Nagorno Karabagh is an Armenian territory,but Azerbaijan claims that it is part of Azerbaijan. It is home to 144,000 Armenians,but Azerbaijan is entering the territory and is starting to kill innocent Armenians and is making threats to use military force on the territory and on Armenia. If you sign this petition you can give freedom to the 144,000 Armenians living there and end this bloody 20 year conflict.Please give Karabagh Independence So it May once again Connect with "Mother" Armenia. Give Karabagh its independence from Azerbaijan
The essential difference in the cases of Nagorno Karabakh and Kosovo lies in the histories of both regions. Nagorno Karabakh — Artsakh in Armenian — is one of the cradles of Armenian statehood and the birthplace of a late medieval emancipatory movement in Eastern Armenia. Artsakh contains a large number of key landmarks of Armenian history, and is important to the Armenians in the same way Kosovo is important to the Serbs or Jerusalem is important to the Jews.
Armenian settlements and a distinct political entity have existed in Artsakh since the second century BC. Ancient Greek and Roman historians, including Pliny the Elder, Plutarch, Ptolemy and Dio Cassius stated in their writings that Armenia's eastern border with the neighboring region of Caucasian Aluania (Aghvank) was demarcated by the River Kur, engulfing Artsakh in Armenia. Greek historian Strabo in his "Geography" mentions Artsakh as a fertile province of Armenia known for its exceptional cavalry.
In the 1st century BC, the ruler of the Armenian Kingdom Tigran II the Great founded one of four cities, named "Tigranakert" after himself, in Artsakh; its ruins are found on the eastern border of the contemporary Nagorno Karabakh Republic. Artsakh, codified as the 10th province of the ancient kingdom of Armenia Major (Armenia Greater or Metz Haik, in Armenian), was brought into focus at the end of the 4th century, when Christianity was spreading to Armenia's eastern provinces, in the aftermath of the missionary activities of St. Gregory the Illuminator.
In the 5th century, Artsakh became the place where the creator of the Armenian alphabet, St. Mesrob Mashtots >>, established the first Armenian religious school, in Amaras Monastery (now in the Martuni district of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic). Amaras became the venue where the newly invented alphabet was probated for teaching purposes for the first time.
Here is some excerps for the book "40 days of Musa Dagh"
page 81-82 : " Zeitun is the name of an ancient hill town on the northern slopes of the Cilian Taurus range. Like the villages around Musa Dagh, it was almost entirely inhabited by its original Armenian population. Since, however, it was a town of some importance, of about thirty thousand inhabitants, the Turkish government had garrisoned it with considerable numbers of troops and saptiehs, officers and officials, with their families - as they did wherever it seemed necessary to keep non-Turks under surveillance..."
Here is the original text of this excerpt:
"For months the ruthless Turks had waged a campaign of terror against the Armenians -- hanging, looting and raping.
And now, in 1915, they embarked on a campaign of complete extermination.
Faced with certain death, the Armenian villagers revolted. It fell to Gabriel Bagradian to lead some five thousand of them into the impenetrable mountain area of Musa Dagh. Here they constructed primitive but almost impregnable fortifications.
The tough, courageous villagers--poorly armed and with meager provisions-- looked out across the rocky slopes to see the first Turkish patrols inching slowly up the mountain.
The bloody battle of Musa Dagh was about to begin..."
This is about the book by Franz Werfel. If you would like to use excerpt from a non-fiction here's the link to the article by Dennis R.Papazian of which the first part
The history of Musa Dagh and the History of Nagorno Karabagh is intertwined.
The Armenians of Nagorno Karabagh have seen countless massacres of their own people and family members. This pain has been enflicted by the Azeris. The Azeris had made up propaganda called the "Khojaly Genocide" in order to make the Armenians look like monsters to the World. The khojaly photos that the Azeris call evidence is pictures from the Kosovo War where the Kosovans were massacred. Examples of the Massacres of the Armenians by the Azeris in Karabagh include...
1) Sumgait pogrom (1988): It is difficult to define the exact number of victims of Sumgait massacre due to refusal of Azeri government to help. Basing on the data provided by the Prosecutor’s office of Azerbaijan, the Prosecutor’s office of the USSR announced that 26 citizens of Armenian nationality perished in Sumgait
2) Baku Pogrom(1990) : The pogroms resulted in the death of an estimated 300 Armenians. They came as a direct response from Soviet Azerbaijan to the hundreds of thousands of Armenian demonstrators urging the Kremlin to allow Karabakh to be part of Armenia in 1988.
3) Maraghar Massacre (1992) : 45 people had been massacred and 100 were missing, possibly suffering a fate worse than death.
4) Shushi Massacres (1920) : The Shushi massacres were anti-Armenian pogroms during the Armenian-Azerbaijani war, 1920, when Azeri and Turkish army soldiers with participation of Kurdish gangs attacked the inhabitants of Shushi. The massacres took place on March 22-26, 1920, and resulted in more than 20,000 Armenian deaths and the destruction of the town of Shushi in Nagorno-Karabakh.
An unidentified Armenian press editor said the commander of the Soviet troops asked the Interior Ministry in Moscow for permission to evacuate some of the city's Armenian population of 100,000. However, attempts by Soviet troops to defend Armenians during the pogrom were to no avail. The conflict intensified in the fall of 1988, as the Armenians of Kirovabad and the surrounding countryside were driven from their homes and forced to seek haven in Armenia.
On November 23, an attempt of pogrom against the building of the city's Executive committee took place. During the clashes between the aggressive crowd and the armed forces who tried to keep the order and to defend the Armenian citizens three soldiers were killed, and 67 people were wounded. Hooligans burned down and damaged the military machines.
At the time, Soviet human rights activist Andrei Sakharov, in Massachusetts during the unrest, said he had received reports from the Soviet Union that more than 130 Armenians were killed and more than 200 wounded in the violence. In 1990, Yuri Rost mentions forty deaths, one third of whom were ethnic Azeris killed in clashes with the Soviet troops, however in the same year Sakharov admitted in his memoirs that releasing the figures about the numbers of Armenian casualties was a deplorable mistake
Nearly 350,000 Armenians living in Azerbaijan were driven out of their homes by Azeri soldiers.
"40 days of Musa Dagh" by Franz Werfel
Special thanks to my friend Dagmar Jesensky
for all his help.
It all began in 1988, when, after nearly 70 years of foreign tyranny, the men and women of Nagorno Karabagh stood for the right that we cherish as Americans: To live in freedom under a government of our own choosing. Through peaceful and legal means, they sought self-determination and voted for independence in a referendum. The Soviets, in Moscow and Baku, responded with violence and ethnic cleansing, including massacres in Sumgait (1988) and Baku (1990), intended to derail this popular movement. Nearly all the Armenians in Azerbaijan (350,000) were driven from their homes and farms. The subsequent offenses launched by Azerbaijani forces against civilians reinforced within Nagorno Karabagh the belief that self-defense represented their only hope for survival.
Over the past 22 years, Nagorno Karabagh, having successfully defended its rights, has built a durable and democratic society. Domestically, the people and government of the Republic have made tremendous progress in strengthening their independent statehood, particularly in terms of its economy and democratic institutions. Regionally, Nagorno Karabagh has worked hard for peace. Internationally, against the background of the recent Kosovo precedent, Nagorno Karabagh continues to broaden its engagement with the world community, even as it faces escalating threats of renewed war by a belligerent and increasingly over-armed Azerbaijani government.