Shift Thirunakkara Sivan Ailing Elephant to Rehab Center - Kerala

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A captive elephant named "Thirunakkara Sivan" at Kottayam, Kerala is in agony. He is having severe maggot wounds, lost huge weight and is suffering from related ailments. He used to have a well built body and now his bones are visible as he lost huge weight in the recent months.

It has to be noted that on 5th November 2019, this elephant ran amok on a public road and killed his mahout. Later the elephant was tamed by other mahouts. The physically torture and mistreatment as a part of punishment and taming would be the reason for his present condition. There are also social media controversies that he is being mistreated purposely.

"Fit for work" certification should be revoked and shift the elephant immediately to an Elephant Rehab center (CZA approved) and provide specialized medical care.  

1. The average lifespan of Kerala Captive elephant is declining in the last few years due to various ailments and improper care.
2. The wound of Elephant Siva is severe and his weight loss is a matter of concern.
3. Captive elephants are also Schedule 1 listed animals as per Wildlife Protection Act 1972.  

Elephant details:
Folder No.653
Microchip No.00065D7656
Elephant Name: Thirunakkara Sivan
Age: 38 (as per
Gender: Male
District: Kottayam
Owner: Travancore Devaswom Board

Discrepancy in age:
1. In 16 October 2016, Minister for Devaswoms Kadakampally Surendran, former Minister Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan, TDB president Prayar Gopalakrishnan and others made their presence at the ceremony marking the 50th birthday of Thirunakkara Sivan, the temple elephant of Thirunakkara Sreemahadevar Temple. But as per the Kerala Captive Elephant Management System ( his age is mentioned as 38, which is a huge difference.

Other major concerns pertaining to Kerala captive elephants:

1. As per RTI reply from Project Elephant (MoEF) there are 134 captive elephants without ownership certificates and 96 captive elephants have ownership certificates issued from other States. Why are these illegalities not regularized yet? Why are the elephants in illegal private custody not confiscated? Ignorance by responsible officials are fueling such wildlife crimes.

2. As per the CZA public information (, there are no approved Elephant rehabilitation centers in Kerala. A State which allowed 500 captive elephants (Schedule 1 wildlife), does not have a proper medical infrastructure for the elephants as per CZA norms. Why is there no demand from CZA and Project Elephant to setup necessary rehab centers for captive elephants?

3. The existing unapproved Elephant centers in Kerala are used only to display wild caught elephants and provide joy rides to the public. The CZA guidelines to maintain captive elephants are not followed and AWBI "performing animal" certification is not obtained.

4. Recently Kerala Forest department probed into the illegal trade of 15 captive elephants related to the owner of Puthenkulam Kaveri Elephant Park in Kollam Kerala. Why are those elephants immediately not confiscated after knowing the illegal custody and illegal trade involved?