National Maritime Carbon Reduction Day

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Fuel Emissions from Cruise Lines and International Maritime Shipping is a major contributor to world problems such as Climate change, Respiratory Disease, and Environmental Degradation. More must be done to reduce emissions or convert maritime transportation vessels into using more sustainable and safer energy sources. A traditional cruise uses diesel engines, gas turbines or a combination of both; diesel fuel is direct pollution source because it produces nitrogen oxide emission, which it might also cause respiratory disease and lung cancer. 

In addition, the emission from cruise ships also contains high sulfur content which is dangerous  when it mixes with water and air, it forms sulfuric acid. Acid rain is linked to deforestation, destroy aquatic life and damage building materials. On a daily basis, an average cruises ship at sea emits more sulfur dioxide than 13 million cars in total. (Shrikant, A. 2018)

Furthermore, from an environmental standpoint, a person on a seven-day cruise produces the same amount of emissions as they during 18 days on land. Traveling by cruise ship causes 1,000 times more CO2 emissions than traveling by train.(K. 2018)

Possible solutions to improve this situation may include: developing policy and further regulation to improve efficiency of vessels and support the conversion of vessels into using sustainable energy sources. Some current technologies such as solar power and retractable sail technologies exist and are good ways maritime companies can reduce their overall emissions from their vessels. Government and international policy should garner more support of helping companies make the transition to more sustainable and safer energy sources