Pass Lennox's Law in the state of MICHIGAN
This petition had 533 supporters
Because this is a better solution than HB 4714 which if passed would implement a statewide BSL on all Pit Bull type dogs and any mixes thereof. So I would like to introduce Lennox's Law in the state of MI Lennox's Law is posted below:
A. The governing body of any county, city or town may enact an ordinance regulating dangerous dogs
and vicious dogs.
B. As used in this section:
"Dangerous dog" means a canine or canine crossbreed that has bitten, attacked, or inflicted injury on a
person or companion animal, or killed a companion animal; however, when a dog attacks or bites
another dog, the attacking or biting dog shall not be deemed dangerous (i) if no serious physical injury
as determined by a licensed veterinarian has occurred to the other dog as a result of the attack or bite or
(ii) both dogs are owned by the same person. No dog shall be found to be a dangerous dog as a result of
biting, attacking or inflicting injury on another dog while engaged with an owner or custodian as part of
lawful hunting or participating in an organized, lawful dog handling event.
"Vicious dog" means a canine or canine crossbreed that has (i) killed a person; (ii) inflicted serious
injury to a person, including multiple bites, serious disfigurement, serious impairment of health, or
serious impairment of a bodily function; or (iii) continued to exhibit the behavior that resulted in a
previous finding by a court or an animal control officer as authorized by local ordinance pursuant to the
provisions of subsection E, that it is a dangerous dog, provided that its owner has been given notice of
C. Any ordinance enacted pursuant to this section shall prescribe the following provisions:
1. Any animal control officer who has reason to believe that a canine or canine crossbreed within his
jurisdiction is a dangerous dog or vicious dog shall apply to a magistrate of the jurisdiction for the
issuance of a summons requiring the owner or custodian, if known, to appear before a general district
court at a specified time. The summons shall advise the owner of the nature of the proceeding and the
matters at issue. The animal control officer shall confine the animal until such time as evidence shall be
heard and a verdict rendered. If the animal control officer determines that the owner or custodian can
confine the animal in a manner that protects the public safety, he may permit the owner or custodian to
confine the animal until such time as evidence shall be heard and a verdict rendered. The court, through
its contempt powers, may compel the owner, custodian or harborer of the animal to produce the animal.
If, after hearing the evidence, the court finds that the animal is a dangerous dog, the court shall order the
animal's owner to comply with the provisions of the ordinance. If, after hearing the evidence, the court
finds that the animal is a vicious dog, the court shall order the animal euthanized in accordance with the
provisions of Lennox's Law
2. No canine or canine crossbreed shall be found to be a dangerous dog or vicious dog solely because it
is a particular breed, nor shall the local governing body prohibit the ownership of a particular breed of
canine or canine crossbreed. No animal shall be found to be a dangerous dog or vicious dog if the threat,
injury or damage was sustained by a person who was (i) committing, at the time, a crime upon the
premises occupied by the animal's owner or custodian, (ii) committing, at the time, a willful trespass or
other tort upon the premises occupied by the animal's owner or custodian, or (iii) provoking, tormenting,
or physically abusing the animal, or can be shown to have repeatedly provoked, tormented, abused, or
assaulted the animal at other times. No police dog that was engaged in the performance of its duties as
such at the time of the acts complained of shall be found to be a dangerous dog or a vicious dog. No
animal which, at the time of the acts complained of, was responding to pain or injury, or was protecting
itself, its kennel, its offspring, or its owner or owner's property, shall be found to be a dangerous dog or
a vicious dog.
3. The owner of any animal found to be a dangerous dog shall, within 10 days of such finding, obtain a
dangerous dog registration certificate from the local animal control officer for a fee of $50 or an amount
as set by local ordinance but not to exceed the costs incurred by the locality to administer this program,
in addition to other fees that may be authorized by law. The local animal control officer shall also
provide the owner with a uniformly designed tag that identifies the animal as a dangerous dog. The
owner shall affix the tag to the animal's collar and ensure that the animal wears the collar and tag at all
times. All certificates obtained pursuant to this subdivision shall be renewed annually for the same fee
and in the same manner as the initial certificate was obtained.
4. All certificates or renewals thereof required to be obtained under this section shall only be issued to
persons 18 years of age or older who present satisfactory evidence (i) of the animal's current rabies
vaccination, if applicable, and (ii) that the animal is and will be confined in a proper enclosure or is and
will be confined inside the owner's residence or is and will be muzzled and confined in the owner's
fenced-in yard until the proper enclosure is constructed. In addition, owners who apply for certificates or
renewals thereof under this section shall not be issued a certificate or renewal thereof unless they present
satisfactory evidence that (i) their residence is and will continue to be posted with clearly visible signs
warning both minors and adults of the presence of a dangerous dog on the property and (ii) the animal
has been permanently identified by means of a tattoo on the inside thigh or by electronic implantation.
5. While on the property of its owner, an animal found to be a dangerous dog shall be confined indoors
or in a securely enclosed and locked structure of sufficient height and design to prevent its escape or
direct contact with or entry by minors, adults, or other animals. The structure shall be designed to
provide the animal with shelter from the elements of nature. When off its owner's property, an animal
found to be a dangerous dog shall be kept on a leash and muzzled in such a manner as not to cause
injury to the animal or interfere with the animal's vision or respiration, but so as to prevent it from biting
a person or another animal.
6. If the owner of an animal found to be a dangerous dog is a minor, the custodial parent or legal
guardian shall be responsible for complying with all requirements of this section.
7. After an animal has been found to be a dangerous dog, the animal's owner shall immediately, upon
learning of same, notify the local animal control authority if the animal (i) is loose or unconfined; (ii)
bites a person or attacks another animal; (iii) is sold, given away, or dies; or (iv) has been moved to a
8. The owner of any animal that has been found to be a dangerous dog who willfully fails to comply
with the requirements of the ordinance shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
9. All fees collected pursuant to the ordinance, less the costs incurred by the animal control authority in
producing and distributing the certificates and tags required by the ordinance, shall be paid into a special
dedicated fund in the treasury of the locality for the purpose of paying the expenses of any training
course required under Lennox's Law
D. Any ordinance enacted pursuant to this section may prescribe the following provisions:
1. All certificates or renewals thereof required to be obtained under this section shall only be issued to
persons 18 years of age or older who present satisfactory evidence that the animal has been neutered or
2. All certificates or renewals thereof required to be obtained under this section shall only be issued to
persons who present satisfactory evidence that the owner has liability insurance coverage, to the value of
at least $100,000, that covers animal bites.
E. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision C 1, any ordinance enacted pursuant to this section
may provide that an animal control officer may determine, after investigation, whether a dog is a
dangerous dog. If the animal control officer determines that a dog is a dangerous dog, he may order the
animal's owner to comply with the provisions of the ordinance. If the animal's owner disagrees with the
animal control officer's determination, he may appeal the determination to the general district court for a
trial on the merits.
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