#HeritageBeku #PastForward - Preserve Our Bengaluru

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#Heritage Beku or #PastForward
Cities are crumbling from modernity, not from their past. A nearly 500 year city like Bangalore has barely any of the old left,  and what is there is haphazardly and unaesthetic-ally tacked in with the new. We have lost over half our heritage buildings since 1985 and possibly more than half our trees & lakes.

In order to grow and conserve, a rethink on maintaining, reclaiming and mainstreaming our city heritage becomes imperative. That seems vast and there are far too many factors that impact the dynamics, the most important being Will, and a lack of coherent knowledge &clear data . I am guilty of the latter and trying to get a grip on the former. Having said that , Bangalore has  neither a shortage of good minds nor expertise in this space, so what are we waiting for? Passively allowing our Past to crumble is taking away our city’s future and foundation, both.

Here is what I think needs to be done to snowball the #PastForward movement:

1. Focus on advocacy and legislation
a. A fledgling law has already been drafted and is yet to see light of day. The Bengaluru Heritage Preservation and Regulation Bill is still buried with the urban development department although the bill was conceptualized circa 2004, and drafted 2010 Bangalore , we seem to need push both at the policy level as well as the bill/ordinance level, as heritage is probably way down on the list of urgent city priorities. Sources in the urban development department said there was a regulation on the lines of the heritage conservation rules followed in Mumbai, which was pending with them. But they said there was no bill drafted for heritage conservation in Bangalore.
b. Expanding heritage to cover buildings, trees, lakes culture , environment
c. Creation of a strong Design Trust as done in New York, so today’s work becomes the heritage of the future.
d. Update of the Karnataka Town & City Planning Act? & Masterplan inclusion.
e. A CM Heritage Plan (& Fund) to be floated that might force the CM and state engine to act? At present its lowest on priority.
f. Research what do other cities have, India and globally? UK with its National Heritage Trust is a classic example but cities like Mumbai and Delhi have had good models that have stood the test of time . The Mumbai rules specify that permission has to be taken from the Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee before any building marked as Grade I, II or III is remodeled or renovated. The city also has heritage precincts and any alteration or redevelopment needs clearance. The Delhi Urban Arts Commission, which was set up under a separate act in 1973, also gets to decide on any changes to the skyline of the city and on preservation of all historic monuments.
g. What is needed to get it at priority , and integrally internalize into citizen awareness & Bangalore’s growth master plan?
h. Is heritage preservation being poorly presented & seen as anti development, and anti business? This could be the true reason & huge trip up in its success.
i. Do we need a cause celebre like Balabrooie or Attach Kacheri to initiate & snowball, or can we showcase a success?
j. What constitutes a critical mass of coming together?
k. How can the tab of elitist and heritage be made more inclusive? How can the millennial heritagers rise?
l. Support from Center, State, ASI & Global organizations like National Heritage Trust UK , ICCROM, IUCN , UN etc. We should try and pitch for a UN Heritage City tag.
m. Structure & granulate Trade offs on land, housing , TDR into a policy so heritage-holders are not at a loss. Ideate on new deterrents and rewards . For e.g. if builders bring down a construction over a 100 years old they should either reconstruct it, as it is, elsewhere for use, or pay a large heritage fine. Owners of heritage buildings can be offered equivalent TDR elsewhere.
n. Tax breaks, special rewards for those using or staying in heritage property
o. Strict rules for builders & realtors tearing down any building over 50 years. A biannual realtor public report card  showcasing & highlighting erring builders p. Appointment of a Chief Heritage Officer for the city? What does it entail?

2. Create a strong core group to visioneer, conceptualize and drive this as well as an organically growing volunteer base to operate and sustain the growth
a. The core group should contain city experts (either planner/architects/city historians , old Bangaloreans with a strong pull to the city and other like minded people, retired bureaucrats and specialists who understand the fabric required to make this succeed
b. Bring in global or national experts
c. Tie up with organizations and academia who will have an interest in knowledge transfer and/or funding this initiative
d. Create a memorable campaign – with a tie up (pro bono) with an ad agency /digital marketer
e. Make the group aspirational and influential without being elitist

3. Create a robust engine and process , in order to scale, disseminate, operationalize
a. Build this heritage perspective & rigor in to Govt organizations like BDA, BBMP , PWD, KURTC etc.
b. Work seamlessly with multiple organizations like INTACH, BUAC, Arts Trust , ASI , UNESCO etc.
c. A Bangalore Heritage Register . However ‘Proposals to prepare a heritage register that will keep a record of the heritage sites have been made on three occasions—in an amendment proposed to the Town and Country Planning Act about a year and a half ago; as part of the Bangalore Metropolitan Regional Governance Bill (2010); and in the much talked about Bengaluru Master Plan 2020 by the Agenda for Bengaluru Infrastructure and Development (ABIDe).’
d. Heritage Tourism.. Show demos or case studies of HOW much revenue is/can be generated. Ensure city tourism and heritage seamlessly combine and leverage, as tourism is the single biggest kicker to practically sustain heritage
e. Create corporate partnerships, sponsors and ongoing events
f. Ensure Heritage & city conservation courses are mainstreamed into university architecture and arts streams
g. Public spaces and mainstreaming. Old buildings MUST be put to good use.
h. ‘Adoption’ of areas or Heritage Buildings by Schools, Corporates etc
i. Meetings, surveys, reports by volunteers, heritage clubs and schools focused on listing, discussion and preservation
j. Create a contest for best ideas to take Bangalore #PastForward
k. Work with a sister city globally who have similar challenges , so that learning, progress, goals can be shared . eg Mexico City
l. Evoke a PPP Status. Ensure corporates adopt wards under which heritage buildings are also covered. Create heritage committees in each ward comprising of the local Corporator, MP, MLA, Urban Development Miniter, Culture Minister, Blr Devpt Minister, 2 Prominent Citizens & 2 Architects, plus perhaps a global expert .

General inputs:
2009 a proposal had been made to have a statutory nodal agency for the identification and protection of heritage in the BMR - aBIDE
‘All great cities of the world like London, New York or Paris (and Bangalore is one of them for its sheer ambience, intellectual prowess, climate and heritage) do not deface or demolish their inner city, while building new roads or metro trains. Mindless road widening, thoughtless flyovers and ugly overground metros have scarred the city and destroyed the ambience, heritage, architecture, landscape as well as the livelihood of thousands of people. If London and Paris more than one hundred years ago and more recently Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur could build underground metros so that they could save their heritage, then Bangalore could also have done it. Neither did those cities ever widen the roads or build flyovers in the heart of the inner city.’ Capt Gopi http://epaper.timesofindia.com/Repository/getFiles.asp?Style=OliveXLib:LowLevelEntityToPrint_ETNEW&Type=text/html&Locale=english-skin-custom&Path=ETBG/2011/04/26&ID=Ar00102
In another article in Bangalore Mirror ‘ Department of Town Planning (DTP) has forwarded a proposal to the government — under Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act of 1961 — to make amendments to zonal regulations of masterplans of respective local planning area. In other words, guidelines will be introduced in BDA Masterplan for conservation of heritage sites, buildings and precincts, under a new category called Areas of Special Control.
In August 2014, DTP came out with an 18-page regulation book that covers all aspects of heritage buildings including mooting Transferable Development Rights (TDR) as compensation. But the proposal lacked clarity on a situation where a heritage property owner refuses’
There are 800 heritage structures listed in Blr as of 2015. The list of heritage structures, prepared over the last 10 months by Hubballi-based ADEI Consultants, which was assigned the tasked by the Department of Archaeology, Heritage and Museums, includes public and private buildings, educational institutions, monuments, temples and also eateries that speak of the city’s history.

Organisations & People of Interest
• National Monuments Authority (NMA) under the Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India has been setup as per provisions of The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains AMASR (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010 which was enacted in March, 2010.
• Central Public Works Department
• Aga Khan Trust for Culture
• Bengaluru Heritage Commission (BHC) under aBIDE
• India INTACH Charter for the Conservation of Unprotected Architectural Heritage and Sites in India.
• Mr. K. UDAYA Member 02/06/2015 [State Govt. - KARNATAKA] [Term-2 Valid Till:01/06/2018] PRINCIPAL CHIEF ARCHITECT, P.W.D. , Bangalore - 560052, KARNATAKA Residence: 080-22265294 Office: 080-22213519 Mobile: 09448232520 Email-ID:principalchiefarchitect@gmail.com
http://cpwd.gov.in/Publication/ConservationHertbuildings.pdf
• Read more at: http://bangalore.citizenmatters.in/articles/1153-abide-plan-bengaluru-2020heritage?utm_source=copy People
• Himanshu Prabha RAY Chairman NMA Professor Center for Historical Studies , hprayjnu@vsnl.com & hpray@mail.jnu.ac.in Tel (91 11) 26741902
• R.J. Vasavada, Professor and Head of Centre for Conservation Studies, CEPT University, Ahmedabad
• Sanjay Sridhar is an Architect and Urban Development Planning and Policy expert. MHURHM
• Sathyaprakash Varanashi, Read more at: http://bangalore.citizenmatters.in/articles/1769-abide-bangalore-plan-2020-blueprint?utm_source=copy
http://www.ihcn.in/ Indian Heritage Cities Network
• Heritage Conservation Committee HCC Delhi
• The Bangalore Urban Arts Commission (BUAC) -wound up in 2002
• Central Area Beautification Committee http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bengaluru/bangalore-needs-independent-body-to-promote-its-heritage/articleshow/44964490.cms
https://indiankanoon.org/doc/1874864/ Central Administrative Area and Beautification Committee" held on 8-12-1982
http://dpal.kar.nic.in/11%20of%201963%20(E).pdf
http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/HC-miffed-with-Heritage-Conservation-Committee/article14485415.ece
http://hccdelhi.org/site_content/attachments/Gazette%20Notification.pdf Heritage Constitution
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others//articleshow/50486393.cms Shreya Pillai To date, Mumbai is the only city with real legislation. Heritage regulations came into effect in early 1991 in Greater Bombay and was then extended to other Maharashtrian cities. The Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act was amended in 1994 to protect heritage buildings and precincts and penalise unauthorised changes to them. States such as Chattisgarh, Goa, Madhya Pradesh and cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Hyderabad have also tabled Heritage Conservation Legislation. The National Commission for Heritage Sites, a national level act tabled in Parliament in 2009 is still under review.
http://www.ubcitybangalore.in/pdf/1-news-4-nov-2014.pdf
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/Plan-for-protection-of-heritage-structures-proposed/article14830407.ece
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/Plan-for-protection-of-heritage-structures-proposed/article14830407.ece
http://bangalore.citizenmatters.in/articles/1769-abide-bangalore-plan-2020-blueprint
• National Monument Authority : Name of the Competent Authority Mr Basavaraju. I.A.S. Secretary, Kannada Culture and information. 080-22034002; Tele-fax: 080-22353105Mobile No. 09945561466. secy_kc@karnataka.gov.in

Links & articles
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/cover-story/meet-the-history-dropouts/articleshow/58228717.cms
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/10-trees-identified-for-heritage-tag/article16120017.ece
https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/jul/02/calcutta-architecture-heritage-destruction-city-campaign-amit-chaudhuri
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others//articleshow/52527108.cms
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/city-institute-heritage-corridor-balabrooie-palace-corridor-swarna-maarga-raj-bhavan-balabrooie-manikyavelu-mansion/articleshow/46708063.cms
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others//articleshow/52441024.cms
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/indian-national-trust-for-art-and-cultural-heritage-palani-mudhaliar-street-ulsoor-heritage-courtyards-wooden-columns-mud-structures-tiled-roofs-bamboo-heritage-buildings-someshwara-temple-ankamma-choultry-corporation-school-murphy-townyogeshwaranandaswamy-mutt/amp_articleshow/42734619.cms
http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/bengaluru-has-over-800-heritage-structures/article7112856.ece
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/save-ballabrooie-chief-minister-siddaramaiah-ballabrooie-rakshisi-s-g-vasudev-sreenivas-g-kappanna-ammu-joseph-naresh-v-narasimhan-shashidhar-adapa-veena-murthy-vijay-suma-sudhindra-navroze/articleshow/44943071.cms
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/private-heritage-structures-natural-heritage-sites-cid-headquarters-cms-bungalow-bda-masterplan/articleshow/47086310.cms
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others//articleshow/52527108.cms
http://praja.in/hi/blog/murali772/2014/10/26/balabrooie-brew
http://www.deccanchronicle.com/141028/nation-current-affairs/article/bengaluru-city-no-past-and-no-future
http://www.klgupta.in/blog-detail.php?id=9 legal aspects of heritage
http://www.indiaoutsidemywindow.com/2015/02/bangalores-disappearing-heritage-homes.html
http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/law-to-protect-heritage-structures/article18072691.ece even hyderabad is doing it
https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&ved=0ahUKEwiGo4D6uZjVAhWBRZQKHaoBCIgQFghAMAQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fstatic.esgindia.org%2Fcampaigns%2FTree%2520felling%2FHasire%2520Usiru%2Flegal%2FLalbagh_Matter.doc&usg=AFQjCNEyGjYa0TSlAgv88jLAQQgxMZfOyg&cad=rja 2009
http://www.indiaoutsidemywindow.com/2015/02/bangalores-disappearing-heritage-homes.html
https://www.peevee.in/tearsheets
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/long-lost-buildings-in-bengaluru-come-back-to-life-at-photo-exhibition/articleshow/50434627.cms
http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others//articleshow/50501791.cms Older buildings then and now

The Legal Framework XI
This needs work , as we need to cover trees, lakes, culture & events in addition to just buildings under heritage as well.

Amending Act 1 of 2005.— It is considered necessary to amend the Karnataka Town and Country planning Act, 1961 to provide for,-
(i) Definition of heritage building and heritage precinct and make regulation for conservation of the same;
(ii) Replacing the comprehensive development plan and outline development plan by master plan to simplify the procedure;
(iii) Deemed change of land use from commercial or industrial to residential and from industrial to commercial;
Certain other consequential changes are made. Hence the Bill.

Master Plan shall indicate “Heritage Buildings” and “Heritage Precincts” and shall include the regulations made therein for conservation of the same.] 1 1. Substituted by Act 1 of 2005 w.e.f. 14.2.2005.
[(1ea) "Heritage Building" means a building possessing architectural, aesthetic, historic or cultural values which is declared as heritage building by the Planning Authority or any other competent authority within whose jurisdiction such building is situated;
(1eb) "Heritage Precinct" means an area comprising heritage building or buildings and precincts thereof or related places declared as such by the Planning Authority or any other Competent Authority within whose jurisdiction such area is situated.]1. Inserted by Act 1 of 2005 w.e.f. 14.02.2005

'What’s at stake here is a discussion on urban regeneration – which is connected to, but distinct from, economic revival. For the urban revival of any city, it’s a prerequisite that citizens engage with the spaces, buildings and histories that characterise it, rather than deny those features; that they understand and reuse them. Calcutta, in the last two decades, has largely failed to do this. But the narrative of every great city must contain such episodes of failure, before it begins to look at itself anew.
It was during my travels in Europe in the last 20 years that I realised the neighbourhoods we confront there not only represent the history that produced them, but a history involving communities resisting their disappearance. Without such resistance, no vestiges of the great urban churning of the last two centuries would remain in the world today – in Europe, Australia, the United States and even Latin America. Calcutta, too, was powerfully and uniquely a part of this urban churning (I say “uniquely” because the neighbourhoods and type of house I’ve described above have echoes, but no counterpart, in any other city – in India or abroad).'

 (Cover Picture courtesy Suresh Jayaram article in Bangalore Mirror http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others//articleshow/50501791.cms



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