Make Massachusetts a Presumed Consent Organ Donor State
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18 people die every day in the United States waiting for an organ transplant as no donor is available. In my Exploring Ethics class, I was given the project to design a way of engaging the wider community outside of our school campus in discussion about a pressing medical issues for which I chose organ donations. In countries such as Spain and France, a “presumed consent” system has drastically increased their organ donations to 90% and saved many lives, verses 15% for opt in countries like the US and Germany. Presumed consent does have some cons where people could argue that false positives could occur where people actually do not actually want to donate, some believe it also gives too much power to the government, and that education is a better means of conquering this problem. Given most Americans would like to donate their organs after death at 69% compared to only 28% who actually explicitly sign up, I feel like this is a pressing concern we need find a solution to. If you agree with the aspects of Presumed Consent, please feel to sign the petition below to make Mass an Opt out State.
Here are my sources:
-Abadie, Alberto, and Sebastien Gay. "The impact of presumed consent legislation on cadaveric organ donation: A cross-country study." Journal of Health Economics. February 21, 2006. Accessed February 8, 2018. https://economics.mit.edu/files/13164
-Bramhall, Simon. "Presumed consent for organ donation: a case against." Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England. May 2011. Accessed February 15, 2018.
-"Data." UNOS. Accessed February 10, 2018. https://unos.org/data/
-"Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network." Ethics - An Evaluation of the Ethics of Presumed Consent - OPTN. Accessed February 10, 2018. https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/resources/ethics/an-evaluation-of-the-ethics-of-presumed-consent/
-SAMUEL, LEAH . "To solve organ shortage, states consider 'opt-out' organ donation laws." STAT. July 06, 2017. Accessed February 18, 2018. https://www.statnews.com/2017/07/06/opt-solution-organ-shortage/
-Scheiber, Francesca . "'Opt Out' Policies Increase Organ Donation." Stanford SPARQ. 2012. Accessed February 10, 2018. https://sparq.stanford.edu/solutions/opt-out-policies-increase-organ-donation
Zúñiga-Fajuri , Alejandra Zúñiga-Fajuri . "Increasing organ donation by presumed consent and allocation priority: Chile." WHO. Accessed February 17, 2018. http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/93/3/14-139535/en/
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