Youth Unemployment: Global crisis in Mombasa

Youth Unemployment: Global crisis in Mombasa

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Why this petition matters

Started by Zeinab Mahmood

Youth unemployment refers to young individuals aged 15 to 35 who are looking for work but are unable to obtain one. It primarily affects illiterate adolescents who have never attended school or received an education. This issue can also impact those who are well educated. The occupations that educated youth desire to take are unavailable because of Covid-19. Some people believe that this issue is not as serious as pollution. However, this is a big issue not only in Kenya but throughout the world. 'Experts believe that by 2025, [machines] will have taken over a quarter of our occupations,' which is ten years away.

The global youth unemployment rate is 13.6 percent, according to a 2020 study from the International Labor Organization, a specialized department of the United Nations. The high rate of global youth unemployment is largely due to a lack of job opportunities, but it also includes barriers to entry into the labor market, such as a lack of work experience, and the growing size of the population – there are approximately 1.3 billion young people aged 15 to 24 worldwide.

This group of young people, combined with unemployed youth makes up a group commonly referred to as NEET – “not in employment, education or training.” This means they are not gaining experience in the labor market, not receiving an income from work, and not enhancing their education and skills. Globally, one in five young people, or 267 million, have NEET status.

Due to youth 's inexperience and lack of knowledge, many employers refuse to hire them as hiring youths only brings no benefits to employers. This can lead to poverty which will lead to pollution and less tourist attractions which can affect the countries overall GDP. This can also waste money because employers have to spend a lot, to train youths before they need to cope with their own job. Research shows that unemployment not only affects youths physically, but also affects them psychologically. Unemployment leads youths into various psychological issues , such as issues like depression and anxiety. This issue is important to mitigate as the unemployment rates among youths are getting higher and higher, day by day.


The Africa continent, for instance, has nearly 200 million people between the ages of 15 and 24 ,a number that’s expected to double by 2045. With the ever increasing youth unemployment rates, there is a likelihood of it having a serious impact on the future of Kenya if not addressed.


In regions like Africa young people make up more than a fifth of the population , and 95% of

their job is deemed informal. This is defined as work that has no legal or social protections. In practice, this usually entails low-paying jobs with irregular hours, unknown employment status, and potentially hazardous working conditions. The income of informal laborers like these fell by 81 percent in the first month of the COVID19 crisis, according to estimates. These workers and their families will be unable to live without alternative sources of income.


In Kenya, Julius finds informal and infrequent work as a carpenter. After he logged on to a job networking platform initiated by Mercy Corps and Google Inc Julius has connected to the clients and opportunities that have helped him in building a future for himself and his family.




  Having a significant amount of young people out of work can negatively impact a community’s economic growth and development.

Mankind has attempted to tackle this problem by choosing special officials and even establishing a separate branch of government, but the problem remains unsolved, why? Because if there is unemployment in a state, it signifies that the country's economy and educational system are both failing. As previously stated, unemployment occurs as a result of this young generation's lack of education, which might occur in this country due to a lack of schools, resources such as books, and other factors, or because the system is outdated the curriculum is old.All of this is detracting from the economy; there was insufficient funding to provide equipment in schools, or specialists who were unable to find job and left.As a result, we can conclude that those who are unable to find work migrate to other countries. Even highly educated professionals with the potential to make a difference migrate to other countries.

Today in charge of  promoting  gainful employment opportunities in Kenya is the Department of Labour and Employment (DOLE) and in charge of youths is The Ministry of Youths . A certain number of projects were created for youth unemployment in Kenya. Different types of agencies are created here and abroad to help youths to find jobs ,but still no good results .The Minister of Youth in Kenya says that there are over 5 million youths each year who are looking for jobs and the government produces one million jobs per year. Look at this gap! 







 What is already done is that in Mombasa,Kenya there are created several employment agencies .One of the most famous one is “Forbes Global”.The number 1 job recruiting agency in Kenya with access to the widest selection of jobs abroad and in the Middle East including UAE, QATAR, BAHRAIN,KUWAIT, SAUDI ARABIA, LEBANON,AFGHANISTAN plus more.Even though Forbes based to operate in two main cities Nairobi and Mombasa , it provides some jobs opportunities abroad too.

“To produce more quality jobs Kenya needs to continue investment in early childhood development, increased  primary healthcare coverage and quality of education that can provide fundamental skills to be productive and adaptive to changing skill demands to future entrants in the labor force,” said Ramya Sundaram, World Bank Senior Economist.Youth Unemployment is a problem that every country tries to solve. Yes, there is already some good work about agencies and other projects. But the percentage of improvement is not higher than 10%. To solve this kind of huge problem for the government, first of all, it is supposed to solve the problem with the economy and education systems of the country. There are a lot of ways to improve the economy in the country. The country can start producing more unusual products. And sell them to other countries, start making a huge system of export to other countries. From the money received,  there can be opened more universities, schools, and colleges in different points of villages.Open more and more new educational opportunities for youths, and start having multiple different types of experts. The salary for the teachers and any other workers can be increased. Then people will stop migrating to other countries and stay in their own country. With that money provide new places, give small new businesses chances to grow, and take employers for their company. But for now, there can be started “Education and training programs”, there are so many youths who are educated and want to do their work. Provide this kind of people with centers where they can teach and share their knowledge with others.While others who did not have full education will build and learn new skills, others break the rule of not hiring people with no experience, these people can be first hired as a volunteer to practice and use their knowledge in life to train, have experience and then be hired to this vacancy.

 To conclude with “Youths are the future of our world  If we will not help them imagine how many fam Will suffer because of that.Not only people the future . Any country is in the hands of youth today.

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