Topic

women's rights

82 petitions

Update posted 6 days ago

Petition to Shri D. V. Sadananda Gowda, Shri Jagat Prakash Nadda, Arvind Kejriwal, Vasundhara Raje, Devendra Fadnavis, Vijay Rupani, Maneka Gandhi

End Female Genital Mutilation in India

At the age of seven, I was subjected to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Mumbai, in a most unhygienic and clandestine manner. The shock and trauma of that day are still with me. Like me, there are thousands of my Dawoodi Bohra sisters who have been subjected to genital cutting as children and even today thousands of Bohra girls are being subjected to this practice, since it has been ordained by the clergy of our community. A few months ago, women like me got together under the forum - ‘Speak out on FGM’ - to begin a conversation on this extremely secretive ritual which has caused physical and psychological damage to each of us in some way or the other. We the undersigned women, who have been subjected to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) also known as ‘Khatna’ belong to the Dawoodi Bohra community which has its major adherents in India. The practice of FGM is done surreptiously and in a clandestine manner to all the girl children in our community, without any consent whatsoever. The alleged reason for this tradition is to curb the sexual drive of women and control them. The Dawoodi Bohras are amongst the most educated in India, yet we are also the only Muslim community in India to practice FGM. The practice has nothing to do with religion and is more of a cultural practice. Most of us are too scared to speak out publicly. We fear ostracization, social boycott and exclusion of our families from the rest of the community by our religious clergy if we object to the continuation of this practice.    FGM has no health benefits, in fact it harms girls and women in many ways. It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies. FGM is often done without anaesthesia, without medical supervision and sometimes the procedure goes horribly wrong. It often leads to pain, shock, tetanus, genital sores, excessive bleeding, etc. It also has long-lasting psychological impact on the victims, ranging from sexual disorders, fear of sexual intimacy, nightmares and post traumatic stress disorder. In December 2012, the UN General Assembly adopted a unanimous resolution on the elimination of FGM. Across the world FGM is being outlawed in many countries. Nigeria and Gambia recently made FGM illegal after women came together, campaigned and raised their voice. FGM is banned in over 20 countries in Africa itself. The World Health Organisation (WHO) classifies FGM as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. According to WHO, FGM reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of the rights of children. In Australia, three Dawoodi Bohras were held guilty of FGM recently by the Supreme Court of New Wales, Australia. The case was closely watched by the Dawoodi Bohra community in India. We urge the Government to pass a law banning this practice in India, such that anyone found involved in aiding, abetting and perpetrating this practice should be punished. Pressure of this law and fear of punishment will be the best way to put a stop to this cruel practice. I along with my Dawoodi Bohra sisters want to raise our voice against FGM in India and put an end to this. You can support us by signing this petition. Sign our petition and ask the government of India to act against Female Genital Mutilation! Masooma Ranalvi, Aarefa Johari, Insia Dariwala, Shabnum Poonawala, Nafisa Pardawala, Farida Ali, Tasneema Ranalvi, Hanan Adarkar, Shaheeda Kirtane, Tanvee Vasudevan, Ummul Ranalvi, Zainub Poonawala, Sana Vaidya, Zehra Patwa, Farzana Doctor, Fiza Jha, Zarine Hashim On Behalf of SPEAK OUT ON FGM

Speak out on FGM
91,753 supporters
Update posted 1 week ago

Petition to Sushma Swaraj, Ministry of health and family welfare, National Organ & tissue transplant organisation, Jagat Prakash Nadda, Maneka Gandhi

Want law changed for unrelated live donor transplants! Law should support life!

 2 lakh die of kidney disease every year in India! The Human organ Transplantation law made in 1994 has to be made more relevant to today! Kidney failures are on the rise and the law does not help make things easier. In India only blood relatives can donate organs to their loved ones. Which is not possible always as many forms of kidney diseases run in families or there are other diseases like BP or Diabetes or age which makes family members ineligible. Families are also now much smaller! The problem is now looming large and growing. If this doesn’t move you, nothing will! 17% of Indians have some form of chronic kidney disease. 2,00,000 new patients need dialysis treatment every year in India. There are  60 million people with diabetes in India. At least 30% of diabetics will develop chronic kidney disease because of diabetes. Statistics suggest that there should be almost 20,00,000 Indians on dialysis as of today. There are 0.4 dialysis centers per million population in India. Only 4,000 kidney transplants are performed every year in India. Some people who are willing to donate but the law and the paperwork makes it very hard for them. There is lack of education on donating while one is alive so fear and lack of knowledge holds people back.   As per Dr Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, head of the nephrology department at AIIMS. He says CKD is more common in India than strokes and almost as common as diabetes, but the treatment costs 15 times more. Dr R P Mathur, head of the renal transplant services at ILBS, said, "There is need of around 1,75,000 kidneys for transplantation every year." But only a few thousands happen legally!!!! The severe organ shortage has generated desperation among people awaiting transplantation. Cadaver kidneys (of those dead or brain dead) are much lesser, also not as successful as live donor kidneys. A number of countries have a system of presumed consent which means that unless the deceased has expressed a wish in life not to be an organ donor then consent will be assumed. This approach also has its pros and cons. Organ donation in our country is being promoted but we are lagging far behind! Even the brain dead, if incentivised will be ready to offer the organs more readily!  And while kidney donation is considered safe, it has an illegal stamp to it. A person can live on one kidney and lead a healthy life, says medical research. God has given us two kidneys but in our lives we need just one.  Dialysis is no solution; it is a slow death of person and a family. It is one of the options to add years to one's life and if certain factors do not permit a transplant, the only option. In the long term, it costs more than a transplant and reduces quality of life drastically make it hard for the person to get back to normal routine and earn. So opening more dialysis centers is also not the real solution. It drains the person and the family. There is so much misery in this. Statistics says that it adds only 5 more years to a person on an average. There are exceptions, of course! Also chances of the transplanted kidney lasting longer are reduced if one stays on dialysis for a longer period. Still the wait continues and dialysis centres keep mushrooming. Now if there is a person who is willing to donate his kidney but in return wants some favor or money from the recipient, the entire transaction could be legalised. And since the Dr and Police do check for any coercion, why should all such unrelated transplants be given the name of illegal trade? And let people die. If the donor is poor, why is he/she presumed to be acting under coercion? Coercion needs to be redefined! As per some figures by AIIMS, in 2015, 75% of donors are women and 79% of recipients are men. Why is a wife not tested for coercion? She may not voice it but may have little choice but to give the kidney even if she does not really want to? A son or daughter under moral pressure may also be giving it unwillingly. But here the question of coercion is not raised. Very often amongst related donors also there is an understanding of giving some property or some monies. But that is not called illegal trade because there is a relation that can be established. As though, relatives do not fight, go to courts? We cannot make family members donate if they are unwilling and the law makes you ineligible for a transplant from another if there is a person who matches your blood group but unwilling to donate! How justified is that? Shall we use force or coerce that family member? Make the law relevant as per changing times please. We do donate blood; that is also a part of our body. There are blood donation camps to facilitate. We buy blood from blood banks in case of need. So why is another part of the body looked at with a different eye? Please facilitate, create systems. The constitution imparts a right to live to all. Then why we are not allowed to live? God gifted us this disease. But if medical science is able to solve this problem, why these laws are barring us to live? The best example of kidney transplant vs dialysis : Sushma Swaraj ji was transplanted right after she was detected with Kidney Failure and within 2 months she was back at handling external affairs Ministry. And it was an unrelated donor! And the paperwork was quick allowing her to come back to serve the country with fervour, commitment and energy! We want her to be our brand ambassador advocating change of laws for live unrelated donors, the need for speed in paperwork, removing fear from the hearts of possible donors and promoting organ donation. There just needs to be openness to the issue and not see anything relating to the poorer sections to be seen with only one lens...i.e.. exploitation! Look at it from the betterment sense and ensure policies to make it better for them too if they come forward. Can the country do something for them? Can Sushma ji who has gone through the misery of dialysis, the DGHS, the Ministry of Health & family welfare, Govt of India, the various DGHS of various States, the NOTTO and all put together find a solution to this devastating disease? There is a black market for kidneys that exists despite prohibitory laws. Regulated, legal unrelated donation is likely to improve safety for both donors and recipients. Currently donor gets nothing, is not counselled on how to better his living standards and use the compensation sensibly. Study the results of Iran and Singapore after they took a lenient view on unrelated transplants and let's benefit from the same! Taking a high moralistic ground that it will promote organ trade and the poor will be exploited is easy to take but not prudent or relevant in today's real scenario! Kidney failures are increasing! Cadaver organs are less, wait too long, success lesser than live donor. If Singapore, Iran, Istanbul, etc changed the living donor unrelated transplant laws, so can we! Please review this law this Parliament session and give so many lakhs a hope to live! Urge the health ministry to take this up on urgent basis! And want Sushma Swaraj ji to be our voice in making this change!  

ASHU SABHARWAL
1,524 supporters
Update posted 4 weeks ago

Petition to Maneka Gandhi, JP Nadda, Satyendra Jain, Devendra Fadnavis, Mamata Banerjee, C. Laxma Reddy

Make it mandatory for all hospitals to declare number of Caesarean deliveries #SafeBirth

Caesarean deliveries have become a business. The hospitals and doctors are making money off unsuspecting women and pushing them towards surgical deliveries. Even though serious complications were not detected, I was cut open to deliver my baby. I wanted to have a natural birth but had to undergo a C-section as it was presented to be more ’scientific, modern and risk-free’. I was misled, manipulated, confused and my choice was overriden. For many of us, the right to informed-refusal or consent during childbirth is hardly an option either due to lack of awareness or the high-handed attitude of doctors. It was a long, painful, depressing recovery for me and when I looked into this issue, what I found was alarming. India’s C-section rate is growing exponentially. The fact that private hospitals have a much higher rate of C-sections than public hospitals has a direct correlation to the fact that surgical deliveries cost so much more than normal ones in these facilities. Recent studies show that C-sections lead to a higher risk of post-partum depression and lower breastfeeding rate in women and diseases like obesity and diabetes in children. Despite its adverse effects on maternal and child health, hospitals and doctors are indiscriminately conducting C-sections to make more money. To discourage this trend, women need to be made aware of the C-section rates of different hospitals and maternity homes, so that they can choose their hospitals carefully. That’s why I, with support of the NGO Birth India, started this petition asking the Women and Child Development ministry to issue an advisory to the Medical Council of India to Make it mandatory for all doctors and hospitals to declare the percentage of Caesarean delivery rates to patients. Conduct enquiry against those with abnormally high C-section rate. Frame clear guidelines for conducting Caesarean to safeguard the health and rights of women and children World Health Organisation (WHO) norms prescribe that C-section deliveries should be ideally 10-15 per cent of the total number of deliveries in the country. However, in urban Telengana, 74.8% of the private sector deliveries are by C-section and it is as high as 41% in Kerala and it is 58% in Tamil Nadu, according to a report by the ICMR School of Public Health. It is important that even women are made aware of the impact of Caesarean sections, which truly is an emergency recourse and not a routine medical procedure. The fact is that only 10% of births should be via C-section, however, in Indian private hospitals that rate is close to 50%. This is a serious health risk and the government has to take action NOW! Sign my petition and ask the Women and Child Development ministry to end this harmful practice by hospitals. Image Courtesy: abdn.ac.uk

Subarna Ghosh
163,241 supporters