Petition to Rt Hon Sajid Javid, Sir Jon Thompson, Rt Hon Boris Johnson, Rt Hon Rishi Sunak, Rt Hon John Glen, Rt Hon Simon Clarke, UK Parliament, Rt Hon Jesse Norman, Economic Affairs Committee
Abolish IR35 and halt IR35 reforms due in April 2020
This petition is on behalf of Contractors/Freelancers urging government to abolish IR35 and to undertake a holistic review of tax on freelancers. We request government to halt IR35 reforms in private sector due in April 2020 as an urgent first step. The petition requests Government to give a clear statement that any tax reforms will have no retrospective taxation on either individuals or corporations as this has created an unnecessary environment of great fear. This has led many companies into blanket banning contractors from March 2020. The policy should be to encourage individuals to stay in jobs, earn more money and pay more tax rather than destroying an entire sector. The petition wants government to give clear statement that IR35 does not apply on foreign assignments. This is going to set a precedent where UK workers will be encouraged to pay tax in foreign countries and only transfer income to UK. HMRC and UK will be a net looser here. Finally, we urge HMRC/Government to look at all the below reasons in detail and refrain from giving a standard template reply. In the past Government replies have sighted non-compliance of IR35 as main reason to push for reforms. They also have suggested Tax gain in public sector for reasons to reform IR35 which is not entirely true as it does not take in account high costs public sector has been forced to bear. A third view is that truly self-employed do not get impacted by IR35 or its reforms but facts have proved otherwise. An article by Julia Kermode some years back showed the impact of IR35 on public sector. https://interim-hub.com/the-devastating-impact-of-ir35-on-business-and-the-uk-economy/ HMRC is justified in striving to increase their revenues but they should do it ethically. They should study the impact of IR35 and its reforms on broader economy rather than taking a short-term view of increasing revenue for them. Taxes will start decreasing and corporate costs will go up with IR35 reforms. I have discussed why this will happen in detail below. It seems HMRC are stuck in a time warp on IR35 and do not want to see beyond it. The government should not try to curb earnings of individuals. It should encourage people to earn more and tax clearly. In case of freelancers it should have a policy of give and take which rewards the entrepreneurship spirit. Let us look at how IR35 reforms have a disadvantage on everyone including HMRC and then analyse why IR35 is a vague and toxic law. Disadvantages for UK: - 1. A lot of short-term work has stopped coming to UK as our ability to get this delivered has become expensive and non-flexible. 2. Work not being done in UK means less tax for UK and less money on high streets /UK economy which will create a cycle of recession. 3. Freelancers create employment for Accountants, insurers and agencies who are also set to lose business. 4. All segments of self-employed community and almost all businesses are getting impacted negatively by IR35 reforms, be it builders, plumbers, oil workers, every industry has a horror story to tell about IR35. NHS is one of the most interesting examples of how trying to cap earnings/pensions or experimenting with IR35 can cause severe staff shortages. https://www.energyvoice.com/oilandgas/north-sea/213448/tension-as-north-sea-firms-grapple-with-ir35-rules/ Disadvantages for HMRC: - 5. VAT collected by Freelancer is often recharged back by corporates, however exception are financial companies which cannot claim back VAT as it is service for them. This will be a direct loss to HMRC. 6. Most contractors are on daily rate in range of 400 to 600 pounds. Some are on higher rates. They pay corporation tax and dividend tax. They also pay agencies, accountants, insurers, training companies, advertisers, networkers. Contractors being offered employment after IR35 reforms are in salary brackets of £50k to £60k. This includes pension savings. HMRC stands to receive less tax with people dependent on freelancing industry losing job and freelancers moving in average PAYE jobs. 7. HMRC believes that a lot of contractors will simply move into umbrellas with IR35 reforms. Many banks in the city have fired thousands of contractors. Many banks are also hiring expensive consultancies that are using their bases in Europe to get this work done. Result is that UK companies have a higher cost and there is less tax for HMRC. The cycle is even more vicious as money spent in UK economy is decreasing as freelancer’s loose job. 8. A lot of contractors working in Europe (and this is not a small number) are insisting agencies to tax them in Europe to have certainty. Previously lot of UK workers used their Limited companies but now feel it is safe to work and get taxed in Europe. Even a number of companies have realised this and moving work to Europe to have certainty. Disadvantages for Corporates: - 9. Reforms pose an unnecessary burden on companies for getting IR35 assessment right. HMRC has struggled to assess IR35 status correctly in past and have suspected all daily rate contractors to be inside IR35. This is proved by HMRC sending blanket letters to all GSK contractors. https://www.ipse.co.uk/ipse-news/ipse-blog/hmrc-letters-gsk-contractors-add-ir35-confusion.html This is an area where many contractors have won cases against HMRC in courts. How can anyone get this status right when HMRC can get it wrong? The result is a recent penalty on NHS https://www.contractorcalculator.co.uk/nhs_digital_hit_43m_tax_bill_cest_553910_news.aspx To be fair to HMRC, IR35 is a vague law which can be interpreted in many different ways for the same case. 10. Corporates are taking services of expensive consultancies paying them exorbitant costs as they don’t want hassle of assessment and penalties. These consultancies are hiring cheaper resources from Nearshore (Europe), Offshore (Asia) and Best shore. The author has seen banking jobs going to Zurich as corporates want zero risk of HMRC penalties and bad reputation. 11. Corporates in many cases are blanket assessing their contractors as inside IR35 which is delaying work and leaving a wide gap for legal battles. In one case, HMRC ended up paying holiday pay to avoid a legal battle. https://www.icpa.org.uk/portal/payroll_employment/hmrc_ir35_holiday_pay Is IR35 ethical? Government want to encourage big companies which is super and welcome. However, it has a narrow mind-set for individuals who want to earn money as a company. This is encouraged by jealous permanent folks or people having incomplete information who look at freelancers in envy. No one has stopped them from doing freelancing and they easily discount benefits they are getting that a freelancer doesn’t. This includes better work; freelancers always get shoddy work. Freelancers don’t get holidays, company pension or pension top ups, sick leaves, trainings, company benefits or even a redundancy when they leave. Their notice periods are very small and they are forced to take furloughs or work over holidays when everyone is enjoying. The new dividend tax has made tax same between freelancers and employed. If there is any difference, it is Employer NI which for permanent staff is paid by corporates. This can easily be compensated by making VAT as a service charge. Let us look in detail: - 12. The same set of work done by large limited companies will always be taxed under corporate laws. It is the small freelancer who is suspected as a Tax avoider/Fraudster for trying to follow a limited company structure. A daily contractor at a Bank should do PAYE but if PWC offers a resource for same work, then PWC can pay its resource salary and keep remaining money as limited company. It clearly shows how government is ok with earnings of big business but not with earnings of individuals. The vague nature of IR35 allows big corporates to charge higher to clients and pay lower salaries to employees but prohibits contractors to do same set of work directly with clients and pay like limited company. This is what is called disguised employment. 13. Freelancers pay corporation tax on their earnings before they keep money in their company. Any money withdrawn further is subjected to dividend tax or Entrepreneur tax if the company is being closed. A lot is made of this money kept in company or sharing income with spouses. However, most contractors are out of work at some point of time and this period is from 1 to 6 months. The money in company stops us from claiming benefits or our spouses to go and claim benefits. This money is used for reskilling or networking at times we are out of work. In this regard, again a policy of give and take is suggested. Freelancers will be happy to follow a clear law. 14. An article by contractor calculator shows how the new dividend tax makes earnings and taxation similar between contractors and employees. The total tax on an income of £100k for an employee is £33461 which is around 33.46%. Employer NI is paid separately by employer. Freelancers already pay Corporation/Dividend tax. HMRC can possibly tax us at a certain fixed percentage considering our risks but more tax that we bring to economy. VAT as service charge can compensate employer NI. https://www.contractorcalculator.co.uk/comparing_taxes_contractors_versus_employees.aspx 15. Contractors use structure of the limited company because of engagers, as engagers don’t accept people with a self-employed status. These contractors if self-employed would have paid Class 2 NI and settled their income with their spouses. The government therefore does not want contractors to follow the self-employed route. 16. Everyone benefits from this gig-economy. Big Business want flexible workforce for short-term work. A lot of working class wants flexibility away from appraisals and working continuously. 17. Fear of IR35 led a lot of evil promoters in concocting schemes which lured contractors seeking certainty. These contractors now face exorbitant bills from HMRC called Loan charge which is bankrupting contractors and has forced many of them to suicide. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-49284171 18. HMRC suggestion that truly self-employed do not need to worry seems incorrect as recently all GSK contractors were sent letters with the suggestion that they are suspected to be Inside IR35. This is a wrong psychological tactic to scare people in paying more tax. It will force corporates hiring freelancers into blanket banning them. HMRC itself will get involved in expensive legal battles if a few contractors decide to fight it out. HMRC has lost several cases in past meaning that either they do not understand their own law or its vague nature makes it difficult to understand it. https://www.contractorcalculator.co.uk/ir35_court_cases_judgments.aspx 19. HMRC have only now given a CEST tool and asked freelancers to use it and determine their status. This was not previously available. However, in one of the cases they refused to accept the result in a court case. https://www.contractorcalculator.co.uk/hmrc_refuses_stand_irrelevant_cest_ir35_551410_news.aspx 20. HMRC has now revised the CEST tool. But the point is that this toxic cycle of retrospective chasing freelancers needs to be stopped and the taxman needs to give a clear law to freelancers rather than keep experimenting with IR35. 21. A lot of Contractors because of IR35 reforms are being blanket assessed as inside IR35. Many of us have seen our contracts terminated. A number of other contractors have seen rates being cut by 25% as the cartel of umbrellas/corporates don’t want to pay employer NI/Holidays. We urge government to have simpler laws that can be interpreted as black and white. These laws must encourage flexibility, people to earn more and pay more tax rather than laws where people will think it is better to earn less. The Law came into being in 1999 with the main arguments · “There are clearly cases of Friday to Monday" — leaving on Friday as an employee and returning on Monday to the same job as a hired consultant — which would be considered to be avoiding the payment of the correct Income Tax and National Insurance. · It is unfair that two workers performing the same tasks should pay different rates of Income Tax and National Insurance, when there is no difference between their working arrangements; · The personal service company pays Corporation Tax on the dividends paid to the disguised worker operating through his personal service company and is considerably lower than personal Income Tax. Dividends do not attract National Insurance so therefore the worker would pay no National Insurance. The government can work on various options to have more tax while having simpler laws: - A. Time bound approach for freelancers to work as a limited company. This can be the same set of rules as for expenses which is currently 2 years. Freelancers at same location for more than 2 years can do PAYE. HMRC can further reduce this timeline for Friday to Monday cases. B. There is a complaint from HMRC that contractor expenses reduce corporation tax. HMRC can give a fixed percentage of allowed expenses like 5-7% of revenue except travel which will help contractors manage their company. However, travel is an area which is dependent on client location. HMRC can mitigate it by making Travel expenses acceptable if recharged to the client/agency. They should however encourage companies to write contracts in such a way. Contractor travel expenses are same as done by permanent staff. C. The total tax on an income of £100k for an employee is £33461 which is around 33.46%. Employer NI is paid separately by employer. HMRC can possibly tax us at a certain fixed percentage considering our risks but more tax that we bring to economy. This can be sharing income with spouse or some reduced percentage of tax. VAT can be made a service charge compensating for Employer NI. One of the major advantages UK always had is its flexible workforce. If we destroy this advantage then we will be the ultimate losers. The author feels HMRC wants to improve its revenues but the procedures followed are draconian. Tough tax measures have impacted our manufacturing and retail business and now in name of tax, we can destroy our broader economy. We compare ourselves with Nordics in terms of taxation but do not realise that our population is much bigger. A comparison more likely with Singapore should be done. Similar other measures such as 40% inheritance tax have only encouraged trust formations. We could have made this as 10% capital gains on inheritor which would have made it far easier to transfer company shares and improve revenue or the extra stamp duty which is only reducing revenue progressively. Joint incomes/ISA’s or pensions with spouses can help reduce tax credits. A fresh approach on taxes is required rather than trying to make cosmetic changes to old laws. IR35 reforms will increase costs for companies. The first thing they will do is shed employees, then employ external outsourcers and then move abroad. This happened to manufacturing. Author supports globalisation and healthy migration as it helps competitiveness. However, a clear taxation law in UK will help corporates and individuals to work freely without fear of being on wrong side of taxman. HMRC may be right they may collect more revenues for a year but as soon as employees reduce, work moves abroad, the revenue will decrease. More revenue should come from more growth but in UK we are continuously chasing more revenue even as industries are failing. Through this petition author wants government to replace IR35 with a clear law.
Petition to Birmingham City Council, Shropshire county council, Staffordshire council, chief constable west Mercia police, Chief Constable of West Midlands Police, chief constable of Staffordshire police
Allow Official Registered Blood Bike riders exemptions to use bus lanes.
Volunteer Blood bikers, affiliated to registered charities across the country are all advanced riders, they have many years of training and experience before being allowed to convey urgent medical supplies, including organ donations, blood, platelets, baby milk and much more. They often need to make progress to get the delivery there in time. Riders may also find themselves in heavy traffic and although they can use the bike and their skills to make progress, there are often bus lanes which they could use safety and without compromising other traffic. However, recently there have been numerous fines issued by local councils, particularly Birmingham City council where a fixed penalty ticket has been issued to the charity for use of the bus lane. The very nature of the rider volunteer who was on duty will usually pay the fine as they were riding but wouldn’t it be nice not to be fined in the first place? Blood bike charities save millions of pounds to the NHS each year and help many people receive blood, organs, baby milk and medication, they are a well supported group of charities who work hard for the benefit of others owing to their caring nature. Please allow blood bikes the exemption for use of bus lanes without penalty.
Petition to Rt Hon Matt Hancock MP
Lowering of Retirement Age for Front line Ambulance Staff from 67 to 60
Currently front line emergency ambulance staff have a retirement age of 67. Yet we do full rotating shifts which is proven to shorten your life. The job is both physically and mentally demanding involving carrying heavy equipment and patients up and down stairs, facing arduous circumstances on a daily basis. Often working outside in challenging circumstances and conditions. Recently a close colleague retired at 63 after a 40 year career serving the public of London. Sadly he suddenly passed away 3 weeks later, leaving a partner 4 children, 9 grandchildren and a great grandson that was born just after he passed away. He had been very fit and healthy to this point and had not yet reached the official retirement age by nearly 3 years. Currently as legislation stands we in the ambulance service are treated the same as any other NHS employee with a retirement age of 67. I am calling for a reduction in the retirement age for front line staff from 67 to 60 to bring us more in to line with our colleagues in our partner emergency services . I also believe that due to the way our job has changed that this problem will be self resolving as most staff no longer have long careers within ambulance services. I want to see a change made before a colleague passes away on duty. This is a career choice and we should enjoy a life after retirement.
Petition to Theresa May MP, http://www.theipsa.org.uk/ , Jeremy Corbyn
Freeze MP's Pay in line with public sector
why is it Public sector pay has been frozen for years and yet the MP's have had pay rises as high as 12%. This petition is for them to have their pay increases frozen at 1%. Why should they not endure the hardship that we, the people who put them in government have to suffer.
Petition to Department of Health
To ensure a coordinated package of aftercare for all families following the loss of a baby/child, which will involve Midwives, GPs and full support networks.
In December 2012 we lost Charlie Arthur Curtis to Potters Syndrome after 19 minutes of life. Whilst in hospital the care we received was excellent, however once we stepped outside the hospital doors we found that there was little or no support out there for bereaved/grieving families. The support we received fell well below any standard a grieving family should receive. We want our experience to help improve the support available to other parents and families in the future. In Leeds alone there are 32,000 people awaiting bereavement counselling. The wait for counselling can be anything from 6 - 18 months. Surely this cannot be right. Bereaved families need support as soon as they leave the hospital. If each family were to be given a carefully coordinated personalised aftercare package their journey through grief could be made easier. We need your support to help get the Health Department to change their bereavement services throughout the UK. We know we can make a difference with your support. Already we have been able to generate much discussion within the NHS in Leeds.
Petition to NHS, Caroline Dinenage MP, Department of Health, Stephen Barclay MP, Jackie Doyle-Price MP, Matt Hancock MP, Boris Johnson
Eating Disorders are not just about weight #dumpthescales
Having being hospitalised and on the brink of death from anorexia once before, when I relapsed in 2016 I was terrified of ending up in hospital again. Getting to that point where I would lose control. That relentless anorexic voice nagging at me day in and day out.After four months of battling with that voice in my head I decided it was time I reached out for help. I referred myself and got an appointment at an Eating Disorder Unit in London only to be told “I wasn’t thin enough for support”.I left the appointment not sure what to do, all I had wanted was someone to talk to, someone to take my relapse seriously and to give me some help. I felt like a fake. A hypocrite. The month that followed was a mess. I couldn’t shake that anorexic voice that was slowly destroying me again, making me feel suicidal, taking over my every waking moment. One evening I sat at the train station for hours and just wanted to give up on life altogether. I remember thinking about how much better life would be for everyone if I wasn’t here. Something stopped me that evening ending my life altogether and I had this realisation that if I wasn’t thin enough for treatment I would have to manage this on my own. My story isn’t unique but a daily occurrence for people with all eating disorders who are seeking treatment. When asked to imagine someone suffering with an eating disorder, most will imagine a stick thin, gaunt looking girl. But this is not the reality of eating disorders. People with eating disorders are currently not getting a fair deal in society. Despite the guidance too often individuals are turned away from receiving essential support because they aren’t skinny enough to be considered at risk. This leaves the individual feeling like they aren’t worth getting that support, feeling like a “fake”, potentially losing more weight to hit that target and in some cases feeling suicidal. This is why I’m calling on the government to review the eating disorder guidance delivered by clinicians. We know that early diagnosis is a critical element in the success of treatment for eating disorders and by the time 'obvious' signs of eating disorders have manifested, it is likely that the illness will have become ingrained in the individual, and therefore much more difficult to treat. If we want to prevent people getting more unwell, save the NHS money, prevent hospital admission and save lives we need to have this review and ensure that we get full implementation of the clinical guidance around diagnosis. The guidelines are right but these are not being uniformly implemented across the nation to the detriment of thousands of people daily. It is time we stopped waiting for people to hit crisis point before offering them support. We need to be able to make sure that people with eating disorders are getting the right support in a timely manner. With 1.25 million people in the UK living with an eating disorder we can’t afford to wait any longer the time to act is now. #DumpTheScales
Petition to Producers, BBC
Help our mental health podcast get made (celebrate our nurses!)
Mental illness is still robbing us of everything from physical health, to quality of life and time with our loved ones. Together, organisations, nurses, doctors, and volunteers continue the fight to end stigma, and they are succeeding. But we must find new ways to talk about these important issues, because they affect us all regardless of gender, race, or age. Introducing... Dead On Your Feet — a fiction podcast about life, death, and mental health Imagine a fiction podcast that's part Call the Midwife, part good-old English road trip. That's Dead On Your Feet, a new 10-part story written to explore common mental illnesses, through the adventures of two quite special nurses. Podcast summary Making their way to the afterlife in a tan-coloured VW Beetle via the Eddystone lighthouse in 1961, two nurses, Tamsin and Katherine, meet a series of people living with mental illness. Along the way the pair examine their lives, come to terms with death, and do what they can to help those in desperate need, before they're gone for good themselves. Dead On Your Feet is an uplifting exploration of loss, life, death, and mental health, with a few surprises thrown in along the way. Why we need YOUR help Making fiction podcasts with real-life voice actors is hard and time-consuming. We're looking for production support to really make this thing as great as we know it can be. But for that, we need your signature. We need to prove to those with the resources that there's an audience for this story — that you want it to happen! Without your support, we're going nowhere, and that's not how this community works. About the author My name is Graeme Keeton, and I'm a writer based in London. Like most writers, I put a lot of time into my projects, often months before sharing them with anybody. Before moving to London, I worked at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, writing for a cohort of over 3,000 nurses. These nurses changed my perspective on life like no other people I've met before or since. This podcast is my way of giving back to them, but I need your support. What makes this podcast different? It's important that we get this right, that we talk about these mental illnesses in a way that's accurate and constructive. It's why we've consulted with some of the best creative and clinical minds around, including the wonderful people at London Arts in Health Forum, and Mental Health Specialist Nurse (and Skellern 2020 coordinator) Dr Joy Bray. Want to read some scripts? Want to know what you're supporting? I've made the scripts for episodes 1-3 available to read online at Ten Minute Screenplays. THANK YOU so much for your support. Your signature means a lot. You can contact me on Twitter @GKCopywriter, if you have any questions. LET'S GET THIS PODCAST MADE!
Petition to Human Rights Campaign, Theresa May MP, Jeremy Corbyn, Birmingham City Council
Let my son be with his family
Where to begin. First and foremost Birmingham Children's Services have themselves stated my son has NEVER come to ANY harm in the care of his mother/myself. My son was placed on a child protection register at birth due to me having convictions for violence 4 years previous, he was kept on child protection aged 3 months due to the fact he was "a very advanced baby" and this "may have led his mother to expect to much of him which might cause significant emotional harm". From July 2014-September 2014 my son , his mother and myself lived a happy peaceful life the days were spent loving,nurturing and enjoying our cheery,happy perfect baby ,however we made the grave error of reporting the fact social worker NADINE REDSHAW was turning up clearly intoxicated and had pictures on her Facebook of her friends babies drinking cans of carling, after that Children's Services embarked upon a smear campaign with the aim of stealing our son for adoption. We were branded "bizarre and paranoid" for refusing to strip our son naked in front of a room full of 10/12 strangers, his mother was labelled as "having a learning difficulty she struggled with" - she has genius level IQ (Children's services declined her offer to take an IQ test), we were branded "tremendously defiant" for refusing to sign our son over to my abusive mother , his mother simply asking for the law to be adhered to meant she had "personality difficulties" and quiet unbelievably our next door neighbours were asked to sign a statement "telling a little white lie" - the "little white lie" being that my son's mother had gone out and left our son in the house unsupervised. Back in December 2014 my son was illegally and viciously seperated from his mother by Birmingham Children's Services and my own mother who has a history of abusing children. 2 days before Christmas his mother went to collect him only to have my own mother refuse to hand him over whilst screaming PPO (police protection order) at my son's mother so his mother rung the police to retrieve our son only for the social worker SYEDA TAHERAH AHMED to lie to the police and claim my mother had custody. The reason Social Services gave for so brazenly breaking the law was "the child may be harmed" due to the fact that his mother and myself had had a verbal disagreement when our son wasnt in our care. His mother wanted to take our son to her fathers home in a different city without me. She kept trying to get our son back for the same thing to keep happening until we were taken to court. My mother made up a pack of lies to try and keep our son for herself. Social Services advocated for her relentlessly and the courts put our son in the care of this woman despite the fact at the time she was under police investigation for serious child abuse allegations perpetrated against her own children (me). Thankfully an independent social worker highlighted what a danger this woman was and my son was removed. Me and his mother PASSED a parenting assessment, we proved all allegations against us to be lies and his mother offered to take our son upon him being returned to her care to live at her fathers home away from myself (the "problem"). However Children's services decided to press for adoption due to facts we are still unsure of. At the Final Hearing the social worker was proven to have lied repeatedly about his mother and so had the guardian ELAINE BENNETT. After a 5 day hearing and a 2 week wait we were told our son would be placed for adoption due to the fact his mother had "drawn a malicious picture" of the social worker and because his mother had asked the social worker SYEDA TAHERAH AHMED and manager RUTH EVELYN HILL to apologise for the fact she had been told she could not care for him as a vunerable single parent. Barbara Carter of Barbara Carter Solicitors was the judge behind this scandalous decision she made findings on things his mother was not even questioned about,falsely claimed my sons mother accepted threshold and felt it appropriate to describe him as 'a very attractive baby to adopters' (one of the reasons the order was given according to Barbara Carter). Legal Aid solicitors CARTWRIGHT KING and BLAIR ALLISON colluded with BCS to remove our son for 'potential risk of emotional harm'. My son has until March to be rescued from the clutches of strangers, strangers who follow a completely different religion to him, strangers who are ripping a child from a loving mother to help fill a void in there own lives. My son is not your baby to have, He has a family who love and want him, he is the centre of the whole family and without him it is pointless. His mother says her home feels like someone has died without him in it. He doesn't deserve to be punished for my actions, his mother doesn't deserve to be punished because of my actions and he definitely doesn't need ripping from his family until he is 18 for things his mother "may or may not do" based on MY past. His mother due to Birmingham Family Courts decision to refuse to process her appeals for some unknown reason now has to wait to oppose the adoption order. Enough signatures will get my son's voice heard and just maybe if his voice is heard loud enough he might just might be returned to where he belongs and the courts might stop ignoring applications put before them and see justice done. If the family courts weren't secret he would have NEVER been removed. I quote Paul Pennington-Wilson (independent social worker) : "The parents present as loving parents who's lives revolve around their son" and finally i quote judge Barbara Carter "the mother is clearly a very bright,intelligent,engaging and fiesty young woman with much to offer those around her including her son." Tom Latimer