Stop Forced Evictions of Haiti's Earthquake Victims
  • Petitioned President René Garcia Préval

This petition was delivered to:

Republic of Haiti
President René Garcia Préval
Haitian Minister of the Interior and Collective Territories
Paul Antoine Bien-Aimé
United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti
William J. Clinton
United Nations Secretary General's Special Representative to Haiti and Head of Mission, MINUSTAH, Ha
Edmond Mulet
Head of Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Haiti
Niels Scott
United Nations Independent Expert on Human Rights in Haiti
Michel Forst
Representative of the Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons (UNHCR)
Walter Kälin
United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator, Haiti
Nigel Fisher
Acting Chief, MINUSTAH Human Rights Section, Haiti
Lizbeth Cúllity
Senior Operations Officer, International Organization for Migration (IOM), Haiti
Matthew Huber

Stop Forced Evictions of Haiti's Earthquake Victims

    1. Petition by

      Institute for Justice And Democracy in Haiti

ActionAid Haiti, Bagay Dwol Haiti Relief Fund, Canada Haiti Action Network, Centre d'Appui a la Production Agricole du Sud (CAPAS), Centre Medical Social Port au Prince, Konbit pou Ayiti (KONPAY), Fondation Écosophique Caonabo, Haitian American Organization for Social & Economic Development (HAOSED), Health Alliance International, Health Empowering Humanity, Hesperian Foundation, Honor and Respect Foundation, Human Rights Accompaniment In Haiti, Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti, International Action Ties, Lambi Fund, Mennonite Central Committee U.S. Washington Office, Pax Christi Ayiti Sant Kominitè Alternitif Lapè (SAKALA), People's Health Movement-USA, Quixote Center, Sustainable Organic Integrated Livelihoods (SOIL), Terre des Jeunes Haïti/Ayiti, TransAfrica Forum, Unity Ayiti: Boston Solidarity with Haiti, University of Missouri Faculty Staff and Students CONCERNED About Democracy and Public Knowledge, University of Missouri Peace Studies Program, World Service of Mercy, You. Me. We.

Kreyol
Francais
Espanol

Background

After the earthquake of January 12th, over 2 million survivors left the wreckage of their homes and sought refuge in camps constructed on any open land. The Haitian Government and private landowners have evicted thousands of residents from these encampments without a viable alternative for their relocation, and in some cases with no alternative at all.

The UN and Haitian Government agreed on April 22 to an immediate 3-week moratorium on forced evictions which expired, Thursday, May 13th. Within that period reports of evictions continued. Humanitarian aid, including food, water and sanitation facilities have been cut off in targeted camps (1, 2). In other locations, residents are being harassed and abused by the police. The people most affected by the earthquake, those who have lost their families, homes and livelihoods, now live in fear that they may be violently forced to leave their present settlements without viable options established for relocation (2).

These actions are prohibited under the UN’s Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. The UN Principles, which are based upon international humanitarian law and human rights instruments, establish the framework for protecting the rights of displaced people, including the right to basic services (food, water, shelter, education, medical services, and sanitation) and to be protected from violence (4). When these rights are not upheld, UN agencies are obligated to call on relevant parties to respect them (5). Specifically, the OCHA CCCM Cluster-designated Camp Coordinator is charged with developing an “exit/transition strategy for camp closures while ensuring that responses are in line with ... standards including relevant government, human rights, and legal obligations" (7, 8). 

(for footnoted version go here - http://ijdh.org/archives/12237)

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