Petition update

One rape every 30 minutes in India

Ashu Sharma

Sep 5, 2016 — Even as an increasing number of violent crimes against women, especially rape, continue to be reported across the country, a 13-year analysis of crime data reveals that a little more than 57 rapes were reported every day. This averages over two rapes every hour, every day during the last 13 years. A total of 2,72,844 cases were reported across 28 states and seven UTs in this period.

A Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) analysis of reported rape cases between 2001 and 2013 shows 2,64,130 rapes were reported in 28 states during the 13-year period - an average of almost 56 incidents of rape per day. In the seven UTs, the average is almost two rapes per day. However, Delhi alone accounted for 8,060 reported incidents during this period.

While 16,075 cases of rape were reported in 2001 across all states and UTs, in 2013, the figure stood at 33,707 - indicating an increase of 52.30%.

The expansion of the list of offences that constitute rape following amendments to the Criminal Amendment Act, 2013 has resulted in an increase in reported cases. The highest rise amongst the 28 states and UTs was in Delhi (329%) compared to the figure reported in 2001 when the UT reported 381 cases.
The number of cases reported in Maharashtra increased by 135%, rising from 1,302 in 2001 to 3,063 in 2013. In Karnataka, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand and Himachal Pradesh, the number of cases reported was more than double the figure reported in 2001. Another reason for the increase in number of cases reported in 2013 would be the fear of punishment in the minds of police officers to whom cases of rape are reported.

West Bengal is the only state where fewer cases of rape were reported after the 2013 amendments were enforced, falling from 2,046 in 2012 to 1,685 in 2013. The report's author Venkatesh Nayak, who analyzed NCRB data, said it would have to be examined why the state had bucked the trend and to see if the police was suppressing complaints.

During the 13-year period, Madhya Pradesh reported the most number of rapes at 40,422. The average figure for Madhya Pradesh is more than eight rapes per day during the 13-year period. This is 44% higher than that of West Bengal which stood second with 22,472 cases reported which averages almost five incidents of rape per day across the state. It is followed by Uttar Pradesh with 22,108 rapes reported, averaging 4.65 incidents a day.

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