India's Sanitation Crisis is Killing its Women, putting their Health and Safety at Risk

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  • Nearly, 60 crore Indians are defecating in open and excrete  65,000 tonnes of human faeces (Night Soil)  into the environment each day, thereby making India number one open defecation country in the world. 
  • One GRAM of human faeces contains:
    • 10,000,000 viruses
    • 1,000,000 bacteria
    • 1,000 parasite cysts,  
  • So one GRAM human faeces is sufficient to make entire city sick
  • Open defecation is seriously affecting the health of one billion Indians; no one is immune and suffers in one form or the other. As per Study conducted by World Bank, under water and sanitation program with assistance from Australian Govt. Aid, UK Aid, Indians pay Rs. 244000 crore, ( Rs. 2.44 Trillions or US$ 53.8 billion) per year as price due to inadequate and poor sanitation. This was the equivalent of 6.4 percent of India’s GDP in 2006.
    This means a per person annual impact of Rs. 2,180 (US$48)
  • Open defecation poses a serious threat to the health of children in India. Every year, diarrhea kills 188,000 children under five in India. Children weakened by frequent diarrhea episodes are more vulnerable to malnutrition, stunting, pneumonia and other infections.
  • As per studies conducted by international organisations and leading Universities, poor sanitation is affecting physical and mental growth of children. 
  • Women are worst sufferers of Open defecation as it exposes them to the danger of physical attacks and harassment as they've to go to fields in early morning or late evening for defecation. Further, women can not go outside in day time, if need arises they've to hold  their bladders and bowels, this makes them vulnerable to many diseases. "Lack of toilets puts India's health and rural women's safety at risk", as reported by The Guardian. The BBC reported, "India's sanitation crisis kills women" and it published the story of the gruesome rape and hanging of two teenage girls in the populous Uttar Pradesh state again proves how women have become the biggest victims of India's sanitation crisis. The two innocent girls were gone outside for defecating, use of toilets could have saved their life.
  • Poor sanitation also cripples national development: workers produce less, live shorter lives, save and invest less, and are less able to send their children to school.
  • Let's join hands, create awareness about open defecation and motivate Indians to build and use toilets, so as to restore Nation's pride, our women's honor, our children's health and robust economy.
  • Let's pledge that we will not indulge in open defecation nor will let any Indian to defecate in open by educating and motivating him/her.

The Economic Impacts of of Inadequate Sanitation in India- World Bank

Why India's sanitation crisis kills women- BBC

Lack of toilets puts India's health and rural women's safety at risk- The Guardian