Elephants, bears, tigers, and other animals do not voluntarily ride bicycles, stand on their heads, balance on balls, or jump through rings of fire. They don't perform these and other difficult tricks because they want to; they perform them because they're afraid of what will happen if they don't.
If you haven't seen the video footage, watch it now:
In 2011 USDA found Cole Bros AKA Carson & Barnes circus in violation over the handling of a dangerous animal. An inspector observed a trainer hooking an elephant in her ear canal with the sharp end of his bullhook, the elephant screams out in pain as he pulls her around the ring.
For animals in circuses, there is no such thing as "positive reinforcement"—only varying degrees of punishment and deprivation. To force them to perform these meaningless and physically uncomfortable tricks, trainers use whips, tight collars, muzzles, electric prods, bullhooks, blowtorches, and other painful tools of the trade.
Animals - especially animals with the enormous intellectual capacity of elephants - do not want to live in circuses. It is absurd to think that an animal, as large as an elephant and as intelligent as an elephant, could ever by psychologically healthy in an environment as small as a boxcar. They are born to be animals that live in wide open spaces with plenty of room to roam.
In the circus, elephants are beaten, hit, poked, prodded, and jabbed with sharp hooks, sometimes until bloody. The circus breaks the spirit of elephants when they're vulnerable babies who should still be with their mothers. Unsuspecting parents planning a family trip to the circus don't know about the violent training sessions with ropes, bullhooks, and electric shock prods that elephants endure.
Circuses easily get away with routine abuse because no government agency monitors training sessions. Undercover video footage of animal training sessions has shown that elephants are beaten with bullhooks and shocked with electric prods, big cats are dragged by heavy chains around their necks and hit with sticks, bears are whacked and prodded with long poles, and chimpanzees are kicked and hit with riding crops.
Constant travel means that animals are confined to boxcars, trailers, or trucks for days at a time in extremely hot and cold weather, often without access to basic necessities such as food, water, and veterinary care. Elephants, big cats, bears, and primates are confined to cramped and filthy cages in which they eat, drink, sleep, defecate, and urinate—all in the same place.
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus boasts that its three units travel more than 25,000 miles as the circus tours the country for 11 months each year. Ringling's own documents reveal that on average, elephants are chained for more than 26 hours straight and are sometimes continually chained for as many as 60 to 100 hours. Tigers and lions usually live and travel in cages that provide barely enough room for the animals to turn around, often with two big cats crammed into a single cage. In July 2004, Clyde, a young lion traveling with Ringling, died in a poorly ventilated boxcar while the circus was crossing the Mojave Desert, where temperatures reached at least 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Clyde likely died a miserable death from heatstroke and dehydration. Previously, two tigers with Ringling injured themselves while attempting to escape from their cages in an overheated boxcar.
Frustrated by years of beatings, bullhooks, and shackles, some elephants snap. And when an elephant rebels against a trainer's physical dominance, trainers cannot protect themselves—let alone the public.
In 1994, an elephant named Tyke killed her trainer and injured 12 spectators before being gunned down while running terrified through downtown Honolulu (she was shot almost 100 times). In 1992, Officer Blayne Doyle was forced to shoot and kill Janet, an elephant who charged out of the Great American Circus arena with five children on her back.
In more than 35 dangerous incidents since 2000, elephants have bolted from circuses, run amok through streets, crashed into buildings, attacked members of the public, and killed and injured handlers.
In speaking before members of Congress about the dangers of elephant rampages, Doyle lamented, "I have discovered, much to my alarm, that once an elephant goes out of control, nothing can be done. It is not a predictable or preventable accident. The only thing that can be done—and even this is a danger to the public—is to get a battery of police officers in with heavy weapons and gun the elephant down.
Pursuant to the Animal Welfare Act (AWA ) there have been hundreds of USDA inspections conducted at various circus facilities. Inspectors found animals to be suffering as a result of the failure of the circuses to comply with the regulations and standards under the AWA. Yet, the USDA continues to allow these animal circuses to own animals and continue to operate.
We, the People, urge the USDA to confiscate circus animals and place them in thhe following licensed facilities for custody and control so that the animals receive the proper care as required by law:
The Elephant Sanctuary
Tigers for Tomorrow
Keepers of the Wild
Cheetah Primate Sanctuary
Arkansas Elephant Sanctuary
The Performing Animal Welfare Society
National Tiger Sanctuary
Tiger Creek Wildlife Refuge
Tiger Ranch Cat Sanctuary
The Bear Sanctuary
The Wild Animal Sanctuary
Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest
What you can do:
Sign this petition and share it with friends!
Contact Tom Vilsack 202-720-3631
Don't support any circus that uses animals!
Organize or attend a peaceful demonstration!
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