Petition Closed


To all justice lovers everywhere,

What's in a name? Well, most of us don't give it a lot thought. However, Marcus Garvey was a conscientious man who taught excellence of character and led by example. He was accused of mail fraud and later went to federal prison for a crime he didn't commit.

President Calvin Coolidge granted Marcus  Mosiah Garvey  a pardon on November 18, 1927, however he  was deported to Jamaica never to return to the United States again and died in 1940 in London, England.

However,  a damaged reputation  was left behind,  and to date his name and legacy  has not been cleared and restored to its honorable position from a legal standpoint.

Stand with me in solidarity as we all flood the Senate, the House of Representatives and President Barack Obama  with  this petition to do the right thing regarding  ( H. Con. Res. 44:111th Congress ) that is to clear the record of all the false and trumped up charges used to try and break Marcus Garvey.

I've also updated a this letter to included the members of the House judicary Commitee who will vote of the exoneration.

The Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security shall have jurisdiction over the following subject matters: Federal Criminal Code, drug enforcement, sentencing, parole and pardons, internal and homeland security, Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, prisons, criminal law enforcement, and other appropriate matters as referred by the Chairman, and relevant oversight.

John Conyers, Jr., Michigan

Lamar S. Smith, Texas

Bobby Scott, Virginia, Chairman

Pedro Pierluisi, Puerto Rico

Jerrold Nadler, New York

Zoe Lofgren, California

Sheila Jackson Lee, Texas

Maxine Waters, California

Steve Cohen, Tennessee

Anthony Weiner, New York

Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Florida

Mike Quigley, Illinois

Louie Gohmert, Texas, Ranking Member

Ted Poe, Texas

Bob Goodlatte, Virginia

Dan Lungren, California

Randy Forbes, Virginia

Tom Rooney, Florida

You can write them as well.




There is a badge to forward this petition to all you know who believe in righting a wrong and who want to stand up for justice. Let's make this happen!


Here are some background links information if you need to know more about who and what Marcus Garvey stood for:




Petition Website:



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PBS timeline:

FBI files:

FOI files:


Yours truly in a just cause


Letter to
Pardon Attorney in the United States Department of Justice Ronald Rodgers
President of the United States
To The Honorable Members of House Committee on the Judiciary and Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security :

We the undersigned, are aproaching you again, since the last decision in August of 2011 to not exonerate Marcus Garvey, so we thank you in advance for revisiting this matter and deciding in good faith, and that you will take seriously the petition laid before you.

Although President Calvin Coolidge granted Marcus Mosiah Garvey a pardon on November 18, 1927, it was with the condition that he never set foot on United States soil ever again. Therefore, we the citizens of the United States and members of the world community now summit our petitions to have the honorable name of Marcus Mosiah Garvey exonerated and have all indictments charges be removed immediately.

In addition, we add that those who were indicted with him namely:
Ely Garcia, George Tobias and Orlando M. Thompson should have their names exonerated along with the Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey.

This has been set forth by the Honorable Charles Rangel of NY since 1987 and we respectfully request that this be duly executed by your committee. Marcus Mosiah Garvey's name has been tarnished and his reputation damaged with being associated with a crime he didn't commit. Nevertheless, his legacy has lived on in the manner that his personal teachings have produced some of the greatest leaders of African descent the world has ever known in the 20th century.

His writings espouse one to strive for excellence in conduct and in character, and thus he remains a beacon of hope and respect for the millions of Africans who love him, and appreciate his personal sacrifice through the evidence of his commitment to improving the plight of black men and women faced with racism and of the unjust conditions it produced. He has done this and continues to inspire countless of Africans who were, and still are experiencing all forms on overt and covert forms of racism around the globe.

To the aforementioned end, we the petitioners agree in this letter with the resubmission of
( H. Con. Res. 44:111th Congress ) as reintroduced by Charles Rangel [D-NY15] and the following
Yvette Clarke [D-NY11]
William Clay [D-MO1]
John Conyers [D-MI14]
Sheila Jackson-Lee [D-TX18]
Henry Johnson [D-GA4]
John Lewis [D-GA5]
James McDermott [D-WA7]
Donald Payne [D-NJ10]
Maxine Waters [D-CA35]

and have affixed our electronic signatures to this letter with the full confidence of your wise decision to vindicate the name of Marcus Mosiah Garvey 1887-1940.




1st Session

H. CON. RES. 44

Expressing the sense of the Congress that the President should grant a pardon to Marcus Mosiah Garvey to clear his name and affirm his innocence of crimes for which he was unjustly prosecuted and convicted.


February 10, 2009

Mr. RANGEL submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


Expressing the sense of the Congress that the President should grant a pardon to Marcus Mosiah Garvey to clear his name and affirm his innocence of crimes for which he was unjustly prosecuted and convicted.

Whereas Marcus Mosiah Garvey was born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, on August 17, 1887, and emigrated to the United States;

Whereas Marcus Garvey was the founder and leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, the largest Black organization in history, which was dedicated to the economic, social, and political empowerment of African-Americans and the fostering of unity between all people of African decent;

Whereas Marcus Garvey’s movement for humans rights, economic self-sufficiency, and cultural solidarity for peoples of African decent attracted millions of followers in the United States, the Caribbean, Latin America, Africa, and Europe;

Whereas Marcus Garvey’s philosophy of uniting the people of the African Diaspora around a recognition of their common heritage and his teachings regarding pride, self help, and identification with Africa inspired Black leaders throughout the world, including W.E.B. DuBois, Kwame Nkrumah, Malcolm X, and Martin Luther King;

Whereas pervasive discrimination and subjugation of African-Americans in the United States created a climate of intolerance towards Black social activists, such as Marcus Garvey, and a determination by the United States Government to undermine and destroy the Universal Negro Improvement Association;

Whereas Marcus Garvey became the target of surveillance and harassment by Federal law enforcement agencies;

Whereas Marcus Garvey was arrested numerous times, with charges being dropped on each occasion, thus indicating that the arrests were solely for the purpose of harassing Marcus Garvey and disrupting the Universal Negro Improvement Association;

Whereas, after a zealous effort by Government authorities, which included infiltration of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, Marcus Garvey was prosecuted and convicted of a single count of mail fraud by Federal authorities in 1923 and sent to prison;

Whereas Marcus Garvey, in connection with the severe criticism of his politically motivated conviction, submitted his first official application for Executive clemency in 1925;

Whereas, in 1926, nine members of the jury that convicted Marcus Garvey signed an affidavit recommending the commutation of his sentence;

Whereas, in response to the public outcry regarding the suspect nature of Garvey’s conviction, and on the action of the United States Pardon Attorney’s Office, President Calvin Coolidge commuted Garvey’s sentence in 1927, establishing the precedent for Executive clemency in this case;

Whereas Marcus Garvey, as a consequence of his conviction, was deported from the United States in 1927, never to return again;

Whereas Marcus Garvey maintained his innocence and his desire to be exonerated throughout the remainder of his life;

Whereas it is now widely accepted that the case against Marcus Garvey was politically motivated, the charges unsubstantiated, and his conviction unjust;

Whereas millions of petitioners have appealed for his exoneration;

Whereas Marcus Garvey’s body was returned to Jamaica in 1964, where he was officially declared the country’s first national hero;

Whereas Marcus Garvey is recognized as a towering figure in African, African-American, and world history; and

Whereas Marcus Garvey’s life and contributions to the United States should be recognized and appropriate steps taken to restore his name and reputation in this country: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That it is the sense of Congress that--

(1) Marcus Garvey was innocent of the charges brought against him by the United States Government;

(2) Marcus Garvey is and should be recognized internationally as a leader and thinker in the struggle for human rights and dignity; and

(3) the President should endeavor to restore the honor and good name of Marcus Garvey through the granting of a full posthumous pardon that proclaims his conviction to have been unjust and unwarranted and affirms his innocence on the charges brought against him.