HUGELY ECOLOGICAL DISASTER BY ILLEGAL MINING IN UDAIPURVATI, JHUNJHUNU, RAJASTHAN, INDIA.

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HUGELY ECOLOGICAL DISASTER BY ILLEGAL MINING BY LAND MAFIAS IN UDAIPURVATI, DIST. JHUNJHUNU, RAJASTHAN, INDIA.

UNREGULATED ILLEGAL MINING ARE CAUSING SERIOUS DAMAGE TO ECOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF RAJASTHAN. THESE OMINOUS SIGNS OF AN IMPENDING ECOLOGICAL DISASTER ENCOMPASSING LAND, AIR AND WATER.

ILLEGAL SAND MINING FROM THE KATLI RIVER AND IN NEAR BY HILLS OF UDAIPURVATI, BEEN GOING ON FOR SIX TO SEVEN YEARS.

RAJASTHAN STATE FAILED TO REGULATE THE ILLEGAL MINING IN FOREST, HILLS AND RIVER BEDS AT THE UDAIPURVATI TEHASIL, DIST. JHUNJHUNU, RAJASTHAN. THE REASON BEHIND THE FAILURE IS THE CORRUPTION BY THE ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF RAJASTHAN GOVERNMENT.

THE STATE, WITH THE LARGEST NUMBER OF MINE IN THE COUNTRY, HAS FAILED TO REGULATE ILLEGAL MINING AS RAJASTHAN IS SITTING ON A POTENTIAL OUTBURST OF MINING ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN LEAD TO VERY SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES,

 AFTER REPEATED SUPREME COURT ORDERS TO CLOSE DOWN THE MINES, THE OPERATIONS CONTINUE IN UDAIPURVATI

THE ILLEGAL MINES HAVE NO MECHANISM IN PLACE TO IMPLEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MEASURES AND THE MINE LABOR LAWS. “BECAUSE THESE MINES OPERATE BEYOND THE LAW.

HOW THE LAND MAFIAS WORKS;-

THE LAND MAFIA IS CONNECTED WITH THE FOREST DEPARTMENT, STATE POLICE AND MINING DEPARTMENT.

THEY FIRST START THE MINING IN THE OPEN LAND AFTER WHICH THE LAND OWNER GOES TO SITE FOR STOPPING THEM THEN THEY FIGHT WITH HIM AND THEREAT HIM THAT KEEP QUIT AND GO SAFELY HOME IF YOU WANT TO LEAVE LONGER.

AFTER ABOVE ALL THE PERSON VISITS TO POLICE STATION TO FILE THE FIR THEY WRITE THE FIR BUT NEVER EVER TAKE ANY ACTION ON THE LAND MAFIA.

THEN A LOCAL LEADER OR SOCIETY LEADER WILL APPROH TO THE LAND OWNER AND TELL HIM THAT YOU CANT STOP THEM BECAUSE THEY HAVE ALL POLITICAL CONTACTS SO ITS BETTER TO KEEP QUIT AND I WILL TALK TO THEM SO THEY WONT DAMAGE YOU AND YOUR FAMILY AND THEY DO A BOND ON SOME LUMP SUM AMOUNT.

AFTER PAYING THE LUMP-SUM AMOUNT THEY PURCHASE THAT LAND FROM VILLAGERS ON THE NAME ANOTHER PERSON FROM DIFFERENT VILLAGES WHO ALSO GETS COMMOTION ON THAT, AFTER ALL ABOVE THEY START MINING IN FULLY FLEDGED.

LOCAL SARPANCH, LOCAL BUSINESSMEN ARE DOING THIS ILLEGAL SMUGGLING OF SAND AND STONE BY THE NAME OF ANOTHER PEOPLE SO ITS MAKING DIFFICULT TO APPROACH THEM AND TAKE ANY ACTION AGAINST THEM.

ALL THE MINING MACHINERY'S ALSO PURCHASED ON THE LOAN FROM BANKS BY THIRD PARTY.

WHAT ADMINISTRATION SAYS:-

UDAIPURVATI POLICE DENIED TO WRITE FIR AGAINST THEM AND IF WE CONVENIENCE THEM AND TELL THEM SOME RULES THAT A COMMON MAN  HAVE THEN THEY WRITE FIR BUT DOESN'T TAKE ANY ACTION AGAINST LAND MAFIAS.

WE APPROACHED TO DISTRICT COLLECTOR FOR THE SAME ISSUE BUT HE ALSO SAID “अवैध खनन तो पुरे राजस्थान में हो रहा है । सरकार तो सभी जगह पुलिस तैनात करके इसे रोक नहीं सकती ।(Illegal mining is happening all over in Rajasthan. The government cannot stop it by deploying police everywhere.) SUCH A IRRESPONSIBLE ANSWER FROM A COLLECTOR.

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF UDAIPURVATI:-

UDAIPUR VATI IS LOCATED NEAR THE CLUSTER OF SMALL HILLS SERIES ALSO IT IS A REMOTE AREA WHICH DOESN’T CONNECT ANY EXPRESS HIGHWAY OR ANY FAMOUS TOURIST SPOT WHICH MAKES THE LAND MAFIA TO EASILY DO ALL ILLEGAL MINING. IT DOESN'T MEAN THAT THE POLICE, FOREST DEPARTMENT, MINING DEPARTMENT, SDM AND DISTRICT COLLECTORS ARE UNAWARE OF THIS.

THE ALL ILLEGAL MINING IS POSSIBLE WITH THE HELP OF THEM ONLY WHICH WE HAD SEEN AT THE MINING SITE AND IN THE POLICE STATION, SDM OFFICE AND DISTRICT COLLECTORS OFFICE. THEY ALL ARE TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION OF IT.

 

IN ILLEGAL MINES, THERE IS AN AVERAGE OF ONE DEATH A DAY: -

THE REASON BEHIND THE DEATH IS UNORGANIZED STRUCTURAL MINING SITE SO THE WORKERS SOMETIMES CRUSHED BY FALLING STONE, BY FALLING HIMSELF IN SHEER RIVER BEDS, BY ACCIDENT FROM MOVING HEAVY VEHICLES.

THE ANOTHER REASON BEHIND THE DEATH IS LAND MAFIA, IF SOME LOCALS FROM NEAR BY VILLAGE OR LAND OWNER WANTS TO STOP THEM THEN THEY ALSO KILL HIM BY BEATING HIM AT SITE OR BY CUSSING THEM UNDER THE TRUCK OR MINING MACHINES.

ECOLOGICAL EFFECT OF SOIL MINING:-

SOIL MINING AND UNSCIENTIFIC MINING HAS CAUSED DEGRADATION OF LAND, ACCOMPANIED BY SUBSIDENCE AND CONSEQUENTIAL MINE FIRES AND DISTURBANCE OF THE WATER TABLE LEADING TO TOPOGRAPHIC DISORDER, SEVERE ECOLOGICAL

IMBALANCE AND DAMAGE TO LAND USE PATTERNS IN AND AROUND MINING REGIONS

ILLEGAL AND EXCESSIVE SAND MINING IN THE RIVERBED OF KATLI RIVER

HAS LED TO THE DEPLETION OF GROUNDWATER LEVELS AND ENVIRONMENTAL

DEGRADATION IN THE VILLAGES ON THE BANKS OF THE RIVER

ILLEGAL MINING HAS LED TO ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND PROBLEMS FOR THE PEOPLE BY THE DEPLETION OF GROUND- WATER LEVELS IN THE VILLAGES SITUATED ON THE RIVER BANKS. MOREOVER, AS THESE VILLAGES ARE SITUATED IN THE BORDER OF KATLI RIVER.

WEALTH (BLACK MONEY) CAUSED BY ILLEGAL MINING:-

MINING OPERATION, UNDOUBTEDLY HAS BROUGHT WEALTH IN THE AREA BUT THE EARNED MONEY IS GOES TO THE LOCAL POLITICIANS, SOCIETY LEADERS, LOCAL GUNDAS, CORRUPTED POLICE OFFICERS, ADMINISTRATIVE DEPORTMENT OF RAJASTHAN GOVERNMENT, FOREST DEPARTMENT, MINING DEPARTMENT ETC. THE EARNED MONEY IS OPEN SOURCE OF BLACK MONEY WHICH THEY USE TO THREATEN VILLAGERS AND KEEP DOING THEIR ILLEGAL MINING ACTIVITIES.

ECOLOGICAL EFFECT OF MINING ON AIR:-

THE MAIN AIR QUALITY ISSUE WITH MINING IS DUST PARTICLES, LARGE AMOUNTS IN CONCENTRATIONS OF DUST CAN BE A HEALTH HAZARD, EXACERBATING

RESPIRATORY DISORDERS SUCH AS ASTHMA AND IRRITATING THE LUNGS AND BRONCHIAL PASSAGES.

HOWEVER, PEOPLE INVARIABLY FEEL A LOSS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AMENITY, DUE TO DUST DEPOSITS OR DUST CONCENTRATION, BEFORE THEIR HEALTH IS AFFECTED.

ECOLOGICAL EFFECT OF MINING BY NOISE & VIBRATION:-

NOISE IS AN ISSUE BECAUSE ILLEGAL MINES NORMALLY OPERATE IN THE NIGHT AFTER 10 PM TO MORNING 4 AM. BECAUSE THE SURFACE MINES MAINLY GENERATE NOISE FROM OVERBURDEN EXCAVATION AND TRANSPORT WHICH DIST RUBS THE NEARBY LANDHOLDERS AND VILLAGERS WHO WISH TO RELAX OR SLEEP.

THE NOISE AND VIBRATION IN THE NIGHT ALSO EFFECTS ANIMALS, BIRDS, AND CASTLES.

ECOLOGICAL EFFECT OF MINING ON LAND:-

THE MINING DISTURBS THE LANDSCAPE OF THE NATURE BY WHICH THE ANIMALS AND BIRDS ARE UNABLE MAKE THEIR SPACE TO LIVE AND GROW.

MINING RESULTS IN THE DESTRUCTION OF THE EXISTING VEGETATION AND SOIL PROFILE THE OPEN LAND WHICH WAS EARLIER TO BE USED TO FEED CHATTELS NOW NOT AVAILABLE SO ITS MAKING DIFFICULT FOR FARMERS TO FIND OPEN GRASS FIELD TO FEED THEIR ANIMALS. THE REASON IS REDUCING THEIR BUSINESS AND LIFESTYLES BOTH.

CONCLUSIONS:-

WEAK GOVERNANCE AND RAMPANT CORRUPTION ARE FACILITATING ILLEGAL MINING

POSING DEPLETION OF WATER RESOURCES. THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF MINING OPERATIONS IS OFTEN OVERLOOKED, AND THERE IS A NEED TO PROTECT ITS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL BENEFITS.

A STRONG GOVERNMENT BODY TO BE FORMED TO CONTROL THE ILLEGAL MINING AND TO SAVE THE NATURAL RESOURCES OF INDIA.

BECAUSE OF A POOR HANDLING OF RESOURCES, SOIL AND SAND MINING CAUSE

NEGATIVE IMPACTS TO THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE SOCIETY BY RAISING LOCAL MAFIAS.

THROUGH A SUITABLE INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM. A HIGH LEVEL LOBBYING COMMITTEE MUST BE FORMED AND LAWS HAS TO BE ENFORCED IN AN EFFICIENT AND UNBIASED WAY AND DECISIVE STEPS ARE TO BE TAKEN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTION.