No oil drilling in Nepal
No oil drilling in Nepal
Why this petition matters
Nepal is a small country which hosts the Himalayas, they are the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and were formed after the collision of two main tectonic plates. It is also the main reason for the likeliness of earthquakes to occur in Nepal. This means that Nepal lies below seismic land prone to earthquakes already. If fracking is commenced, the already fragile ground here may not be able to withstand the damage. The additional artificial fissures and cracks in the ground may cause an increment in earthquakes. People living here get negatively impacted as their livelihood may suffer from oil drilling. Not only will the earthquakes be more prominent, the environmental concerns for fracking- from water, to air and waste by products formed- and economic cost will make the country more vulnerable.
Since, Government of Nepal also at the one hand plans to decrease fossil fuel dependency of the country and finding alternatives, in it's policies, plans and actions but in the the other hand fossil fuel exploration is going on. The vision of government seems very unclear and manipulative. Nepal has also signed different agreements globally for energy transition and mitigation.
Some policies and plans - Nepal
Nepal has written documents - policies which emphasize on mitigation approach, decreasing fossil fuel dependency and targets are by 2040, 2050. According to NDC , By 2020, Nepal intends to expand its energy mix focusing on renewable by 20% and diversifying its energy consumption pattern to more industrial and commercial sectors. By 2020, Nepal aims to increase the share of electric vehicles up to 20% from 2010 level. By 2050, Nepal will decrease its dependency on fossils in the transport sector by 50% through effective mass public transport means while promoting energy efficient and electrical vehicles. Nepal will develop its electrical (hydro-powered) rail network by 2040 to support mass transportation of goods and public commuting, But it’s 2020 and they have not set any milestones to achieve these. They have recently started some practice but vision looks very unclear. On the other hand , Nepal started exploration for gas and petroleum with support of China Government. Exploration in one of the places Dailekh has completed. In addition, our mountain communities are at risk, many villages have been shifted due to climate change impacts in Nepal, we don't see proper concrete adaptive plans and emergency plans for those regions from the government though there are several plans and programs been run, NAPA, LAPA,. We are already exposed to many uncertain disasters and more to come in days from mountain to terai of Nepal.
some case studies
The people or the community affected by fracking showed signs of psychological trauma. As per a research done in Alberta, Canada; “Interview 1 stated simply, ‘life all got disrupted’. Many interviewees described similar experiences of their first introduction to fracking, in which landowners were given no information regarding this new form of extraction, and thus no warning of the disruptions that would ensue”. The expansion of fracking was described as a rapid process that the residents felt blind-sided. The other impacts of fracking slowly began to appear, first as traffic noise and lighting at night. The severe impact was made on the river as there were no signs of algae and described it as, “the most disturbing thing I’ve seen in my life”. The people were baffled as the simplest form of life wasn’t able to grow because of the impact of fracking. The majority of the people described far more extensive impacts that included the trees found in the surrounding to the declining fertility of their cattle and loss of production of crops (Davidson & Davidson, 2018).
With the environmental impacts also came health impacts. The locals described that they felt dizzy if they were to spend some time outside and they felt their strength draining and couldn’t do the things they used to do with same amount of energy. The victims here was describes as “rendered powerless”. It was also brought into light that there was a sense of helplessness by those who were seeking healthcare was acute as the medical personnel had little training on detection and diagnosis of this type of health impact (Davidson & Davidson, 2018).
Earthquake is one of the major negative impacts caused by fracking. Some of the examples are as follows:
Earthquakes has being recorded to happen in Blackpool, Lancashire, UK in 2001 of magnitude 1.5 and 2.2 near two drilling sites by Cuadrilla Resources (Shukman, 2013), although no loss was recorded, this lead the government to put a halt to all fracking activities in the country. There has been more than 500 earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 or greater in Oklahoma State, US alone between 2012 and 2014 which has been attributed to the action of great fracking activities in the state (Oklahoma Geological Survey, 2014) which are large enough to cause damaging effects on lives and properties (ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FRACKING IN THE US AND UK AUTHOR : AKINYELE AKINWALE ADEBAYO, 2012).
- Government of NepalDepartment mining and geology