Topic

direitos das mulheres

6 petitions

Started 3 weeks ago

Petition to Organização das Nações Unidas

Parem de estuprar e matar as mulheres chilenas!

Desde outubro deste ano os/as manifestantes chilenos/as vem enfrentando uma forte repressão por parte do Governo de Sabastián Piñera. Nas últimas semanas multiplicam-se os casos de desaparecimento, morte e violência sexual contra as mulheres chilenas.  Em situações de conflito, o estupro e o feminicídio são ardilosamente empregados para o exercício do terror político, sendo utilizados como modo de fomentar pânico e instaurar a supremacia de grupos políticos, podendo ser respaldado pelas lideranças políticas oficiais, como forma de repressão e humilhação. “O estupro tem relação direta com todas as estruturas de poder existentes em determinadas sociedades (DAVIS, 2017: 49) (1).  O estupro, também nesses casos, é uma punição e o estuprador, um moralizador, em seu próprio entendimento (2). Não há dúvidas de que a polícia deste país está usando da força para violentar sexualmente e assassinar as mulheres chilenas. Isso está evidente nos casos de Daniela Carrasco, manifestante que foi assassinada, violentada e deixada em uma praça pública para “servir de exemplo” às outras mulheres. Também é o caso em que um grupo de policiais foram flagrados deixando violentamente uma mulher seminua durante um ato de manifestação. Esses e outros casos violam, pelo menos, o Artigo V da Declaração Universal de Direitos Humanos da ONU, o qual diz: “ninguém será submetido à tortura nem a tratamento ou castigo cruel, desumano ou degradante.” (3). A situação também viola a resolução 1960 (2010) do Conselho de Segurança da ONU sobre Mulheres, Paz e Segurança (4), a qual reitera, em tradução livre, a necessidade de todos os Estados e partes não-estatais em conflitos cumprirem totalmente suas obrigações sob a lei internacional aplicável, incluindo a proibição de todas as formas de violência sexual.  Por isso, solicitamos à ONU Mulheres e ao  Alto Comissariado das Nações Unidas para Direitos Humanos que investiguem e intervenham nos casos de violência sexual e feminicídio  das mulheres chilenas como forma de repressão às manifestações contra o governo de Sabastián Piñera.  BeChange www.bechangesocial.com ______________________________________________ Stop raping and murdering Chilean women! Since October Chilean protesters have been facing strong repression by the government of Sebastián Piñera. In the last weeks, cases of disappearance, death and sexual violence against Chilean women have multiplied. In conflict situations, rape and feminicide are cunningly used to create political terror. They are also a way of fomenting panic in order to establish the supremacy of political groups, and it may be supported by official political leaders to repress and humiliate. “Rape is directly related to all existing power structures in particular societies” (DAVIS, 2017: 49) (1). Also in these cases, rape is a punishment and the rapist, a moralizer, in his own understanding (2).  There is no doubt that the Chilean Police are using force to sexually assault and kill the Chilean women. It is evident based on cases as the murder of Daniela Carrasco. She was a protester who was raped, killed and left in a public square to “set an example” to other women. This violence is also the case that happened with a group of policemen caught violently leaving a woman half-naked during an act of demonstration. These cases violate the Article V of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” (3). The situation also violates the UN Security Council resolution 1960 (2010) on Women, Peace and Security (4), which reiterates the obligation of all states and non-states in conflict to fully comply with their obligations under applicable international law, including the prohibition of all forms of sexual violence. We therefore request the UN Women and the UN High Commissioner for human rights to investigate and intervene in cases of sexual violence and feminicide against Chilean women to repress their protests against the government of Sebastián Piñera. BeChange  www.bechangesocial.com Referências / References (1) DAVIS, A.. Mulheres, Cultura e Política. São Paulo: Boitempo. 2017. p. 200. (2) SEGATO, R. L.. A estrutura de gênero e a injunção do estupro. In: Suàrez, M; Bandeira L ( Orgs.) Violência, gênero e crime no Distrito Federal. Brasilia: Paralelo 15,Editora UNB, 1999. p. 387 - 427. (3)  ORGANIZAÇÃO DAS NAÇÕES UNIDAS.  Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos. Disponível em: <https://nacoesunidas.org/direitoshumanos/declaracao/> Acesso em: 25 nov. 2019. (4) ORGANIZAÇÃO DAS NAÇÕES UNIDAS. Resolution 1960 (2010). Disponível em: <https://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/1960%282010%29> Acesso em 25 nov. 2019.  

BeChange Social
337 supporters
Started 2 months ago

Petition to Private and Public Donors

More resources and funds for the organisations of women living with HIV !

The undersigned organizations and individuals call for more funds for the organizations of women living with HIV. Women represent more than half of all adults living with HIV in the world, 46% of the new HIV infections in adults globally were among women and new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 55% higher than among men in the same age group. Every week, around 6200 young women aged 15–24 years become infected with HIV. [1],[2]. There are significant regional differences in both the new HIV infections among women and in the proportion of women living with HIV (15 and older) as opposed to men, but they comprise more than one third in all regions.1,2  Also more than one third (35%) of women around the world have experienced physical and/or sexual violence at some time in their lives.[3] Gender inequalities are closely related to exposure to HIV and combined with biological susceptibility, gender violence, cultural norms, low economic power exacerbate the risk of HIV infection, influence the risk behaviour, sexual expression, the incorporation of preventive information[4] and worsen health outcomes. Women living with HIV may face a variety of challenges including, but not limited to:  Violence, poverty, human trafficking, forced prostitution and increased vulnerability to HIV and AIDS,[5] Often deal with stigma and fear of disclosure as well as poor access to health education5. There are continuing barriers to health and human rights. Significant biomedical advances have been made, but the ineligibility of women with HIV in public and private funding poses new challenges for an effective response to HIV / AIDS. In addition, while biomedical interventions are important, behavioral, social and political interventions are essential to ensure that affected communities have the knowledge and ability to protect themselves. Ending AIDS requires that we address girls and women’s by putting them at the centre of the response. Requires the Meaningful Involvement of Women with HIV/AIDS. Requires the empowerment of organisations of women living with HIV to deal with issues concerned to us. Requires the empowerment of women and girls. But evidence suggests that women and girl’s participation in national HIV planning processes is declining globally. In 2012, UNAIDS reported that 61% of women living with HIV participated in formal planning and review mechanisms where they are present, down from 66% in 2010.[6] Women living with HIV need to be included. Women living with HIV face a number of barriers to meaningful participation in HIV policy and decision-making. These include stigma and discrimination, economic insecurity, and a lack of access to information and resources, as well as insufficient opportunities for training and support.[7] There are also few institutional mechanisms to ensure women’s leadership or inclusion in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the HIV response. Even where opportunities exist, organisational and resource constraints hinder the participation of women living with HIV.[8] One of the major constraints is the underfunding of Women’s organisations. “For the first time, the global resources available for the AIDS response declined significantly, by nearly US$ 1 billion.”[9] And in Europe, overall financing for civil society activity is reducing, which is also a major concern.[10] A greater concern for organisations of women who are the most affected. A research by the Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID) found that, while women and girls are recognised as key agents in development, a large majority of women’s organisations are underfunded. In 2010, the average income of over 740 women’s organisations around the world was just US$20,000.[11] Therefore, we urge to address the urgent needs of women and organizations of women living with HIV. We call to: Create funds directed to organizations of women living with HIV.Create funds directed to women living with HIV’ programs and projects. Promote and protect the Meaningful Involvement of Women Living with HIV. Promote further political awareness around the specific challenges faced by women living with HIV; Respect, protect and promote human rights and gender equality; Consider women as a priority group with a focus in our multiple vulnerabilities; Promote awareness and knowledge around women and HIV in all our cycle of life; The inclusion of women and gender issues including gender-based violence, with adequate funding, in all plans and national programs for HIV/AIDS; The inclusion of, and adequate funding for, SRH and HIV literacy and peer projets in all national HIV programs; Increase awareness and engagement towards the challenge of HIV discrimination in a gender perspective; Engage in a dialogue with women’s support groups so as to identify, together, concrete policy measures addressing these issues; Endorse and scale up the implementation of equitable and inclusive policy measures that increase women’s chances for better health outcomes, improved access to tailored care including HIV and AIDS prevention, testing and counseling; Include women in all measures and policy making related to HIV; Put an end to funding according to organizations budget, a requirement of pharma and private sector that cannot be considered as fair social responsibility as organizations that most need are left behind. We demand the meaningful involvement of women living with HIV in the global AIDS response!  Yours sincerely, Seres (con) viver com o VIH International Community of Women Living with HIV WECARe+ [1] https://www.amfar.org/about-hiv-and-aids/facts-and-stats/statistics--women-and-hiv-aids/ [2] https://www.unwomen.org/en/what-we-do/hiv-and-aids/facts-and-figures  [3] https://www.unaids.org/en/resources/fact-sheet [4] Nunes, I. (2008). Quality of Life in HIV positive Women: self-esteem, body image and social relations. Master Thesis. University of Coimbra.[5] World Health Organization: “Gender, women and health.” Disponível em: http://www.who.int/gender/hiv_aids/en/[6] UN Women (2015) ‘Championing Gender Equality in the HIV Response: The experiences of five programme countries’[pdf][7] UN Women (2010) ‘Transforming the National AIDS Response: Advancing Women’s Leadership and Participation’[pdf][8] UNAIDS (2013) ‘Performance Monitoring Report’ UNAIDS/PCB (32)/13.5[pdf][9] Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMB-qxRzptE [10] Civil Society Europe/Civicus (2016) ‘Civic Space in Europe: 2016 Survey’ [pdf][11] https://www.awid.org/news-and-analysis/20-years-shamefully-scarce-funding-feminists-and-womens-rights-movements

Seres VIH
648 supporters