Ban Oxybenzone and Octinoxate

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          Ban Oxybenzone and Octinoxate Sunscreen Actives

The following is a citizen’s petition, pursuant to Title 21, Chapter 9, Subchapter V, Part A of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and 21 CFR 10.30, to request that the Food and Drug Administration reopen the Sunscreen Drug for Over-the-Counter Human Use Monograph (21 CFR part 352) to conduct a new safety review of the active ingredients know as octinoxate and oxybenzone. These chemicals were originally reviewed and approved for human use 40 years ago based on the data presented in the Federal Register on Friday, August 25, 1978 Part II - section h. ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate (octinoxate) pgs: 38227–38228 and section n. oxybenzone pgs: 38239–38241.
Since that time, significant changes have occurred in science with nearly 200 articles being published in peer-review journals demonstrating:  
·     Oxybenzone and octinoxate in sunscreens and personal care products taint ground, surface, and ocean waters and adversely affect the environment.
·     Oxybenzone and octinoxate bioaccumulate and biomagnify in aquatic life and contaminate the human food chain.
·     Oxybenzone and octinoxate cause mortality in developing coral, larval fish, sea urchins, and marine arthropods; increase the susceptibility of coral to bleaching; reduce resilience to and ability to respond to climate change factors; inhibit coral growth; induce feminization in adult male fish; increase the occurrence of reproductive diseases in certain marine species; induce deformities in the embryonic development of fish, sea urchins, coral, and shrimp; and induce neurological behavioral changes in fish.
·     Oxybenzone and octinoxate can have negative effects on newborn humans and marine mammals through in utero exposure and transfer of contaminated breast milk. Leading to negative changes in thyroid function, hormonal regulation, fat distribution, sperm development and alter pubertal development and timing in adolescents.
·     Oxybenzone and octinoxate exposure may cause Hirschsprung’s Disease in a human neonate as well as produce genotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and increase breast cancer cell proliferation.

Please sign this petition requesting FDA to review and remove these toxic chemicals from the sunscreen monograph.