Petition to Lawrence Wasden, C.L. "Butch" Otter
Stop Nuclear Waste
I hereby petition Idaho's elected leaders, especially Attorney General Lawrence Wasden and our Governor, to strongly oppose shipments of out-of-state nuclear waste into our state. I'm concerned that this waste will be stranded here, in violation of Idaho’s 1995 Nuclear Waste Agreement. Since the 1950s, Idaho has been a dump for some of the most dangerous nuclear waste in the country. Contaminated materials were buried above Idaho’s groundwater and even pumped into the Snake River Aquifer—the sole source of drinking water for one-fifth of Idaho's population. Scientists say that radioactive isotopes from this waste will eventually reach the Magic Valley's drinking water. Today, there's a plan to ship in even more nuclear waste from Washington—more than could be reasonably treated and exported within the one-year time period required by the 1995 agreement. What's more, this potentially flammable and explosive waste has never been tested for safe transport over public roads and rails. The plan is to truck it through Idaho's most populous cities, including Boise and Twin Falls. As the fastest growing state in the country, Idaho’s economic future depends on clean land and clean water. Don’t Waste Idaho: Stop nuclear waste!
Petition to Department of Energy
Stop Construction of More Nuclear Power Plants.
This change will bring about a safer future for you and your family. Those around you will also be affected positively. The effects of this change will put us on the track to effectively eliminate nuclear power and lessen the amount of nuclear waste on earth. Move more into safer ways to produce energy, building more solar plants and using wind energy rather than using both fossil fuels and nuclear energy. Nuclear Power Plants are expensive to keep open and to operate! Nuclear waste has an impacts globally as seen from the events of Chernobyl and Fukushima Disasters and nuclear waste is dangerous and hard to control as it can leak into the soil and water causing increased radiation in the atmosphere. video credits: Wendover Productions
Petition to Donald J. Trump, Donald J. Trump, Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, U.S. Senate, U.S. House of Representatives
Resignation of Rick Perry Secretary Energy he refuses to do his own job
Rick Perry refuses to do his job! I have offered to import russian scientist and engineers to deal with the nuclear waste that has accumulated on every reactor site for the last 57 years. They found a way to convert spent fuel to clean energy. Rick Perry is responsible at hanFord for the 65 workers exposed to plutonium particles plutonium named for the Greek god of the underworld because it is death to humans. The flagship product of the energy solution as part of Rosatom's integrated proposal is the evolutionary reactor design of VVER-1200. It was developed based on the variants of the VVER-1000 reactor, which were built for foreign customers in the 1990s and 2000s: Bushehr NPP (Iran), Kundankulam NPP (India), Tianwan NPP (China). Each parameter of the reactor has tried to improve, as well as to introduce a number of additional security systems that reduce the probability of radiation release in any accident and their combinations beyond the sealed reactor compartment - the container. As a result, VVER-1200 is characterized by a 20% higher capacity with comparable equipment sizes for WWER-1000, a service life of 60 years, the ability to maneuver power in the interests of the power system, a high CIUM (90%), Scientific supervisor of the project - RRC "Kurchatov Institute" (Moscow); developer - OKB "Gidropress" (Podolsk), the main manufacturer - "Atommash" (Volgodonsk). The project provides burnout of fuel up to 70 MW • day / kgU. Seismic (SL-2) - ≤ 0.3 g. As options, it is possible to use a slow-moving turbine and a maneuvering unit (range 100-50-100). Quite a lot of rework touched the internal elements of the reactor (mine, septum, block of protective pipes, sensors, etc.), both to prevent various accidents, and to ensure a 60-year service life. In the long term, it is possible to use MOX fuel.The VVER technology uses a dual-circuit nuclear steam-producing body plant with a thermal neutron reactor, in which conventional water under pressure is the coolant and retarder. The design includes four cooling loops with a steam generator, a main circulation pump (MCP), a pressure compensator, a relief and emergency fitting on steam pipelines, and capacitances of the emergency core cooling system (SAOS) of the reactor. Thus, VVER-1200 combines the reliability of long-proven engineering solutions with a complex of active and passive safety systems, modified to take into account the "postfuskim" requirements.The technical solutions used in VVER-1200 - such as the pool of spent fuel storage inside the containment, the filters at the exit from the interclosure ventilated space, the unique "melt trap" with the sacrificial material, the passive heat dissipation system, which has no analogues - allow us to call it the reactor installation of the generation III +. The design solutions of the SAOZ system are interesting. This is a container with cold boric acid under pressure. In the event of a rupture of the hull or pipelines, they ensure the entry of boric acid into the reactor, muffling it and providing cooling. The use of this, as well as other systems in the complex guarantees a high level of internal safety of the reactor installation.The first power unit with the VVER-1200 reactor - the power unit No. 6 of Novovoronezh NPP-2 - was included in the Russian power system in August 2016. Generation III + power units are currently being built in the US, France and other countries, however, it was the sixth power unit of Novovoronezh NPP that became the first unit of the last generation in the world to reach the stage of physical start-up and pilot production. Another similar block is being built there. It is also planned to use VVER-1200 at the Leningrad NPP-2 under construction and at the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant (near Ostrovets, Grodno Region). The general contractor for the construction of all these new power units is the ASE Group of Companies.The tasks that are put in the process of reactor operation are experimental demonstration of the key components of the closed fuel cycle, development in real operating conditions of new types of equipment and advanced technical solutions introduced to improve the efficiency, reliability and safety. As fuel in the BN-800 can be used as usual (with uranium oxide) and uranium-plutonium MOX fuel (a mixture of 235U and 239Pu). The use of uranium-plutonium fuel in this "fast" reactor allows not only to use the reserves of energy plutonium, but also to dispose of weapons-grade plutonium, as well as to burn long-lived isotopes of actinides from the irradiated fuel of thermal reactors. This gives hope for the formation in the future of an ecologically clean, closed nuclear fuel cycle.The commissioning of the BN-800 proved that Rosatom retained its competence in the field of practical experience in the construction and launch of fast reactors. The reliable operation of the unit is designed to contribute to ensuring the nuclear power industry of Russia with fuel for a long time due to the reproduction, utilization of spent nuclear fuel from thermal power plants and the utilization of radioactive waste by involving in the useful production cycle of dumped uranium and plutonium. In October 2016, the oldest American energy magazine POWER - one of the most influential and authoritative international professional publications in this field - evaluated these prospects and awarded the fourth power unit of Beloyarsk NPP with the Power Awards for 2016 in the category "Top Plants". It was observed, that this power unit is the most powerful breeder in the world (fast breeder reactor) on fast neutrons with a liquid metal sodium coolant. The nomination "Best Stations" identifies the most promising and innovative projects that indicate the vector of development of the entire industry. Thanks to the construction of the BN-800, as experts say, Russia currently ranks first in the world in the technology of building "fast" reactors.
Petition to Donald J. Trump, Donald J. Trump, Donald Trump, Edmund G. Brown Jr.
Government support on alternative sources of energy - Emission-free power (clean air)
The Earth’s climate is changing. On a global scale, weather patterns and temperatures are changing quickly and with no predictability. Climate science is a complex subject. Scientists and scholars around the world have conducted research to help people understand our unpredictable climate. Climate itself is the result of the interaction among dozens of factors. Because of that, one is not able to just observe changes in one element and connect them to a specific climatic effect -- which makes explaining global warming a challenge. The largest natural contributor to warming up the Earth is the Sun. The Sun is the largest nuclear reactor. “The Earth receives 84 terawatts of solar power every moment -- that's 84 million million watts.” (http://sciencing.com) Some of the energy is absorbed -- heating up the air, water, and land, creating climate change as the Earth orbits. Some of that infrared radiation, however, does not make it back to space -- it gets reflected right back to Earth’s surface. It's trapped. An easily explained example of the process: “A pot of heating water on the stove feels warm, and it steams. The heat you feel, and the steam you see are both ways the pot is getting rid of energy, but more energy comes in than goes out -- so the pot heats up. The same thing occurs with the Earth: If more energy comes in than goes out, the Earth heats up.” (http://sciencing.com) The natural atmosphere holds gas that reflects some infrared heat back to the Earth. Human activity is adding to the level of greenhouse gasses, increasing the reflection, changing the balance and making the average temperature go up. The most commonly known greenhouse gas emitted is Carbon Dioxide (CO2). There are other greenhouse gasses such as: methane, nitrous oxide, and even more. There are several man-made sources emitting greenhouse gasses. Man-made sectors that negatively impact our environment and emit harmful greenhouse gasses are electricity, transportation, industry, commercial-residential, agriculture, land use and forestry. Greenhouse gas emissions from power plants are the largest contributor to rising temperatures. A greater emphasis on cleaner, alternative sources of energy is the need of the hour to retard the upward incline of global temperatures. “Carbon dioxide (CO2) in its gas form is an asphyxiant, which cuts off the oxygen supply for breathing, especially in confined spaces. Exposure to concentrations of 10 percent or more of carbon dioxide can cause death, unconsciousness, or convulsions. Exposure may damage a developing fetus.” (https://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov) With lower levels of exposure, a person might experience shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, confusion, and much more. The vast majority of CO2, greenhouse gas emissions, are from the man-made Electricity sector. The Electricity sector involves the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity. Scientist and scholars from around the world have now created reasonable plans to decrease CO2 emissions. “87 percent of all human-produced carbon dioxide emissions come from the burning of fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, and oil.” (http://whatsyourimpact.org )By switching the way we generate our energy, people around the globe can contribute to reducing CO2 emissions, hence ensuring global warming does not become a situation where future generations are unable to survive. I am writing you to ask that you help make Nuclear Energy a possibility. “More than 70% of America’s emission-free power (clean air) comes from nuclear energy sources.” (https://www.dosomething.org)The countries with the most reactors are the United States, which currently has 99 reactors, France with 58 reactors, and Japan with 43 reactors.(This data is taken from the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Power Reactor Information System, which was last updated on 8 August 2015) According to the Nuclear Energy Assembly, “Nuclear energy stations do not produce air pollutants or greenhouse gasses when they generate electricity. The life-cycle emissions from nuclear energy are comparable to other non-emitting sources of electricity like wind, solar and hydropower.” (https://www.nei.org) The time is now to eliminate coal and oil as sources of energy and to make the shift to nuclear energy to save the planet. Nuclear power can eliminate and reduce current CO2 in our air and allow an abundance of electricity. "While we are in favor of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and hydro, we reject the environmental orthodoxy that climate change can be solved through renewables alone, particularly as global energy demand is poised to triple over the next century. We support continued energy innovation, and work to create openness to a wider array of clean energy technologies, such as nuclear power and carbon capture, that can be deployed at the scale necessary to reduce global greenhouse emissions and provide energy access to people in the developing world who strive for the same energy-rich lives that we enjoy in the west. Including a broader set of clean energy technologies in the policy toolkit can also help create common ground and reduce political polarization on climate change."(pritzkerinnovationfund.org) The complex climatical issue is now premeditating interfering with the American/human lifestyle. How are we to stop our electricity and transportation use to help prevent the Earth from smothering the future generations with greenhouse gasses, such as CO2? What options do Americans have? Some conservative minds have a false reality that if global warming was ignored in the past, then there is an option to continue to ignore global warming as if it does not exist. There are some groups that want the option to use only green sources for energy and transportation needs. This they hope will ensure the planet is safe. It would be easy if all countries, states, cities, etc. on the planet have the same wind, solar, and water resources to produce the perfect amount of energy needed, on a continuous basis for those living within the area of their natural energy source, such as a solar panel, windmill, etc. Everyone wants and needs access to electricity 24-hours a day, 365 days a year regardless of the season. Progressive minds have found a way that allows for an abundance of electricity, not only for Americans, but for people all over the world. Countries such as France and Japan have already been advancing for the future of energy. The progressive idea can include people that currently have no electricity resources at all. "Conservation is deeply intertwined with climate and energy issues. We should aspire to be a world in which energy is clean, cheap, and abundant; seek to enable this reality without using up the earth’s resources, which will require employing dense forms of energy. This is one reason that relying on renewables alone to solve climate change would be problematic: scaling wind and solar requires massive amounts of land, while hydro has obvious implications for waterways. Preserving the earth will require more than just restricting access to natural spaces. Conservation necessitates technological innovation, urbanization, and other key elements of modernization that make human societies less dependent on nature." (pritzkerinnovationfund.org) A vigorous debate is in progress over the extent and seriousness of rising surface temperatures, the effects of past and future warming on human life, and the need for action to reduce future warming and deal with its consequences. Nuclear energy has a vital role to play in the future for providing clean energy for sustainable economic development around the world. Nuclear energy is by far America’s largest source of clean, emission-free electricity, producing no greenhouse gasses or air pollutants. The United States commitment to the environment and man-kind extends to protecting wildlife and their habitats.