The California State Senate is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislative body for the U.S. state of California. It consists of 40 members who serve four-year terms with term limits set at two terms. The senators represent the state's 40 districts, each of which comprises between 931,349 to 981,994 citizens. It's responsible for passing legislation on a range of issues impacting the state, from environmental policy to transportation infrastructure, and is instrumental in shaping state budgetary decisions. The California State Senate operates alongside the California State Assembly in a similar way to the United States Congress.