Implement Supreme Court's Directives on Police Reforms
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Honorable Prime Minister of India
Honorable Lieutenant Governors and Administrators of Union Territories of India
Honorable Chief Ministers of all States of India
We live in an age where the paper is disappearing away from our lives. When information can fit in the palm of our hands. But, articles written in 1861 are still governing us. We are standing mute and doing nothing to improve our policing ( Indian Police Act). We need a big step to modernize our police. Sadly, the British Colonial Policing system is still ruling our policing, and so the distrust we had for the British India continues for our police. Our Investigation process is slothful. Mob lynching is rampant in our country as violators are not scared of law enforcement agency. Today, A victim lacks access to justice; the criminal is not afraid at all.
The global average ratio of police-population is 270 to 100,000, where it’s 120 in India. Under List II, Section 7 of the Indian constitution, only States have powers to implement or amend laws on Police.
In 1996, two retired DGPs Prakash Singh, and NK Singh filed a PIL seeking Supreme court's order to Center and states for massive overhauling of the police. After ten long years of reviewing, The Supreme Court issued seven directives to states and UTs of India in 2006 to implement, which have not been followed by state government
The Seven Directives by The Supreme Court.
1.Constitute a State Security Commission (SSC) to ensure that the state government does not exercise unwarranted influence or pressure on the police. SSC will also lay down broad policy guideline and evaluate the performance of the state police.
2. Ensure that the DGP is appointed through the merit-based transparent process and secure a minimum tenure of two years.
3.Even police officers on operational duties (Including Superintendents of Police in-charge of Districts and Station House Officer in-charge of a police station) are also provided minimum tenure of 2 years.
4. Separation of investigative and law and order Functions of the police.
5.Set up a Police Establishment Board to decide on transfers, postings, promotions and other service related matters of police officers of and below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) and recommend the same for officers above the rank of DSP.
6.Set up a Police Complaints Authority at state and district level to inquire into public complaints against police officers in cases of serious misconduct.
7.Set up National Security Commission at the Union level to prepare a panel for selection and placement of Chiefs of the Central Police Organisations with a minimum tenure of two years
8. Promote community policing among the citizens.
9. Install CCTV and Biometric system in all 20,000 or more police stations in India.
Recently, Chief Justice of India, Justice Khekhar, expressed his anguish over the reluctance of states for not implementing the Directives on Police reforms announced in 2006. Earlier, many committees like Gore Committee on Police Training, the National Police Commission, The Ribeiro Committee on Police Reforms, The Padmanabhaiah Committee on Police Reforms have been able to break the dichotomy between the State Governments and the Supreme Court.
India is vulnerable to both Internal and external security threats. While our Jawans in Olive Green are taking charge to prevent external threats, it's the time to empower our Jawans in khaki to clear internal threats. Training and engagement are critical prerequisites; our police require to become world-class. We cannot achieve economic sustainability unless we make our policing sound. We need a safe and healthy environment for the growth of our country. I urge and request that every state government implement the Supreme Court's directives on police reforms in the country.
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