Europarat kritisiert unzureichende Korruptionsbekämpfung in Spanien
Jan 4, 2018 — Der Europarat hat in einem am 3. Januar 2018 veröffentlichten «Fourth Evaluation Round: Corruption prevention in respect of members of parliament, judges and prosecutors: Interim Compliance Report Spain» scharfe Kritik an den nach wie vor unzureichenden Maßnahmen Spaniens geäußert, der Korruption spanischer Abgeordneter, Richter und Staatsanwälte entgegenzuwirken (https://rm.coe.int/fourth-evaluation-round-corruption-prevention-in-respect-of-members-of/1680779c4d). Die Ausführungen und Schlußfolgerungen dieses Berichts zeichnen ein düsteres Bild von den «korruptionsfreundlichen» Zuständen in Spanien, das indes dem entspricht, was die spanische Partei Podemos und ihr Vorsitzender Pablo Iglesias bereits seit Jahren öffentlich anzuprangern nicht müde werden. Vor diesem Hintergrund verwundert das erkennbar kollusive Zusammenwirken zwischen der spanischen Regierung, der spanischen Staatsanwaltschaft und der spanischen Justiz hinsichtlich des spanischen Vorgehens gegen Katalonien und prominente Katalanen sowie der Umstand, daß Katalanen, die lediglich ihre Menschenrechte friedlich in Anspruch zu nehmen begehrten, derzeit als politische Gefangene in spanischer Haft ihrer Freiheit beraubt werden, nicht. Die «Zusammenfassungen» des Berichts, der die Unabhängigkeit der spanischen Justiz in Zweifel zieht, seien nachstehend im Wortlaut zitiert (die Abkürzung «GRECO» steht für «Group of States against Corruption»):
75. In view of the foregoing, GRECO concludes that none of the eleven recommendations contained in the Fourth Round Evaluation Report has been implemented satisfactorily or dealt with in a satisfactory manner by Spain. Seven recommendations have been partly implemented; four recommendations have not been implemented.
76. More specifically, recommendations ii, iii, v, vii, ix, x and xi have been partly implemented; recommendations i, iv, vi, and viii have not been implemented.
77. While GRECO understands that election results led to a political deadlock of over a year (2015-2016) rendering very difficult effective reform, that period is now well passed and determined action must follow not only in words and plans, but also in actual deeds. With respect to parliamentarians, several recommendations await implementation including the adoption of a code of conduct in both Houses, a thorough review of the financial disclosure regime and the establishment of an enforcement mechanism when misconduct occurs. It would appear that a draft on lobbying is now underway; this is a promising development and a step forward to enhance transparency on how parliamentarians engage with lobbyists and other third parties who seek to influence the legislative process.
78. GRECO wishes to underline, as it already did in the Fourth Evaluation Round Report, that there is no doubt as to the high quality of the judiciary and the prosecutorial service in Spain, as well as to the strong spirit of public service and dedication of individual judges and prosecutors. GRECO welcomes the eflection process underway to issue a national justice strategy and to make targeted improvements for greater independence and efficiency of the judiciary, including through changes in the systems of appointment of its governing bodies and certain higher rank officials. Regarding integrity and ethical matters, a code of conduct has been adopted and a Commission of Judicial Ethics, which has not yet started to operate, is tasked with advisory responsibilities in this respect. Finally, a reform of the statute of the prosecution service is pending; it is aimed at strengthening autonomy of prosecution. It also paves the road for some additional evelopments in the field of ethics regarding, for example, the adoption of a code of conduct for the profession, as well as a new disciplinary framework.
79. GRECO concludes that overall there has been limited progress which would substantiate a different view from that taken in its previous compliance report (RC-IV). GRECO concludes that the current level of compliance with the
recommendations remains “globally unsatisfactory” in the meaning of Rule 31, paragraph 8.3 of the Rules of Procedure.
80. Pursuant to paragraph 2(i) of Rule 32 of the Rules of Procedure, GRECO requests the Head of Delegation of Spain to provide a report regarding the action taken to implement the pending recommendations (i.e. all recommendations) by 31 December 2018.
81. Moreover, in accordance with Article 32, paragraph 2, sub-paragraph (ii.a), GRECO instructs its President to send a letter – with a copy to the President of the Statutory Committee – to the head of the Spanish delegation, drawing her attention to the non-compliance with the relevant recommendations and the need to take determined action with a view to achieving tangible progress as soon as possible.
82. Finally, GRECO invites the authorities of Spain to authorise, as soon as possible, the publication of the report, to translate the report into the national language and to make this translation public.»
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