Illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren beenden
Hallo, mein Name ist Jane Goodall und ich möchte Sie um Ihre Unterstützung bitten, den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren zu beenden. Ich verbringe jedes Jahr rund 300 Tage auf Reisen und spreche mit Menschen darüber, wie wir den Tieren am besten helfen können. Aber ich weiß, dass die Kraft der sozialen Medien sehr viel mehr Menschen sehr viel schneller vernetzen kann, als es eine einzelne Person zu tun vermag. Bitte helfen Sie mir den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren zu beenden. Gier und das Verlangen nach zunehmend seltener werdenden “Trophäen” lassen den illegalen Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren boomen. Dieser grausame Handel treibt die gefährdeten Arten dieser Welt rasant auf ihre Auslöschung zu. Ich treffe in diesem Jahr mit einigen der führenden Vertreter von Artenschutzorganisationen zusammen und ich brauche dringend Ihre Unterstützung, um ihnen deutlich zu machen, dass es Ihr Wunsch ist, dass die internationale Gemeinschaft den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren mit höchster Priorität behandeln muss. Meine Kollegen und ich vom Jane Goodall Institut haben die schrecklichen Wunden gesehen, die den Opfern durch Wilderei zugefügt wurden. Wir wissen als Vertreter einer gemeinnützigen Artenschutzorganisation, die gemeinsam mit großen internationalen Partnern in vielen afrikanischen Ländern vor Ort zusammenarbeitet, dass die Abschlachtung dieser wunderbaren Tiere grausam und unentschuldbar ist. Wir haben auch den heroischen Einsatz von Rangern unter Verlust ihres Lebens gesehen, die die Tiere gegen Wilderer verteidigt haben: wir dürfen nicht zulassen, dass ihr Tod umsonst war. In unserem Tchimpounga Schimpansen Rehabilitationszentrum sehen wir Affen, die durch tödliche Schnappfallen verstümmelt wurden, Affen, die an Schusswunden leiden und Schimpansen im Kindesalter, die ihren Müttern entrissen wurden, nachdem diese von Wilderern erschossen wurden. Sie werden auf Märkten angeboten, wo Menschen illegal Schimpansenfleisch kaufen können. Die kleinen Schimpansen kommen oft mit schweren Verletzungen zu uns, sind sehr krank und leiden an schweren psychologischen Störungen, die vielleicht nie mehr heilen werden. Und trotzdem gehören sie zu denen, die Glück gehabt haben. Die Kleinen, die es nicht bis Tchimpounga schaffen, werden oft im illegalen Handel für exotische Haustiere oder für den Unterhaltungssektor verkauft, wo ihr Schicksal ein kurzes, einsames Leben voller Schmerz und Misshandlung ist. Dies ist kein einfaches Thema und voller Beispiele dafür, was der Druck der Armut, fehlende Möglichkeiten des Vollzugs von Schutzrechten, staatliche Korruption und die unreflektierte Nachfrage nach wildlebenden Tieren oder deren Produkten durch Konsumenten in aller Welt anzurichten imstande sind. Der unmenschliche Brauch, in das natürliche Habitat von geschützten Tieren einzudringen um sie zu fangen oder zu töten, um bestimmte Teile zu verwerten, zerstört die kostbarsten Arten unserer Erde, und er muss aufhören. Die Fakten, die die Dringlichkeit dieser Krise verdeutlichen: 35.000 Elefanten werden jedes Jahr für ihr Elfenbein getötet. Die Wilderei von Nashörnern ist zwischen 2007-2014 um 9.000% gestiegen. 73 Millionen Haie werden jedes Jahr ihrer Flossen wegen getötet. Eine Studie von 2014 zeigte, dass es wahrscheinlich nur noch 3.200 wilde Tiger in Asien gibt. Jährlich werden 3.000 Menschenaffen (auch Schimpansen) illegal getötet oder aus der Wildnis gestohlen. Diese Zahlen sind Schätzungen, die auf Populationsgrößen basieren, die es nicht einmal mehr gibt, denn jährlich sind es weniger und weniger Tiere, die überhaupt gejagt werden können. Das Jane Goodall Institut hat nun die großangelegte Jane’s Traffic Stop Kampagne gestartet, um diesen Handel zu beenden. Bitte seien Sie ein Teil davon! Es ist unsere Hoffnung, dass wir einen Beitrag leisten werden, der Wilderei endgültig ein Ende zu setzen, indem wir eine riesige Gemeinschaft von Unterstützerinnen und Unterstützern in den sozialen Medien aufbauen, die im Kampf gegen die Gewalt kontinuierlich die Entscheidungsträger in die Verantwortung nehmen. Ich glaube fest daran, dass wir - vom majestätischen Elefanten bis hin zum kleinsten Schmetterling – vom Aussterben bedrohte und gefährdete Arten wertschätzen und zelebrieren sollten, damit sie in Ruhe leben können... wild und frei. Das kann nicht eine Person allein erreichen. Und wir brauchen Unterstützung. Diese Bewegung braucht Sie! Erheben Sie sich gegen den Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren, indem Sie diese Petition zeichnen und so Ihre Unterstützung zeigen. Und helfen Sie mir dabei diese hoffnungsvolle Botschaft weiterzuverbreiten und z.B. an die IUCN beim World Conservation Congress, an die International Primatological Society auf ihrem zweijährlichen Kongress und vor allem an CITES bei der CoP17 Konferenz in South Africa im September diesen Jahres, zu überbringen. Wir müssen der Welt erzählen, dass wilde Tiere nicht auf der Erde sind, um bis zu ihrer Auslöschung gejagt zu werden und stückweise als Beute oder Trophäen verkauft zu werden. Wir dürfen das Geschäft mit der Wilderei nicht unterstützen, wir müssen bewusster einkaufen und es vermeiden, illegale Tierprodukte zu kaufen oder Unternehmen zu unterstützen, die das tun. Jeder und jede von uns ist nur eine Stimme in dem Kampf um die Beendigung der Wilderei, aber wenn Sie mir alle kollektiv beistehen und Ihre Stimme erheben, dann wird unsere Botschaft unmöglich zu überhören sein. Ich werde eng mit unseren Partnern zusammenarbeiten, um sicherzustellen, dass die Unterschriften dieser Petition weiteren Druck und Erfolg in diese internationale Bewegung bringen, um die Wildtiere zu retten. Unterschreiben Sie jetzt diese Petition und werden Sie Teil meiner Kampagne. Wir werden Sie mit Informationen über weitere Aktionen in den kommenden Wochen und Monaten auf dem Laufenden halten. Ich danke Ihnen. -Dr. Jane Goodall www.janegoodall.de
Stop Deforestation in Wilpattu Forest Complex
The Wilpattu Forest Complex (referred to in this petition as WFC) bordering the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka, is an important ecological complex and a cradle of global biodiversity, home to close to 1,000 plant and animal species. (It is important to note that sometimes the WFC is called 'Wilpattu' or 'Wilpattuva' in the vernacular language and should not be confused with Wilpattu National Park. Wilpattu National Park (hereafter "WNP") is the main constituent of WFC; however, it is only one part of the WFC. In effect, a number of peripheral forests and sanctuaries and WNP link up to create a large habitat that is more than the sum of its parts; these other lands include the Kallaru Forest, Wilpattu North Sanctuary, Thabbowa Sanctuary, Vilatthaikulam, Mavillu, and the Veerakkulicholai-Eluvankulama Proposed Reserve. The fact of this larger habitat, i.e. the 'forest complex', is vital to the point of this petition. Wilpattu Forest Complex has shown a dangerous and growing trend of deforestation since the late 2000s. All environmental groups have continually maintained that new settlements in the "Wilpattu Forest Complex" have been the key driver of this deforestation, in contrast to Wilpattu National Park, which remains relatively well protected. The Wilpattu Forest Complex is the larger entity than WNP and includes WNP, and the resettlements are taking place outside the northern boundary of WNP, specifically within Wilpattu North Sanctuary, Kallaru, and Vilatthaikulam. There are no settlements/clearing in the Wilpattu National Park itself. This is why environmentalists used specifically the term "Wilpattu Forest Complex", Kallaru, WIlpattu North Sanctuary, or Vilatthaikulam when speaking of deforestation. These areas include 12 ecosystems and are just as important to the forest complex as the national park. Sponsored human settlement within the WFC began in 2010, following the 2009 construction of an illegal road on 300 acres of land, cutting through WNP and bridging the areas ‘Eluvankulama’ and ‘Mollikulama’. Legal action by four environmental organizations is continuing against this illegal road. Human settlement commenced subsequent to the road’s construction and has led to a visible acceleration of deforestation, as documented via Google map time-lapse videos. Currently, the controversial settlements are taking place within the northern, peripheral parts of the WFC, specifically within part of the previously mentioned Wilpattu North Sanctuary and the Kallaru Reserve (Marichchikuddai/Kaarikkadu) and more recently in Vilatthaikulam Reserve. We will hereafter call this threatened area the ‘Northern Habitat’ for ease of reference within this article. The threatened Northern Habitat comprises ecosystems including wetlands, wet villu, mangrove, and other important freshwater ecosystems, containing 605 species of plants, 33 of which are endemic to Sri Lanka. The section provides habitat to 30 freshwater-fish species, 17 amphibian species, 57 reptile species, 149 bird species, 41 mammal species, and 86 species of butterflies. Moreover, the area is an important archeological site with artifacts dating back to the time of the Mohenjo-daro civilization. Human settlement of the WFC poses a direct threat to the conservation of all of these vital natural and other assets. About 50 acres of resettlement area belong directly to Wilpattu North Sanctuary. Proponents of WNP human settlement argue that current human-settlement areas are not protected areas. However, comprehensive field and aerial assessments show that this is not the case: the settlements have clearly encroached areas protected by legislation. Apart from the 50 acres of Wilpattu North Sanctuary, 2500 acres of deforested land is owned by the state, mainly by the Forest Department (since 10 October 2012) and partly by the Department of Wildlife Conservation. The initial stages of the settlement projects led the Wildlife Department itself to initiate legal inquiry; the above-mentioned c. 2,500 acres of habitat land belonging to the state has been destroyed for human settlement in contravention of the Forest Conservation Ordinance and several other key environmental laws and without archeological impact assessments. Proponents of WNP human settlement argue that current human-settlements are “resettlements”, although they are in fact new settlements with a ‘resettlement’ guise. The original villages were small villages situated south of the forested areas as noted on Google maps (which are compiled based on historical satellite images). The new settlements show on Google maps as built on recently cleared forest land, and show a grid city system not previously seen in the area. https://earthengine.google.com/timelapse/#v=8.61074,79.97165,12.045,latLng&t=2.90 Each land plot is completely deforested (unlike in villages) and a lone house is located in each desert plot. When he appeared on the television program Derana 360 in January 2017, Minister Badurdeen implied that the land plots allocated do not correspond (in terms of global positioning) to the positions of original residential lands, therefore they are not ancestral lands. If the settlers are happy to resettle in new lands in Wilpattu, it is likely they would be even happier to resettle in more habitable lands outside Wilpattu. In fact, it was shown on Derana 360 that the government had in fact allocated more suitable locations for the settlement of these same families. The Minister stated conveniently that he was not aware of alternative allocations. This indicates that the Minister’s true agenda is unclear. In fact, it has been reported that a large number of newly built houses remain empty, fueling suspicions. Environmental groups are working in coalition to save the Wilpattu Forest Complex and need your support. The deforestation is continuing without pause. Please help to raise awareness and to spread the word that the state forests belonging to the "Wilpattu Forest Complex" (including Kallaru, Wilpattu North Sanctuary, and Vilatthaikulam) are being deforested. Please ensure to clarify that it is not "Wilpattu National Park" but the Wilpattu Forest Complex that is being destroyed. Environmentalists are gravely concerned about the ongoing, gradual destruction of this key area and about how initial settlements will spread and exacerbate human-wildlife conflict, to the increasing loss of unrecoverable natural wealth. The Wilpattu Forest Complex is part of the Western Ghats global biodiversity hotspot and also a natural sponge that preserves the conditions necessary for the rest of Sri Lanka's wet zone and its rainforests and nourishes Sri Lanka’s western coastal ecosystem. For a small island surrounded on all sides by ocean that desiccate its lowland coasts, these special ecosystems are vital. In an era of climate change, it is even more vital than ever that we protect these areas. Let us lose no time to protect the Wilpattu Forest Complex for future generations.
SPEAK FOR THE UNSPOKEN
The Sri Lankan leopard is a leopard subspecies native to Sri Lanka. Sadly on Thursday (June 21st), one leopard met a tragic end when it ventured into the Ambalpuram area in Kilinochchi, Sri Lanka. (Many a times this happened. But Sri Lankan Government still did not take an action. The wait is over. It's time for us to unite as a nation and RAISE OUR VOICE AND SPEAK FOR THE UNSPOKEN.) With its habitat being destroyed and disturbed by humans on a daily basis, animals are now heading to cities. Animals that lose their native habitats are forced into new areas in search of shelter and food. Enraged and hungry. Animals who move sometimes come into contact with humans while searching for an area with a better food supply. Sometimes these animals are simply a nuisance, but other times they can attack humans. Sometimes humans relocate the displaced species to an area where they will not interfere with human habitation, but other times humans respond by attacking or killing the threatening or annoying animal. these animals attack human beings and such attacks could be fatal. Humans being the funny animals, pollute the environment with various inventions ranging from automobiles to refrigerators, contaminated fresh water bodies with chemicals, burnt down forests for cultivation and forced the animals to leave their natural habitat. Animals soon started proceeding to cities, and many a times, attacked human beings out of fear, or hunger. BUT CLEARLY THAT'S NOT ANIMALS' FAULT. Being the most intelligent species on the planet, humans have come a long way. From inventions starting from fire and wheel, now we build sky scrappers and send people to Mars. But not much changed for animals other than the fact their environment has been deteriorating due to various factors, human encroachment and interference being one of the prime reasons for these type of things. WHO'S TO BLAME? It’s only humans: • Animal & human population is rising, shrinking habitats • Implementation of environmental laws is also about politics • Roads & power lines block regular routes of wild animals • Food sources are being affected by human intrusion PLEASE TAKE AN ACTION. OUR WILD ANIMALS SHOULD NOT BE KILLED LIKE THIS. THEY WERE GIFTED TO MAKE OUR NATURE EVEN MORE BEAUTIFUL. PEOPLE SHOULD UNDERSTAND THAT WE USE THE ADJECTIVE "WILD" BEFORE THESE ANIMALS, JUST BECAUSE THEY CAN BE DEADLY. WE CAN'T EXPECT SOMETHING SWEET FROM THEM WHEN THEY ARE DISPLACED AND WHEN IN HUNGER. DEFORESTATION IS ONE OF THE KEY RESONS FOR THESE TYPE OF THINGS HAPPEN. PLEASE STOP DEFORESTATION, PLEASE LET OUR VALUABLE SPECIES LIVE IN PEACE. SOMETHING CALLED "HUMANITY" STILL EXISTS. "SPEAK FOR THE UNSPOKEN"
Leave your plastic in the supermarkets you shop in
The Facts: The proliferation of plastic products in the last 70 years or so has been extraordinary. We are now producing nearly 300 million tons of plastic every year, half of which is for single use. More than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans every year. Plastic is cheap and incredibly versatile with properties that make it ideal for many applications. However, these qualities have also resulted in it becoming an environmental issue so TOGETHER let's make a change - instead of carrying your shopping out of the supermarkets in plastic lets try to get back to putting your veg, fish and meat in brown paper bags. However if you find that a challenge keep it simple to start, when you leave the supermarket leave your plastic with them for example : four baked bean cans have a plastic wrapper holding them together take it of and give it back to the supermarket. Anything your comfortable with removing just do it!! You will help the planet! We need to save this planet before it's to late. The ocean, the future generations and the wild life of the world. Lastly all I say sign the petition and get the ball rolling and hopefully the government will listen. Plastic is not key to our life's so please for the future of this planet & environment please come together and support this. Thank you & get signing
Protect The Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem Through Eco-Tourism & Global Recognition
The Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem comprises one of only three extended villu ecosystems found in Sri Lanka, two of which have been declared as Ramsar Listed Wetland Clusters of International Importance (as opposed to Individual Sites), under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (which was signed on the 2nd of February 1971). The aforementioned Wetland Clusters are the Wilpattu Forest Complex (within which Wilpattu National Park is contained), and Kumana National Park (which forms one protected area within the Greater Yala Complex). However, most people (as of April the 28th 2018), still remain unaware that the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem is not only a villu ecosystem, but also partially under the legal protection of Sri Lanka's relatively expansive protected area (hereafter referred to as PAs) network. The PA's in this particular instance are Flood Plains National Park (which forms one sector of the Wasgamuwa Tri - Park Sector), and Somawathiya National Park (which forms one PA within Sri Lanka's Eastern Terrestrial Protected Areas). Both national parks were declared under the Mahaweli Development Programme (now titled the Accelerated Mahaweli Development Programme), in 1984 (Flood Plains) and 1986 (Somawathiya) respectively. Currently both national parks are closed to the general public, with the only activities taking place in Somawathiya, revolving around the ancient Somawathiya Chaitya. As far as eco-tourism activities are concerned, the Department of Wildlife Conservation's decision not to open either national park to the general public, has been based around the inaccessibility of Flood Plains, and the lack of a management plan, with regard to effectively protecting the former, as well as Somawathiya. As such, this lack of eco-tourism related activities/proper management plans has led certain rogue business and politically affiliated elements with society, to engage in activities which are in direct violation of both the Flora and Fauna Protection Ordinance (hereafter referred to as the FFPO), and the Forest Conservation Ordinance (hereafter referred to as the FCO). Such activities include deforestation, cultivation of both edible and non-edible crops (i.e. bananas and tobacco), encroachment, illegal logging and grazing of domestic cattle with the boundaries of the park (illegal). The construction of the various water catchment projects (under the Accelerated Mahaweli Development Programme), has also badly affected the seasonal water flows, as well as the overall carrying capacity of the villus contained within the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem (protected and un-protected). This loss of seasonal water movements by the aforementioned water catchment projects, will have an additional, detrimental effect as the ecologically rich grazing lands (i.e. the seasonally flooded grasslands), will loose their overall richness, and turn into grazing grounds which are poor in nutrition and faunal diversity, ultimately affecting the herbivorous fauna of the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem. It is also worth keeping in mind, that the loss of water within the aforementioned villus, has already started to have a negative impact on the overall eco-system, with invasive floral species such as the Common Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes), the Giant Salvinia/Kariba Weed (Salvinia Molesta) and the Cocklebur/Burweed (Xanthium Indicum) already showing signs of significant expansion, putting such alien floral species in direct competition with far more delicate native floral species. Both the Handapan and Bendiya Villus (located with Flood Plains National Park) are already exhibiting the characteristics of unnaturally altered villu ecosystems, with the accelerated loss of important herbal species a crucial indicator of such unnatural alteration. Protecting the full extent of the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem (it's two PAs included), is of significant importance and should be accomplished with a real sense of urgency. The ecological diversity within Flood Plains National Park alone is staggering, with over 14 species of mammalian fauna, an estimated 75 species of avian fauna, approximately 10 - 20 species of reptilian fauna and an unknown array of aquatic freshwater and brackish water species (a significant percentage of which could turn out to be endemic). As far as floral diversity is concerned, 231 floral species have been recorded within Flood Plains National Park, contained within a host of different examples of contiguous vegetation, including dry zone riverine forests, fresh/brackish water swamp forests and marshlands, riverine gallery forests and seasonally flooded grasslands. In the case of Somawathiya National Park, the ecological diversity is of a similar importance and variety, with both national parks playing host to an avifaunal diversity that rivals national parks such as Bundala (which forms one PA within the Southern Avian and Elephant Conservation Region), Kumana and Wilpattu, with estimated mixed avian populations (endemic, resident, vagrant and migratory), numbering between 4000 - 8000 individuals (dependent on the season/time of the year). Additionally, both national parks are important feeding grounds/migratory channels for large numbers of Sri Lankan Elephants, of which an estimated 200 are recorded to inhabit/traverse Flood Plains, while approximately 300 - 400 have been counted living within/migrating through Somawathiya. Such is the overall importance of both PAs, as well as the river that they collectively protect, the Mahaweli River (alternatively titled the "Great Sandy River"), which itself (due to the Accelerated Mahaweli Development Scheme), irrigates 386 square miles/999.74 square kilometres of agricultural land, and provides approximately 40 - 50% of the island's total electrical energy production cementing the urgent need for complete protection and sustainable management. As such, the motivation behind/purpose of this petition is to push for the opening of both Flood Plains and Somawathiya National Park to the general public, with a heavy emphasis placed on eco-tourism activities such as safaris, sustainability and community-driven conservation. This would serve to discourage the range of illegal activities (mentioned in detail above), from taking place within either PA, while simultaneously bolstering the economic prospects and livelihoods of the various communities that live in the vicinity of both Flood Plains and Somawathiya. This petition also calls for the expansion of the PA Network within the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem, which is only (through the two national parks mentioned), 549.984 square kilometres as of April the 28th 2018. Considering the total square kilometerage of the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem is approximately four to five times the size of it's PA Network, it is imperative that the sizes of both Flood Plains and Somawathiya are significantly increased. Anyone who has been to either Wilpattu National Park or Kumana National Park will be aware of the sheer beauty, as well as the ecological diversity contained within both national park's numerous Villus or "Natural Lakes". These sand-rimmed water basins or "depressions" are of incalculable value, particularly with regard to conserving avian fauna (endemic, resident, vagrant and migratory). Consequently, this petition calls for the listing and declaration of the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem, as the island's third Ramsar Listed Wetland Cluster of International Importance, as opposed to Single or Individual Site (under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance). For reference, 38 Villus have been recorded within Flood Plains, while 20 Villus have been documented within Somawathiya (a total of 58 Villus), and that isn't taking into account the countless other Villus which are located outside these two national parks, but within the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystem. Finally this petition calls for accountability, on the part of the DWC (with regard to securing and protecting both Flood Plains and Somawathiya National Parks), as well as the added cooperation of the Department of Forest Conservation (DFC), the Mahaweli Authority of Sri Lanka (MASL) and the Department of Irrigation (DOI), with regard to creating a competent management plan (under which the restoration of seasonal water movements is included), so that the Villus within and outside the Greater Mahaweli Flood Plain Ecosystems PAs can effectively recover and rejuvenate at an ecological level. Dialogue and mutual collaboration between the both the Ministry of Sustainable Development & Wildlife, and the Ministry of Mahaweli Development & Environment would help expedite the resolution of such issues, without incurring both bureaucratic stalemates and barriers (commonplace within Sri Lanka's administrative framework).
Save Endangered Sri Lankan Elephants-They are on the path to Extinction !
Despite increased efforts to tackle the surge in Human Elephant Conflict due to deforestation and habitat fragmentation, nearly 2844 elephants have been killed by 1991-2010, from then 300 per year have been killed up to now - highlighting the need for urgent international action to address the endangered wildlife crisis in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan elephant Elephas maximus maximus native to Sri Lanka, had been listed as endangered by IUCN as the population has declined by at least 65% over the last three generations, estimated to be 60-75 years. However the declining of elephant population day by day pulls them towards the Critically Endangered category which will ultimately expel them from the earth categorizing them to the category Extinct! The elephant population drastically go down at “alarming pace” with around 4500 remaining currently which also revealed by government auditor general reports-2018, that Sri Lankan elephant is in huge danger of extinction if action is not immediately taken to reverse the current trend toward extinction. But Unfortunately Sri Lankan government unable to address the issue yet. The main threats the species faces in Sri Lanka are: Deforestation, habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and degradation Obstructing Elephant corridors and Migratory pathways Waste Disposal to the elephant gathering areas Poaching and Illegal killing The Sri Lankan elephant was once found throughout the island of Sri Lanka, but is now being pushed into dry zone and pocketed into smaller forest areas. Deforestation, fragmentation of natural habitats owing to mega development projects, irrigation, infrastructure and human settlements have lead to a continuous contraction of habitats available to elephants and restrict the food gain and water gain of the elephants. Also, Elephant Migratory pathways are entirely blocked by human settlement. Though the Sri Lankan government always speaking about Sustainable development in world summits but nothing had happened so far, for the means of sustainable development! Highways, roads, dams, railway tracks and other mega projects are still building through dense forests and wildlife reserves. No concept of Eco Bridges or any other conservation technology. Conversion of elephant habitat to settlements and permanent cultivation by Deforestation makes a devastating impact on Sri Lanka’s elephant population and government not able to take any single step to minimize deforestation although the country’s primary forest cover remaining in nearly 14%. At the same time, Many elephants have been dying due to starvation, unplanned electrical fencing would intensify this pathetic situation much more. Another major problem is water scarcity within their habitats. Since the natural sources of food are destroyed, they tempt to roam for villages in search of food and water. They unintentionally destroy the cultivation of the villagers in order to quench their prolonging starvation, becoming a pest in Agriculture! This results the initiation of human – elephant conflict and cause the death of many elephants. The resultant Human-Elephant Conflict (HEC) has escalated to an alarmingly high proportion at present contributing to a very high mortality of elephants , about 3 elephant deaths per week, a 5% decline annually. Though the whole remaining estimated elephant is lower than 4000 in the country, Every year nearly 300-350 elephants are killed by gunshots, electrocution, planting hakkapatas or Jaw-bombs, snares, man-made traps and pits, poisoning and train accidents. It is very pathetic situation that many wild elephants that roam in the forests today are carrying large numbers of bullets within their bodies and many are blind due to gunshots. Almost many of wild elephants that lucky to save their lives so far, have become disabled by trap guns. The continued intensity of the human elephant conflict would pose a serious threat to the survival of the wild elephant in Sri Lanka and the resultant decline in elephant population will have an adverse impact on the viability of other wildlife as the elephant is a ‘keystone species’ and is critical to the management of its habitat: Since the elephant is a ‘flagship species’ its conservation will result in the maintenance of biological diversity and ecological integrity across a vast area of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka was a signatory to the CITES convention, (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna) is bound to protect its endangered species and prevent their trade in any form, alive or dead. Therefore the Government has a great obligation to protect the wild elephants and to control the poaching but, also an international responsibility as it had signed many international conventions to protect them. Therefore, it is needed to take urgent actions to draft a National Policy for the Conservation and Management of Wild Elephants in the country, in collaboration with the Department of Wildlife, Department Forest and Central Environmental Authority. But unfortunately, they were unable to implement a national policy framework for scientific conservation of wild elephants in their natural habitats so far. Some of the main activities conducted for conflict mitigation and elephant conservation in Sri Lanka are translocation by capture-transport, elephant drives, the distribution of elephant thunder crackers, the construction of electric fences and law enforcement. Elephant drives and thunder crackers cannot be considered successful deterrents. In fact, it has been consistently true that these starved, habitat lost giant beings only become more aggressive as a result of these methods. Electric fences are useful, but only as a psychological barrier. Declaring war on wild elephants Recently, at a public forum organized by the Department of Wildlife Conservation, the new Minister for Wildlife announced that rather than take the advice of researchers and conservationists, and implement the National Policy, that he had devised a policy of his own, for a ‘final solution’ to HEC, by adding 2,500 km of electric fencing to the existing 4,500 km, and confining elephants to forested land, by driving them from all places where they have contact with humans. In addition, he announced that 3,500 members of the Civil Defense Force (CDF) will be suitably armed, with Chinese weapons similar to T56 rifles, and placed at regular intervals along the fence to restrict the elephants to where they have been driven to. Suitable ‘guard posts’ will be built, at regular intervals along the fences, for the members of the CDF who will function independently and NOT be under the jurisdiction of the DWC. As there are villages and cultivations in 60% of the landscape of Sri Lanka in which 70% of the elephant population of Sri Lanka live, if the aforementioned estimate of numbers is to be accepted, then almost 4,000 elephants will have to be driven. The only places left would be the protected areas without people which constitute just 18% of the land area of the island and are at carrying capacity for elephants i.e. there is no more food for any additional elephants! Exceeding the carrying capacity would result in elephants starving to death due to a lack of adequate fodder. In addition, the Minister is to increase the number of elephants brought to the Elephant Holding Facility at Horowpathana to 100 elephants, and build another at Lunugamvehera. To these ‘prisons’, according to the Minister, will be sent all male elephants that are caught habituating human cultivation. As this population contain many of the prime breeding bulls in Sri Lanka, the genetic health of future populations, if there are any, will be serious weakened. It is said that Sri Lanka's elephant population can decrease by more than 50% if the above new Elephant-human conflict mitigation plan proposed by the Ministry of Sustainable Development, wildlife and regional Development is implemented researchers and conservationists said. We strongly believe that the survival of these animals is possible only through the protection of their natural habitats. For maintaining such un-fragmented habitats, Elephant corridors are the key. Elephant corridors are narrow strips of land that allow elephants to move from one habitat patch to another and securing these is critical to their survival and gene pool. The current scenario is: · In many nations of the world networking of wildlife habitats elephant corridors and restoring private and community lands to wilderness areas is gaining ground. eg; The Relocation of Ram Terrang in India and allocation for a Elephant corridor as a HEC mitigation measure. http://www.wti.org.in/projects/kaziranga-karbi-anglong-link/ · Sri Lanka has 70 Elephant corridors and lot of private lands which fall in these corridors has already been secured by Public-private partnerships and Elephants have been seen using these areas increasingly over the years. · Sri Lanka’s forest cover is now drastically decreasing due to rapid growth of human population and urbanization. Therefore this is the last chance to allocation and protection of endangered species in their habitats. For the conservation of elephants basically their natural habitats should be protected. Illegal deforestation of protected lands and national parks should be stopped immediately. All deforestation happening by the political power here, corrupted politicians connected in this huge environmental disaster in Sri Lanka. Thus, the elephant migration between protected areas needs to be facilitated through either maintenance or renewed establishment of human-habitation free corridors. Ensuring the future survival of elephants that range inside and outside protected areas is both central and crucial to the conservation of elephants in Sri Lanka. The urgent step that the government should take is to establish the proposed MER in Hambantota district, which will pave the way to reduce human elephant conflict in Southern province. The proposed conservation plan connects the Udawalawa , Lunugamvehera and Bundala wildlife reserves, after studying the animal’s migration patterns through longitudinal research and even satellite technology. But government not able to implement this elephant reserve yet and these lands distributed to unplanned projects and settlements. There is a unique opportunity to give back to wilderness. The following are a few ways in which the govt. can help the situation: Declaration, demarcation and legal protection of the natural habitats and elephant corridors under laws. Improvement of forest cover in elephant corridors. Prevention and eviction of legal and illegal encroachments. Purchase of land and voluntary relocation of settlements in the area. Habitat Enrichment with fodder trees and grasses. Enforcing laws and policies to protect tuskers and elephants in the wild. Reform the land policy for resettlement. Environmental groups are working in coalition to save the elephants in their habitats, to put pressure on government to implement a national policy framework for wild elephant conservation and need your support too. We are strongly urge you to kindly intervene into the matter and direct the Sri Lankan government to implement a urgent scientific conservation framework for these endangered elephants to conserve in their natural habitats. Elephants have long been part of our life, culture and mythology. Let's sign this petition and do our bit to save these magnificent gentle giants and conserve and preserve our natural wealth and heritage for the right future. All concerned people please sign and share this petition and your every single sign should help to save endangered gentle Giants of Sri Lanka. http://www.ft.lk/other-sectors/Government-to-wage-war-on-wild-elephants/57-660090 http://www.ceylontoday.lk/news-search/devaka%20weerakoon/print-more/10067 http://www.sundaytimes.lk/171224/news/parks-monitoring-and-elephant-corridors-for-safety-274334.html https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1679890625466341&id=501402253315190 Sri Lankan elephants in Starvation This bull elephant has 48 gunshots and was died after translocation to another area. ශ්රී ලංකාව තුළ වසරකට අලිඇතුන් 300 පමණ විවිධ අයුරින් සාහසික ලෙස ඝාතනය වන අතර රජය විසින් ඉක්මනින් වන අලි සංරක්ෂණ ජාතික ක්රමවේදයකට පියවර නොගතහොත් 2048 වසර වෙද්දී මෙරට අලිඇතුන් සම්පූර්නයෙන්ද වද වී යනු ඇති බවට රජයේ විඝණකාධිපතිවරයි පවා අනතුරු අගවා තිබියදීත් වනඅලි සංරක්ෂණයට රජය විසින් පියවරක් මෙතුවක් ගෙන නොමැති අතර එය ඉතා කණගාටුදාකය. ලංකාවේ ඉතිරිව පවතින ඉතාමත් සුලු වනගත ප්රදේශ වපසරියක හා රක්ෂිතවල දැඩි ආහාර අහේනියකට ලක්ව වදවී යාමේ අවධානමට ලක් වී ඇති අලිඇතුන් රැක ගැනීම සදහා රජය විසින් අලි ඇතුන් නිජබිම් තුලම සංරක්ෂණය කිරීමට කඩිනමින් ජාතික අලි සංරක්ෂණ විද්යාත්මක ක්රමවේදයක් ක්රියාත්මක කළ යුතුව තිබුනද එය එසේ නොවී දේශපාලන පටු වාසි තකා තාවකාලික පැලැස්තර ගැසීමෙන් අලි මිනිස් ගැටුමද දිනෙන් දිනම උග්ර අතට හැරෙමින් පවතී. එහි ප්රථිපලය මෙම දැවැන්තයින් රටට දිනෙන් දිනම අහිමිවීම පමණි. අලි ඇල්ලීම්, අලි එලවීම්, අක්රමවත් විදිලි වැට මෙම ප්රශ්නයට ස්ථ්රසාර විසදුම් නොවේ. අලිඇතුන්ගේ චර්යාවන් හා සංක්රමණික රටා අධ්යනයෙන් අලි ඇතුන්ගේ නිජබිම් හා අලි මංකඩවල් හදුනා ඒවා ආරක්ෂා කරදී නිජබිම් සංරක්ෂණයක් ගෙන ඒමට රජය යොමු කිරීමේ බලාපොරොත්තුවෙන් අන්තර්ජාතිකව වැදගත් සංවිධානයන්ට මැදිහත් වන ලෙස ඉල්ලීමක් රැගත් මෙම පෙත්සමට ඔබේ සහයෝගය ලබාදෙන්න.
Save the Asiatic cheetah
The Asiatic cheetah is a subspecies of cheetah that was once found from Arabia to India, but is now restricted to Iran. Sadly as of December 2017 there is estimated to be fewer than 50 individuals left in a few protected areas in eastern-central Iran. Unregulated hunting of the cheetah and it's prey, habitat degradation & fragmentation, overgrazing of the land by livestock in protected areas are all threats to their survival. Also mining & road development means that cheetahs are more likely to be killed or injured by traffic. Conflict between livestock herders and cheetahs becomes a issue outside the borders of the national parks and nature reserves. This is because wild goats are part of the cheetah's diet. If prey is thin on the ground, they will sometimes attack and kill domestic goats and sheep. Besides signing this petition to create momentum for saving this iconic cat, other solutions are making phone calls & writing letters to organizations like WWF, IUCN and Conservation International. We need to encourage them to work with the UN and the Iranian government to save and rebuild the cheetahs populations. Another way is to contact your government representative to fight against the illegal pet trade, and the selling of exotic animal skins and their body parts. As a person who cares deeply about the well being of wildlife, and the future of biodiversity on this planet, I feel determined to make sure we don't lose another subspecies of an iconic animal.
Stoppons le trafic d'animaux sauvages
Bonjour à tous. Je m'appelle Jane Goodall et j'ai besoin de votre soutien pour mettre fin au trafic d'animaux sauvages. Je passe près de 300 jours par an à voyager et sensibiliser les personnes à la protection des animaux. Aujourd'hui, je suis consciente que les réseaux sociaux permettent de réunir des gens de tous horizons, plus rapidement que quiconque pourrait le faire. Je vous en prie, aidez-moi à mettre fin au trafic d'animaux sauvages. L'avidité et le désir grandissant d'obtenir des « trophées » rares ont entraîné une forte hausse du trafic illégal d'animaux sauvages. Ce commerce révoltant est en train de conduire rapidement les espèces menacées à leur extinction. Cette année, je vais rencontrer certains des meilleurs spécialistes de la préservation au monde et c'est pour cette raison que votre soutien est essentiel. Faites-leur savoir que le trafic d'animaux sauvages doit être la priorité des discussions au sein de la communauté internationale. Au Jane Goodall Institute, mes collègues et moi-même avons vu les horribles blessures que le trafic d'animaux sauvage inflige à ses victimes. En tant qu'organisation de préservation qui travaille sur le terrain dans plusieurs pays d'Afrique avec des partenaires internationaux formidables, nous savons à quel point le massacre de ces animaux incroyables est cruel et injustifiable. Nous avons assisté à l'héroïsme comme à la perte des rangers qui luttent contre les braconniers pour défendre la faune. Nous devons nous assurer qu'ils ne soient pas morts en vain. Dans notre centre de réhabilitation pour chimpanzés de Tchimpounga, nous avons des grands singes qui ont été mutilés par des pièges à collet mortels et des singes qui souffrent de blessures par balle. Nous avons également des petits chimpanzés qui ont été arrachés à leur mère après qu'elle ait été tuée par des braconniers et vendue illégalement sur les marchés pour sa viande. Les petits chimpanzés qui arrivent dans notre centre sont bien souvent gravement blessés, très malades et ont subi des blessures psychologiques très profondes qui ne guériront probablement jamais. Et pourtant, ce sont eux les plus chanceux. Les petits qui ne sont pas amenés à Tchimpounga sont souvent vendus illégalement comme animaux exotiques ou utilisés pour le divertissement, les condamnant ainsi à une vie courte et solitaire remplie de souffrance et de maltraitance. Il ne s'agit pas d'un problème banal puisqu'il regorge d'exemples de pressions exercées par la pauvreté, le manque de formation des représentants de la loi, la corruption gouvernementale et la demande imprudente de produits animaux par des consommateurs du monde entier. S'approprier l'habitat naturel d'animaux protégés afin d'en obtenir des « trophées » est une pratique inhumaine. Capturer et/ou tuer simplement pour satisfaire la demande croissante du marché détruit les espèces les plus précieuses de notre monde. Aujourd'hui, il est temps que cela cesse. Les faits parlent d'eux-même et reflètent l'urgence de la situation : - 35 000 éléphants sont tués par an pour leur ivoire.- Le braconnage de rhinocéros a augmenté de 9 000 % entre 2007 et 2014.- 73 millions de requins sont tués chaque année pour leurs ailerons.- Une étude de 2014 a démontré qu'il ne pourrait rester que 3 200 tigres en Asie.- 3 000 grands singes (dont des chimpanzés) sont illégalement tués ou arrachés à leur habitat naturel chaque année. Ces chiffres sont des estimations basées sur des tailles des populations qui n'existent plus aujourd'hui, puisqu'il y a de moins en moins d'animaux à braconner chaque année. Le Jane Goodall Institute a créé la campagne Jane's Traffic Stop, et je veux que vous en fassiez partie. Nous espérons aider à l'éradication du trafic d'animaux sauvages pour de bon en créant sur les réseaux sociaux une importante communauté de défenseurs qui continueront le combat contre les responsables de cette violence. Je suis convaincue que, des majestueux éléphants aux plus petits papillons, les espèces menacées et en voie de disparition doivent être respectées afin de leur permettre de vivre leur vie, libre et sauvage. Mais une seule personne ne peut y parvenir seule. Et nous avons besoin de votre soutien. Ce mouvement a besoin de vous ! Alors battez-vous contre le trafic d'animaux sauvages en signant cette pétition et exprimez votre soutien. Aidez-moi à transmettre ce message d'espoir à des groupes tels que l'UICN au Congrès mondial de la nature, la Société Internationale de Primatologie à leur congrès semestriel et la CITES. Il est de notre devoir de dire au monde que les animaux sauvages n'ont pas été mis sur terre dans le but d'être chassés jusqu'à l'extinction et vendus en morceaux pour en faire des babioles ou des trophées. Nous ne pouvons pas nous permettre de soutenir le commerce du trafic d'animaux sauvages, et nous devons apprendre à consommer en évitant d'acheter des produits animaux illégaux et en boycottant les entreprises qui le font. Chacun d'entre nous n'est qu'une voix dans ce combat contre le trafic illégal d'animaux sauvages, mais si vous tous vous joignez à moi et souhaitez faire entendre votre voix, notre message ne pourra pas être ignoré. Je travaillerai en étroite collaboration avec nos partenaires afin de m'assurer que les signatures de cette pétition ajoutent une pression et un élan supplémentaires à ce mouvement mondial pour sauver les animaux sauvages. Signez cette pétition maintenant, et rejoignez-nous dans notre campagne Jane's Traffic Stop afin que nous puissions partager avec vous nos actions à venir lors des prochaines semaines et prochains mois. Merci. -Dr Jane Goodall
Completely Re - Work the Overall Management Plan for the Sinharaja National Forest Reserve
As the island's largest remaining tract of untouched lowland tropical rainforest, the Sinharaja National Forest Reserve's current overall management plan is in dire need of re - working. Although it was first declared as a National Forest Reserve (referred to in this petition as the Sinharaja NFR) on the 3rd of May 1875 (under the Waste Lands Ordinance), it has since had a second national designation (the highest one available on the island), as well as three international designations attached, and they are as follows (in order of importance): 1. Individual Natural UNESCO World Heritage Site (1989) 2. International UNESCO Man & Biosphere Reserve (April 1978) 3. National Heritage Wilderness Area (National Designation) (October 21st 1988) 4. Important Bird & Biodiversity Area (BirdLife International) (2004) As a result of its two UNESCO designations, the Sinharaja NFR is legally required to be divided into three different zones, and they are as follows (interior to exterior): 1. The Core Zone (strict eco - system and landscape protection/conservation) 2. The Buffer Zone (scientific research and compatible ecological practices) 3. The Transitional or Peripheral Zone (sustainable economic development) If the Sinharaja NFR's overall management plan is to be effectively re - worked then recognition, demarcation and enforcement of the Buffer and Transitional/Peripheral Zones is critical to achieving such a target. To achieve this both the aforementioned zones need to have their overall width increased to 2 miles each (a total of 4 miles). The Buffer Zone should be restricted to eco - system related scientific research and should remain an untouched wilderness, that serves the purpose of safeguarding the Reserve's Core Zone. The Transitional or Peripheral Zone should be divided into two 1 mile width segments, with the inner segment being managed through the planting of tall grass barriers, while the outer segment should be utilised for the purposes of conducting sustainable agriculture/agro - forestry (the latter preferably with floral varieties that are unfavourable to the dietary requirements of the Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants living within the Reserve. Finally, all of the villages located within the two aforementioned zones, need to be removed and relocated to suitable locations outside the Reserve's three zones. This would help relieve a large amount of the pressure that is currently placed upon the Reserve on a daily basis, and help reduce instances of the Human - Wildlife Conflict in the Reserve's vicinity (which would be mutually beneficial to all the parties involved). Keep in mind that an estimated 8000 - 10000 people live in 20 villages that almost completely surround the Reserve, so assistance for the removals and relocations mentioned above, should be be sought from the relevant Divisional Secretariats, the Land Reform Commission, the Central Environmental Authority and the appropriate Ministries. Additionally, the Reserve is (for management purposes), divided into two sectors and four sub - sectors by the Department of Forest Conservation (hereafter referred to as the DFC), due to the different types of eco - regions that the Reserve covers: 1. The Western Sector (Lowland Tropical Rainforest) Further divided into North Western & South Western Sub - Sectors2. The Eastern Sector (Sub - Montane or Lower Montane Forest) Further divided into North Eastern & South Eastern Sub - SectorsThe Eastern Sector of the Sinharaja NFR (both sub - sectors included) (hereafter referred to as Eastern Sinharaja) is of particular importance to the scientific community, due to its location in the nearly completely devastated Sub - Montane Wet Zone. The forests found in this eco - region are unique, and different ecologically to the island's Lowland Tropical Rainforests and Cloud Montane Forests. This forest type is also (as of the 28th of June 2018), the most critically threatened forest type on the island, occupying only 0.05% of the island, even though only an estimated 45% of the flora and fauna contained within such forests is known to science. Furthermore, Eastern Sinharaja's terrain is extremely hilly and nearly impassible, thereby making this sector inaccessible to the vast majority of the island's human population. This has resulted in Eastern Sinharaja's retention of forests and eco - systems that are millions of years old and virtually untouched, creating a "Lost World" that continues to inspire, amaze and interest the general public, despite the technological advancements of the 21st century. It also needs to be noted, that the Sinharaja NFR is part of its own Collective Protected Area (hereafter referred to as a CPA), the South Western Biodiversity Super Cluster, and is the largest Protected Area (hereafter referred to as a PA) in the heavily fragmented Sinharaja Rainforest Complex which includes a number of PAs: 1. The Dellawa P.R. (Other State Forest) 2. The Morapitiyarunakanda P.R. (Other State Forest) 3. The Waratalgoda P.R. (Other State Forest) 4. The Neluketiyamukalana P.R. (Other State Forest) 5. The Kudumiriya P.R. (Other State Forest) 6. The Delgoda Conservation Forest Any re - worked management plan, needs to include the six PAs mentioned above and ensure the integration of such PAs into the Sinharaja NFR, an action that will increase the current size of the Reserve (298 square kilometres), to a size that is more conducive to its long term future. Furthermore, there is an estimated 2500 acres of unprotected, primary Lowland Tropical Rainforest under the control of the Land Reform Commission (hereafter referred to as the LRC), which needs to be integrated into the Sinharaja NFR (as a result of Cabinet Paper No. PS/CS/26/2004, dated as on the 22nd of July 2004), an action that after 18 years, has yet to actually be implemented. This would expand the overall size of the Reserve to 323 square kilometres, especially important for the last remaining Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants (one of the island's three regional Elephant variants), as it would ensure the expansion of their continuously dwindling range, thus contributing towards their future existence. As of the 28th of June 2018, there are only two such Elephants in the Sinharaja NFR, both of which are males (and are thought to be siblings). Since there are no female Elephants of this regional variant present, these two males have turned their sexual frustrations into anger, and directed it towards certain villages on the Reserve's Boundary (i.e. where the Core and Buffer Zones converge). It is very important to remember, that this anger is entirely justified as the inhabitants of certain villages engage in illegal activities such as deforestation, poaching, illicit alcohol production, land grabbing, unauthorised construction etc, etc, and have tried to badly maim/murder the two aforementioned Elephants, in order to freely carry out such illegal activities. Additionally, plantation companies involved in tea and rubber production, have illegally encroached upon several historical Elephant corridors, blocking the Elephants traditional (localised) migratory routes. Under this much pressure, retaliation by these two Elephants is expected, but such issues are solvable. The introduction of 2 - 4 domesticated female Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants (following a period of rehabilitation and close monitoring), would satisfy the needs of the two Bulls, and lay the groundwork for the recovery of this regional variant's overall population (important given the fact that historically, the highest density of Elephants on the island, was found within the Wet - Zone's Lowland Tropical Rainforests, Sub - Montane or Lower Montane Forests and Cloud Montane Forests). Currently the two Sinharaja Bull Elephants traverse the length and breadth of the Reserve's Eastern Sector, alongside (potentially) the highest density of Black Leopards on the island. This is a result of a recessive allele, which in Leopards tends to emerge in the tallest, thickest, greenest forest types, which usually are low in light penetration (in this case the three forest types mentioned above have the highest chance of ensuring the birth of a Black Leopard). Based on the number of Black Leopards that have been killed on the Reserve's Boundary, estimates have suggested that there are anywhere between 10 - 20 Black Leopards living in the Sinharaja NFR (with the majority of them inhabiting the Reserve's Eastern Sector). The issues surrounding the last two Lowland Tropical Rainforest Elephants evolved into a serious political struggle between the Ministry of Sustainable Development, Wildlife and Regional Development (hereafter referred to as the MSDWRD) and the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment (hereafter referred to as the MMDE), following the decisions made by both the Minister (Field Marshal Sarath Fonseka) and the Deputy Minister (Palitha Thewarapperuma) of the MSDWRD (due to the demands of two particular villages located on the Reserve's Boundary), to remove and relocate the two Elephants in question, inevitably signing their death warrants, given their specialist behaviours and dietary requirements as a regional variant. However, thanks to the intervention of the Minister (President Maithripala Sirisena) of the MMDE, this action was halted indefinitely, before it was carried out. This state of affairs has also undermined the authority and mandate of the DFC, as the Department of Wildlife Conservation (hereafter referred to as the DWC), was selected to carry out the removal and relocation operation. Adding to the already hostile rivalry between the DFC and the DFC (with the same applying to their parent ministries), the selection of the DWC resulted in public erosion of the DFC's control and authority over the Sinharaja NFR. Ergo, if the DFC is to effectively manage and safeguard the Reserve, then the DWC should never be allowed to undermine the DFC's mandate in any manner, ever again. Instead, the DWC should follow the lead of the DFC, with regards to the administration of the Reserve's wildlife, and work in conjunction with the former, to achieve the goals relating to wildlife conservation in and around Sinharaja (i.e. through cooperation, knowledge sharing and diffusion). For those who aren't aware, the Sinharaja NFR is among the top five most valuable PAs on the island, with a floral endemism percentage that is over 60% and a faunal endemism percentage that is over 50% (extremely impressive, given the Reserve's currently dwindling size). As far as large or "charismatic" mammalian fauna are concerned, the overall populations aren't as secure or numerous as those in the island's Dry - Zone, though the sheer variety and number of endemic avian fauna is more than enough to make up for this large mammalian fauna deficit. Species such as the Sri Lankan Wood Pigeon, the Red - Faced Malkoha, the Green - Billed Coucal, the Sri Lankan Blue Magpie and the Sri Lankan Hanging Parrot, are among the numerous avian endemics that inhabit the Reserve. Examples of endemic mammalian fauna include the Southern Lowland Wet - Zone Purple - Faced Langur (alternatively known as the Purple - Faced Leaf Monkey) and the Sri Lankan Leopard. Other genera that display high degrees of endemism include Reptiles and Amphibians (the latter of which has nine species identified as endemic). It should be noted that as far as flora is concerned, the average height of the Reserve's canopy is between 35 - 40 metres on average, with certain heights (impressively) exceeding 50 metres. Additionally the Reserve is an ecological laboratory for butterflies (which form an order classified as Lepidoptera), with over 50% of the aforementioned order identified as endemics to the island's Lowland Wet - Zone. All of the steps mentioned above are absolutely necessary to ensure the Reserve's future, indirectly and directly benefiting the numerous communities that depend on the Reserve's existence, for their financial needs, thereby enhancing the standards of living and education in the process. As such, the support of the general public is needed, in order to bring about the changes (as well as the associated, positive dividends) mentioned above, safeguarding the Sinharaja National Forest Reserve.
Save the Sumatran & Javen Rhinos
The Sumatran & Javan Rhinos are 2 of the 5 rhino species alive today. They are both found in Southeast Asia, and live in rainforest and swampy habitat. Sadly both species are the most endangered members of their kind. There are only 67 Javans found in a small national park in the southwest part of Java. The Sumatrans in Malaysia and Borneo have already been declared extinct, and there are thought to be only 100 left in the world. Deforestation, poaching, the traditional Chinese medicine trade, and an issue with gene bottlenecking are all threats to their survival. I need your help if we're going to save them. We must ensure that future generations will get to see these amazing creatures alive, and not confined to the history books!!! Here are some steps that you can help me with to get the notice this petition needs so that action can be taken. When you buy anything that is made out of paper or wood products, ask the management of the store if it has certified by FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) or some kind of group that regulates sustainable timber. Calling your senator or representative no matter what country you live in, to create strict laws or rules on purchasing, selling, or trading in animal parts--especially rhino horns--would help a get deal. Another way to help create change is by calling for trade embargos or bans on products to countries that don't regulate their logging or the sale of certain animals or animal parts, like China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc. You can also write letters and make phone calls to government bodies like the U.N or conservation groups like WWF, telling them to put more pressure on the Indonesian government on this issue. They need to put more funding and action toward training more wildlife rangers. They also need to equip them with better tech to help them to crack down more heavily on illegal logging of the rhinos habitat and poaching them. Also encourage them to expand protected areas where the rhinos still thrive, and create new protected areas to help connect isolated populations so they can rebound. Finally awareness campaigns and increased education to the people in Indonesia about both rhino species, why they are important, and what people in Indonesia and the world can do to save them. The Earth has lost enough of the huge amazing animals that have roamed the planet during our existence here. Let us not lose two more iconic creatures that make this world an amazing place to live.