confrontational Therapy” are arguably

designed to identify behaviors and issues a child reportedly has difficulty

identifying and though the methods may result in feelings of humiliation,

degradation, and/or undermining of a child’s self respect; they are not intended

nor “designed” to achieve that result. The language of this section should be

clarified to include that methods that result in feelings of humiliation,

degradation, and/or an undermining of self-respect, or that would reasonably

result in such feelings in the average person if exposed to similar treatment, be

prohibited. (Sec. 3 (a) (1) (D))

7. Individuals convicted of domestic violence, assault, or battery against another

should be prohibited from working with minors in a residential setting. If not,

then such individuals should have a limit on the allotted time between the

conviction and their employment in such facility. For example, banning an

individual convicted of domestic violence, assault, or battery from working with

children in a residential setting for 10 years following such conviction.

8. It may be fair that investigations be concluded within 60 days. However,

such investigations should begin within 7 days of receiving a credible report, if

not sooner.

9. Create a victim’s relief/assistance fund with a portion of the fines collected

from offending/violating programs.

10. Change language from “best practices” to “best evidence-based practices”.

(Sec. 3 (c) (1) (B))

11. Require programs to post publicly and accessibly to all children enrolled their

rights as guaranteed under this legislation. Such should include telephone

numbers to any hotlines and be placed near all accessible phones provided for

the use of children enrolled.


What is meant by “reasonable access” to a telephone? (Sec. 3 (a) (1) (E))

Who will perform the on-site investigation of a report of child abuse? (Sec. 3 (a)

(1) (N) (i))

What actions will be taken to guard against corruption of those assigned to

investigate abuses and/or enforce the law? (Sec. 3 (b) (2))



We have no concerns regarding granting the authority to investigate and/or

prosecute offending programs to the Attorney General.


1. It is unclear whether or not this would be the correct section to include

information on extending the statute of limitations as was included in the 2005

version of this bill. Regardless, we do recommend that the statute of limitations

be extended for victims of institutionalized abuse. Due to the trauma caused by

the practices at such programs, we believe the statute of limitations should be

extended to a minimum of 20 years. And, our preference would be to eliminate

the statute of limitations due to the psychological trauma caused by the practices

of many of these programs and the necessity for justice to allow for those

harmed to be secure in mind and body before pursuing legal action. We ask for

the longest extension of the statute of limitations practicable to be included in

this legislation.


We have no questions regarding Section 4.


We have no concerns, suggestions, or questions regarding Section 5.


We have no concerns, suggestions, or questions regarding Section 6.





We have no concerns regarding Section 7.


We have no suggestions regarding Section 7.


What will be the consequences for States that refuse to participate?

Can the Commerce Clause be used to stop States, who refuse to adopt the

regulations set forth in this bill, from being allowed to have “Covered Programs”

in those States accept children from other States?





It is a serious concern that States are given 30 days to notify DHHS regarding

any investigation regarding abuse at a “Covered Program”. Such gives too long

a delay for DHHS to investigate in the event of abuse and such was discussed in

the concerns listed above in the discussion of Section 3. (Sec. 114 (b) (3))


1. The unannounced inspections should be defined clearly to include access to

all areas in which children are present, permitted, or placed while enrolled. It

should also specifically allow access to interview any child enrolled without

supervision by program staff. (Sec. 114 (b) (2) (C))

2. The DHHS should be required to place a DHHS liaison in every State agency

providing oversight of the industry. This should be for the purposes of

guaranteeing enforcement and assisting the State in following the federal

guidelines/regulations proposed by this legislation. (Sec. 114 (b) (6) (A-B))


Will States be allowed to receive grant money prior to enforcing and/or adopting

the regulations as set forth in this legislation?

If States that receive grant money fail to develop, enact, and/or enforce policies

and procedures within three years, what will be the penalty? (i.e. Will they have

to refund the grant money if they fail to abide by the requirements of the

legislation?) (Sec. 114 (b) (1))

What will happen to States that fail to comply with the regulations? (Sec. 114

(d) (1))



We have no concerns regarding this study and believe it will be of benefit to

obtaining legitimate data regarding the efficacy of the “Covered Programs”.


1. We suggest that agencies and experts utilized be from outside the industry

that comprises the “Covered Programs”. Agencies and experts consulted should

be from the fields of law, mental health, and social work.


How will this data be used by the Committee on Education and the Workforce of

the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor,

and Pensions of the Senate?

General Concerns

Institutionalizing a minor who has committed no crime in a residential facility

without due process of law appears to violate the minors’ liberty interests. This

legislation does not protect the liberty interests of minors. Such

institutionalization is a civil rights violation and has been so determined by the

federal courts. (Source:

Many of the “Covered Programs” violate child labor laws and force/coerce

children to provide uncompensated (slave) labor for the program. This issue is

not effectively addressed by this legislation.

Many of the “Covered Programs” use deceptive marketing practices. This

includes claiming credentials for staff that are non-existent. This is a serious


General Suggestions

1. Parents should be barred from enrolling a child in an out-of-state residential

facility without due process of law.

2. Parents should be barred from enrolling a child in any residential facility

without due process of law.

3. Parents should be forced to participate in any and all activities to which their

child is subjected.

4. Ban “Covered Programs” from using enrolled children as staff and/or free

labor for themselves or their business associates.

5. Include in directives to the DHHS that they must verify the credentials of all

“Covered Programs”’ staff with proper professional licensing agencies


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