Issues with Indonesia's Fruit Diversity

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This petition is proudly made by Afel, Andra, Bryant, Owen, Clea, student of 9 Obadiah, Saint John Catholic School BSD from our collective concern and love for the preservation of our local fruit.

The Background

(written by Bryant)

Fruits are a great part of the human diet. The more diverse fruits we have the better. fruits help give us certain nutrients like potassium, dietary fiber, vitamins and folate. Different foods and food groups are good sources for various macro- and micronutrients, so a diverse diet best ensures nutrient adequacy. Indonesian fruits too have a lot of diversity with fruits giving a lot of nutrients. The natural system too needs diversity or it will not grow so great. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.

The Problem with Indonesia’s Local Fruit Consumption

(written by Owen)

Indonesia, being a tropical country, houses an abundance of rare plants. These include medicinal plants, edible plants, dangerous plants and other types of plants. One of the problems Indonesia faces today, especially with the current world condition, is the low consumption of local fruits that might cause a descent in the quantity of these plants being cultivated.

Based on the 2016 National Socio Economic Survey (SUSENAS) announced by BPS, local fruit consumption has plummeted throughout the years. With more people preferring imported fruit or other food options over local fruit and products, the market for local fruit keeps getting smaller and smaller. This causes local fruit vendors to switch into the more demanded imported fruits and decrease the population of cultivated local fruits making them rarer.

Some factors that oppose the market for local fruits is the availability of the fruits. Like most plants tropical fruits have a cycle for ripening. This makes the fruits available only in certain times of the year and makes it impossible for local fruit vendors to sell only one or two types of fruit. Unlike local fruits, imported fruits come from all over the world. These fruits have been modified genetically to grow faster and easier so their production rate and quantity are higher than that of local fruits. This also makes them cheaper and a more common option for fruit vendors to sell.

How Does This Impact Human Life?

(written by Clea)

The issue we are facing here is the reduced diversity of Indonesia’s native fruits. By losing an element in a food chain, the other elements are of course highly affected by the outcome. Although most people might not be aware of it, the diversity of food is very much beneficial to the nutritional adequacy of Indonesians. People are encouraged to consume varieties of food to fulfill the human needs of nutrition. The more limited varieties of local food may lead to nutrition deficiencies in the future, for our children and grandchildren. The loss of one type of plant also impacts the economy in a disadvantageous way, because in just one plant, the economic value within is extraordinary. This whole situation is harmful for the citizens as well as the environment because if the number of plant diversities reduces from year to year, there is no doubt this decrease will corrupt human life security, especially in the terms of food.

What to Do?

(written by Andra)

-leave the paddy fields out of the industrial developments as this speeds up the occurrence of losing the diversity of food plants in Indonesia because the land to reproduce plants are taken away.

-raise import food taxes so that people buy more local foods, and in this way the state can profit from anyone importing foods

-give local farmers that grow the fruits more support by providing them with what they need, help transport the goods. Increase the land needed for the plants to grow.

In Conclusion

(written by Afel)

In conclusion, if we don't act soon, the problem will get worse as the year goes by, and Indonesians might face a huge loss of fruits if we don't start taking actions. The loss we face is nutrition deficiency, which is very much important for human health. As well as the problem involving economic issues in a bad way. Us, the younger generations should start taking simple actions such as consuming native fruits. That is our bare minimum. We need to leave the paddy fields out of the industrial developments as this speeds up the occurrence of losing the diversity of food plants in Indonesia because the land to reproduce plants are taken away. By that we should raise import food taxes so that people buy more local foods, and in this way, the state can profit from anyone importing foods. And give local farmers more support by providing them with what they need, help transport the goods. Increase the land needed for the plants to grow. We hope you can sign our petition and get this message heard so no such problems will be encountered in the future as it could be very damaging to the upcoming generations, in health, and even environmentally. We hope this problem will be resolved soon.