Save the roads of Metro Manila from being a huge dump place!

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Philippines’ one main problem is the public violators of simple regulations. Violators in Metro Manila comes from all classes whether they are from the upper, middle, or lower class. The unruly behavior of people towards waste disposal is an example. According to Alave, writer of Philippine Daily Inquirer, one fourth of the Philippines’ garbage comes from Metro Manila. Getting the records from Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, 8,400 to 8,600 tons of trash per day are produced by Metro Manila. From that record, about 30 to 40 percent of the trash comes from the improper waste disposal. Aguinaldo, executive director of the National Solid Waste Management Commission, claimed that only 9 out of 16 municipalities in Metro Manila have a solid waste management plan. A lot of possible solutions were made by the government and yet nothing has changed. To prove that, an example is when ex president GMA signed the Solid Waste Management Act which purpose was to give a attention to the uprising garbage problem in metropolis. This was an enactment that’s why improvement is absent.

   

An event was organized by environmental group such as EcoWaste Coalition, Greenpeace and Mother Earth Foundation to have a preview on the trash disposed in Manila Bay. It was said that 1,594 liters of garbage were collected, and about a quarter of it were plastic bags (Ranada, 2014). The list was also filled in by plastic wrappers (18.8%); followed by cigarette butts, clothes, rags, and sponges that comprised 15.7%, next are slippers and biodegradable waste. All of which are found in Manila Bay have things in common, one of which is that all of those should not belong to that place. It should have been a marine ecosystem not a dump place for waste. Another common thing is that all of those are produced and displaced by humans to a place it should not belong.


In order to help in this matter, we would like to petition the MMDA to further strengthen the ANTI-LITTERING LAW. By doing so, violators will  lessen and people will become more cautious to their actions and its impact to  the surroundings. Also, Metro Manila should imitate how Singapore discipline its people by giving sanctions to violators of the law even with the simple laws which should be naturally instilled upon us.

 

The MMDA described the Anti-Littering law:

The Anti-Littering Law is MMDA Regulation No. 96-009 entitled, "PROHIBITING LITTERING/DUMPING/THROWING OF GARBAGE, RUBBISH OR ANY KIND OF WASTE IN OPEN OR PUBLIC PLACES, AND REQUIRING ALL OWNER'S, LESSEES, OCCUPANTS OF RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS, WHETHER PRIVATE OR PUBLIC TO CLEAN AND MAINTAIN THE CLEANLINESS OF THEIR FRONTAGE AND IMMEDIATE SURROUNDINGS AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION THEREOF", which was enacted into law by the Metro Manila Council on the 22nd Day of August, 1996. The regulation was amended on May 6, 1999 by MMDA Regulation No. 99-006.


The minimum fine of the Anti-Littering law as set by the Metro Manila Development Authority is 500 pesos. But an eight-hour community service (minimum) can shroud the 500pesos if the violator cannot pay. There are designated codes which correspond  to a certain violation. Eight codes are present with two different amount of fine which is 500 and 1000 pesos.


The amount that corresponds as sanction is small that people courageously mock this law. As evidence, countless litters all over the roads of Metro Manila can be seen. Garbage blocks creeks and sewers that cause extreme flooding; and it may eventually carry these materials to the river causing a chain reaction of problems. Aside from the low amount of fine, almost all of the time violators get away with it as it is not strictly implemented. The whole Metro is large enough to be guarded by the few authorized people. But by increasing the fine or sanction, people would be frightened to violate. It would instill discipline to people that will cause a huge impact.


THE MODIFICATION WE WOULD LIKE TO PROPOSE:

1.     INCREASE THE FINE: (a) From 500 increase the minimum to a value not less than 5000 pesos. At the same time increase the number of hours intended for community service; increase the minimum from 8 to 24 hours (which should be done for 3 days).

(b)From 1000 increase the maximum to a value not less than 10000 pesos. Also, increase the second option from 16 hours of community service to 48 hours (which should be done for 9 days).

The amount needed to compensate for violating is just 500 or 1000 pesos that people does not acknowledge it as a punishment. Much greater amount is needed to stop what should not be done.

2.     Authorized people guarding violators should be increased and in civilian attire so people would not only obey every time they see a person in uniform.

3.     More high quality CCTV should be installed in Metro Manila to further widen its sight. The fine from violators can compensate for the spending and at the same time it will benefit the cities as it will not only serve a purpose for this campaign but also on preventing greater crimes.

4.     5% incentive shall be given to the officer who caught the violator so the authorized people would be committed to their important task.

5.     A standard operating procedure should be done to avoid possible abuse of authority:

(a)  The officers should have a tiny camera attached to him/her to capture the situation which will serve as a proof. This will protect both the violator and officer as touching, pulling, grabbing the violator would not be allowed.

 

(b) While approaching the violator, the officer should take out the ticket and mark the time to avoid any form of bribe which will mark that the ticket cannot be reused or returned.

 

(c)  The violator would then be brought to a precinct to settle the offense. If the violator opted to do community service he/she must complete the required hours within 15 days for offense a and 30 days for offense b.

    People tend to litter so easily without thinking of the harm it could cause to the surroundings. This petition is to help discipline the people by making violators pay for being undisciplined regarding littering. The fine should be at a high cost in order for the people to not throw just anywhere. This petition is to also greatly help decrease the improper disposal in Metro Manila. As we all know, improper waste disposal brings pollution as it harms the environment. Metro Manila will not only benefit from this by having tidy road but also by helping to preserve the environment we lived in, since this could decrease the number of violators. The fine that will be collected through this petition could be used to install cctvs in different barangays of Metro Manila, so that waste disposal could be given focus. It would be easier to see if there will be people who will violate the rules if there are cctvs.



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