Topic

world war ii

8 petitions

Started 3 months ago

Petition to Port of Oakland, City of Oakland

Rename Oakland International Airport in honor of Amelia Earhart

Today, Monday, July 3, 2017, marks the 80th anniversary of the disappearance of Amelia Earhart as she and co-pilot Fred Noonan attempted to complete an around-the-world flight, mostly traveling along the Equator. Amelia Earhart's disappearance in the middle of the Pacific on the night of July 2, 1937, remains a mystery waiting to be solved. Any clear remains of Earhart or her plane have yet to be found after 80 years of searching the central Pacific floor. Several conspiracies have come up as to how Amelia Earhart disappeared while trying to land on Howland Island, a tiny, flat speck of land in the central Pacific Ocean that would clearly be very hard to spot from a high altitude. Some believe Amelia veered north from Howland to the Marshall Islands, then occupied by the Japanese, and was then captured by the Japanese and imprisoned in Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands. Another theory assumes Amelia's plane ran out of gas and crashed into the Pacific about 30 miles north of Howland Island, but Amelia managed to swim to an island called Nikumaroro, in the Gilbert Islands, now known as Kiribati, where it is believed that she lived as a castaway before eventually dying. Some even questioned whether Amelia survived, but that theory has been proven false. Oakland Airport was the starting point of some of Amelia Earhart's historic flights. In 1935, Amelia Earhart became the first person (man or woman) to fly solo from California to Hawaii, when she successfully completed a flight from Oakland to Honolulu. In May of 1937, Earhart and co-pilot Fred Noonan set out on an around-the-world flight from Oakland that would take them to Miami, the Caribbean, South America, across the Atlantic to Africa, and on to southeast Asia and Lae, New Guinea, where the hardest part remained: crossing the Pacific. They fueled up for the Pacific leg of the flight at Lae, and set their sights on Howland Island. Unfortunately, they never made it to Howland, and the remainder of the around-the-world flight that would have taken them to South America, Central America, Mexico, and back to Oakland, never materialized. However, 60 years later, Texas native Linda Finch completed Amelia Earhart's around-the-world flight along Amelia's exact path, dropped flowers over Howland Island in honor of Amelia, and successfully made it back to Oakland. A woman had successfully completed an around-the-world flight at its longest distance, along the Equator. It is time to honor Amelia Earhart and her historic accomplishments, including being the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, in a flight from Newfoundland to Ireland in 1928, the first person (man or woman) to fly solo from California to Hawaii in 1935, and the first woman to attempt an around-the-world flight along the longest route, the Equator, in 1937, which unfortunately she did not complete. And with Donald Trump in the White House, there could not be a better time to honor strong, courageous, inspiring, and talented heroines like Amelia Earhart. Let's rename Oakland International Airport, "Amelia Earhart Oakland International Airport"!! Phillip Mackay, Oxnard, California

Phillip Mackay
21 supporters
Started 11 months ago

Petition to The President of the United States

Urge the President to Restore the Ranks of Kimmel and Short

Do you remember the attack on Pearl Harbor? Probably not. There aren't many people left from that time anymore. And it's hard to understand the impact of the event today. The Japanese took the United States totally by surprise. 2,403 men, women and children were killed. Our nation was shocked, and we charged into World War II as a result. Our country was never the same. The world was never the same. The crazy part is that the entire disaster was blamed on just two Americans. Admiral Husband Kimmel, commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet, and Lt. General Walter Short, the men in charge at Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack, were wrongly accused and scapegoated. They were manipulated into retirement, saddled with the grief and rage of an entire nation, and publicly disgraced. Kimmel and his family fought for justice for decades. 36 Navy Admirals and the Pearl Harbor Survivors’ Association, eventually demanded that the commanders’ ranks be posthumously restored. In 2000, both houses of Congress passed a resolution recommending this action. The resolution, however, remains buried in the Defense Department. No action has been taken. To this day, Admiral Kimmel and General Short have not been given back their honor. That is why we need your help. We need your signature, so that we can get Congress' resolution to the President's desk for action. Once he signs it, the struggle will be ended and justice finally done.   A Matter of Honor, the new book about finding justice for Admiral Kimmel and General Short is available now from HarperCollins Publishing. Click to view. To view the Admiral Kimmel-PH75 video, click here.    Underestimating the Threat In 1941, America didn't understand the Japanese. They had been allies in World War I, and we thought them disciplined but too old-fashioned to be a threat to us. Meanwhile, they were building up their military and working on new weapons technology. In particular, in 1941 they developed a torpedo capable of operating with deadly accuracy in shallow water. Previously, torpedoes had required more than 75 feet of water to function properly. Pearl Harbor, less than 40 feet deep, had seemed safe from enemy torpedo attack. US intelligence's failure on the matter of torpedoes was one of many. Washington failed Admiral Kimmel, leaving him ignorant of the new development.    An Unthreatened Harbor While America knew a Japanese attack was possible, Admiral Kimmel was never sent intelligence data that suggested a raid of Pearl Harbor was likely. Meanwhile, President Roosevelt was pulling ships out of the Pacific and sending them over to the Atlantic to help in Britain's fight against attacks by German submarines. The intelligence Kimmel received in the Pacific suggested that Japanese hostile action would start elsewhere - possibly the Philippines or Thailand. For his part, Kimmel didn't have nearly enough planes or aircrews to conduct full aerial reconnaissance around Pearl Harbor. On the morning of December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor had no warning of Japan's surprise attack, resulting in the huge loss of life and damage to warships.   Did Roosevelt Need an Attack Conspiracy theorists suggest President Roosevelt knew that the attack was coming and allowed it to happen - in order that America would be pulled into the war. But no good evidence ever emerged to support that theory. Speculation about Washington allowing the Pearl Harbor attack, while false, probably grew out of the truth that it was important any conflict be started by the Japanese, not by the United States. As the war with Germany raged on in Europe, Roosevelt knew that America would have to get involved, despite having pledged we would stay out. The attack on Pearl Harbor rallied the American people to do just that. The U.S. stance, relayed to the Hawaii commanders by Chief of Staff George Marshall was merely: "if hostilities cannot, repeat cannot, be avoided, the United States desires that Japan commit the first overt act." Scapegoating So far as Kimmel and Short knew at the time, their superiors in Washington were as surprised as they were by the attack. A hurried commission of investigation concluded that Kimmel and Short had been guilty of "dereliction of duty" and responsible for the disastrous losses. They were not only relieved of command but pressured into retirement and publicly vilified. Two American military commanders, devoted to their country, had lost what they most valued - their honor. But two years later, when Kimmel learned that the Washington command had had advance intelligence pointing to a possible attack but failed to share it with him, he was outraged. The Admiral devoted the rest of his life to searching for the full truth. For years, America had been intercepting and decoding Japan's secret diplomatic messages. The messages were read in Washington, available to only a select few military and political leaders, and they shared only a fraction of it with Kimmel. September 24th : A transmission from Japan , known as the Bomb Plot Message, is decoded. It orders a Tokyo spy in Hawaii to divide Pearl Harbor according to a grid system, plotting the exact location of US warships, armament and personnel. It indicates that Japan is planning an attack on Pearl Harbor. But Washington does not share this vital intelligence with Kimmel and Short. November 27th : Pearl Harbor gets a general War Warning from Washington, informing Pacific commanders that war with Japan is looming if not imminent. It suggests, however, the Japanese will attack targets thousands of miles from Pearl Harbor. December 7th : (4 hours before the attack): Washington decodes a Japanese message stating that negotiations with the US are about to end. Hawaii, however, is not immediately informed. The Washington command does not act speedily. When a warning message is eventually sent to Hawaii, transmission is delayed by bad weather. It is relayed on by Western Union, not even marked URGENT. The telegram arrives 8 hours late, long after the attack is over.It's clear now that there was a broad failure of US Intelligence before Pearl Harbor. No one today would refute this. In fact, to quote a CIA publication, Washington was taken by surprise not because it: "lacked clues to Tokyo's intentions and capabilities but because those clues lay unnoticed amongst volumes of unrelated or even misleading data."  Slighted in Spite of Evidence By an act of Congress after the war, all officers were retired at the highest rank they had held - except for two men: Admiral Kimmel and General Short. They alone remained stripped of their original rank. In spite of the mistakes in Washington that meant the two commanders had not received essential information, in spite of the 1944 Navy Court of Inquiry and Army Board that found that they had not been derelict in their duty, Kimmel and Short were disgraced. There was no justification for the dishonor heaped on these men, never has been. Congress recognised that both commanders had had "excellent and unassailable" records until the attack. Admiral Kimmel had devoted his life to serving his country. His father had been a Major in the Civil War. All three of his sons served in the Navy during World War II. His eldest, Manning, a submarine skipper, was killed. His death had been what Abraham Lincoln had described in a famous letter to a grieving mother as "a sacrifice upon the altar of Freedom." There's never been any justification for not retiring Admiral Kimmel and General Short were at their highest wartime ranks and for not restoring their honor.   A Matter of Priority Yet, the military has taken no corrective action. Even Admiral William Standley, a member of the original Roberts Commission, later denounced the way it had been conducted, stating that the process had been improper and inaccurately recorded. Standley went on to champion the reputations of both men, saying they had been martyred. In his words: "if they had been brought to trial both would have been cleared of the charge" of dereliction of duty. The amendment passed by Congress in 2000, and included in the Defense Authorization Act, recognized that Kimmel and Short had done worthy work and urged the President to posthumously restore them to the ranks they had held as the commanders in the Pacific. Pinning the blame on Kimmel and Short for the catastrophe at Pearl Harbor was done, as one Defense Department official has noted, merely because - at the time – scapegoats were "necessary". Honor is at the heart of military service, and the fate of to these two commanders is more than a line in a history book. To military men and women, honor is above life itself, and that is why this still matters today. Many military leaders, who well understand this, have recommended that the President clear Kimmel's and Short's names by approving Congress' resolution. Yet eminent figures such as now Vice President Joe Biden, Secretary of State John Kerry, and former Senators Edward Kennedy and Strom Thurmond, were unable to make it happen. But we can. If this sort of injustice is not brought to the surface by a public outcry now, it stands very little chance of reaching the desk of the President. The one hope we have of righting this wrong is for the people to insist upon it, for YOU to demand it. It is no use to throw up your hands and say, ITALS "There's nothing we can do." If enough people raise their voices, it will be difficult to ignore them. The amendment in Congress' Act that could put this injustice to bed has been awaiting signature since 2001. But there will be no signature if the case is not thought important enough to be brought to the President's attention. f you believe in standing up for what's right, this is your chance. Please sign our petition to restore the ranks of Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short. Do it to give these men, at last, the honor that was taken from them 75 years ago. Do it for their families. Do it for your country.

Jason Broadwater
2,237 supporters