llegal mining is mining activity without state permission, in particular in absence of land rights, mining license, exploration or mineral transportation permit. Illegal natural resource extraction becomes pressing when global mineral prices are soaring.
Mining Industry in the Philippines has been a controversial issue once again, as the former Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) secretary Gina Lopez advocates the total ban of mining for responsible and sustainable mining in the country.
Mining in the Philippines has been known early as year 1521. The Philippines is actually the fifth most mineral-rich country in the world for copper, nickel, gold and chromite. This has been a home to the largest copper-gold deposit in the world. According to Mines and Geo-sciences Bureau the country has $840 billion worth untapped mineral wealth.
All regions, except NCR and ARMM allow mining operations. About 30 million hectares of land areas in the country is deemed as possible areas for metallic minerals. The labor of department statistics shows that the mining in the country has created 211,000 jobs in 2011 alone.
The total ban of mining rests on the fact that mining activities has a destructive effect on natural resource, like the destruction of the natural habitat of different animal species. The dumping of chemicals in the mining could also pollute the other areas near the mining sites.
On the other hand, individuals also have the duty to use natural resources responsibly. The advocates for responsible and sustainable mining challenge folks to balance man’s self-interest and nature’s stability.
However, those people who are in large mining corporations have firmly practiced their goals of achieving their self-interests forgetting the fact that these are the reasons why there is an imbalance in the biotic community.
Thus, the government should really take a stand on implementing its legal measures on mining to prevent destruction on mineral resources.