Petition Closed

COLLECTING OF SIGNATURES

CALL TO ALL ORGANIZATIONS AND PEOPLE WHO
ARE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND PEACE

PUT AN END TO VIOLENCE AGAINST MAPUCHE COMMUNITIES!

The Mapuche communities in southern Chile historical that demand land rights are being affected in their homes by violent raids and an escalation of police violence of the Chilean state.

Between 100 to 200 uniformed officers enter into the Community using different motorized means (skunks, tanks, trucks, buses, water cannons, helicopters). Equipped with large quantities of weapons and riot guns, weapons and ammunition of different calibers, including UZI submachine (considered a weapon of war), tear gas and other supplies.
The presence of infants, children, pregnant mothers and the elderly is not taken into consideration. This persistent behavior of planned, the children, who often suffer physical and psychological abuse even more by witnessing police violence against members of their family, with serious consequences. It is difficult and impossible to start therapy as further attacks occur constantly and a relapse would be devastating.
As the basis for the excessive police actions is maintained the so called Anti-Terrorism Act 18,314 dating back to the time of the Dictatorship which allows the use of "special measures". Including minors are arrested as terrorists after the allegations of unidentified witnesses.
The communities are living with such extremely violent attacks and constant legal persecution
that even the National Ombudsman, Georgy Schubert described as "disproportionate" the performance of the Police Special Forces and called the Public Ministry to assess "the official conduct of the prosecutor Luis Chamorro", present in all the raids.
Recently, Amnesty International Chile again appealed to the authorities to respect the rights of the Mapuche people and to not let the human rights violations go unpunished, and raised the alarm that the complaints of the Communities are multiplying.

WE DEMAND

- The cessation of armed aggression and violence perpetrated against Mapuche communities that claim, demand and reclaim ancestral land rights.
- To put an end to the raids and the militarization of Mapuche communities.
- An end to the use of the Anti-Terrorism Act No. 18,314, of military justice and the double imputation against Mapuche.
- The respect of international treaties by the Chilean State such as the Convention 169 of the ILO ratified in 2008 and all agreements of enforcing United Nations Human Rights.

SIGN OR WRITE TO EMAIL: dignidad.mapuche @ yahoo.com

SIGNING WITH THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
NAME OR ASSOCIATION / OCCUPATION, COUNTRY, MAIL.

IL CERCHIO ONLUS (Italy) National Association for the Support of Native Peoples,
HARALD Edelstam (Sweden) European Commission on Human Rights and Ancestral Peoples
Marichiweu (Germany) Cultural Association for Human Rights of the Mapuche People

July 22, 2012

Letter to
To the Distinguished Representatives of the European Council and Parliament
Council of the European Union
I just signed the following petition addressed to: The Distinguished Representatives of the Council and European Parliament.

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Europe, July 16, 2012
To the Distinguished Representatives
Council and European Parliament,
International human rights organizations and indigenous
Organizations working for peace and nonviolence,
To the civil society and public institutions


The National Association for the Support of Native Peoples "IL CERCHIO ONLUS" of Italy, the European Commission on Human Rights and Ancestral Peoples "Harald Edelstam" of Sweden, Marichiweu Cultural Association for Human Rights of the Mapuche people of Germany and organizations supporting indigenous peoples of Europe, report that different Mapuche communities demanding historical land rights are being affected in their homes by violent raids and by an upsurge of police violence.

Under international law the raiding of dwellings is a crime committed by those who, without living there, enter or remain in the dwelling of others against the will of its occupant. In Chile it is a dictatorial practice which the governments have maintained against the Mapuche people to date, where the police burst into indigenous households violating civil rights and basic guarantees. 100 to 200 uniformed officers enter into the community using different motorized means (Skunks, tanks, trucks, buses, water cannons, helicopters). Equipped with large quantities of weapons and riot guns, weapons and ammunition of different calibers, including UZI submachine (considered a weapon of war), tear gas and other supplies.
Police violence is exercised from entering the community and the homes, firing point blank at people who live there, injuring children and adults in the face and body usually from lead shot. The abuses include the destruction of household goods, seizure of tools, animals, destruction of cultural and sacred items such as the Rewe (altar, sacred tree). All this, according to reports from the same affected, without filing a written order, founded and issued by a competent magistrate, of entry, of search, of arrest or investigation.
The violence culminates in the arrest of one or more persons on the basis of accusations of unidentified witnesses, applying "special measures" endorsed by Law 18,314 called the Anti-Terrorism Act, established during the dictatorial period.

The current situation
We draw attention to areas of Ercilla and Malleco where police regularly raids communities like Temucuicui, Wente Winkul Mapu, Rekem Pillan, Loloko, Cacique José Guiñón, Vilcún.
The families suffer violent raids and constant legal persecution, so much so that the same National Ombudsman, Georgy Schubert described the performance of the Police Special Forces as "disproportionate" and called the Public Ministry to evaluate "the official behavior of the prosecutor Luis Chamorro", present in all the raids .
SEE: The shocking story of Chilevisión about the community Wente Winkul Mapu of June 2012
We also denounce a strong campaign in the national media criminalizing the Mapuche who claim land rights, victims of media statements that denigrate the honor and dignity of the individual . What is more serious, this media campaign involves legitimizing the current creation of armed groups of farmers in the area and of surveillance groups that would perform rounds to "defend property." It is disturbing that government officials publicly support the use of arms .
Chile seriously undermines the Convention on the Rights of the Child
It is stressed that during the raids the family of so-called "imputed" Mapuche, not being subjects of judicial inquiry, are equally injured by guns, beatings, with symptoms of asphyxia, racial slurs and intimidation. This includes infants, children, pregnant women and arbitrary detentions of adolescents.
One may recall the case of Leonardo Quijón, occurred in October of 2009, being a minor he was shot and injured seriously by military police in the Community Chequenco, leaving about 200 pellets in his leg, pain and partial disability affecting him even today. He was accused by prosecutor Luis Chamorro, tried and acquitted two times in June and September 2010.
Persecution, abuse and arbitrary detention of minors: José Nirripil, Luis Marileo, Patricio Queipul, Cristian Cayupan accused of terrorism, today continue with various precautionary measures. This persistent, planned, behavior of extreme violence causes terror in children, who often suffer physical and psychological abuse, witnessing police violence against members of their family, with serious consequences, without the possibility of starting therapy, as it is always likely that another raid occurs and the relapse would be devastating.
SEE: "Mapuche Childhood, a cruel reality" report by Channel 13 - Contact 2010

Police behavior also results in extrajudicial killings: In 2002 the Mapuche minor Alex Lemún (17 years) died assassinated, in 2008 Matias Catrileo (20 years), in 2009 Mendoza Collio
(24 years), José Huenante disappeared at 16 years old (2005), in 2006 Juan Collihuín Catril (71 years), and there are other deaths that remain in total impunity, like Julio Huentecura, Zenon Diaz Necul, Jorge Suarez Marihuan, Jhonny Cariqueo, Agustina and Mauritius Huenupe Pavián ...

Inadequate medical care: Many victims do not use the NHS for fear of being further abused, arrested and imprisoned. This is the case of Erick Montoya (23 years) who on June 7, 2012, under a detention order of the prosecutor Luis Chamorro, was brutally beaten and wounded by police shootings, the injuries severe and visible. In the Collipulli hospital he was discharged with a diagnosis of "minor injuries", was formalized when he was unconscious, and in this state was sent to prison as a detainee. According to Barbara Katz, Araucania Regional Advocate, "one cannot speak of minor injuries, the mere fact of being unable to attend a hearing and it having to be performed within the Hospital shows the state that Montoya was in".
SEE: Video about the serious injuries of Erick Montoya after police attack .

Mapuche political prisoners
After the raids and arbitrary arrests there follows the preventive detention which can last up to 2 years, where there is overcrowding and arbitrariness to be allocated to cells with common criminals. During that period there take place lengthy lawsuits that are difficult to sustain economically for the Mapuche families.
Lorenzo Llevul Antimil, age 40, who remained in custody on January 22, 2012, committed suicide inside the prison in Temuco. Richard Eduardo Newei Pilquimán, Mapuche political prisoner of 19 years dies under mysterious circumstances in 2010, there is no knowledge of the outcome of investigations. Julio Huentecura Llancaleo, age 30, Border Police denied his status as political prisoner, was forced to share a cell with common prisoners who murdered him on September 26, 2004 within the Prison Service of Santiago.
Despite the commitment of the State of Chile to the public not to apply the Anti-terrorism Act, it continues to do so through mechanisms inappropriate for an emerging democracy such as the use of NN (unidentified) witnesses, which indisputably violates the fundamental guarantees of the Law and Due Process. In many cases there have been found the concealment of information during trials (see "Case Bombas"), fabricated charges, false evidence and testimony, the keeping in "preventive detention" of defendants who tend to result to be innocent in the end .
Victims of police violence or the defendants who remain in prison during the trials once "acquitted and released" do not receive any compensation for damages.
Chile does not respect international conventions
In Chile there is no war, nor terrorism, nor guerrilla warfare, but the Chilean government continues to use special laws, the Antiterrorist Law, military tribunals for civil cases and the Doctrine of State Security which presupposes "the existence of an internal enemy". Also it remains without adapting its domestic laws to international standards of human rights, such as Article 169 of the International Labor Organization, the Bill of Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Convention on the Rights of the Child ratified in 2009 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of the UN, Convention Against Torture.

Faced with this situation we can see that Chile is a state that systematically violates human rights, international agreements and its democratic principles, ignoring the numerous recommendations of the UN Rapporteurs (Human Rights, Indigenous Peoples and CERD) .
To date no government has had a real willingness to solve the serious problems affecting the Mapuche and their environment, Self-Determination, Land Reclamation and Poverty. Instead of dialoguing with the Indian authorities it only responds with repression.
It is emphasized that in 2006 Chile was the No 7 importer of arms from Italy (ahead of Russia), in 2007/8 it was one of the largest importers of the Central and South American area (2.6 million) for weapons, ammunition and explosives. This fact concerns us as activists and organizations in Europe as this continent exports weapons and military equipment to countries like Chile, considered an emerging economy and on the path of development: according to the 2010 Annual Report published in the Official Journal, Europe is the leading exporter worldwide of conventional weapons (however many numbers are not yet available).

Recently, Amnesty International Chile again made a call on the authorities to respect the rights of the Mapuche people and that human rights violations do not go unpunished, and also raises the alarm that reports of the Communities are multiplying.

For all of the above
We publicly express through this document our outrage at the continuing repressions which are suffering in their homes the children, women, elders and all the members of Mapuche communities affected by the violence of different groups of police.

WE DEMAND

- The cessation of armed aggression and violence perpetrated against Mapuche communities that claim, demand and reclaim ancestral land rights.
- To put an end to the raids and the militarization of Mapuche communities.
- End the use of the Terrorism Act No. 18,314, of military justice and the double imputation against Mapuche.
- The respect of international treaties by the Chilean State, such as ILO Convention 169, ratified in 2008 and all agreements of enforcing United Nations Human Rights.

The European Union has pledged to uphold the universality and indivisibility of human rights, which it actively promotes and protects both within its borders and in its relations with third countries. We express our concern that the sale of arms from Europe is increasing and can be a destabilizing factor in the Southern Cone that threatens democracy, civil liberties and rights, preventing the peaceful development of native peoples. We therefore urge:
- A stop to the selling of weapons to the Chilean state, violator of the principles in human rights and request the government to work for peace, dialogue and for
NO VIOLENCE.


WE REQUEST TO ALL ORGANIZATIONS AND ALL INDIVIDUALS RESPONSIVE TO RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND PEACE
TO ADHERE TO THIS DOCUMENT.


WRITE TO EMAIL: dignidad.mapuche@yahoo.com
SIGNING WITH THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
NAME SURNAME, ASSOCIATION / OCCUPATION, COUNTRY, MAIL.




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Sincerely,