Citizens Against the Kinder Morgan/Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion

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Forward: Canadians should not have to fight each day to protect our coastal waters, nor be put in jail for climate justice. As an independent, tax paying British Columbian, I am frustrated with our court of law and government for allowing the hyper-focus on one pipeline expansion and one company to dominate our politics and discussion. 
Canada should be focused on oil and gas companies who show innovation for lower carbon-intense energy sources and are transitioning to renewable power development focused on climate action plans and job creation. Kinder Morgan is not that company and not that project. If you agree, please continue and sign. 

**I am signing this petition as I am opposed to the Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion project in British Columbia and/or purchase of the Trans Mountain pipeline by our Federal government for one, many or all of the following reasons listed below:

 1. Failed National Energy Board (NEB) process: NEB choose to ignore a peer-reviewed consensus statement calling for a moratorium on oil sands expansion, co-signed by over 100 leading North American scientists in 2014, and again in 2016. A government panel suggested that the NEB should be dismantled and replaced with two more coherent agencies; as it could not coherently manage Canada’s energy and climate change goals. This comes after years of NEB having conflicts of interest and approving projects without proper environmental consultation.
(Source: 1,2,3,4,35)

 2. Risk Benefit Assessment for BC: Reports published in 2013 and in 2016 showed insufficient information and significant risk posed by the expansion of the Kinder Morgan (KM) pipeline which encompassed various issues including; KM safety record, actual job creation, marine spill response, health risks and British Columbia’s (BC) liability. Many of these concerns have yet to be fully addressed including the impact of a bitumen spill in the Burrard Inlet. BC’s diverse economy is driven by industries like technology, tourism, real estate and construction and while resource economy is important, it has less economic benefit for BC.
Concerned Professional Engineers (CPE) also released a statement on their concerns as related to the Burnaby Tank Farm, increased tanker traffic with diluted bitumen through Burrard Inlet, and the possibly of structural damage or collision with the Lion’s Gate or Iron Workers Bridge. At this time, there are no conclusive scientific studies on how diluted bitumen will react in open ocean. While some shoreline and diluent assessments have been done, variability remains due to density, viscosity and adhesion properties associated with accelerated weathering models. Research in Canada has shown an increased toxicity in marine life due to diluted bitumen (Source: 5,6,7,36)

3. Legal Challenges: Washington State Officials having voiced their concern with in the ‘lack of transparency’ with the diluent used to make bitumen flow with the problematic KM pipeline expansion. This lack of proper transparency and consultation has followed the expansion with numerous legal challenges before the courts. While some have been recently dismissed, there have been nearly two-dozen lawsuits against the NEBs approval of KM expansion due to the lack of consultation. This includes the City of Burnaby, Province of BC, unceded territories of Tsleil-Waututh First Nations, Coldwater First Nations, Squamish Nations and various environmental and private sector groups. There is also support from The Chiefs of Ontario, which represents 133 First Nations across the province, to support to the Treaty Alliance Against Tar Sands Expansion. In 2016, due to the lack of consultation of First Nations, the Federal Court of Appeal overturned the federal approval of Northern Gateway because Canada’s execution of its legal obligations, much like the KM expansion and NEB approval.
Sadly, it is shown that court continually put forward the fact for dismissing cases is that climate policy is an issue for executive and legislative — and not judicial — branches of government. (Source: 8,9,10,11,12)

4. Kinder Morgan safety record: KM has effectively bypassed any environmental safety at Burnaby Mountain including damage and sediment to salmon spawning streams, destroying environmental sensitive areas the Conservation area, including eagle habitat, under-estimating and not providing an adequate emergency evacuation/safety/fire plan to the City of Burnaby and essentially not being a good environmental citizen of our city and surrounding area. KM also has many issues from pipelines spills including one in Kamloops, and a record of four large spills approximately every four years. Recently, am explosion at a KM refinery lead to five critically injured workers and a firefighter, along with one death. The location of the Westridge terminal is surrounded by homes and communities, including ocean front properties with a population exceeding 1 million people in the Lower Mainland. KM has provided no emergency plan or means to evacuate communities and no public disaster preparedness plan in the event of a bitumen spill in the harbour. Human health impacts are sadly lacking from risk assessment and public safety. KM has now erected razor barb-wire around their facility, along with being fined for noise disturbance.
(Source: 13, 14, 15, 16,17, 18, 19, 27).

 5. BC Marine Ecosystem & Species at Risk: KM negatively affected the salmon spawning tributaries by laying down illegal anti-spawning mats, damaging local area streams and have requested relocation of tributaries to accommodate the expansion. Salmon are a keystone species in the Pacific Northwest, supporting wildlife from birds to bears to orcas. Salmon and herring stocks are affected by various climate change, fish farms run off and toxic effluent are predicted to be extinct if aggressive effort to preserve them are not taken. KM requested 26 new anti-spawning mats in BC on Aug 8 2018. Blended bitumen, called dilbit can induce cardiac toxicity in juvenile salmon and further population decline. Dilbit from the Kalamazoo pipeline was shown to not float, effecting waterways, aquatic and wildlife. The Southern Resident Killer Whales (SRKW) was listed as endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act in 2003 and have been affected by the low salmon stocks in the Pacific Northwest, increased tanker traffic and noise which inhibits their echolocation, and contamination. Mortality from collisions with vessels is one of the main human causes of death for large whales, with insufficient protection.The stress on our marine ecosystem is already significant enough for the Port of Vancouver to initiate an Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation (ECHO) where boats noise and speed are limited to research the impacts of shipping on whales. The risk of additional seven-fold Aframax tankers with an increased capacity from 300,000 barrels to 890,000 a day, also includes the risk of a spill or refinery fire. The tankers must travel more than 90 miles through the narrow, treacherous, and busy waterways of the Salish Sea, including Haro Strait, near the San Juan Islands, a vital feeding ground for the orcas. A large spill, if it occurred, could likely doom these whales. Recently, Tahlequah, or J35 carried her dead baby for over 17 days and 1,000 miles, but the real issue is the lack of live births of our resident killer whales in three years. Another important factors is that clear scientific data on dilbit behaves in salt water  and the effects of dispersant is unknown and requires further studies. The Tsleil-Waututh Nation covers the economic and environmental impact to them and the Salish Sea in their report. (Source: 12, 20, 21, 22, 23, 34,37)

 6. Climate change & health concerns: KM pipeline expansion goes against Canada’s own climate action plan with an increase of carbon from fossil fuel extraction. Bitumen production is more carbon-intensive than conventional oil production and total emissions are growing due to increased production. Retired Lead Scientist at NASA, Goddard Head, said if bitumen extraction continues, it is over for the climate. Not only is BC dealing with effects of the worst wildfires season to date, the carbon released from these fires is continuing to push Canada past the set targets for Paris Accord. The science of climate change has been left out of the discussion, focusing only on the economy. The Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment state that Climate change will not simply cause hardship, suffering and impairment of health and well-being, or even deaths, but that it will also impair the very life support systems upon which all of us are utterly dependent. Moreover, KM highly underestimates the environmental and public health risks of major and minor oil spills in Burrard Inlet, or a fire on Burnaby Mountain, all which was present by the Tsleil-Waututh First Nation of North Vancouver in a 90 page scientific research report under the Sacred Trust initiative. (Source: 24, 26, 27, 28)

 7. Cost of Federal buyout: With no public consultation, the federal government, lead by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, bought the troubled KM pipeline and expansion project for $4.5 billion taxpayer dollars. The cost then ballooned to an estimated $15 billion once finalized. Not only is the lack of job creation unclear, climate leaders do not buy pipelines. In fact, big oil is asking for assistance in regards to the effects of climate change to protect refineries in Texas. KM has a refinery in Texas. Richard Kinley, the former Deputy Executive Secretary of the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat, says Canadians should be asking about the Trudeau government's commitment to climate change mitigation. The opposition to this buyout of an industry that claims job creation, but is moving to a focus on automation is a huge concern for BC and all Canadians. Canada also purchased a key pipeline into Washington State (WA), Puget Sound Pipeline, which could be a solution to avoiding risks to the Salish Seas by re-routing to land. However, WA has it's own concerns about the doubled capacity  (Source:  29, 30, 31, 32, 33,38,39)

 *Video Images: All photos were captured from Google Image. Please contact me directly for credit or removal.

SOURCES:

1. Thomas Sisk: Science is a casualty of the Trans Mountain pipeline debate. T. Sisk, Vancouver Sun, 2018.  https://vancouversun.com/opinion/op-ed/thomas-sisk-science-is-a-casualty-of-the-trans-mountain-pipeline-debate
2. Liberals’ ‘Collective Insanity’ over Trans Mountain Creating New Western Alienation, Say BC Politicians. C Guly, The Tyee 2018. https://thetyee.ca/News/2018/05/10/Liberals-Collective-Insanity-Trans-Mountain-Alienation/
3. Dismantle National Energy Board and replace it with two new agencies for regulation, growth, panel recommends. Canadian Press via Financial post, 2017.  https://business.financialpost.com/commodities/energy/dismantle-national-energy-board-and-replace-it-with-two-new-agencies-for-regulation-growth-panel-recommends
4. National Energy Board: Captured Regulator? Andrew Nikiforuk, The Tyee 2011. https://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2011/06/17/NEB/
5. Assessing the risks of Kinder Morgan’s proposed new Trans Mountain pipeline. Conversations for Responsible Economic Development, 2018. http://credbc.ca/assessing-the-risks/
6. Concerned Professional Engineers, website 2018. http://concernedengineers.org/
7. Engineers face ethical dilemma over pipelines. Chris Kennedy, Times Colonist 2018.   https://www.timescolonist.com/opinion/op-ed/comment-engineers-face-ethical-dilemma-over-pipelines-1.23359590
8.  Washington state officials troubled by oilpatch secrets. Stanley Tromp, National Observer, 2017.
https://www.nationalobserver.com/2017/08/14/news/washington-state-officials-troubled-oilpatch-secrets
9. Kinder Morgan Pipeline Won't Be Allowed Through First Nations Territories, Leaders Say. Emma Paling, Huffington Post 2018. https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2018/04/15/kinder-morgan-pipeline-first-nations-block-trans-mountain-indigenous_a_23411828/
10. West Coast Environmental Law, 2018  https://www.wcel.org/blog/northern-gateways-federal-approval-has-been-overturned-now-what
11. The Court of Law v. The Laws of Climate. Aaron Saad, Ricochet Media, 2018. https://ricochet.media/en/2298/the-court-of-law-v-the-laws-of-climate
12. Assessment of the Trans Mountain Pipeline and Tanker Expansion Proposal,Tsleil-Waututh Nation, 2018.  https://twnsacredtrust.ca/
13. Relocating tributaries ‘a recipe for disaster’ Streamkeeper says Kinder Morgan's plans to move streams during springtime will negatively impact fish. Tereza Verenca, Burnaby Now 2018. https://www.burnabynow.com/news/relocating-tributaries-a-recipe-for-disaster-1.23159330
14. Trans Mountain blocked eagle nesting perch at Westridge Marine Terminal. Ainslie Cruickshank, The Vancouver Star 2018. https://www.thestar.com/vancouver/2018/04/16/trans-mountain-blocked-eagle-nesting-perch-at-westridge-marine-terminal.html
15.  Anger over Kinder Morgan’s razor fence in Burrard Inlet. CTV News, 2018 https://bc.ctvnews.ca/video?clipId=1333079
16. Modified tank farm limits evacuation, emergency response plans: City of Burnaby. Lauren Boothby, Burnaby Now 2018. https://www.burnabynow.com/news/modified-tank-farm-limits-evacuation-emergency-response-plans-city-of-burnaby-1.23346780
17. Kinder Morgan emergency plan underestimates effects of oil spill: report. Mike Hager, The Globe and Mail, 2018. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/kinder-morgan-emergency-plan-underestimates-effects-of-oil-spill-report/article24495099/
18. Kinder Morgan has a history of spills. Opinion, Times Colonist, 2018. https://www.timescolonist.com/opinion/letters/kinder-morgan-has-a-history-of-spills-1.23211851
19. Kinder Morgan admits it broke noise rules during pipeline work. CTV 2018 https://bc.ctvnews.ca/kinder-morgan-admits-it-broke-noise-rules-during-pipeline-work-1.3976268
20. Salmon is keystone species for region. Seattle Times, 2003. https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/salmon-is-keystone-species-for-region/
21. The Kinder Morgan pipeline and Pacific salmon: Red fish, black gold. Sarah Alderman, Macleans, 2018 https://www.macleans.ca/economy/with-b-c-s-attack-on-alberta-oil-the-war-of-mutual-destruction-begins/
22. Connecting people to protect whales. Port of Vancouver, 2018.  https://www.portvancouver.com/stories/connecting-people-to-protect-whales/
23. Weigh Anchor. Globe and Mail, 2018. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/kinder-morgan-trans-mountain-pipeline-bc-coast/article35043172/
24. Is Bitumen Good for Canada? Andrew Wong, Alternative Journal 2013.  http://www.alternativesjournal.ca/science-and-solutions/bitumen-good-canada
25. Climate Action Tracker, 2018 https://climateactiontracker.org/
26. Open letter to Judge Affleck: as a doctor, this is why I'm against Kinder Morgan's oil pipeline expansion. Warren Bell, National Observer, 2018. https://www.nationalobserver.com/2018/08/20/opinion/open-letter-judge-affleck-doctor-why-im-against-kinder-morgans-oil-pipeline
27.  Officials identify Texas pipeline worker killed in explosion. Reuters, 2018 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-texas-pipeline-blast/officials-identify-texas-pipeline-worker-killed-in-explosion-idUSKBN1KP0IZ
28. Kinder Morgan underestimating environmental, health risks of pipeline expansion – report. P. O’Neil & K. Sinoksi, Vancouver Sun 2015. http://www.vancouversun.com/life/Kinder+Morgan+underestimating+environmental+health+risks+pipeline+expansion+report/11083737/story.html
29. Canada cannot profess to be a climate leader if it's buying pipelines, say environmentalists. Liam Britten, CBC 2018.  https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/paris-climate-change-trans-mountain-1.4683465
30. Kinder Morgan bailout to cost north of $15 billion. Robyn Allen, National Observer 2018.  https://www.nationalobserver.com/2018/05/29/analysis/kinder-morgan-bailout-cost-north-15-billion
31. Big oil asks government to protect its Texas facilities from climate change. CBS News, 2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/texas-protect-oil-facilities-from-climate-change-coastal-spine/
32. Fully Automated Oil Fields Are Almost Here. Irina Slave, Oil Price, Aug 2018. https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Fully-Automated-Oil-Fields-Are-Almost-Here.html?utm_source=fb&utm_medium=fb_repost
33. COST OF KINDER MORGAN TAXPAYER BUY-OUT IS STAGGERING. Taxpayer 2018 https://www.taxpayer.com/commentaries/cost-of-kinder-morgan-taxpayer-buy-out-is-staggering
3
4. For Marine Life, New Threats from a Fast-Tracked Canadian Pipeline. https://e360.yale.edu/features/for-marine-life-new-threats-from-a-fast-tracked-canadian-pipeline
35. Consider the global  impacts of oil pipelines. Nature 2014 (PDF) https://www.nature.com/polopoly_fs/1.15434!/menu/main/topColumns/topLeftColumn/pdf/510465a.pdf?origin=ppub
36. Various open source or purchase articles related transport of non-conventional crude oil 2018 and effects on marine life: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651318307401
https://setac.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/etc.4065
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653517317411
http://www.ioscproceedings.org/doi/abs/10.7901/2169-3358-2017.1.000208?code=ampi-site
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X14002689
http://www.ioscproceedings.org/doi/abs/10.7901/2169-3358-2017.1.1304
3
7.High mortality of blue, humpback and fin whales from modeling of vessel collisions on the U.S. West Coast suggests population impacts and insufficient protection 
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0183052
38. A PIPELINE CONTROVERSY EXPLAINED: IS WASHINGTON NOW IN THE TAR SANDS CROSSHAIRS? 
https://www.sightline.org/2018/06/07/a-pipeline-controversy-explained-is-washington-now-in-the-tar-sands-crosshairs/
39. Canada acquires key pipeline link to Washington refineries 
https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/canada-acquires-key-pipeline-link-to-washington-refineries/



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