To remove corruptions and irregularities from the Higher Education System.

0 have signed. Let’s get to 200!


                         PROBLEMS

Respected sir/mam,
The Quality Education is the first and foremost basis of the all-round development of a nation, since it is an important aspect of a person's social and mental development, and also provides fair/ better employment opportunities. But the quality of education has fallen drastically in almost all the universities/ institutes/ colleges. The main reason is to consider it just as an employment (in case of govt. universities/ institutes/ colleges) and business (in case of pvt. universities/ institutes/ colleges) only. Due to which our almost all the universities/ institutes/ colleges are lagging behind internationally.
As everybody knows that there are a lot of corruptions and irregularities in the higher education system. I have made a complaint cum report which had been Lodged twice in Hindi and once in english through both the public grievance and the director of public grievance but every time I got such type of negative replies that both the UGC and the Department of Higher Education are not interested to remove the various type of corruptions and irregularities mentioned in the public grievance.


                          SOLUTIONS

(PART - A)

The important Points to increase the quality and transparency in the Higher Educational Institutes.

(1) Only qualified candidates should be appointed as teachers in pvt. universities and colleges:
In the official register of the most of private universities/ colleges/ institutes, the name of qualified teachers are recorded, but they are rarely or never available in these universities/ colleges/ institutes. Rather, unqualified candidates who are just PG passed and nowhere close to NET or SET/ SLET qualification) are seen teaching to UG and PG classes, and in many private universities/ colleges/ institutes even these are also not present. Rather, all the studies and classes are run only in the files. It is not that the NET or SET/ SLET qualified candidates are unavailable or their number is low. Rather, the main problem is that these private universities/ colleges/ institutes have considered the education sector as a business only (although, UGC has given strict instructions on its website to avoid commercialization of higher education) and due to this, the unqualified candidates are appointed to earn profits as they are ready to work on low salaries/ wages or the classes are run only in files for sake of saving the teachers' salaries. Thus, this type of dual functioning has become too common now a days.
ln such an education system, how can we keep the high expectations from our new generation to build a better india?
Evidences:
(I) As the private universities/ colleges/ institutes don't fall under the RTI Act, 2005. So the official lists of academic officials and teaching staffs of the pvt. universities/ colleges/ institutes can't be obtained.
(II) Therefore, in this regard, I had filed the RTI to UGC to get some informations which are as follows.
(a) Does the UGC have the list (either hard or soft copies) of teaching staffs of the pvt. universities and colleges recorded in their official register? and is it maintained regularly? If yes, then please provide it to me.
(b) Is there any systematic proceedesur or way by which the UGC can confirm that there is no dual functioning in regarding the teaching staffs in the pvt universities and colleges.
(c) If the answers of both of points are "NO" then, is it not right that the dual functioning is going on in many pvt universities and colleges?
The reply of UGC was that the private universities are regulated under "UGC (Establishment of and Maintenance of Standards in Private Universities) Regulations, 2003". But, in this regulation, nothing and nowhere is written about the above informations.
(III) But during my colleging and after that I have seen this reality, and at present it has become too common.

SOLUTIONS:
(I) The list of academic officials (such as VC, Pro-VC, Registerar, Principal, Vice-Principal, Controller of Examinations, Student Counsellor, Chairperson of Anti-Ragging Cell, Chairperson of Women Empowerment Cell, Chairperson of SC/ST Empowerment Cell and SHO of Concerned Police Station with their name, photograph, post and official contact number) and teaching staffs (such as Dean, HOD, Professor, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor, Lecturer and Lab. Assistant including Ad-hoc and guest faculties with their name, photograph, post, subject, qualifications and contact no.) of the all universities/ colleges/ institutes should be made available in the "Officials & Faculties" option on their websites (if not, strict instructions to be given to make it as soon as possible) as well as at their waiting halls or other alternate places by putting it on a chart or digital board by 31st July of every academic session. By putting it on a chart or digital board, this entire information will be available easily to all the students, researchers, parents and visiting persons, and if any kind of irregularities is found, then the monitoring authority can be complained.
If any post of academic officials is not applicable, then it should be compulsory to write 'Not Applicable' in front of that post.
If any post of academic officials is applicable but it is not created, then it should be compulsory to write 'Not Created' in front of that post.
If any post of academic officials is applicable and has been created but it is vacant then it should be compulsory to write 'Vacant' in front of that post.
If a new academic official or teaching staff is appointed in the university/ college/ institute, then his complete informations should be made available on the website as well as at the waiting hall within one month from the date of appointment. During the academic session, if any kind of changes in the official lists is made then it should be shown by different colour on the chart or digital board to be clarified it.
The maximum teacher-student ratio which includes the vacant positions, the actual teacher-student ratio which excludes the vacant positions and the details of vacant positions should also be provided in the "Officials & Faculties" option on their websites as well as at their waiting halls.
A notice board shouldbe be made available in the waiting hall of each university and college on which this notice should be written. 'Is there any teacher who has been teaching you for last 30 days and whose name is not at the chart or digital board available in the Waiting hall. If yes, then please do complain on the following addresses.' : Postal address and e-mail of the concerned university and regional office of UGC
All colleges will provide the list of academic officials and teaching staffs to the concerned universities in such a way that this entire information will be available in the "Officials & Faculties" option on their website. Thus, all colleges will be directly under the supervision of the concerned university.
The universities will provide four sub-options in the "Officials & Faculties" option on their website.
(a) University: In this sub-option, it will Provide the list of its officials and faculties.
(b) Constituent Colleges: In this sub-option, it will provide the links of "Officials & Faculties" options of all the Constituent Colleges. If no Constituent College, then there will be written 'No Constituent College' in this sub-option.
(c) Govt. & Semi-Govt. colleges: In this sub-option, it will provide the links of "Officials & Faculties" options of all affiliated Govt. and Semi-Govt. colleges. If there is no Govt. and Semi-Govt. college affiliated to an university, then there will be written 'No Govt. College' or/and 'No Semi-Govt. College' in this sub-option.
(d) Private colleges: In this sub-option, it will provide the links of "Officials & Faculties" options of all affiliated private colleges. If there is no private college affiliated to an university, then there will be written 'No Pvt. College' in this sub-option.
All universities (Central, Deemed, State and Private) will provide the links of their "Officials & Faculties" options (which includes four sub-options) to UGC to make available them at the website of UGC.
The links of "Officials & Faculties" options will be provided in such a way that if any kind of informations is updated by the college and university, then it will be automatically updated on the website of University and UGC respectively. Thus, all universities and colleges will be directly under the supervision of UGC.
If any financial and/or technical issue is raised by colleges to implement it (to update and maintain the website regularly). Then the solution or alternate option is as follows. The lists of academic officials and teaching staffs of all colleges should be sent to the concerned university by emailing before 15th July of every academic session. The Universities should be authorized body to update and maintain the official lists of the academic officials and teaching staffs of all colleges regularly on their website according to the above suggestion. If any change in the academic officials and/or teaching staffs is made by the colleges during the academic session, then the list of new teaching staffs with the proper reason should be sent to the concerned university within 15 days after his/ her appointment.
(II) A badge with his/ her name, post and subject should be compulsory for all teaching staffs in the university/ college/ institute premises.
(III) The attendance of teachers in the higher educational Institutes (both government and private) should be ensured everyday by the biometric system under the monitoring of CCTV cameras and its recordings should be kept safe for a minimum of one year. Their attendance should be registered online (linked with Aadhar no.). As the most of private companies and many public universities such as University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Dr. BR Ambedkar University (Andhra Pradesh), Osmania University (Hyderabad) etc. have accepted and implemented the biometric system of attendance for their officials and employees. Then, why shouldn't it be accepted and implemented by all other higher educational institutes. There is no appropriate reason to oppose/ deny it.
Conclusion:
The main advantage of the above three suggestions/ solutions is that no private institute can adopt dual functioning (keeping unqualified candidates or conducting the classes only in the files). Because by providing the official list of all academic officials and teaching staffs on the website as well as at the waiting hall, Badge facility and biometric system of attendance, the complaint of any kind of irregularities can be filed/ made by students/ guardians/ visiting persons to the concerned university and UGC. At the same time, the monitoring authority can also do surprise inspection.
Also, the students can get information of affiliated colleges and recognized universities from the website of concerned university and UGC respectively, and can prevent themselves from taking admission in fake colleges and universities.

(2) A teacher should be issued a certificate on the basis of his/ her attendance, domain knowledge and teaching skill:
In the last month of each academic session, a teacher should be issued a certificate on the basis of his/ her total attendance ensured by the biometric system, and efficiency/ domain knowledge/ interest in the concerned subject, teaching skills and interactive skills such as morality, Co-operative nature etc. measured by the points provided by the students (students of the previous three years should also be allowed) of concerned class/ sections through online voting (or by common voting machines like general election, but confidentiality is required). And these certificates should be used to provide incentives to the teachers in the first month of the next academic session, and in their future promotions and direct recruitment for the higher posts.
Conclusion:
This will encourage all the teachers for their regularity, domain knowledge, teaching skill and interactive skills.

(3) A feedback should be compulsory for a new teacher after completion his/ her probation period:
After the completion of probation period of a new teacher, a feedback which includes his/ her attendance, domain knowledge in the concerned subject, teaching skills and interactive skills such as morality, co-operative nature etc. should be given by the students of concerned class/ subject. If more than 60% of the students give negative feedback, then the teacher's probation period should be increased by one more year. After completion of the next one year, if still more than 60% of the students give negative feedback then a strict action such as a dismissal should be taken by the university.
Conclusion:
It will encourage all the new teachers for their regularity, domain knowledge, teaching skill and interactive skill.

(4) It is the right of students to know about the teaching staffs and teacher-student ratio:
At the time of taking the admission, each student should be provided a bulletin (without any charge) by all the universities and colleges. In which the details of teaching staffs, the details of vacant positions, the maximum allowed teacher-student ratio which includes the vacant positions and the actual teacher-student ratio which excludes the vacant positions are shown.
Conclusion:
It will help the students to know their teaching staffs and teacher-student ratio.

(5) Salaries of all employees should be provided in their bank accounts:
To increase the transparency, all the pvt. universities and colleges should provide the salaries of their employees in their bank accounts rather than in form of cash. Since most of the private institutes provide the inappropriate salaries to their employees. It means the given salaries are less than that of recorded in the official register. it may happen that some pvt. institutes will ask their employees to return some amount of their salaries in the form of cash illegally. So the strict instructions and punishment should be made for such pvt. institutes.
Conclusion:
It will increase the transparency in financial and bound the pvt. universities and colleges to pay proper taxes.

(6) It should be compulsory that no Pvt. university and college can remove their teachers before completion of the academic session:
Almost all pvt. universities and colleges charge fees for 12 months i.e one academic year but employ the teachers for just 7 to 9 months and pay them salaries for the same. Due to considering the education sector as business only, they remove their many teachers before completing the academic session for the sake of saving the teachers' salaries. Due to which, both the students and teachers have to suffer and are deprived of their basic rights. This is injustice done to them. That's why, in today's world, the teaching as a profession has lost its respect in the society. Therefore, it should be compulsory for all private universities and colleges that they can't remove their teachers before completion of the academic session except in case of any legal action. Also, The minimum wage paid to a teacher should be set.
Conclusion:
Teachers will be available in the pvt. universities and colleges for the complete academic session so the students wouldn't have to suffer during the academic session. The quality of education will also be increased in the pvt. universities and colleges.

(7) The transparency should be increased in the research sector:
An assistant professor who is also a Research Supervisor must compulsorily be written "(RS)" after his/ her name. The "list of researchers (M.Phil. & Ph.D.) with their name & joining year" must be written under the details of all the Research Supervisors. If in any academic session, a Research Supervisor has less than the maximum number of researchers (M.Phil. & Ph.D.), then the "Vacant" should be written at the place of name of the remaining candidates. It will increase the transparency in the research sector as well as the benefits to new researchers for getting admission in M.Phil. & Ph.D.. for example:
● Name: Dr. Bharat Kumar (RS)
● Post: Assistant Professor (Geography)
● Qualifications: M.Sc., NET, M.Phil., Ph.D. (Gold Medallist)
● List of researchers (M.Phil.) With their name & joining year
(i) Sachin Kumar (July 2016)
● List of researchers (Ph.D.) with their name & joining year
(i) Mahendra Singh (July 2014)
(ii) Narendar Kumar (July 2015)
(iii) Rampal Singh (July 2016)
(iv) "Vacant"
Conclusion:
It will increase the transparency in the research sector and will also provide the fair benefits to new researchers for getting admission in M.Phil. & Ph.D.

(8) Fair benefit to new students appearing for NET exam:
For the NET-JRF exam, students who do qualify "NET only" for the first time and while attempting for JRF, do qualify "NET only" again then they are considered as "NET only" qualified. But they should be excluded from the total number of "NET only" seats. "NET only" or "NET only (second time/ third time/...)" should be written in their certificate in place of "NET only (Rank)".
Conclusion:
It will give a fair benefit to new students appearing for NET exam.

(9) The quality of SLET/ SET is indirectly considered to be less than that of NET. So it should be removed:
According to the UGC, SLET/ SET (held from December 01, 2002 onwards) qualified candidates are eligible for the post of lecturer/ assistant professor in the universities and colleges located in the state only from where they have qualified their SLET/ SET exam. It means they are not eligible for the post of lecturer/ assistant professor in the universities and colleges located in the other states. Thus, the quality of SLET/ SET is indirectly considered to be less than that of NET. Therefore, to increase the quality and efficiency of the teachers, the SLET/ SET test of the subjects in which the number of NET qualified candidates are sufficient should be removed.
Conclusion:
It will increase the quality and efficiency of the teachers.

(10) To increase the quality of research scholars, the quality of NET-JRF exam should be increased:
Before 2012, the UGC NET-JRF exam was conducted in two steps.
Step-I: Objective test with negative marking
Step-II: Descriptive test
Although, the exams of both the Step-I and Step-II were conducted in the same day. But the answer-sheets of the step-II were examined of those candidates only who had qualified the Step-I. But since 2012, the UGC NET-JRF exam is held in one step only. It is the objective test containing two papers. But there is no NEGATIVE marking in the new UGC NET-JRF exam pattern. Although, the quality of present objective test is better than that of the objective test conducted before 2012. But here two points are worth noting.
(i) Why the negative marking was removed from the new pattern of UGC NET-JRF exam? Negative marking is very important in terms of quality of examinations. Negative marking is kept in almost all the competitive examinations, even in the NEET and IIT entrance exams of the 12th standard. Negative marking encourage the candidates who work hard with honesty. Because, due to the fear of negative marking, the other candidates avoid to fluke (answering a question even though not knowing it).
(ii) Why the descriptive test (Step-II) was removed from the present examination pattern. By explanation of any topic through the descriptive test, the way of delivering the knowledge or the teaching skills can be examined, which is very important for both the lecturers/ assistant professors and researchers. Generally, it is assumed that it takes a lot of time to check the answer-sheets of descriptive test, and there is no uniformity in marking due to examining the answer-sheets by individual teachers. This problem can be eliminated as follows.
To conduct the NET-JRF exam in two steps.
Step-I: Objective test (60%)
It should be held according to the present objective test pattern with negative marking. 4/3 candidates of the total seats of NET-JRF and NET only in each category of the each subject should be declared qualified in Step-I. It will reduce the number of candidates for step-II. So the problem of taking too much time to check the answer-sheets of descriptive test will be reduced.
Step-II: Descriptive test (40%)
It should be held about one month after declaring the result of step-I. It should contain two question papers.
Question paper - I containing the questions of UG and PG level. Question paper - II containing the questions of research level.
In case of practical subjects, both question papers should also contain the practical questions. The model answer-paper of each question-paper of each subject of the Step-II should be framed by the committee consisting of eminent professors of the research institutes and central/ deemed universities. Answer-sheets of the candidates should be marked by Associate Professors and Assistant Professors (minimum 3 years teaching experience) according to the model answer-papers. The problem of uniformity in marking will also be eliminated. Thus, the Step-II will contribute to determine the quality and ranking of the candidates who qualify for NET-JRF and NET only.
Conclusion:
It will increase the teaching skill and quality of teachers and research scholars.

(11) The quality of research should be increased:
Hundreds of Ph.D. holders apply for even the post of peon. This is the indication of degrading quality of education as well as research. At present, most of the indian universities are far behind in the research. Because most of the research scholars, consider their scholarship as a financial assistance particularly for the preparation of government jobs, not for the research. So, due to fear of an unsecured career, they again prepare for a government job by getting enrolled themselves in the university through an acquitance (where it’s possible). Thus, both the teachers and students involve to adopt the path of corruption. Central government should make effort to promote the research in the universities and to attract the students towards research. The points given below are worth noting for it:
JRF seats (excluding the seats of "NET only") of each subject should be classified into two categories.
(i) Pure Research Fellowship (PRF) :
10% seats of JRF of each category of each subject should be converted into PRF. Annual contingent grant of Rs. 30,000/- per fellow (at present it is Rs. 20,000/- per fellow for JRF), and in case of science subjects Rs. 70,000/- per fellow (that is equal to SPM fellow) should be provided to the Research/ Leading* institutes only. The fellowship amount of PRF should be 50% more than that of the JRF. But the additional 50% amount will be provided to only those candidates who get enrolled for Ph.D. in the Research/ Leading* institutes. If they don't get enrolled in these institutes then they should be considered as JRF. They should also be evaluated every year. In case of negative report, they should be converted back into JRF. Thus, top 10% of JRF students should be encouraged for pure and fundamental research. In case of science subjects, the 10% seats of PRF should be converted into SPM Fellowship. The SPM fellowship amount should be equal to that of prestigious universities of the world or atleast 50% more than that of the PRF. But this SPM fellowship Will be provided to only those candidates who get enrolled for Ph.D. in india's Fundamental Research Institutes (CSIR, IISc Bangalore, TIFR and other research institutes listed on the CSIR website). Otherwise, they will be considered as PRF. They should also be evaluated every year. In case of negative reports, they should be converted back into the PRF. All SPM researchers should be provided hostel (accommodation and food) facility by the fundamental research institutes. The SPM researchers should be selected through an interview process of PRF candidates conducted by the eminent professors of CSIR, IISc Bangalore, TIFR and other fundamental research institutes listed on the CSIR website. The maximum number of attempts for SPM and PRF should be limited. But for JRF, it should be unlimited if he/ she does fulfil other eligibility criteria. The attendance of SPM and PRF researchers should be ensured by the biometric system under the monitoring of CCTV cameras, and its recording should be kept safe for one year. It should be registered online (linked with Aadhar no.) on the website of concerned Research/ Leading* institute. So that, in case of any suspicion, CSIR/ UGC/ Research institute/ Leading* institutes can investigate through it.
(ii) Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) : It includes the remaining 90% seats of JRF.
Conclusion:
Brilliant students will be attracted towards the research rather than preparing for govt. Jobs. Due to which, the quality of research will also be increased in the universities.

(12) Many pvt. universities have become like factories to provide only degrees and high marks in the name of education.
Many private universities have become like factories to provide only high marks and degrees in the name of education. For this purpose, they open their centers even in the other cities to conduct UG and PG exams illegally. Even in many cases, they provide the question papers and answer copies to their students to take home by getting money. Therefore, in all the private universities, the examination attendance of the UG and PG students should be ensured by biometric system under the supervision of CCTV cameras. It should be recorded on the university's website and should be kept safe for one session.
Conclusion:
It will stop the private universities to conduct the UG and PG examinations at other cities. The students of pvt. universities will not be allowed to take the question papers and answer copies to their home to get degrees and high marks.

(13) During the approval and affiliation, Many pvt. colleges do just formalities for Infrastructural details and teaching staffs.
During the approval and affiliation, Many private colleges do just formalities for Infrastructural details such as College building, class rooms, Computer Lab. including computers, Science Lab. including apparatus/ equipments/ chemicals, Library, office rooms, staff room, seminar hall, waiting room, Play Ground, Toilets, Sanitary facilities and minimum required area, and for teaching staffs by involving in the corruption. These are provided either of another place or only in the files. Many of these such as Teaching Staffs, Computers, laboratory apparatus/ equipments/ Instruments/ chemicals and furnitures etc. are just hired. Many Students, teachers, guardians and visiting persons even don't know that what infrastructural details were shown/ submitted by the college/ institute during the approval and affiliation. Some similar flaws can be seen in private universities too. Therefore, all the educational institutes should be given the guidelines/ directions to update all the infrastructural details including their actual address on their website. All the educational institutes should also upload a real (not animated) video showing the all infrastructural details and teaching staffs. For a new educational institute, the video of all the infrastructural details and teaching staffs made by the Survey team should be uploaded on the website of that educational institute. These infrastructural details should also be made available on the chart or digital board in the waiting hall. If any kind of irregularities are found, then the concerned university or UGC can be complained.
Conclusion:
The possibilities of corruptions and formalities will be stopped or decreased. It will not be possible to open the pvt. colleges in the files only.

 
(PART - B)

Transparency, competence and quality should be increased in the teachers recruitment process conducted by the universities and their constituent colleges.

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has issued the guidelines for teachers recruitment process conducted by the universities. In which the maximum marks of the recruitment process is divided into three to four parts, and the detailed classification of these three to four parts has been left on the universities. For example, the maximum marks of the recruitment process for the post of an assistant professor is divided into three parts.
(i) Academic record and Research performance = 50 Points
(ii) Assessment of Domain knowledge and Teaching skill = 30 Points
(iii) Interview performance = 20 Points
The teachers recruitment process in an university is conducted by the committee consisting of the VC/ Pro-VC as a chairperson, one academician nominated by the visitor (of central university) or chancellor (of state university) and some experts of the concerned subject from the university.
The teachers recruitment process conducted by the universities, appears to be very good and transparent but the reality is something different and shocking. Just think, If the most of Vice-Chancellors are appointed on the basis of their political, administrative, financial and personal approach then how can it be possible to stop the political, administrative and financial pressure, and nepotism, regionalism and influence of a particular ideology in the teachers recruitment process. In many universities, it is shown that the teachers are appointed on the basis of their academic record, research performance, publications and teaching experience. But in reality, these parameters are just considered as an eligibility criteria for shortlisting, and the teachers are appointed on the basis of their interview only. In other words, various type of corruptions, partiality, nepotism and influence of a particular ideology are given the priority.
Although education is the right of all, but the teaching service/ work must be only for those who have the domain knowledge, teaching skill, natural interest and passion in it, not for others. But in india, the universities and teaching service are considered as the platform of political ideology and govt job respectively rather than the basic pillar of society and nation building. Due to which, the candidates who enhance/ promote the ideology of political parties sitting in the power are pressurized to be appointed. Thus, there are high possibilities of non transparency, various types of corruptions (such as political and administrative pressure, economic access and nepotism), regionalism and influence of a particular ideology in the recruitment process especially for the post of an assistant professor in almost all universities.
To increase the transparency, competence and quality in the teachers recruitment process an alternative short-listing process is suggested here. Which if made applicable only for the post of assistant professor then the non transparency, various types of corruptions, regionalism and influence of a particular ideology can be eliminated, and the transparency, competence and quality can be established at the ground level. Due to which, the possibilities of non transparency and various types of corruptions in the recruitment process for the higher posts such as associate professor and professor will be very less.
A transparent and quality Short-listing process before the teachers recruitment process conducted by the universities.
It can only be possible if the Central University Commission (CUC) or the Indian University Commission (IUC) is formed as a fully autonomous body like UPSC.
The function of CUC/ IUC is to conduct a transparent and quality short-listing process before the teachers recruitment process conducted by the universities. To maintain the competence and quality, the short-listing process should be conducted every year and the list of each year should be valid for that academic session only.
If only the central universities and their constituent colleges are included in this process then the commission should be named as Central University Commission (CUC). The written exam (both the objective and descriptive test) and interview (including the seminar presentation or lecture performance) should be conducted in hindi and english languages only as the almost all candidates of the central universities and their constituent colleges do study in either hindi or english medium.
If both the central and state universities, and their constituent colleges are included in this process then the commission may be named as Indian University Commission (IUC). The written exam (both the objective & descriptive test ) and the interview (including the seminar presentation or lecture performance) should be conducted in hindi, english and some other indian languages (languages of the state universities) only.
But the candidates who want to be a teacher in the central universities and their constituent colleges (in Deemed universities also if these are included in the process) would have to select the hindi or english language only for both the written exam and interview (including the seminar presentation or lecture performance). It means only those candidates can select the languages other than english and hindi for both the written exam and interview who want to be a teacher in the state/ pvt. universities only.
Both the written exam and interview (including lecture performance) of the literature/ language subject will be conducted in the concerned language only.
The proficiency of a candidate in hindi or/and in english, who want to be a teacher in the central universities should be tested during the interview and lecturer performance. To test the proficiency in english language, CUC may introduce an english language paper of qualifying level.
Institutes/ Schools/ Departments of the universities concerned to the following four areas should not be included in the CUC/ IUC.
(i) Medical (ii) Engineering and Technology
(iii) Managememnt (iv) Pure and Fundamental Research
Govt. deemed universities, except concerned to the above four areas may be included in the teachers recruitment process conducted by the IUC.
Pvt. deemed universities except concerned to the above four areas may be included in the teachers recruitment process conducted by the IUC. So the transparency and quality in the higher education system be increased.
Note: The worst condition in our higher education system is of private universities. So, the pvt. universities should appoint only those candidates who have qualified the Step-II of the short-listing process at least once conducted by the CUC/ IUC.
The Short-listing process for the Post of Assistant Professor
All the candidates who fulfill the minimum eligibility criteria set by the UGC should be allowed in the recruitment process.

Step-I = 7.5 Points
There will be three objective question papers of the concerned subject with each paper of 2.5 Points. No any question paper for general knowledge.
CUC/ IUC may introduce a question paper of english language of qualifying level with Step-I to examine the proficiency in the english language.
Question Paper - I = 2.5 Points
Time: 2 hours and 30 minutes (First day - 11:00 am to 01:30 pm)
Total no. of questions = 125. Each question carry 1.20 marks, and 0.4 marks (1/3 of 1.2 marks) negative marking for each wrong answer.
All the questions including practical questions will be of graduation level.
Question Paper - II = 2.5 Points
Time: 2 hours and 45 minutes (Next day - 09:00 am to 11:45 am)
Total no. of questions = 100. Each question carry 1.50 marks, and 0.5 marks (1/3 of 1.5 marks) negative marking for each wrong answer.
All questions including practical questions will be of post graduation level.
Question Paper - III = 2.5 Points
Time: 2 hours and 45 minutes (Next day - 02:15 pm to 05:00 pm)
Total no. of questions = 75. Each question carry 2.0 marks, and 2/3 marks (1/3 of 2.0 marks) negative marking for each wrong answer.
All the questions including practical questions will be of research level.
The List of candidates qualifying to the Step-I, will be disclosed on the basis of following formula.
(i) If the total number of vacancies for a category in a Subject/ Branch is 1 to 10, Then the number of candidates to be short-listed.
2700 candidates for the first vacancy (+ 18 candidates extra till the last step)
1080 candidates per vacancy for vacancies 2 to 4 (+ 6 candidates per vacancy extra till the last step)
720 candidates per vacancy for vacancies 5 to 7 (+ 4 candidates per vacancy extra till the last step)
360 candidates per vacancy for vacancies 8 to 10 (+ 2 candidates per vacancy extra till the last step)
(ii) If the total number of vacancies for a category in a Subjec/ Branch is greater than 10, Then the number of candidates to be short-listed.
900 candidates per vacancy (+ 5 candidates per vacancy extra till the last step)
The average of qualified candidates in Step-I, should be around 900 candidates per vacancy (+ 5 candidates per vacancy extra till the last). (except the qualifying criteria is not fulfilled)
Reason to qualify the more number of candidates in the Step-I :
It is important to promote the research in the universities. The coaching centres can be promoted because of competitive exams. Due to which the candidates who are not doing research can prepare in these coaching centres and may qualify to step-I. Therefore, in order to promote the researchers, more the number of candidates should be qualified in the step-I. And along with, all the papers (especially paper-III) of step-I should be prepared such as that the researchers are given higher priority.

Special Step:
It is a short-listing step. Points obtained in this step will not be included in the final result.
To promote the researchers, 1/20th of candidates appearing in the special step + extra candidates till the last step (which are 18, 6, 4, 2 and 5 candidates as explained above) should be qualified to appear in the step-II on the basis of their Academic records (12, UG, PG, NET-JRF, M.Phil., Ph.D.), Research activities and Research publications.
If merit and quality are not negatively affected then the special step may be conducted even before the step-I. But by doing this, the less qualified and low-quality candidates, who have, in any way, received high marks from different universities/ institutes/ colleges, can be shortlisted. And it may negatively affect the quality of the higher education. Therefore it is better to conduct the special step after the step-I.
● The candidates, qualified in Step-I, will fill their details of academic records, research activities and research publications on CUC/ IUC website. It will be filled and submitted in such a way that the total obtained marks will be updated automatically.
● Short-listing can be done on the following basis.
(i) (1% = 0.1 Points)
Standard
Obtained Marks %
Points to be given

12th
90% or More
3.0

12th
90% to 85%
3.0 to 2.5

12th
85% to 80%
2.5 to 2.0

12th
80% to 75%
2.0 to 1.5

12th
75% to 70%
1.5 to 1.0

12th
70% to 65%
1.0 to 0.5

12th
65% to 60%
0.5 to 0


(ii) (1% = 0.5 Point)
Degree
Obtained Marks %
Points to be given

UG
70% or More
10.0

UG
70% to 65%
10.0 to 7.5

UG
65% to 60%
7.5 to 5.0

UG
60% to 55%
5.0 to 2.5

UG
55% to 50%
2.5 to 0


(iii) (1% = 0.5 Point)
Degree
Obtained Marks %
Points to be given

PG
70% or More
12.5

PG
70% to 65%
12.5 to 10.0

PG
65% to 60%
10.0 to 7.5

PG
60% to 55%
7.5 to 5.0

PG
Below 55%
Not eligible

PG
55% to 50%
5.0 to 2.5
(for eligible categories)


(iv)
Certificate
Points to be given

NET-JRF
7

NET (only)
4

SLET/SET
1

(v)
Degree
Points to be given

M.Phil. (2 years)
2.5


(vi)
Degree
Points to be given

Ph.D. (Awarded)
15

Ph.D. (Submitted)
8


(vii) Post Ph.D. Research experience and Teaching experience (Max. 20 Points)
Post Ph.D. research experience as post-doctoral fellow/ research associate/ research scientist etc. in recognized university/ institute in India or abroad. 4 points/year × 5 Years = 20 Points (maximum)
Teaching experience (as full-time ad-hoc, temporary or permanent) in recognized university/ college/ institute in india or abroad. 4 points/year × 5 Years = 20 Points (maximum)
(viii) Research papers/ projects/ publications (maximum 30 points)
Sr. no.
Publication Category
Publication Type
First and/or corresponding or sole author/ editor
Co-author/ Co-editor


A
Research paper/ Review article/ Conference proceeding
(i) Recognized and Reputed refereed Journal with ISBN/ISSN numbers.
(ii) Conference proceedings as full length papers, etc. (Abstracts not to be included) in related area/subject

5/paper

2/paper
3/paper

1/paper

B
Books-Authored
Subject Books (in related area/subject) by International/National level publishers/ State and Central Govt Publications with ISBN/ ISSN numbers

8/book
6/book

C
Books-Edited
Edited Books/Journals (in related area/ subject) by International/National level publishers/ State and Central Govt. Publications with ISBN/ISSN numbers
6/book
4/book

D
Chapter(s)
Chapters in books (in related area/ subject) published by International/ National level publishers with ISBN/ ISSN numbers. (Chapter(s) in self-edited book should not be considered

4/chapter
2/chapter

E
Books/Article ISBN/ISSN numbers translated & published
Books/Articles translated and published by International/ National level publishers/ State and Central Govt Publications with ISBN/ ISSN numbers
4/book
2/article
2/book
1/article

Step-II = 50 Points
The candidates, qualified in special step, will send their self attested documents of Academic records, Research activities, Teaching experience and Research/ Books publications to CUC/ IUC by speed post.
(a) Academic record/ background = 6 Points
(b) Outstanding/ Excellent academic record = 17 Points
(c) Research performance/ activities and Teaching experience = 15 Points
(d) Research/ Books publications and their quality = 12 Points
The software should be developed in such a way that by putting the details of Step-II (a), Step-II (b), Step-II (c) and Step-II (d), the obtained points and their sum will automatically be updated.
Step-II (a) Academic record/ background = 6 Points
The candidates, qualified in special step, should be given/ awarded the points on the basis of their academic record/ background.
(i)
Degree
Obtained Marks %
Points to be given

UG
70% or More
1.00

UG
70% to 65%
1.00 to 0.75

UG
65% to 60%
0.75 to 0.50

UG
60% to 55%
0.50 to 0.25

UG
55% to 50%
0.25 to 0


(ii)
Degree
Obtained Marks %
Points to be given

PG
70% or More
1.00

PG
70% to 65%
1.00 to 0.75

PG
65% to 60%
0.75 to 0.50

PG
60% to 55%
0.50 to 0.25

PG
Below 55%
Not Eligible

PG
55% to 50%
0.25 to 0
(for elig catg)

(iii)
Certificate
Points to be given

NET-JRF
1.0

NET (only)
0.50

SLET/SET
0.25


(iv)
Degree
Points to be given

M.Phil. (2 years)
1.0


(v)
Degree
Points to be given

Ph.D. (Awarded)
2.0

Ph.D. (Submitted)
1.0


If in any subject, NET-JRF exam is not conducted by UGC/ CSIR or other similar body then its NET-JRF points should be transferred to Step-II (b). As a result, the Step-II (a) will be decreased to 5 points and Step-II (b) will be increased to 18 points.
Step-II (b) Outstanding/ Excellent academic record = 17 Points
Such as Gold medalist/ Topper/ Good marks = (max. Points)
XII (Good marks) = 1
UG (Research/ Hons./ Pass course) = 1
UG (Topper or good marks) = 1
PG (Gold medalist/ Topper/ Good marks) = 1.5
SPM (CSIR) or JRF (Top rankers) = 1.5
M.Phil. (Gold medalist) = 1
Ph.D. (Gold medalist) = 2
No year(s) gape between various degrees (UG, PG, M.Phil. & Ph.D.) of higher education = 2
UG/ PG/ M.Phil./ Ph.D. degrees from high ranked institutes such as = 2
M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees under the supervision of renowned professors = 2
Candidates below 33 Years (age) = 2
The max. points (17 Points) of Step-II (b) should be classified/ divided by the committee consisting of atleast five eminent professors of renowned institutes/ universities. So that, there will be full transparency in the recruitment process.
Step-II (c) Research performance/ activities and Teaching experience = 15 Points
Research papers of the concerned area/ subject published in national/ international magazines recognized with university/ institute in india or abroad and are listed on the website of UGC.
Research projects.
Post Ph.D. research experience as post-doctral fellow/ research associate/ research scientist etc. in recognised university/ institute in india or abroad.
Teaching experience in recognized university/ college/ institute in india or abroad.
The max. points (15 points) of Step-II (c) should be classified/ divided by the committee consisting of atleast five eminent professors of renowned institutes/ universities. So that, there will be full transparency in the recruitment process.
The Step-II (c) should be implemented by the committee(s) consisting of atleast five teachers of the post of Assistant professors (atleast five years teaching experience) and Associate professors of central and deemed (govt.) universities.
Step-II (d) Research/ Books publications and their quality = 12 Points
Sum of the points of step-I and step-II = 57.5 points
1/3 of the candidates appearing in Step-II + extra candidates will be qualified for Step-III on the basis of obtained points (out of 57.5 points).

Step-III = 7.5 Points
There will be three descriptive question papers of the concerned subject with each paper of 2.5 points. No any question paper for general knowledge.
Question Paper - I = 2.5 Points
Time: 2 hours and 30 minutes (First day - 11:00 am to 01:30 pm)
Max. marks = 150. All the questions, including practical questions, will be of graduation level.
Question Paper - II = 2.5 Points
Time: 2 hours and 45 minutes (Next day - 09:00 am to 11:45 am)
Max. marks = 150. All the questions, including practical questions, will be of post graduation level.
Question Paper - III = 2.5 Points
Time: 2 hours and 45 minutes (Next day - 02:15 pm to 05:00 pm)
Max. marks = 150. All the questions, including practical questions, will be of research level.
The model answer-sheet of each question paper of each subject should be prepared by the committee consisting of atleast five eminent professors of the renowned institutes/ universities. So that, there will be full transparency in the recruitment process.
The answer-sheets of descriptive test should be examined by Associate professors and Professors.
Sum of the points of step-I, step-II and step-III = 65 points
1/3 of the candidates appearing in step-III + extra candidates will be qualified for Step-IV on the basis of obtained points (out of 65 points).

Step-IV = 35 Points (Interview and Lecture performance)
(i) Personal interview (15 minutes) = 05 Points
● Personal details, Educational problems in india and their solutions, Recent technologies in education, Current affairs etc.
(ii) Subject Interview for Assesment of domain knowledge (150 minutes) = 15 Points
Practical knowledge should also be examined in the case of practical subjects.
(iii) Lecture performance or Seminar presentation on the topic of candidate's choice for assesment of Teaching skill (75 minutes) = 15 Points
A candidate should be given a break of 30 minutes between interview and lecture performance or seminar presentation. Step-IV (Interview and lecture performance) should be conducted in the high ranked universities/ institutes. Top five students of each of PG final year, Ph.D. (JRF), Ph.D. (SRF) of the concerned subject of the universities/ institutes, where the seminar presentation is conducted should be allowed to be present in the lecture performance or seminar presentation hall.
Now, by adding the obtained points of Step-l, Step-ll, Step-III and Step-IV of each candidate, the list of short-listed candidates should be disclosed on CUC/ IUC website according to the number of vacancies and extra candidates till the last step.

Interview and Lecture performance Boards
VC/ Pro-VC/ Principal/ Vice-Principal/ Dean of the renowned and high ranked central/ deemed (govt.) universities should be appointed as the chairman of a board. As far as possible (not mandatory), a person should be appointed as the chairman of a board of the subject, in which he is expertise. No VC/ Pro-VC should be appointed as a member of board in addition to a chairman. For interview and lecture performance, the chairman of a board should not be sent to the university where he is VC/ Pro-VC/ Principal/ Vice-Principal/ Dean. There should be four subject experts in addition to the chairman in a board. The Principal/ Vice-Principal/ Dean/ HOD/ Professor/ Associate professor (at least 3 years teaching experience at this post) of research institutes, institutes of national importance, central universities and deemed (govt.) universities should be appointed as a member of a board. The teachers will be informed when they become chairman/ member of the boards. All the informed teachers will send their reply in written for either 'Yes' or 'No' and also the proper reason in the case of 'No' reply. No more than two teachers (including chairman) of a university will be appointed in the same board. At least one member (including chairman) of each board will be appointed from research institutes or institute of national importance. A teacher, who has been convicted or punished or the case is being trialled in the district court due to involving in corruption/ crime, should not be appointed as the chairman/ member of a board. An affidavit should be submitted by chairmans/ members of the boards that the post for which they have been appointed for the interview and the lecture performance, his/ her relative/ friend is a candidate for the interview or 'Not'. If yes then the candidate should not be permitted for interview in his board. If a candidate belongs to DA/ SC/ ST/ OBC/ Women/ Minority then at least one member (including chairman) should be from the concerned category. If it is not possible then an additional teacher (one post higher than the interview post) should be present in the interview and lecture performance board. So that, there will not be possibility of any kind of discriminations with the candidates of concerned categories. The interview and lecture performance boards may be formed on the basis of one board for every 50 candidates. A board will conduct interview and lecture performance of one candidate every day. Thus, each board will complete its work in approximately 50 working days.
The time table (including interview dates) of interview and lecture performance of all subjects should be declared at least 30 days before the date of interview. During this period, the CUC/ IUC will prepare the list of candidates of each board, the list of members/ teachers of each board and the list of interview centers for each board. For example,
Board no. - 1
Subject - Economics
Center - BHU
Members of a board - A, B, C, D, E (including chairman)
Candidates - a, b, c, d, e .....
The online train reservation of the members/ teachers and candidates will be done by CUC/ IUC for their interview centers. It will be better to use the roll no. of candidates rather than their name during the online ticket reservation. The reservation will be made such as that the members/ teachers and candidates will be reached at the center one day (at least 20 hours) before the date of interview and lecture performance. All eligible candidates will be informed for their interview center and E-ticket by E-mailing and SMS on the registered E-mail and mobile number respectively five days before the date of interview. The candidates can also get these informations from CUC/ IUC website by using their ID and PW. (but the Roll no., date of interview and lecture performance and subject etc. will be declared while declaring the time table) The members of boards will be informed for their interview center and E-ticket by E-mailing, and SMS and calling at the registered E-mail and mobile number respectively seven days before the date of interview. The members can also get these informations from CUC/ IUC website by using their ID and PW. (but they will be informed for date/ days of interview while declaring the time table)
A large confidential envelope, three working days before the date of interview, will be sent to the name of each chairperson at their interview centers, Which will be received by the registrar of that university. It contains the following informations written on it.
(i) Board no. - 2
(ii) Center - BHU
(iii) Name and other informations of all members of the board
(iv) Subjec - Economics
(v) There will be many small confidential envelopes (based on one small envelope for one candidate) in a large envelope. Batch no., Date of interview and subject will be written on each small confidential envelope. Name and other informations of a candidates will be given inside it. For example, the interview of 50 candidates will be conducted by a board. Then there will be 50 small confidential envelopes in a large envelope. An hour befor the time of interview and lecture performance, the large confidential envelope (first day) and the small confidential envelope (on the date of interview) will be opened by the chairman of the concerned board after getting the signature of an another member of the concerned board, a teacher of the university/ institute where interview is to be conducted and the candidate whose interview is to be conducted on that day. The whole process of opening the each envelope must be video recorded. So that, there will be full transparency in the process of interview.
CUC/ IUC may ask to pay the prescribed fee for interview and lecture performance (especially for ticket reservation). SC/ ST/ DA/ Women can be exempted from the prescribed fee to promote them. The arrangement of staying and meal for candidates will be managed by their own. But the arrangement of staying, meal and other expenditures of the members of boards will be managed by CUC/ IUC.
The maximum marks of Step-IV should be 350 (or some else) marks. Thus, the maximum marks per member (including chairman) for each board should be (350/5 member =70 marks) 70 marks. The maximum marks of a member should be divided in three parts (Personal interview = 10 marks, Interview for assessment of domain knowledge = 30 marks and Lecture performance for assessment of teaching skill = 30 marks). A candidate will be awarded the marks by the all five members of a interview board according to above parameters. Now, the marks of Step-IV of a candidate should be converted into points (out of 35points).

DISAGREEMENTS and their SOLUTIONS, and some other important SUGGESTIONS are as follows:
The short-listed candidates to be appointed in the renowned universities on the basis of their high rank obtained in the short-listing process conducted by the CUC/ IUC, may be opposed by these renowned universities by saying that the high rank obtained candidates who are going to be appointed in our universities, are not qualified to fulfill the requirements of the universities. since, the board for their interview and lecture performance had a very few teachers (one or two or none) from the concerned universities. Therefore, it is not necessary that these highly ranked candidates will be able to fulfill the criteria of qualifications and quality required for the renowned universities.
The solution of this problem is as follows: The list of short-listed candidates should be sent to all central/ deemed/ state universities by CUC/ IUC. Now these universities will consist the teacher selection committee (minimum six members, of which one will be the chairperson and five experts of the concerned subject) at their level. In the selection committee, at least two members/ experts will be from the other renowned university/ies or institute/s (such as Research Institutes, Institutes of National Importance and highly ranked universities). On the basis of the following formula (given below), the selection committee will re-shortlist the candidates according to their qualifications and points obtained in the short-listing process conducted by CUC/ IUC. Now the selection committee will appoint the candidates by conducting re-interview and re-lecture performance for its universitiy according to its requirements. But the universities would have to inform to CUC/ IUC for the basis of priority criteria (the priority order of followings: academic records, research performance, written examination, publications and its quality, and Interview and lecture performance) before disclosing the result on which basis they want to re-shortlist the candidates, short-listed by CUC/ IUC to fill up their vacancies.
(i) If the total number of vacancies for a category in a Subject/ Specialisation is 1 to 10 then the minimum number of candidates to be re-shortlisted by the selection committee will be:
15 candidates for first vacancy
6 candidates per vacancy for vacancies 2 to 4
4 candidates per vacancy for vacancies 5 to 7
2 candidates per vacancy for vacancies 8 to 10
(ii) If the total number of vacancies for a category in a Subjec/ Specialisation is greater than 10 then the minimum number of candidates to be re-shortlisted by the selection committee will be:
5 candidates per vacancy
The ratio of maximum marks of short-listing process conducted by CUC/ IUC and re-interview & re-lecture performance conducted by selection committee may be 00 : 100 (variable) for the final appointment. On the basis of this process, the Central/ Deemed/ State universities should appoint the assistant professors for their vacant positions.
The alternate options for the universities which still want the fully autonomy in the teachers recruitment process and oppose the short-listing process conducted by CUC/ IUC.
OPTION-I
The university that comes to the top 300 once in the global institute ranking, and then maintains its position in the top 500 for consecutive three years or gets the top 15 positions in the Indian Institute Ranking (including Research institutes and Institutes of National Importance) once, and after that maintains itself in top 25 positions (including Research institutes and Institutes of National Importance) for consecutive three years, then it can be given the status of a Research University and fully autonomy for teacher recruitment process. Grant funds, teachers' salaries and other facilities of these research universities should be equalized to the prestigious universities of the world. So that, the other indian universities will also be encouraged to get this status. These research universities will maintain its status (the status of research universities) till they are in top 600 in the Global University Rankings or in the top 30 in Indian Institute Rankings (including Research Institutes). After getting the status of Research University, the student union elections will be automatically banned in these universities. Based on the recommendation of the committee consisting of the eminent professors of the various research institutes from time to time, the criteria for issuing/ removing the status of the Research University can be made strict.
OPTION-II
This option (option-II) should be allowed for only those universities which have secured the top 10 positions in the Indian Institute Ranking minimum 7 times in the last 10 years. These universities will be provided full autonomy for the teacher recruitment process for the next 7 years. After seven years, only those universities will be continued the full autonomy in the teacher recruitment process, which fulfill the conditions of option-I. For the remaining universities, the short-listing proces conducted by the CUC/ IUC will be compulsory.
Can any indian university conduct a transparent and quality process more than the short-listing process conducted by the CUC/ IUC ?? In the present circumstances, the answer will be definitely 'No'.
The lecture performance conducted by CUC/ IUC for the post of an assistant professor should be broadcasted online on projection screen in the seminar halls of various universities, institutes and colleges. The students/ researchers of UG (final year), PG ( first and second year ), M.Phil. and Ph.D., and interested teachers of the concerned subjects/ streams should be allowed to sit in the seminar halls of the concerned university. So, the students/ researchers and teachers will be able to learn about Teaching skill & Lecture performance.
After forming the CUC/ IUC the teachers recruitment process will be regularly. Due to which the problem of lack of teachers will definitely be reduced.
All private and semi-government colleges should appoint the lecturers/ assistant professors from the candidates who have qualified the step-II of short-listing process conducted by CUC/ IUC atleast once. As it will increase the quality of teachers in the pvt. colleges.
If an university (central, deemed, state and private) or its constituent college or other govt. college requires an assistant professor on the contract base, then the candidates who have qualified the step-II of short-listing process atleast once should be appointed to increase the quality of higher education.
If a candidate is found guilty of any kind of corruptions during the short-listing process, then s/he should be disqualified in the present and upcoming three short-listing processes. Similarly, if a member/ employee related to the short-listing process is convicted of corruption by district court, then s/he should be sacked from government service. (Zero tolerance on corruption)

Please help me by signing the petition to remove corruptions and irregularities from the higher education system of india.
Thank you.
21.11.2018

Yours faithfully,
Mool Chand Mahala
mchandmahala@gmail.com

"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
                                         - Nelson Mandela

"The war on corruption in higher education must be vigorously fought and won. if not, the national consequences could be too serious to be even contemplated."