Campbell, ACT historical ‘neighbourhood’ concept lost to rezoning
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Please sign this petition if you are willing to support my appeal for reconsideration of suburban rezoning regulations in Campbell to protect Australia's first designed ‘neighbourhood-style’ suburb
THE SUBURB CAMPBELL, ACT: home to a diverse community, a situation brought about by its urban design, links to with the military (Duntroon), proximity to the city centre and multi-purpose residential accommodation. Campbell, designed in 1951 by Trevor Gibson and Constance Jackson is the first neighbourhood-style planned suburb in Australia. Current residential rezoning is threatening its historic character.
THE ‘NEIGHBOURHOOD CONCEPT’ STARTED IN CAMPBELL: Campbell was a little renegade for its time. Town planners were implementing a more orderly suburb design. Campbell, however, took a new turn and adopted urban planning principles from the British and US. The vision was to create a neighbourhood to accommodate a diverse community with:
1. Major arterial roads and through traffic that do not pass through residential areas. Instead these streets provide boundaries of the neighbourhood.
2. Interior streets use curvilinear layout, culs-de-sac and light duty surfaces patterns to encourage quiet, safe, low-volume traffic movement and preserve residential atmosphere
3. The population of the neighbourhood to support about 4000 people (currently >10,000 people)
THE HISTORY: Mr Alan Foskett has captured the depth of Campbell’s history in two books, “The Campbell Community” and “The Campbell community revisited”. His dedicated research takes us back when the suburb of Campbell was named. Foskett’s research share photos of residents, houses, businesses and schools. He recounts memoirs spanning over sixty years. He describes how in 1951, town planner Trevor Gibson designed Campbell making it Australia's first neighbourhood-style suburb.
WHAT IS HAPPENING NOW: The revised residential zoning in Campbell allows a maximum of four dwellings to be built per block. In the past two years, the number of single home demolitions nearly tripled making way for the construction of multiple dwellings on a single block. Campbell was designed to host about 4000-5000 residents. This community has spilled to more than 10,000 people. This petition is to support the conservation of this historical suburb by switching the residential zoning code from allowing four dwellings to maximum of two dwellings per block.
A BALANCE HAS BEEN REACHED: An adequate mix of single to multi-development dwellings has been achieved in Campbell. With the addition of six major apartment blocks on Campbell5 and constitutional avenue, Campbell’s ratio of single dwellings to apartments and townhouses is now approximately 50:50. These new developments complement our existing public housing located near the Campbell shops, enabling low to medium density to co-exist. Further infilling, allowed by the current residential zoning only serves the purpose of over-developing the area and further compromising the intended neighbourhood characteristics of the suburbs.
AN EXAMPLE, JACKA CRESCENT: A 180 meter stretch of Jacka Crescent has eleven blocks of which three are already multiple dwelling the rest are single dwelling but approval has been given to four of these blocks to be filled with a total of 14 dwellings, thereby completely changing the intended character of the street.
MY APPEAL TO PRESERVE THE HISTORIC SUBURB OF CAMPBELL AND SUSTAIN THE INTENTED NEIGHBOURHOOD CHARM: by signing this petition you will be supporting my appeal to Yvette Berry, Minister for suburban Development and Mick Gentleman, Minister for Environment and Heritage requesting the zoning in Campbell be reduced to allow a maximum of two dwellings to ensure further change and transformation of the street is minimised, the intended neighbourhood characteristics of the suburb are maintained and public safety is prioritised.
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