United Nations, use the Holocene calendar (Holocene/Human era)

United Nations, use the Holocene calendar (Holocene/Human era)

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The current official calendar used by the United Nations is not only inconvenient in several ways but also a remnant of the roman empire, which has been dead since a long time. We should be using a calendar which is not only more convenient but also represents all cultures on our planet equally, such as the holocene calendar. This change will benefit everyone in the long term.

The Holocene Calendar, also known as the Holocene/Human Era (HE), is a year numbering system that adds exactly 10,000 years to the currently dominant (AD/BC & CE/BCE) numbering scheme, placing its first year near the beginning of the Holocene geological epoch & the "neolithic revolution", when humans transitioned from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to agriculture and fixed settlements. The current year by the Julian/Gregorian calendar, AD 2020 (2020 CE), will be 12020 HE in the Holocene calendar. This scheme was first proposed by the italian-american scientist Cesare Emiliani in 1993. His proposal for a calendar reform sought to solve a number of problems with the current Julian/Gregorian calendar (Anno Domini era), which numbers the years of the most commonly accepted calendars in our world. These issues include:

▷ The Julian/Gregorian calendar (Anno Domini era) is based on a mistaken estimate for the birth year of Jesus. This era places Jesus's birth date in AD 1, but modern scholars have determined that he was likely born either in 4 BC or before 4 BC.

▷ When compared to the approximate beginning of the Holocene epoch, a mistaken estimate for the birth year of Jesus is a much less universally relevant date.

▷ The years BC/BCE are counted down when moving from past to future, making the calculation of timespans unnecessarily difficult.

▷ The Julian/Gregorian calendar (Anno Domini era) has no "year zero", with 1 BC (1 BCE) followed immediately by AD 1 (1 CE), which further complicates the calculation of timespans. This is equally true for the Common era, its non-religious equivalent.

▷ Finally, the Holocene calendar uses the "beginning of human era" as its epoch, arbitrarily defined as 10,000 BC (10,000 BCE), denoted by year 1 HE, so that AD 1 (1 CE) matches 10,001 HE. This is a decent approximation for the start of the current geologic epoch, the Holocene epoch (its name means "entirely recent"). The motivation for this is that the human civilization (for example: the first fixed settlements, agriculture, et cetera) is believed to have arisen within this time.

Benefits - 

Not only the Holocene/Human Era helps with easier geological, archaeological, dendrochronological, anthropological and historical dating; it also bases itself on an event more universally relevant than a mistaken estimate for the birth year of Jesus. Due to that, all key dates in human history can be listed using a simple ascending date scale, with smaller dates always occurring before larger dates. Another advantage lies in the fact that the Holocene Era starts before all other popular calendar eras, which means that it is useful for the comparison and conversion of dates from different calendars.

Accuracy -

After first mentioning it in 1993, when Cesare Emiliani discussed the Holocene calendar in a follow-up article in 1994, he mentioned that there was no agreement on the date of the start of the Holocene epoch, with estimates (during that year) ranging between 12,700 BP & 10,970 years BP. Since then, scientists have improved their understanding of the Holocene using the evidence from ice cores and can now more accurately date its beginning. A consensus view was formally adopted by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) in 2013, placing the Holocene epoch's beginning at 11,700 years before AD 2000 (2000 CE), which is 300 years after the beginning of the Holocene calendar (300 HE).

Conversion -

Conversion from Julian/Gregorian calendar years to the Holocene/Human Era can be easily achieved by adding 10,000 to the AD/CE year number & by substrating 10,000 fromm the BC/BCE number. The present year, 2020, can be transformed into a Holocene year by placing the digit "1" before it, making it 12,020 HE. Years counted using BC/BCE are converted easily by simply subtracting the BC/BCE year number from 10,001.

Quote -

"In the BC/AD way of reckoning years, there is no year zero, and the numbering of years increases in opposite directions, whereas time flows in one direction. As a result, time intervals across the BC/AD boundary cannot be calculated algebraically — the time interval between 1.5 BC and AD 1.5 is 1 year, not 3 years." – Cesare Emiliani

Biography -

Cesare Emiliani (8 December, 11922 HE – 20 July, 11995 HE) was an italian-american scientist, geologist, micropaleontologist & the founder of paleoceanography, known for developing the timescale of marine isotope stages, which remains in use today, despite modifications. In his later years, he dedicated a great deal of time to promoting a calendar reform based on the Holocene calendar (HE) concept to eliminate the BC – AD chronology gap caused by the lack of a "year zero".

References -

https://www.nature.com/articles/366716b0.pdf
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/94EO00895
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocene_calendar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cesare_Emiliani
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocene

(person in the enlarged photograph: Cesare Emiliani)

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