World Wildlife Fund
World Wildlife Fund
Unámonos a favor del AMAZONAS. ¡Cesemos los incendios y paremos la deforestación!
El Amazonas representa el hogar de más de 600 especies de animales y aves, algunas que son únicas en su especie y corren el riesgo de extinguirse. Se trata del único lugar con la diversidad animal más extensa del planeta. Lamentablemente los medios tradicionales y las autoridades están haciendo caso omiso a esta tragedia que está ocurriendo. Son 17 días que el Amazonas está siendo consumido por un voraz incendio, días en los cuales no se ha declarado como alerta ambiental. Además son varios años que el Amazonas está siendo talado indiscriminadamente, el oxígeno generado en esa región representa el 20% utilizado por todos los seres humanos. El Amazonas necesita toda la ayuda que podamos brindarle, a causa de esta situación miles de familias se están quedando sin hogar, sin alimento y desprotegidos. Llamamos a todos los gobernantes, a las organizaciones ambientales, ONG's y cualquier persona con la capacidad de brindar socorro a los afectados, entre ellos personas y animales y sobre todo a restaurar la paz en el Amazonas y que éste sea reforestado, estoy seguro que esta petición puede llegar a las manos correctas. Así mismo instamos a las Naciones Unidas, a la Unión Europea y a quien le concierna, la investigación sobre la deforestación en el Amazonas y posterior sanción a los responsables del incendio. Firma y comparte esta petición porque lo que está ocurriendo es una grave amenaza a los derechos a la vida, a la salud, al agua, a la alimentación y a un medio ambiente sano para los niños, niñas, jóvenes y adultos que vivimos y viviremos en un planeta moribundo por el cambio climático. ¡NO ACELEREMOS NUESTRA EXTINCIÓN!
Stop Deforesting in Sri Lanka
Deforestation in Sri Lanka is one of the most serious environmental issues that have appeared to be rapidly for past few years. Sri Lanka’s forest cover, which was around 49% in 1920, has fallen to approximately 18% by now. Between 2000 and 2016 the rate of deforestation growing 1.46% per annum. Sri Lankan natural forests are in severe danger. Approximately 65,000 acres have already been allocated for this gigantic project and no government official has been concerned about the disaster that would cause in terms of this project,” It has 751 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles of which 21.7% are endemic, and over 3,314 species of vascular plants, of which 26.9% are endemic. Facts : http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Lankan-forests-facing-imminent-threat-due-to-deforestation-130983.html
Tolak tambang batu bara di HST
Ijin penambangan batu bara yang diberikan kementerian ESDM kepada PT Mantimin Coal Mining berpotensi untuk merusak lingkungan hidup dan ekosistem yang terdapat di pegunungan meratus khususnya dua area penambangan di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Tengah. Ijin penambangan ini diberikan tanpa memperhatikan aspek psikologis masyarakat yang tidak menginginkan wilayahnya rusak oleh aktivitas penambangan, selain itu di banyak wilayah kalimantan selatan yang telah dijadikan lokasi penambangan, perusahaan tambang tidak pernah memperhatikan aspek lingkungan, kesehatan masyarakat, dan tanah warga yang mereka klaim begitu saja tanpa adanya ganti rugi. Pihak perusahaan juga tidak pernah melakukan analisis terhadap dampak lingkungan. Penambangan ini juga berpotensi menimbulkan bencana tanah longsor, banjir, pencemaran air tanah, penggundulan hutan secara masif. Bencana sosial seperti pengambilan lahan secara paksa dan perlakuan semena mena terhadap masyarakat. Seperti diketahui bahwa pulau kalimantan khususnya pegunungan meratus merupakan wilayah hutan lindung yang menopang kehidupan masyarakat sekitarnya, ratusan tahun mereka melestarikan hutan sebagai sumber penghidupan, penyedia oksigen, dan pelindung dari polusi. Jika seandainya ijin tambang ini diberikan, maka masyarakat kalimantan akan kehilangan sumber penghidupan yang selama ini mereka jaga dan lestarikan. Mari kita bertanya pada diri kita sendiri, apa yang akan kita wariskan pada anak cucu kita generasi mendatang jika tanah airnya hanya tersisa lubang lubang yang dalam sisa tambang dan tak ada lagi hutan yang manaungi mereka. Bantu kami warga meratus untuk menghentikan ijin tambang yang diberikan kementerian esdm pada PT. Mantimin Coal Mining. Dukungan kalian sangat berarti bagi kami.
Save Endangered Sri Lankan Elephants-They are on the path to Extinction !
Despite increased efforts to tackle the surge in Human Elephant Conflict due to deforestation and habitat fragmentation, nearly 2844 elephants have been killed by 1991-2010, from then 300 per year have been killed up to now - highlighting the need for urgent international action to address the endangered wildlife crisis in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan elephant Elephas maximus maximus native to Sri Lanka, had been listed as endangered by IUCN as the population has declined by at least 65% over the last three generations, estimated to be 60-75 years. However the declining of elephant population day by day pulls them towards the Critically Endangered category which will ultimately expel them from the earth categorizing them to the category Extinct! The elephant population drastically go down at “alarming pace” with around 4500 remaining currently which also revealed by government auditor general reports-2018, that Sri Lankan elephant is in huge danger of extinction if action is not immediately taken to reverse the current trend toward extinction. But Unfortunately Sri Lankan government unable to address the issue yet. The main threats the species faces in Sri Lanka are: Deforestation, habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and degradation Obstructing Elephant corridors and Migratory pathways Waste Disposal to the elephant gathering areas Poaching and Illegal killing The Sri Lankan elephant was once found throughout the island of Sri Lanka, but is now being pushed into dry zone and pocketed into smaller forest areas. Deforestation, fragmentation of natural habitats owing to mega development projects, irrigation, infrastructure and human settlements have lead to a continuous contraction of habitats available to elephants and restrict the food gain and water gain of the elephants. Also, Elephant Migratory pathways are entirely blocked by human settlement. Though the Sri Lankan government always speaking about Sustainable development in world summits but nothing had happened so far, for the means of sustainable development! Highways, roads, dams, railway tracks and other mega projects are still building through dense forests and wildlife reserves. No concept of Eco Bridges or any other conservation technology. Conversion of elephant habitat to settlements and permanent cultivation by Deforestation makes a devastating impact on Sri Lanka’s elephant population and government not able to take any single step to minimize deforestation although the country’s primary forest cover remaining in nearly 14%. At the same time, Many elephants have been dying due to starvation, unplanned electrical fencing would intensify this pathetic situation much more. Another major problem is water scarcity within their habitats. Since the natural sources of food are destroyed, they tempt to roam for villages in search of food and water. They unintentionally destroy the cultivation of the villagers in order to quench their prolonging starvation, becoming a pest in Agriculture! This results the initiation of human – elephant conflict and cause the death of many elephants. The resultant Human-Elephant Conflict (HEC) has escalated to an alarmingly high proportion at present contributing to a very high mortality of elephants , about 3 elephant deaths per week, a 5% decline annually. Though the whole remaining estimated elephant is lower than 4000 in the country, Every year nearly 300-350 elephants are killed by gunshots, electrocution, planting hakkapatas or Jaw-bombs, snares, man-made traps and pits, poisoning and train accidents. It is very pathetic situation that many wild elephants that roam in the forests today are carrying large numbers of bullets within their bodies and many are blind due to gunshots. Almost many of wild elephants that lucky to save their lives so far, have become disabled by trap guns. The continued intensity of the human elephant conflict would pose a serious threat to the survival of the wild elephant in Sri Lanka and the resultant decline in elephant population will have an adverse impact on the viability of other wildlife as the elephant is a ‘keystone species’ and is critical to the management of its habitat: Since the elephant is a ‘flagship species’ its conservation will result in the maintenance of biological diversity and ecological integrity across a vast area of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka was a signatory to the CITES convention, (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna) is bound to protect its endangered species and prevent their trade in any form, alive or dead. Therefore the Government has a great obligation to protect the wild elephants and to control the poaching but, also an international responsibility as it had signed many international conventions to protect them. Therefore, it is needed to take urgent actions to draft a National Policy for the Conservation and Management of Wild Elephants in the country, in collaboration with the Department of Wildlife, Department Forest and Central Environmental Authority. But unfortunately, they were unable to implement a national policy framework for scientific conservation of wild elephants in their natural habitats so far. Some of the main activities conducted for conflict mitigation and elephant conservation in Sri Lanka are translocation by capture-transport, elephant drives, the distribution of elephant thunder crackers, the construction of electric fences and law enforcement. Elephant drives and thunder crackers cannot be considered successful deterrents. In fact, it has been consistently true that these starved, habitat lost giant beings only become more aggressive as a result of these methods. Electric fences are useful, but only as a psychological barrier. Declaring war on wild elephants Recently, at a public forum organized by the Department of Wildlife Conservation, the new Minister for Wildlife announced that rather than take the advice of researchers and conservationists, and implement the National Policy, that he had devised a policy of his own, for a ‘final solution’ to HEC, by adding 2,500 km of electric fencing to the existing 4,500 km, and confining elephants to forested land, by driving them from all places where they have contact with humans. In addition, he announced that 3,500 members of the Civil Defense Force (CDF) will be suitably armed, with Chinese weapons similar to T56 rifles, and placed at regular intervals along the fence to restrict the elephants to where they have been driven to. Suitable ‘guard posts’ will be built, at regular intervals along the fences, for the members of the CDF who will function independently and NOT be under the jurisdiction of the DWC. As there are villages and cultivations in 60% of the landscape of Sri Lanka in which 70% of the elephant population of Sri Lanka live, if the aforementioned estimate of numbers is to be accepted, then almost 4,000 elephants will have to be driven. The only places left would be the protected areas without people which constitute just 18% of the land area of the island and are at carrying capacity for elephants i.e. there is no more food for any additional elephants! Exceeding the carrying capacity would result in elephants starving to death due to a lack of adequate fodder. In addition, the Minister is to increase the number of elephants brought to the Elephant Holding Facility at Horowpathana to 100 elephants, and build another at Lunugamvehera. To these ‘prisons’, according to the Minister, will be sent all male elephants that are caught habituating human cultivation. As this population contain many of the prime breeding bulls in Sri Lanka, the genetic health of future populations, if there are any, will be serious weakened. It is said that Sri Lanka's elephant population can decrease by more than 50% if the above new Elephant-human conflict mitigation plan proposed by the Ministry of Sustainable Development, wildlife and regional Development is implemented researchers and conservationists said. We strongly believe that the survival of these animals is possible only through the protection of their natural habitats. For maintaining such un-fragmented habitats, Elephant corridors are the key. Elephant corridors are narrow strips of land that allow elephants to move from one habitat patch to another and securing these is critical to their survival and gene pool. The current scenario is: · In many nations of the world networking of wildlife habitats elephant corridors and restoring private and community lands to wilderness areas is gaining ground. eg; The Relocation of Ram Terrang in India and allocation for a Elephant corridor as a HEC mitigation measure. http://www.wti.org.in/projects/kaziranga-karbi-anglong-link/ · Sri Lanka has 70 Elephant corridors and lot of private lands which fall in these corridors has already been secured by Public-private partnerships and Elephants have been seen using these areas increasingly over the years. · Sri Lanka’s forest cover is now drastically decreasing due to rapid growth of human population and urbanization. Therefore this is the last chance to allocation and protection of endangered species in their habitats. For the conservation of elephants basically their natural habitats should be protected. Illegal deforestation of protected lands and national parks should be stopped immediately. All deforestation happening by the political power here, corrupted politicians connected in this huge environmental disaster in Sri Lanka. Thus, the elephant migration between protected areas needs to be facilitated through either maintenance or renewed establishment of human-habitation free corridors. Ensuring the future survival of elephants that range inside and outside protected areas is both central and crucial to the conservation of elephants in Sri Lanka. The urgent step that the government should take is to establish the proposed MER in Hambantota district, which will pave the way to reduce human elephant conflict in Southern province. The proposed conservation plan connects the Udawalawa , Lunugamvehera and Bundala wildlife reserves, after studying the animal’s migration patterns through longitudinal research and even satellite technology. But government not able to implement this elephant reserve yet and these lands distributed to unplanned projects and settlements. There is a unique opportunity to give back to wilderness. The following are a few ways in which the govt. can help the situation: Declaration, demarcation and legal protection of the natural habitats and elephant corridors under laws. Improvement of forest cover in elephant corridors. Prevention and eviction of legal and illegal encroachments. Purchase of land and voluntary relocation of settlements in the area. Habitat Enrichment with fodder trees and grasses. Enforcing laws and policies to protect tuskers and elephants in the wild. Reform the land policy for resettlement. Environmental groups are working in coalition to save the elephants in their habitats, to put pressure on government to implement a national policy framework for wild elephant conservation and need your support too. We are strongly urge you to kindly intervene into the matter and direct the Sri Lankan government to implement a urgent scientific conservation framework for these endangered elephants to conserve in their natural habitats. Elephants have long been part of our life, culture and mythology. Let's sign this petition and do our bit to save these magnificent gentle giants and conserve and preserve our natural wealth and heritage for the right future. All concerned people please sign and share this petition and your every single sign should help to save endangered gentle Giants of Sri Lanka. http://www.ft.lk/other-sectors/Government-to-wage-war-on-wild-elephants/57-660090 http://www.ceylontoday.lk/news-search/devaka%20weerakoon/print-more/10067 http://www.sundaytimes.lk/171224/news/parks-monitoring-and-elephant-corridors-for-safety-274334.html https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1679890625466341&id=501402253315190 Sri Lankan elephants in Starvation This bull elephant has 48 gunshots and was died after translocation to another area. ශ්රී ලංකාව තුළ වසරකට අලිඇතුන් 300 පමණ විවිධ අයුරින් සාහසික ලෙස ඝාතනය වන අතර රජය විසින් ඉක්මනින් වන අලි සංරක්ෂණ ජාතික ක්රමවේදයකට පියවර නොගතහොත් 2048 වසර වෙද්දී මෙරට අලිඇතුන් සම්පූර්නයෙන්ද වද වී යනු ඇති බවට රජයේ විඝණකාධිපතිවරයි පවා අනතුරු අගවා තිබියදීත් වනඅලි සංරක්ෂණයට රජය විසින් පියවරක් මෙතුවක් ගෙන නොමැති අතර එය ඉතා කණගාටුදාකය. ලංකාවේ ඉතිරිව පවතින ඉතාමත් සුලු වනගත ප්රදේශ වපසරියක හා රක්ෂිතවල දැඩි ආහාර අහේනියකට ලක්ව වදවී යාමේ අවධානමට ලක් වී ඇති අලිඇතුන් රැක ගැනීම සදහා රජය විසින් අලි ඇතුන් නිජබිම් තුලම සංරක්ෂණය කිරීමට කඩිනමින් ජාතික අලි සංරක්ෂණ විද්යාත්මක ක්රමවේදයක් ක්රියාත්මක කළ යුතුව තිබුනද එය එසේ නොවී දේශපාලන පටු වාසි තකා තාවකාලික පැලැස්තර ගැසීමෙන් අලි මිනිස් ගැටුමද දිනෙන් දිනම උග්ර අතට හැරෙමින් පවතී. එහි ප්රථිපලය මෙම දැවැන්තයින් රටට දිනෙන් දිනම අහිමිවීම පමණි. අලි ඇල්ලීම්, අලි එලවීම්, අක්රමවත් විදිලි වැට මෙම ප්රශ්නයට ස්ථ්රසාර විසදුම් නොවේ. අලිඇතුන්ගේ චර්යාවන් හා සංක්රමණික රටා අධ්යනයෙන් අලි ඇතුන්ගේ නිජබිම් හා අලි මංකඩවල් හදුනා ඒවා ආරක්ෂා කරදී නිජබිම් සංරක්ෂණයක් ගෙන ඒමට රජය යොමු කිරීමේ බලාපොරොත්තුවෙන් අන්තර්ජාතිකව වැදගත් සංවිධානයන්ට මැදිහත් වන ලෙස ඉල්ලීමක් රැගත් මෙම පෙත්සමට ඔබේ සහයෝගය ලබාදෙන්න.
Legal action against leopard killers
A Sri Lankan Leopard was mauled to death on the 21st of June when it ventured into the Ambalpuram area in Kilinochchi. While attempting to capture the leopard a wildlife officer suffered injuries and was rushed to the hospital. The angry villagers beat the leopard to death. Necessary action must be taken against the people who brutally tortured and killed the leopard.
SPEAK FOR THE UNSPOKEN
The Sri Lankan leopard is a leopard subspecies native to Sri Lanka. Sadly on Thursday (June 21st), one leopard met a tragic end when it ventured into the Ambalpuram area in Kilinochchi, Sri Lanka. (Many a times this happened. But Sri Lankan Government still did not take an action. The wait is over. It's time for us to unite as a nation and RAISE OUR VOICE AND SPEAK FOR THE UNSPOKEN.) With its habitat being destroyed and disturbed by humans on a daily basis, animals are now heading to cities. Animals that lose their native habitats are forced into new areas in search of shelter and food. Enraged and hungry. Animals who move sometimes come into contact with humans while searching for an area with a better food supply. Sometimes these animals are simply a nuisance, but other times they can attack humans. Sometimes humans relocate the displaced species to an area where they will not interfere with human habitation, but other times humans respond by attacking or killing the threatening or annoying animal. these animals attack human beings and such attacks could be fatal. Humans being the funny animals, pollute the environment with various inventions ranging from automobiles to refrigerators, contaminated fresh water bodies with chemicals, burnt down forests for cultivation and forced the animals to leave their natural habitat. Animals soon started proceeding to cities, and many a times, attacked human beings out of fear, or hunger. BUT CLEARLY THAT'S NOT ANIMALS' FAULT. Being the most intelligent species on the planet, humans have come a long way. From inventions starting from fire and wheel, now we build sky scrappers and send people to Mars. But not much changed for animals other than the fact their environment has been deteriorating due to various factors, human encroachment and interference being one of the prime reasons for these type of things. WHO'S TO BLAME? It’s only humans: • Animal & human population is rising, shrinking habitats • Implementation of environmental laws is also about politics • Roads & power lines block regular routes of wild animals • Food sources are being affected by human intrusion PLEASE TAKE AN ACTION. OUR WILD ANIMALS SHOULD NOT BE KILLED LIKE THIS. THEY WERE GIFTED TO MAKE OUR NATURE EVEN MORE BEAUTIFUL. PEOPLE SHOULD UNDERSTAND THAT WE USE THE ADJECTIVE "WILD" BEFORE THESE ANIMALS, JUST BECAUSE THEY CAN BE DEADLY. WE CAN'T EXPECT SOMETHING SWEET FROM THEM WHEN THEY ARE DISPLACED AND WHEN IN HUNGER. DEFORESTATION IS ONE OF THE KEY RESONS FOR THESE TYPE OF THINGS HAPPEN. PLEASE STOP DEFORESTATION, PLEASE LET OUR VALUABLE SPECIES LIVE IN PEACE. SOMETHING CALLED "HUMANITY" STILL EXISTS. "SPEAK FOR THE UNSPOKEN"
Completely Re - Work the Overall Management Plan for the Sinharaja National Forest Reserve
As the island's largest remaining tract of untouched lowland tropical rainforest, the Sinharaja National Forest Reserve's current overall management plan is in dire need of re - working. Although it was first declared as a National Forest Reserve (referred to in this petition as the Sinharaja NFR) on the 3rd of May 1875 (under the Waste Lands Ordinance), it has since had a second national designation (the highest one available on the island), as well as three international designations attached, and they are as follows (in order of importance): 1. Individual Natural UNESCO World Heritage Site (1989) 2. International UNESCO Man & Biosphere Reserve (April 1978) 3. National Heritage Wilderness Area (National Designation) (October 21st 1988) 4. Important Bird & Biodiversity Area (BirdLife International) (2004) As a result of its two UNESCO designations, the Sinharaja NFR is legally required to be divided into three different zones, and they are as follows (interior to exterior): 1. The Core Zone (strict eco - system and landscape protection/conservation) 2. The Buffer Zone (scientific research and compatible ecological practices) 3. The Transitional or Peripheral Zone (sustainable economic development) If the Sinharaja NFR's overall management plan is to be effectively re - worked then recognition, demarcation and enforcement of the Buffer and Transitional/Peripheral Zones is critical to achieving such a target. To achieve this both the aforementioned zones need to have their overall width increased to 2 miles each (a total of 4 miles). The Buffer Zone should be restricted to eco - system related scientific research and should remain an untouched wilderness, that serves the purpose of safeguarding the Reserve's Core Zone. The Transitional or Peripheral Zone should be divided into two 1 mile width segments, with the inner segment being managed through the planting of tall grass barriers, while the outer segment should be utilised for the purposes of conducting sustainable agriculture/agro - forestry (the latter preferably with floral varieties that are unfavourable to the dietary requirements of the Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants living within the Reserve. Finally, all of the villages located within the two aforementioned zones, need to be removed and relocated to suitable locations outside the Reserve's three zones. This would help relieve a large amount of the pressure that is currently placed upon the Reserve on a daily basis, and help reduce instances of the Human - Wildlife Conflict in the Reserve's vicinity (which would be mutually beneficial to all the parties involved). Keep in mind that an estimated 8000 - 10000 people live in 20 villages that almost completely surround the Reserve, so assistance for the removals and relocations mentioned above, should be be sought from the relevant Divisional Secretariats, the Land Reform Commission, the Central Environmental Authority and the appropriate Ministries. Additionally, the Reserve is (for management purposes), divided into two sectors and four sub - sectors by the Department of Forest Conservation (hereafter referred to as the DFC), due to the different types of eco - regions that the Reserve covers: 1. The Western Sector (Lowland Tropical Rainforest) Further divided into North Western & South Western Sub - Sectors2. The Eastern Sector (Sub - Montane or Lower Montane Forest) Further divided into North Eastern & South Eastern Sub - SectorsThe Eastern Sector of the Sinharaja NFR (both sub - sectors included) (hereafter referred to as Eastern Sinharaja) is of particular importance to the scientific community, due to its location in the nearly completely devastated Sub - Montane Wet Zone. The forests found in this eco - region are unique, and different ecologically to the island's Lowland Tropical Rainforests and Cloud Montane Forests. This forest type is also (as of the 28th of June 2018), the most critically threatened forest type on the island, occupying only 0.05% of the island, even though only an estimated 45% of the flora and fauna contained within such forests is known to science. Furthermore, Eastern Sinharaja's terrain is extremely hilly and nearly impassible, thereby making this sector inaccessible to the vast majority of the island's human population. This has resulted in Eastern Sinharaja's retention of forests and eco - systems that are millions of years old and virtually untouched, creating a "Lost World" that continues to inspire, amaze and interest the general public, despite the technological advancements of the 21st century. It also needs to be noted, that the Sinharaja NFR is part of its own Collective Protected Area (hereafter referred to as a CPA), the South Western Biodiversity Super Cluster, and is the largest Protected Area (hereafter referred to as a PA) in the heavily fragmented Sinharaja Rainforest Complex which includes a number of PAs: 1. The Dellawa P.R. (Other State Forest) 2. The Morapitiyarunakanda P.R. (Other State Forest) 3. The Waratalgoda P.R. (Other State Forest) 4. The Neluketiyamukalana P.R. (Other State Forest) 5. The Kudumiriya P.R. (Other State Forest) 6. The Delgoda Conservation Forest Any re - worked management plan, needs to include the six PAs mentioned above and ensure the integration of such PAs into the Sinharaja NFR, an action that will increase the current size of the Reserve (298 square kilometres), to a size that is more conducive to its long term future. Furthermore, there is an estimated 2500 acres of unprotected, primary Lowland Tropical Rainforest under the control of the Land Reform Commission (hereafter referred to as the LRC), which needs to be integrated into the Sinharaja NFR (as a result of Cabinet Paper No. PS/CS/26/2004, dated as on the 22nd of July 2004), an action that after 18 years, has yet to actually be implemented. This would expand the overall size of the Reserve to 323 square kilometres, especially important for the last remaining Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants (one of the island's three regional Elephant variants), as it would ensure the expansion of their continuously dwindling range, thus contributing towards their future existence. As of the 28th of June 2018, there are only two such Elephants in the Sinharaja NFR, both of which are males (and are thought to be siblings). Since there are no female Elephants of this regional variant present, these two males have turned their sexual frustrations into anger, and directed it towards certain villages on the Reserve's Boundary (i.e. where the Core and Buffer Zones converge). It is very important to remember, that this anger is entirely justified as the inhabitants of certain villages engage in illegal activities such as deforestation, poaching, illicit alcohol production, land grabbing, unauthorised construction etc, etc, and have tried to badly maim/murder the two aforementioned Elephants, in order to freely carry out such illegal activities. Additionally, plantation companies involved in tea and rubber production, have illegally encroached upon several historical Elephant corridors, blocking the Elephants traditional (localised) migratory routes. Under this much pressure, retaliation by these two Elephants is expected, but such issues are solvable. The introduction of 2 - 4 domesticated female Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants (following a period of rehabilitation and close monitoring), would satisfy the needs of the two Bulls, and lay the groundwork for the recovery of this regional variant's overall population (important given the fact that historically, the highest density of Elephants on the island, was found within the Wet - Zone's Lowland Tropical Rainforests, Sub - Montane or Lower Montane Forests and Cloud Montane Forests). Currently the two Sinharaja Bull Elephants traverse the length and breadth of the Reserve's Eastern Sector, alongside (potentially) the highest density of Black Leopards on the island. This is a result of a recessive allele, which in Leopards tends to emerge in the tallest, thickest, greenest forest types, which usually are low in light penetration (in this case the three forest types mentioned above have the highest chance of ensuring the birth of a Black Leopard). Based on the number of Black Leopards that have been killed on the Reserve's Boundary, estimates have suggested that there are anywhere between 10 - 20 Black Leopards living in the Sinharaja NFR (with the majority of them inhabiting the Reserve's Eastern Sector). The issues surrounding the last two Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants evolved into a serious political struggle between the Ministry of Sustainable Development, Wildlife and Regional Development (hereafter referred to as the MSDWRD) and the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment (hereafter referred to as the MMDE), following the decisions made by both the Minister (Field Marshal Sarath Fonseka) and the Deputy Minister (Palitha Thewarapperuma) of the MSDWRD (due to the demands of two particular villages located on the Reserve's Boundary), to remove and relocate the two Elephants in question, inevitably signing their death warrants, given their specialist behaviours and dietary requirements as a regional variant. However, thanks to the intervention of the Minister (President Maithripala Sirisena) of the MMDE, this action was halted indefinitely, before it was carried out. This state of affairs has also undermined the authority and mandate of the DFC, as the Department of Wildlife Conservation (hereafter referred to as the DWC), was selected to carry out the removal and relocation operation. Adding to the already hostile rivalry between the DFC and the DFC (with the same applying to their parent ministries), the selection of the DWC resulted in public erosion of the DFC's control and authority over the Sinharaja NFR. Ergo, if the DFC is to effectively manage and safeguard the Reserve, then the DWC should never be allowed to undermine the DFC's mandate in any manner, ever again. Instead, the DWC should follow the lead of the DFC, with regards to the administration of the Reserve's wildlife, and work in conjunction with the former, to achieve the goals relating to wildlife conservation in and around Sinharaja (i.e. through cooperation, knowledge sharing and diffusion). For those who aren't aware, the Sinharaja NFR is among the top five most valuable PAs on the island, with a floral endemism percentage that is over 60% and a faunal endemism percentage that is over 50% (extremely impressive, given the Reserve's currently dwindling size). As far as large or "charismatic" mammalian fauna are concerned, the overall populations aren't as secure or numerous as those in the island's Dry - Zone, though the sheer variety and number of endemic avian fauna is more than enough to make up for this large mammalian fauna deficit. Species such as the Sri Lankan Wood Pigeon, the Red - Faced Malkoha, the Green - Billed Coucal, the Sri Lankan Blue Magpie and the Sri Lankan Hanging Parrot, are among the numerous avian endemics that inhabit the Reserve. Examples of endemic mammalian fauna include the Southern Lowland Wet - Zone Purple - Faced Langur (alternatively known as the Purple - Faced Leaf Monkey) and the Sri Lankan Leopard. Other genera that display high degrees of endemism include Reptiles and Amphibians (the latter of which has nine species identified as endemic). It should be noted that as far as flora is concerned, the average height of the Reserve's canopy is between 35 - 40 metres on average, with certain heights (impressively) exceeding 50 metres. Additionally the Reserve is an ecological laboratory for butterflies (which form an order classified as Lepidoptera), with over 50% of the aforementioned order identified as endemics to the island's Lowland Wet - Zone. All of the steps mentioned above are absolutely necessary to ensure the Reserve's future, indirectly and directly benefiting the numerous communities that depend on the Reserve's existence, for their financial needs, thereby enhancing the standards of living and education in the process. As such, the support of the general public is needed, in order to bring about the changes (as well as the associated, positive dividends) mentioned above, safeguarding the Sinharaja National Forest Reserve.
SAVE BONA’S HOME!! SAY NO TO SEBLAT COAL MINING!
The critically endangered Sumatran elephant population of the Seblat Landscape Area, North Bengkulu, Sumatra is under renewed threat due to the coal mining company PT INMAS ABADI attempting to obtain 600+ hectares of this protected forest to expand their coal output. This process is happening through local government avenues and we request immediate intervention from the highest levels of office in Indonesia to help maintain TWA Seblat Conservation and Landscape Area as it is intended to be. A habitat for the Sumatran elephant and many other endangered species. TWA Seblat is also Bona’s home at the ECC (Elephant Conservation Center) and is home to 12 elephants. Bona is the youngest and is an 8 year old orphaned Sumatran elephant calf in the care of the Elephant Conservation Centre (ECC) in Seblat, North Bengkulu, Sumatra. Bona survived from an early age due to the amazing efforts from a team of passionate supporters from all over the world helping Bona by providing life saving milk supplements and has now become one of Bengkulu’s tourist icons to visit in the province of Bengkulu. On behalf of all of our global and local supporters, we are shocked to hear the ECC in Seblat Bengkulu will be relocated along with Bona and her family of elephants to accommodate an expansion of coal mining in the protected TWA Seblat Conservation and Landscape Area. SIGN THE PETITION TO STOP THE COAL MINING IN TWA SEBLAT! FULL DETAILS Seblat natural landscape, at the border of North Bengkulu and Mukomuko regencies, is the last “home” for the habitat of Sumateran elephant (Elephas maximus Sumatranus), the last that remains in Bengkulu Province. Forest depreciation due to various interests had narrowed down the living space of this endangered animal that leads to their population decline. Based on the survey by the Bengkulu – Lampung Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) with the Human – Elephant Conflict Mitigation (MKMG) team in 2004-2009, the estimated population of the Air Ipuh – Air Teramang elephant group was 47. In 2010, based on WCS-IP data, the elephant group population in the specific function Production Forest of Elephant Training Center (PLG) Seblat – HPT Lebong Kandis, the elephant group was estimated to be between 60-100. Then, in 2017, based on the data from Bengkulu – Lampung BKSDA, the estimated population of Production Forest (HP) elephant groups in Air Rami – HPT Lebong Kandis was 37 elephants. Disruptions to its habitat and the increasingly narrowing living space have contributed to perpetuate the conflict between humans and elephants, which have never been handled properly to date. This condition will be aggravated by granting PT Inmas Abadi its coal mining permit (IUP) in Seblat natural landscape from the related parties. Based on the team's investigation, the IUP of PT Inmas Abadi around the location of HPT Lebong Kandis and Seblat TWA had been issued multiple times since 1996. The latest permit was issued in 2017 based on the Decree of Bengkulu Governor number I.315. DESDM, 2017, concerning the IUP for production operation in North Bengkulu Regency covering an area of 4,051 ha. Based on the analysis from Genesis Bengkulu, 735 ha of concessions were within the TWA Seblat, 1,915 ha in HPT Lebong Kandis Register 69, and 540 ha was within the convertible production forests (HPK). To obtain the area in TWA Seblat where Seblat Elephant Training Center (PLG) located, PT Inmas Abadi had correspondence with the Minister of Environment and Forestry requesting the area release for mining. Regarding this condition, the joined Civil Society Organization (CSO) in Seblat Landscape Rescue Coalition, Bengkulu, considered the IUP issuance of the coal mine production operation signed by the Acting Governor of Bengkulu, Rohidin Mersyah, in October 2017, as a major threat to the future of Sumatran elephants due to the mining concession is the key habitat for the elephants. "With the regulatory approach, for whatever reason, granting IUP for PT Inmas Abadi is a mistake, since it does not supported by a solid argumentation. The income generated by coal mining that will only benefit a handful of people is minuscule compared with the ecological burden that the people will receive, including the loss of the elephants’ living space," said the Head of Kanopi Bengkulu, Ali Akbar. According to Ali, the threat of clean water crisis will also haunt the communities in the sub-districts of Putri Hijau and Marga Sakti Seblat, which have been relying their water access on Seblat River. To date, the people in the communities are utilizing the clean water from Seblat River, including the residents in the villages of Suka Baru, Suka Maju, Suka Merindu, Suka Medan, Suka Negara, Karya Jaya, Talang Arah, and Pasar Seblat. The Director of WALHI Bengkulu, Beni Ardiansyah, has considered that the plan for coal mining owned by PT Inmas Abadi in TWA Seblat that requires the release of Seblat TWA forest areas is very contrary to the principle of legal certainty over the status of forest areas. "A forest area whose legal status has been designated as an area with conservation as the main function has to be maintained because a solid legal status will definitely be the main instrument in the process of protection and preservation of a said forest area," said Beni. The Director of Genesis Bengkulu, Uli Artha Siagian, also considered that forest release, especially for mining, would destroy the region's services as a life support. The government prioritizes the sustainability of mining rather than ecological safety by breaking through the existing regulations. This action is signified by issuing the mining permit for PT Inmas Abadi production operations with the status of "Clean and Clear,” even though the area is a conservation forest. "We had sent two requests for IUP data and AMDAL PT Inmas to ESDM, but we have not received even one reply to date, and this leaves a big question mark," Uli said. Not only destroying the life support area, coal mining in Seblat natural landscape is a threat to the village’s tourism activities around TWA Seblat. The Director of PT Alesha Wisata, Krishna Gamawan, said that the collaboration between tourism and conservation was running well in TWA Seblat as the (Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan/Environmental Impact Analysis) documents of embodiment of conservation activities and the effort to improve the livelihood of rural communities around TWA Seblat. In the collaboration between PT Alesha Wisata, Ulayat Foundation, and Seblat Ecotourism Forum in Sukabaru Village, there are 29 forum members consisting of the village youth, village government, to independent groups that provide Seblat tourism packages that include exploring the Sumatran elephant habitat. "The tourism activities that have been initiated are then threatened by the existence of coal mining operation, and this is very worrying, because we know, tourism will be the backbone of the government's program in diminishing poverty, not anything else," he explained. The Coordinator of Bengkulu Rare Flower Community (Komunitas Peduli Puspa Langka – KPPL), Sofian Ramadhan, said that the Seblat natural landscape is not only the home to wildlife such as Sumatran elephants, Sumatran tigers, sun bears, tapirs, hornbills, and other types of fauna, but also the largest native habitat of the world’s biggest flower, Rafflesia arnoldii. "The effort to demand changes in the area to become a coal mining operation by PT Inmas Abadi in TWA Seblat is bound to destroy the forest ecosystem, which results in the destruction of all biodiversity in it. Therefore, the Minister of Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya must stop this mining plan," said Sofian. For this condition, the alliance demands: 1. The Indonesian Minister of Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya to maintain Seblat landscape forest area to be the home to the charismatic Sumatran elephant in Bengkulu region and refuse all requests from PT Inmas Abadi to obtain a borrowing permit to use the forest areas for mining. 2. The Acting Governor of Bengkulu, Rohidin Mersyah, to revoke PT Inmas Abadi's Mining Business License (IUP) and to conduct a moratorium on granting the IUP mining in Bengkulu Province. 3. The Department of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) to disclose the IUP production operations documents of PT Inmas Abadi. 4. The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources to revoke PT Inmas Abadi's CnC status. Seblat Landscape Rescue Coalition: Kanopi Bengkulu, Walhi Bengkulu, Genesis, Ulayat, Alesha Wisata, KPPL Bengkulu, Komunitas Mangrove Bengkulu, Rafflesia Motions Productions, Elephant Care Community (ECC) Seblat, Rekam Nusantara, Forum Kader Konservasi Indonesia (FK3I) Bengkulu, Lingkar Institute, Bengkulu Heritage, Yayasan Berdiri Nusantara Sejahtera, Komunitas untuk Hutan Sumatera, Animal Sanctuary Trust Indonesia and HIMPADI KETRINA.
Save The Leatherbacks/ Green Marinas Proposition
Leatherbacks are one of the most distinctive Sea Turtles. They have existed for over 100 million years and are one of the closest animals to what constitutes a 'living fossil'. Sadly, though, they are also one of the most endangered species of Sea Turtle, with only 34- 36,000 estimated females remaining worldwide. The animals are on a downward trend in terms of population, with some of the most prominent causes of their death being Boat hits, Oil poisoning, Fishing, and Human Habitat disturbance. The Green Marinas Proposition states that citizens in the surrounding areas should not be able to enter the natural nesting area of Leatherback Sea Turtles, therefore protecting them from most human interference. A fine will be proposed.
Illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren beenden
Hallo, mein Name ist Jane Goodall und ich möchte Sie um Ihre Unterstützung bitten, den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren zu beenden. Ich verbringe jedes Jahr rund 300 Tage auf Reisen und spreche mit Menschen darüber, wie wir den Tieren am besten helfen können. Aber ich weiß, dass die Kraft der sozialen Medien sehr viel mehr Menschen sehr viel schneller vernetzen kann, als es eine einzelne Person zu tun vermag. Bitte helfen Sie mir den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren zu beenden. Gier und das Verlangen nach zunehmend seltener werdenden “Trophäen” lassen den illegalen Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren boomen. Dieser grausame Handel treibt die gefährdeten Arten dieser Welt rasant auf ihre Auslöschung zu. Ich treffe in diesem Jahr mit einigen der führenden Vertreter von Artenschutzorganisationen zusammen und ich brauche dringend Ihre Unterstützung, um ihnen deutlich zu machen, dass es Ihr Wunsch ist, dass die internationale Gemeinschaft den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren mit höchster Priorität behandeln muss. Meine Kollegen und ich vom Jane Goodall Institut haben die schrecklichen Wunden gesehen, die den Opfern durch Wilderei zugefügt wurden. Wir wissen als Vertreter einer gemeinnützigen Artenschutzorganisation, die gemeinsam mit großen internationalen Partnern in vielen afrikanischen Ländern vor Ort zusammenarbeitet, dass die Abschlachtung dieser wunderbaren Tiere grausam und unentschuldbar ist. Wir haben auch den heroischen Einsatz von Rangern unter Verlust ihres Lebens gesehen, die die Tiere gegen Wilderer verteidigt haben: wir dürfen nicht zulassen, dass ihr Tod umsonst war. In unserem Tchimpounga Schimpansen Rehabilitationszentrum sehen wir Affen, die durch tödliche Schnappfallen verstümmelt wurden, Affen, die an Schusswunden leiden und Schimpansen im Kindesalter, die ihren Müttern entrissen wurden, nachdem diese von Wilderern erschossen wurden. Sie werden auf Märkten angeboten, wo Menschen illegal Schimpansenfleisch kaufen können. Die kleinen Schimpansen kommen oft mit schweren Verletzungen zu uns, sind sehr krank und leiden an schweren psychologischen Störungen, die vielleicht nie mehr heilen werden. Und trotzdem gehören sie zu denen, die Glück gehabt haben. Die Kleinen, die es nicht bis Tchimpounga schaffen, werden oft im illegalen Handel für exotische Haustiere oder für den Unterhaltungssektor verkauft, wo ihr Schicksal ein kurzes, einsames Leben voller Schmerz und Misshandlung ist. Dies ist kein einfaches Thema und voller Beispiele dafür, was der Druck der Armut, fehlende Möglichkeiten des Vollzugs von Schutzrechten, staatliche Korruption und die unreflektierte Nachfrage nach wildlebenden Tieren oder deren Produkten durch Konsumenten in aller Welt anzurichten imstande sind. Der unmenschliche Brauch, in das natürliche Habitat von geschützten Tieren einzudringen um sie zu fangen oder zu töten, um bestimmte Teile zu verwerten, zerstört die kostbarsten Arten unserer Erde, und er muss aufhören. Die Fakten, die die Dringlichkeit dieser Krise verdeutlichen: 35.000 Elefanten werden jedes Jahr für ihr Elfenbein getötet. Die Wilderei von Nashörnern ist zwischen 2007-2014 um 9.000% gestiegen. 73 Millionen Haie werden jedes Jahr ihrer Flossen wegen getötet. Eine Studie von 2014 zeigte, dass es wahrscheinlich nur noch 3.200 wilde Tiger in Asien gibt. Jährlich werden 3.000 Menschenaffen (auch Schimpansen) illegal getötet oder aus der Wildnis gestohlen. Diese Zahlen sind Schätzungen, die auf Populationsgrößen basieren, die es nicht einmal mehr gibt, denn jährlich sind es weniger und weniger Tiere, die überhaupt gejagt werden können. Das Jane Goodall Institut hat nun die großangelegte Jane’s Traffic Stop Kampagne gestartet, um diesen Handel zu beenden. Bitte seien Sie ein Teil davon! Es ist unsere Hoffnung, dass wir einen Beitrag leisten werden, der Wilderei endgültig ein Ende zu setzen, indem wir eine riesige Gemeinschaft von Unterstützerinnen und Unterstützern in den sozialen Medien aufbauen, die im Kampf gegen die Gewalt kontinuierlich die Entscheidungsträger in die Verantwortung nehmen. Ich glaube fest daran, dass wir - vom majestätischen Elefanten bis hin zum kleinsten Schmetterling – vom Aussterben bedrohte und gefährdete Arten wertschätzen und zelebrieren sollten, damit sie in Ruhe leben können... wild und frei. Das kann nicht eine Person allein erreichen. Und wir brauchen Unterstützung. Diese Bewegung braucht Sie! Erheben Sie sich gegen den Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren, indem Sie diese Petition zeichnen und so Ihre Unterstützung zeigen. Und helfen Sie mir dabei diese hoffnungsvolle Botschaft weiterzuverbreiten und z.B. an die IUCN beim World Conservation Congress, an die International Primatological Society auf ihrem zweijährlichen Kongress und vor allem an CITES bei der CoP17 Konferenz in South Africa im September diesen Jahres, zu überbringen. Wir müssen der Welt erzählen, dass wilde Tiere nicht auf der Erde sind, um bis zu ihrer Auslöschung gejagt zu werden und stückweise als Beute oder Trophäen verkauft zu werden. Wir dürfen das Geschäft mit der Wilderei nicht unterstützen, wir müssen bewusster einkaufen und es vermeiden, illegale Tierprodukte zu kaufen oder Unternehmen zu unterstützen, die das tun. Jeder und jede von uns ist nur eine Stimme in dem Kampf um die Beendigung der Wilderei, aber wenn Sie mir alle kollektiv beistehen und Ihre Stimme erheben, dann wird unsere Botschaft unmöglich zu überhören sein. Ich werde eng mit unseren Partnern zusammenarbeiten, um sicherzustellen, dass die Unterschriften dieser Petition weiteren Druck und Erfolg in diese internationale Bewegung bringen, um die Wildtiere zu retten. Unterschreiben Sie jetzt diese Petition und werden Sie Teil meiner Kampagne. Wir werden Sie mit Informationen über weitere Aktionen in den kommenden Wochen und Monaten auf dem Laufenden halten. Ich danke Ihnen. -Dr. Jane Goodall www.janegoodall.de