The University of Portsmouth uses a number of animals in scientific procedures despite alternative non-animal methods being readily available and invest money into this. We are asking the University of Portsmouth to stop using animals as there are other non-animal methods readily available and many other universities managing to not use animals.
Examples of non-animal methods are:
Using cells, tissues & organs that have been grown in labs or obtained from post-mortems/clinical cases
Computer aided drug discovery and development
"Organ on a chip" technology to mimic tumour environments
Audio-visual and haptic resources to educate and train students
Since 2015, The University of Portsmouth have used the following:
Mice, frogs & rats for scientific procedures
Catsharks, sea breams and crabs for dissections
Starfish, shrimp and marine worms for observation in biology labs
For non-regulated procedures, macaques (a type of monkey) are observed within zoos and Sun Bears at a centre
Invertebrates which are taken from the wild and analysed and observed
The University of Portsmouth are a registered breeder for frogs and generally breed their own however they also receive a small number of genetically altered frogs from labs around the world for "safe keeping" as they are an international repository for such “lines” of frogs.
Under the law an animal that has undergone a regulated procedure must be "humanely" killed. This is what happens to all the animals except to frogs that have been used for breeding and they have special permission to use them FIFTEEN times. An animal cannot be "humanely killed" when it does not want to die.
If there are cruelty free options available, why wouldn't you choose this option? Please sign this petition and make your voice heard!
Emma LangPoole, ENG, United Kingdom
Created October 31, 2017
Petition to I want to target the collages doing research
Today I would like to talk about about sodium ion batteries. This project is relevant world wide because most people have a lithium ion battery in their hand right now, and this project will bring attention to them, and how we don’t have unlimited supply of cobalt or lithium. I choose this topic because I have always wondered about batteries, and this project gave me an excuse to learn about them. Sodium ion batteries are competing with lithium for energy density, capacity, speed of charge, etc. Why haven’t I heard of this then you might ask? Because competing isn’t beating, if we wanted to replace a lithium ion battery with a sodium ion battery it wouldn’t work. In order to get the same charge you have to make it bigger, and bigger doesn’t work. Also this technology is in its early stages and still needs lots of work. Manufacturers work with the already proven lithium ion battery. Don’t get me wrong lithium ion batteries still can improve by a lot, but lots less effort is being put into making these sodium ion batteries. The reason we should focus more on these batteries is because lithium is expensive and hard to extract. Some articles say that we do more damage to the environment removing the lithium from oceans than we do with our normal cars. They say this because we don’t know what lives down there and how we are affecting those animals. In addition countries aren’t sending their lithium away to be reused, and when they do they have the expensive process of extracting the lithium. Australia, who has China as lots of their economy, only sends 2-3 percent of their lithium. For these batteries researchers don’t focus on recyclability. With sodium ion batteries you use cheaper materials. How you make a sodium ion battery today is you coat it in aluminum foil, you dry the salt, you use the glycine nitrate process. The glycine nitrate process is when a precursor is heated to evaporate excess water. You heat it to about 180°C causing the precursor liquid to autoignite. Combustion happens with flame temperatures ranging from 1100 to 1450°C. salts dissolved, dropped into a crucible. It is put into a glove box with Argon gas. Finally it is weighed, and cieled. One other reason we should put more research into sodium ion batteries is because of our earth's limited cobalt. Cobalt is used in lithium ion batteries and it is expensive and it is a limited resource. About 60% of the world's cobalt is made in the The Democratic Republic of the Congo, and though prices may have gone down a little, the increase in the price basis of raw material including cobalt from the The Democratic Republic of the Congo going to China. This causes China to have cheaper cobalt. An analysis, Benchmark Mineral Intelligence analyst Casper Rawles says “demand will continue to grow, consumption of lithium-ion batteries is going to grow, but as of right now there’s enough cobalt around to meet the needs of the market.” A website called proactive investors predicted in 2017 that we could even have a shortage of cobalt by 2022 if the electric cars were to grow as fast as they did that year. This may not be happening because the electric cars didn’t grow as fast as they did in 2017, they did grow. One other reason is of course our world circumstances, with the Coronavirus out people aren’t going to go out and buy a phone, and production has stopped in some places. In summary if we should research sodium ion batteries. We should do this because sodium ion batteries are cheaper and we are running out of cobalt. We should look for the future and what will happen, and we should look to the past and see what our actions will and have doneRead more
We need to end animal testing for good in the world. By ending animal testing we can save the pain and distress we are causing the animals. Do you really think that animals deserve to be treated like this. Although the u.k has stated that 'animals are used in scientific procedures only when there’s no validated alternative and when the potential benefits outweigh the harms' We want animal testing to completely stopped as it is unfair.
These animals don't have a voice so we need to step up and give them one. Read more