Hands of Zimbabwe ,Lift the Sanctions
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In 1980, the people of Zimbabwe gained their national independence and sovereignty at the price of a hard-fought liberation war. “Every man gotta right to decide his own destiny” (Zimbabwe), sang at the time Bob Marley in Harare… To achieve their national liberation, at the beginning of the 2000, the poor and landless Zimbabwean peasants started to take back the lands from the hands of the landlords.
Because of that, at the beginning of the 2000s, economic and political sanctions have been imposed on Zimbabwe by the U.S. administration, supported by the governments of Great Britain and France.
� The International Monetary Fund (IMF) imposed sanctions at the instigation of Britain and the United States.
� In May 2000, the International Development Association (IDA) suspended all forms of lending, leaving Zimbabwe desperate for needed funds.
� In 2001, the U.S. Senate passed the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act (ZDERA), which imposed travel bans on Zimbabwean officials. It also denied Zimbabwe access to internationals loans.
� Zimbabwe was expelled from the Commonwealth. Australia banned 177 people from doing business with its firms.
� In 2001, Britain cancelled an aid package intended for Zimbabwe worth US$5 million.
� In 2005, then U.S. President George W. Bush signed an executive order expanding the number of those affected by the U.S. sanctions, including 33 institutions.
After more than 20 years of these international sanctions, the result is a tragedy for the people.
� The Agricultural and Rural development sector has suffered program suspension as part of the sanctions. This also dealt with the enhancement of forestry extension services, development of agricultural policy, marketing information system, supporting irrigation schemes to small holders, provision of training to small holder farmers and direct support to farming households.
� High levels of unemployment: the rate of unemployment has risen and led to increased levels of poverty and limited access to finance.
� Massive emigration: South Africa currently holds an estimated 2 to 3 million Zimbabweans in its population.
� The general economy of the country has been shattered. It lacks the capacity to enlarge technological advancement.
� A number of companies have been experiencing serious problems in obtaining offshore financing or credit guarantees just for Zimbabwean operations or construction of school buildings.
It is obvious that by these sanctions, a sovereign nation has been collectively punished for exercising the one primordial principle recognized to any nation of the world, that of sovereignty. Zimbabwe has been punished for doing what any sovereign nation is able to do: to possess, own their natural resources and listen to the basic interests of their people.
Whatever may be the political opinion of each of us regarding the government of Zimbabwe, that should be first of all the matter of the people of Zimbabwe itself. We the undersigned, consider that nothing can justify to punish and “sanction” a sovereign country. Previous experiences of international sanctions from big powers in other regions of the world have made the proof that it leads only to a tragedy for the peoples.
This is why we, undersigned, demand the immediate lifting of all political and economic sanctions against Zimbabwe
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