India is a country where land is treated as motherland, rivers are treated as mother and trees are worshipped as God.However, at the same time it is also true that, according to Greenpeace And Visual Analysis, 22 out of 30 most polluted cities are of India. Not only this,Twenty one cities in India including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad - will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting around 100 million people, claims a report by NITI Ayog, and it is really a matter of concern for all of us.
There was a time when India was enriched with nature and natural beauty but due to various reasons, India is loosing its identity and it is a shame on us. We are aware for the environment protection since a long time. The first UNITED NATIONS conference on environment was held in Stockholm in 1973 and India was represented by then PM Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Subsequently the amendment was made in the constitution as 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act 1976 and two articles were inserted in the constitution: one is Art 48A which says that The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country, and second is Art 51A(g) which says that It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures. After that a lot of acts viz. Environmental Protection Act 1986, National Green Tribunal Act 2010,etc. A lot of judicial orders were passed to protect and save the environment. But the condition is deteriorating day by day. In every survey, conducted by any organisation, we always top the list of the most polluted cities. It's not only a matter of concern for one person or one organisation. Rather it's a matter of concern for all of us.
Norway just became the first country in the world to ban deforestation, a groundbreaking move that could have a major global impact. But we are still fighting for the barren lands.
REASONS OF ENVIRONMENT DEGRADATION:
There are various reasons for environment degradation. The prominent reason is illiteracy. The other reasons are overpopulation, lack of awareness, lack of quality education, deforestation, wastage of water, ACs and many more.
MEASURES WHICH CAN BE TAKEN?
We all have heard about Swach Bharat Scheme. And the success of this scheme is the result of awareness among the common mass. Those who are aware about the degradation, deterioration and protection of environment must aware the others so that this awareness would become a revolution.
The next one is, avoid private vehicles and use public transport as much as you can. By this we can save fuel for next generation.
Third one is Education. As we all know a quality education plays a vital role in the development of any nation but unfortunately even after knowing this fact we are failed to provide quality education to our citizens and this is one of the biggest cause of poverty and pollution.
I've come to know through various articles that Indore is the cleanest city of India. The people of Indore have adopted one more wedding ceremony in additional to others and that is eight pledge was added in the wedding rituals. The newly weds are administered oath of cleanliness. Dustbins are distributed during wedding ceremonies in Indore. Same measures can be adopted in rest of India.
Population of any nation can become the cause of destruction or development of any nation. As our former PM Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee rightly said," Population needs to be stabilised for sustainable development".Population Control Act is the need of the hour otherwise it’ll be too late to protect the environment or as Madhya Pradesh state, other states of India can adopt a policy where a person having more than two children is not eligible for government jobs in public sector.
Nature has given a lot of things but now it's our turn. Join the hands to protect the environment otherwise this will remain just a word in dictionaries. Either now or never!