URGENT: Say NO to far-right rewrite of Michigan K-12 social studies standards.

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Prudence Hull
1 year ago

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Lorelei Becktel
2 years ago
The KKK is a white supremacist organisation. There is NO reason why anyone anywhere should be teaching otherwise. Erasing the history of minorities in this country is not okay. This kind of education will only lead to greater intolerance.

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Peter Connor
2 years ago
The public schools must never be used to promote ANYONE’S political agenda, not in Michigan or elsewhere!

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Anita Kanitz
3 years ago
“Here’s to strong women. May we know them. May we be them. May we raise them.”
-Anita Kanitz

There is no place on this planet, that you are in saftey, if you are female:

Hate crimes:

Domestic violence: Between 20 and 59 per cent of the world's female population are exposed to domestic violence depending on the specific region.In Germany, one in four women has experienced physical violence at the hands of her current or former partner at least once during the course of her life.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) :
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined as the partial or total removal of outer female genital parts for non-medical reasons. UNICEF estimates that currently more than 200 Million women and girls in 30 countries have been genitally mutilated. However, this number can only be understood as a rough estimate, as precise prevalence studies currently still do not exist for many countries. The actual rate could therefore be up to twice as high.

Female Genital Mutilation constitutes a severe violation of human rights. Survivors of FGM often suffer from grave physical and psychological consequences throughout their lives after the procedure.

Honour Crimes:
Worldwide, women continue to be denied the right to an independent life on the pretext of traditional, often out-dated concepts of honour. However, what are known as “honour killings” and forced marriages are only the most extreme forms of violence in the name of honour.Violence in the name of honour, also known as honour crimes, is a type of violence used in order to safeguard or regain what is perceived as the family honour. Different expressions of this kind of violence range from emotional blackmail and psychological pressure to physical and sexual violence. Forced Marriages and honour killings also belong to this category.There are no exact numbers on the extent of honour crimes in Europe. However, in 2008 the UK became the first country to publish a census on honour crimes . A survey by Dr. Khanum, for instance, shows that at least 3,000 young women in the UK are victims of forced marriage each year.

Child and Early Marriage:
An early marriage is a formal marriage or informal union entered into by an individual before reaching the age of 18. In its report 'Marrying too young. End child marriage' from 2012, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) pointed out that one third of all girls in the developing countries (except China) will be married before they turn 18. One out of nine even before they turn 15. According to UNFPA’s estimates 14,2 million girls under 18 will be married every year in the next decade, 39.000 daily.The death rate for girls giving birth under the age 15 is five times higher than of women in their twenties. In fact, complications during pregnancy and childbirth are the primary cause of death for 15-19 year old girls globally. Moreover underage wives are often victims of domestic abuse and sexual violence. They are forced to leave school and have therefore no access to higher education. As a result, the girls are economically depended on their husbands. This dependency is often passed on to their children.

Sexual Violence;
In the cases of domestic violence and sexual violence, the own home can often be the most dangerous place for women. In fact, most instances of rape and other forms of sexual violence take place not in a dark alley or park, as is often assumed, but in the home. In fact, in the majority of cases, the perpetrator is not a stranger; he is often an ex-partner, a friend, or even a member of the own family.

Sexual violence often stays unreported and unprosecuted: half of those affected by sexual violence never speak with anyone about what they experienced, and only a very small portion of rape crimes are reported at all. Furthermore, the conviction rate of rape-crimes in Germany has fallen sharply in recent years.

The key motives for sexual violence are the exercise of power, control and the humiliation of another person. In the vast majority of cases, victims are girls and women and the offenders are, in nearly all cases, men.In Germany, one in every seven women has experienced serious forms of sexual violence throughout her lifetime (Estimated number of rape every year in Germany: 160,000).

Trafficking in Women and Prostitution:
Trafficking in women is a form of gender-based violence and is a serious human rights violation. Victims are exploited by criminal networks due to their economic difficulties and the lack of alternative migration paths. However, trafficking in women not only involves migrant women but also German citizens: they represent about 20% of the victims in Germany.In 2017, the German federal criminal police office counted 489 victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. 99% of those are girls and women. This is a small part of the actual number of victims in Germany, but the real number remains unknown.

Aggression, Misogyny and Rape Culture Won Women told to shut up and grow up This Must Stop. Enough is Enough:
Misogyny, feminism, and sexual harassment!The term “misogyny” is derived from the Ancient Greek word “mīsoguníā” which means hatred towards women. Misogyny has taken shape in multiple forms such as male privilege, patriarchy, gender discrimination, sexual harassment, belittling of women, violence against women, and sexual objectification. The roots of misogyny can be traced back to ancient Greek mythology. According to Hesiod before women came into existence, men were coexisting peacefully as companions to Gods until Prometheus decided to steal the secret of fire from the God which angered Zeus. Zeus punished mankind with an evil thing for their delight called Pandora, the first woman who carried a box which unleashed all evils such as labor, sickness, old age, and death.

As mythology spilled its vices about women, every religion had their own viewpoint. Hinduism presents diverse view about the position of women and some text place women as the highest goddess and some restrict them to the role of a mother, daughter and wife, as described in Manusmriti Tertullian, the father of Latin Christianity, said that being a female is a curse given by God and they are the Devil's Gateway. In Islam, the holy book Quran has a 4th chapter called An-Nisa meaning Women. The 34th verse is a key verse in feminist criticism of Islam which reads: Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient... But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance-[ first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them.

Misogyny over years has evolved as an ideology which has engulfed the society as a smog which diminishes their site to aurora. Great philosophers, socialist, and thinkers of golden era were subdued by roars of male dominant society which narrowed their vision and made them a supporter of patriarchal society. Aristotle who was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist was also a misogynist. He thought of women as a deformity, an incomplete male. He preached that men should always command and women should follow as they are the inferior being created by God.Misogyny at its front had male supporters, but over years, few females also supported the ideology as stated by Sociologist Michael Flood.

Over centuries, women have been suppressed, their rights were neglected as a human being, they were treated as an lower part of the society, and their roles were restricted to household chores and birthing. Prolonged oppression raised many voices and collectively led to a concept of feminism which started the longest movement in history which still continues.

Feminism is a gamut of socio political movements and ideologies that share a common goal to delineate, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes. Feminist movements over decades have campaigned for rights of women, including the right to vote, to hold public office, to work, to earn fair wages or equal pay, to own property, to receive education, to enter contracts, to have equal rights within marriage, and to have maternity leave. Feminists have also worked to promote bodily autonomy and integrity and to protect women and girls from brutal crimes such as rape, sexual harassment, and domestic violence.

The modern feminist movement could be divided into four waves. Each wave dealt with different aspects of the same feminist issues. The first wave of feminism started with the “Women's suffrage movement” in 1848 in New York under the leadership of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The movement aimed at promoting women's right to vote. The second wave which started somewhere in 1960s campaigned for the legal and social equality for women, it included issues about their reproductive rights, legal inequalities, domestic violence, marital rape and divorce law. The third wave which began in the 1990s dealt with issues such as sex positive feminism, intersectionality, transfeminism, vegetarian ecofeminism, and postmodern feminism. Sex-positive feminism or sexually liberal feminism, propagates the idea of sexual freedom being an essential component of women's freedom.

The term intersectionality was coined by civil rights advocate Kimberle Williams Crenshaw. This theory considers that various aspects of humanity such as class, race, sexual orientation, and gender are not separate, but are interwoven and their relationships are essential to an understanding of human conditions. It focused on abolishing gender role stereotypes and expanding feminism to include women of various culture.Transfeminism as defined by scholar and activist Emi Koyama constituted a movement for liberation of transwomen. Vegetarian ecofeminism postulates that all types of oppression, like castism, racism and sexism, are associated with each other. It is a kind of inter human oppression. A major belief of ecofeminism is that there is a strong connection between the domination of women and the domination of nature, and that both must be eradicated in order to end oppression.

Postmodern feminism has two components, i.e., liberal feminism and radical feminism, the former being an individualistic form of feminist theory which focuses on women's ability to maintain their equality by uplifting themselves in the field of academics, and other domains by which they can make better decisions and attain equal political and legal rights. Radical feminism on the other hand demands drastic reordering of society in which male supremacy is eliminated in all social and economic contexts.

The fourth-wave feminism refers to a kind of feminism that began around 2012 which targets sexual harassment, campus sexual harassment, rape culture, workplace discrimination, body shaming, sexist imagery in the media, online misogyny, assault on public transport, and other type of harassment that is associated with the use of social media.The recent issues which were shocking and horrid like Nirbhaya Delhi Gang Rape, Harvey Weinstein allegations, and Bill Cosby allegations gave birth to campaigns like Everyday Sexism Project, No More Page 3, and the recent #MeToo.

These issues had drawn significant focus and brought legal reforms in issues such as sexual harassment at workplace as many women are employed in private, government, or unorganized sectors. Sexual harassment constitutes a gross violation of human right and women's right to equality and dignity. It is illegal to harass a person because of their gender and sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature. Workplace sexual harassment, like other forms of violence, is not harmless. It involves serious health, human, and economic and social costs, which manifest themselves in the overall development indices of a nation. Its prevalence and the constant uproar brought legal actions like sexual harassment act 2012 to cease the silent menace.

It is commendable to note the progress made by the women over centuries and the fight will continue until the roots of misogyny is removed from the world. With the wave of liberalization as a part of globalization, it was expected that religious and conservative societies would become more gender sensitive and provide equal access to education and employment. However, in some places, these hopes have been belied, due to rise of religious fundamentalism. It is important to note that even “liberal” Christian societies are yet to attain complete gender equality, so one should not despair at tardy progress in our country. Without equal access to education, equal opportunity, and economic emancipation, gender equality will remain a chimera.

Misogyny has strong roots in the U.S.; Donald Trump. a known misogynist and woman hater, picked a Supreme Court Justice cast in his own image. Trump chose Brett Kavanaugh. a bully, a sexual harasser and man who treats women with disrespect. These are the qualities that Donald Trump, the most powerful man of the world, most admires.

Donald Trump is seeking to perpetuate a toxic culture of male fury designed to hold women back and hold on to power.
Now many politicans want the death penalty for abortion in the U.S.:
Examples: The new abortion laws:
Alabama’s abortion law is warped and misogynistic!In the case of Alabama’s anti-abortion legislation, the punitive responsibility is placed totally on the woman and her physician. What is absent in all the rhetoric, emotional responses and uproar is the responsibility of the male who impregnated the female.

The promulgators of the Alabama law seem to think a woman can impregnate herself, and should be held accountable, and therefore punished for her ex post facto decision to terminate the pregnancy.The Alabama Senate approved a measure in May 2019 (and that is not the only state) that would outlaw almost all abortions in the state, setting up a direct challenge to Roe v. Wade, the case that recognized a woman’s constitutional right to end a pregnancy (the abortion ban is also for rape victims, underaged victims, even raped childs, and for mothers with deadly consequences during pregnancy and childbirths, in cases, childbearing is deadly for them).

The politicans are betting they can mobilize a party of angry white men and the women who enable them, energized by the Brett Kavanaugh nomination. They see the midterm elections as their chance to repudiate the #MeToo movement and further marginalize women.

The massive uprising against Brett Kavanaugh, like the Women’s March before it, will go down as a turning point in history. The energy and activism sparked by this nomination will not go away. It is now a permanent force in politics and society in the U.S.

To say it directly: No More Kavanaughs, no more Trumps, no more women hating men in politics.

Books about rape culture, misogyny and sexual/domestic violence, female hate crimes survivors:

"Witches, Sluts, Feminists" by Kristin J Sollee:Men have always feared powerful women, Kristin J Sollee argues in her new book, Witches, Sluts, Feminists: Conjuring the Sex Positive, and the witch is the ultimate personification of that terror. “Witches, sluts, and feminists are the trifecta of terror for the patriarchy,” Sollee explains. “To me, the primal impulse behind each of these contested identities is self-sovereignty … witches, sluts, and feminists embody the potential for self-directed feminine power, and sexual and intellectual freedom.”

"Stalkers and their Victims" by Paul E. Mullen:
Stalking has moved from being a novel area for study to become a core area of concern for mental health professionals, lawyers and other members of the criminal justice system. It has emerged as a significant social problem which not only commands considerable public attention but is now, in many jurisdictions, a specific form of criminal offence. This new edition brings the reader completely up-to-date with the explosion in published research and clinical studies in the field, and covers new issues such as cyberstalking, stalking health professionals, stalking in the workplace, female stalkers, juvenile stalkers, stalking celebrities, evaluating risk in the stalking situation, as well as exploring changes to the legal status of the behaviour. Illustrated with case studies throughout, this is the definitive guide and reference for anyone with professional, academic or other interests in this complex behaviour.

"Down Girl: The Logic of Misogyny" by Kate Manne: Misogyny is a hot topic, yet it's often misunderstood. What is misogyny, exactly? Who deserves to be called a misogynist? How does misogyny contrast with sexism, and why is it prone to persist - or increase - even when sexist gender roles are waning? This book is an exploration of misogyny in public life and politics by the moral philosopher and writer Kate Manne. It argues that misogyny should not be understood primarily in terms of the hatred or hostility some men feel toward all or most women. Rather, it's primarily about controlling, policing, punishing, and exiling the "bad" women who challenge male dominance. And it's compatible with rewarding "the good ones," and singling out other women to serve as warnings to those who are out of order. It's also common for women to serve as scapegoats, be burned as witches, and treated as pariahs.

Manne examines recent and current events such as the Isla Vista killings by Elliot Rodger, the case of the convicted serial rapist Daniel Holtzclaw, who preyed on African-American women as a police officer in Oklahoma City, Rush Limbaugh's diatribe against Sandra Fluke, and the "misogyny speech" of Julia Gillard, then Prime Minister of Australia, which went viral on YouTube. The book shows how these events, among others, set the stage for the 2016 US presidential election. Not only was the misogyny leveled against Hillary Clinton predictable in both quantity and quality, Manne argues it was predictable that many people would be prepared to forgive and forget regarding Donald Trump's history of sexual assault and harassment. For this, Manne argues, is misogyny's oft-overlooked and equally pernicious underbelly: exonerating or showing "himpathy" for the comparatively privileged men who dominate, threaten, and silence women.

"I Have The Right To" by Chessy Prout: 'A High School Survivor's Story Of Sexual Assault, Justice And Hope' :
Chessy Prout was a freshman at a prestigious boarding school in New Hampshire when a senior boy sexually assaulted her as part of a ritualized game of conquest. She bravely reported her assault to the police and testified against her attacker in court. Then, in the face of unfathomable backlash from her once trusted school community, she shed her anonymity to help other survivors find their voice. While this memoir dives into her own account, it also takes a magnifying glass to the institutions that turn a blind eye to such behavior, while offering real solutions to upending rape culture.

"Wrecked" by Maria Padian: Everyone on campus has a different version of what happened that night. Haley saw Jenny return from the party, shell-shocked. Richard heard Jordan brag about the cute freshman he hooked up with. When Jenny accuses Jordan of rape, Haley and Richard are pushed to opposite sides of the school’s investigation. Now conflicting versions of the story may make bringing the truth to light nearly impossible—especially when reputations, relationships, and futures are riding on the verdict. Wrecked takes an interesting look at witnesses and allies in sexual assault cases, and how speaking up is a crucial part of upending rape culture.

"Exit, Pursued By A Bear" by E.K. Johnston:Hermione Winters is captain of her cheerleading team, and in tiny Palermo Heights, the cheerleaders are the pride and joy of a tiny town. The team's summer training camp is Hermione's last and marks the beginning of the end of… she’s not sure what. During a camp party, someone slips something in her drink. And all goes black. Hermione struggles to regain the control she's always had and faces a wrenching decision about how to move on. The assault wasn't the beginning of Hermione Winter's story and she's not going to let it be the end.

"Asking for It: The Rise Of Rape Culture And What We Can Do About It" by Kate Harding:
Sexual violence has been so prominent in recent years that the feminist term “rape culture” has finally entered the mainstream. But what, exactly, is it? And how do we change it? In Asking for It, Kate Harding answers those questions in the same blunt voice that’s made her a powerhouse feminist blogger. Combining in-depth research with practical knowledge, Harding offers ideas and suggestions for addressing how we as a culture can take rape much more seriously without compromising the rights of the accused. It's a great precursor to the subject for anyone looking to make the dive.

"We Should All Be Feminists" by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie:
Though not specifically about sexual assault, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's renowned TED Talk about feminist issues and why we all (yes, men included) should be feminists is one of the easiest ways to begin the conversation about gender inequality, women's rights, slut shaming, and countless other feminist issues. It's a digestible, beautifully written manifesto on what gender equality means today; and all of the many ways we can and should fight for it.

"Surviving Domestic Violence: Voices of Women Who Broke Free" by Elaine Waiss: SURVIVING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE tells the stories of twelve women. Each was a victim of domestic violence, escaped from her abuser, reclaimed her dignity, reconstructed her life, and rediscovered peace. Domestic violence doesn’t just happen "out there" somewhere. It happens in our town, in our neighborhood, on our street. It happens to women we see at work, the supermarket, the movie theater, the ballet and the PTA board meeting. Every woman who has left an abusive man—every woman who has yet to leave—will find encouragement and hope in the voices of these women who broke free.

"Scared Silent " by Mildred Muhammed: In this riveting memoir, Mildred Muhammad, the former wife of convicted "D.C. Sniper" John Muhammad, breaks her silence about the domestic violence she suffered during their marriage and the tragic events that occurred after their divorce, which led up to the October 2002 sniper killings in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.

"A Safe Place for Women: How to Survive Domestic Abuse and Create a Successful Future" by Kelly White:
A Safe Place for Women tells a harrowing, but ultimately hopeful, story of one woman's ordeal with an abusive husband and how she gained the strength to leave him and thrive in a new life with her children. Noted women's advocate Kelly White unsparingly revisits the dark periods of her husband's irrational, violent moods. Her narrative makes clear why women often stay in such situations--and also how to end them. After each section of personal narrative, White discusses strategies, legal options, and supportive organizations to help abuse victims overcome the many problems that accompany abuse. White also includes compelling stories of other survivors of domestic violence and a comprehensive list of helping resources.

"Sexual exploitation: Rape, sexaul assault and workplace harassment" by Diana E. H. Russell: Diana Russell analyses and compares the prevalence and causes of three forms of sexual exploitation -- rape, child sexual abuse, and sexual harassment in the workplace. She uses an original analytical framework to integrate extensive literature on these topics, revealing numerous links between issues that are often considered separate and distinct.

"Female Sexual Slavery" by Kathleen L. Barry: "A powerful work filled with disbelief, outrage, and documentation...sexual bondage shackles women as much today as it has for centures."
—Los Angeles Times

"Exposes the dark side of sexuality and dares to ask the crucial question, 'why do men do these things to women?'...the issues it raises deserve nationwide attention."
—Susan Brownmiller

"The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm" by Anne Koerdt: The Female Orgasm in American Sexual Thought and Second Wave Feminism : About the sexual enslavement of women and girls and the lies of intercourse and sex.

"Still I Rise: The Persistence of Phenomenal Women" by Marlene Wagman-Geller: "Who are the great women leaders in history? Who are the women heroes who personify "girl power"? Intrepid women heroes: When Nelson Mandela was imprisoned in South Africa's brutal Robben Prison, he tirelessly turned to the poem Invictus. The inspirational verse by the Victorian William Ernest Henley, penned on the occasion of the amputation of his leg. Still I Rise takes its title from a work by Maya Angelou and it resonates with the same spirit of an unconquerable soul, a woman who is captain of her fate. Just as Invictus brought solace to generations so does the contemporary classic. Still I Rise embodies the strength of character of the inspiring women profiled. Each chapter will outline the fall and rise of great women heroes who smashed all obstacles, rather than let all obstacles smash them. The book offers hope to those undergoing their own struggles." - The Library Blog

"The Book of Awesome Women: Boundary Breakers, Freedom Fighters, Sheroes and Female Firsts " by Becca Anderson: "The Book of Awesome Women shares stories and triumphs that are not often mentioned in mainstream history and is something you absolutely need to check out....Reading this book filled me with happiness and I just felt so amazed by what the women within this book have accomplished."
The Book of Awesome Women Book Review from @kleffnotes, TheNerdyGirlExpress, December 11, 2017

"Dangerous Relationships: Pornography, Misogyny and Rape" by Diane E. Russell: In this uncompromising volume, Diana E Russell examines the relationships between pornography, misogyny and rape, and contends that these relationships are indeed dangerous to women.

After defining pornography and considering the various types of pornographic material available, the author demonstrates that hatred of women is a predominant aspect of pornography, and that racist undercurrents are often exploited in visual pornography of all types. She then provides a rich body of statistical evidence that supports the argument that pornography is a cause of rape.

"Desert Flower" by Wairis Dirie: Waris Dirie (the name means desert flower) lives a double life - by day she is a famous model and UN spokeswoman on women's rights in Africa, at night she dreams of her native Somalia. Waris, one of 12 children, was born into a traditional family of desert nomads in East Africa. She remembers her early childhood as carefree- racing camels and moving on with her family to the next grazing spot - until it came her turn to meet the old woman who administered the ancient custom imposed on most Somalian girls: circumcision. Waris suffered this torture when she was just five years old. Then, aged 12, when her father attempted to arrange a marriage with a 60 year old stranger in exchange for five camels - she took flight. After an extraordinary escape through the dangerous desert she made her way to London and worked as a maid for the Somalian ambassador until that family returned home. Penniless and speaking little English, she became a janitor in McDonalds where she was famously discovered by a fashion photographer. Her story is a truly inspirational and extraordinary self-portrait of a remarkable woman whose spirit is as breathtaking as her beauty.

"Daughters of Shame" by Jasvinder Sanghera: 'I listen to those stories - told by women who have been drugged, beaten, imprisoned, raped and terrorised within the walls of the homes they grew up in. I listen and I am humbled by their resilience.'

Jasvinder Sanghera knows what it means to flee from your family under threat of forced marriage - and to face the terrible consequences that follow. As a young girl that was just what she had to do.

Jasvinder is now at the frontline of the battle to save women from the honour-based violence and threat of forced marriage that destroyed her own youth. Daughters of Shame reveals the stories of young women such as Shazia, kidnapped and taken to Pakistan to marry a man she had never met; and Banaz, murdered by her own family after escaping an abusive marriage.

By turns frightening, enthralling and uplifting, Daughters of Shame reveals Jasvinder as a woman heedless of her own personal safety as she fights to help these women, in a world where the suffering and abuse of many is challenged by the courage of the few.

"Meat Market: Female Flesh Under Capitalism" by Laurie Penny: About misogyny in the media and society.

"Sexual Abuse in Marriage: Recognizing and dealing with sexual abuse in marriage" by D. Anne Pierce: Many women are facing sexual abuse in their marriage, from the man of their dreams who promised to love and cherish them. Over time, they begin to realize that what they are dealing with is abuse, because they no longer have a choice in what goes on in the bedroom. This book is one woman's story of sexual abuse in her marriage and the steps she took to free herself from the abuse. Women who are dealing with abuse in their marriage will find themselves in these pages, identifying with many of the scenarios described and finding hope to face the abuse and build a healthy life for themselves.

"Honor killing in Modern Society -Anthropological View: Murder for Honor" by Kanhiya Meena , Rajni Singh Rajawat, Bhumika Talwar: Honour crimes cut across racial, religious, cultural and regional divides. The horrific and horrendous waves of massacring, enables the young and innocent women to choose their life-partners much against the accepted social mores by the allegedly supreme caste and religious groups. The culture of regulating and controlling their life make them worsen to live in the society of haters. These acts not only impact their personal identity, but also put them in the negative shades of life. ‘Honour’ is rapidly engulfing the entire ocean of mankind. Amidst this scenario, it becomes inevitable to examine the status of woman in India with special reference to the patriarchal ideology of honour residing in her; social perception of the cross marriages and honour crimes in the Indian subcontinent and the role of Khap panchayats in terrorizing the Indian social scene.

"The Stoning of Soraya M.: A Story of Injustice in Iran" by Freidoune Sahebjam and Richard Seaver:
Soraya M.’s husband, Ghorban-Ali, couldn’t afford to marry another woman. Rather than returning Soraya’s dowry, as custom required before taking a second wife, he plotted with four friends and a counterfeit mullah to dispose of her. Together, they accused Soraya of adultery. Her only crime was cooking for a friend’s widowed husband. Exhausted by a lifetime of abuse and hardship, Soraya said nothing, and the makeshift tribunal took her silence as a confession of guilt. They sentenced her to death by stoning: a punishment prohibited by Islam but widely practiced.

"Child Marriage, My Story: I was raped, forced into marriage at 9, a mother by 10" by Dr. Majid Rafizadeh :"Darkness surrounded me before I had the chance to grow. My world was shattered by the explosions of war, and the abuses of everyone around me. With each new trauma I waited for it all to come to an end. No one could survive this. Still the sun rose on another tumultuous and torturous experience. As a child I learned that I was worth less because of my gender. As I learned to speak, to stand, it was proven to me again and again that I would never be safe. My body was to be used for the sadistic pleasure of others, my mind was to be filled with nightmares. It was only my soul that remained untouched. Despite my inability to shield my body from violence and rape, despite my inability to protect my mind from persistent trauma, my soul remained my own. The day I was forced into marriage, after only nine harrowing years of life, I knew I would be imprisoned and owned for the remainder of my life. When I had my first child at ten, still very much a child myself, I knew there was no escape. But through it all, I survived and blossomed."Dr. Majid Rafizadeh, a political scientist, human rights defender, and journalist, is president of the International American Council on the Middle East. Harvard-educated, Rafizadeh serves on the board of Harvard International Review published by Harvard International Relations Council at Harvard University. He is frequently called upon to brief US, EU, and Asian officials, and parliaments about US foreign policy and Middle Eastern affairs. Rafizadeh regularly appears, and is quoted, on national and international outlets, including CNN, BBC TV and radio, France 24, ABC, and NBC. Dr. Rafizadeh's writings and analyses regularly appear on academic and non-academic outlets, including The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, CNN, Foreign Policy, Yale Journal of International Affairs, The Atlantic, Newsweek, The Daily Beast, Al Jazeera, Al Arabiya English, and Bloomberg News. A recent US citizen, Rafizadeh grew up in Iran and Syria. He said: “My experience with oppression motivated me to use my pen and skills as tools to further the principles of democracy, social justice, and gender equality. Living in both of these countries also allowed me to gain deep insights into the repressive apparatuses used not only to stifle the innovation, creativity, and potential of the youth but also to crush any form of free speech, press, rule of law, equality for women, and religion.”

"Sex Trafficking" by Siddharth Kara
Every year, hundreds of thousands of women and children are abducted, deceived, seduced, or sold into forced prostitution, coerced to service hundreds if not thousands of men before being discarded. These trafficked sex slaves form the backbone of one of the world's most profitable illicit enterprises and generate huge profits for their exploiters, for unlike narcotics, which must be grown, harvested, refined, and packaged, sex slaves require no such "processing," and can be repeatedly "consumed."

Kara first encountered the horrors of slavery in a Bosnian refugee camp in 1995. Subsequently, in the first journey of its kind, he traveled across four continents to investigate these crimes and take stock of their devastating human toll. Kara made several trips to India, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, Albania, Moldova, Mexico, and the United States. He witnessed firsthand the sale of human beings into slavery, interviewed over four hundred slaves, and confronted some of those who trafficked and exploited them.

"Orchid Child: My journey from Child Bride to acid attack survivor" by Ms Lynn Pereira:This colourful and descriptive story by acid attack survivor Lynn Pereira is an autobiography of her life and has powerful insights into life before the Vietnam war and after it, as well as fascinating insights into the world of the rich and famous. As a piece of fiction it would be amazing. Yet it is a true story and truly inspirational. It has saved at least one life in its unpublished form and can save more. Orchid Child begins in pre war Vietnam with the sex attack of a girl and swiftly moves on to the bright lights of Las Vegas after she is abandoned and disowned by her American husband who abducts their children. She eventually finds fortune and a new life in London, England where she builds up a successful business from nothing but is blighted once more by an acid attack of monstrous proportions that leaves her disfigured and blind. It took six years in private hospital and over 140 operations to rebuild her face - a face that has cost a million. The former entertainer and model with a talent for stocks and shares has many highs and lows in her life including a reckless showbiz marriage to a pop singer who bleeds her dry financially as well as emotionally. Amazingly the highs outweigh the lows as it leaves Lynn realising that she has many reasons to be positive about life even when experiencing the most horrifying times that are almost impossible to imagine. In writing her story Lynn has realised that her story has the power to heal and she is no longer a victim of life but instead, a victor!

"Misogyny in American Culture [2 volumes]: Causes, Trends, and Solutions" by Letizia Guglielmo Ph.D.: This set surveys American misogyny in all its cultural forms, from popular music, film, and education to healthcare, politics, and business. The work also assesses proposals to confront and reduce such expressions of hatred.

• Engages readers in an exploration of the history and impact of as well as current trends in and responses to misogyny on various areas of American culture to demonstrate its pervasiveness and its common foundations

• Illustrates the role of digital and social media in both amplifying misogyny and serving as a site for response to and action against misogyny

• Demonstrates that patterns of misogynistic behaviors and actions are evident throughout US history, with contemporary forms of harassment and violence often replicating those of previous decades and even centuries

• Provides a chronology of events and an appendix of organizations and agencies involved in confronting and combating misogyny in American society for ease of reference.

"The Devil Beside Me: Gang Stalking, The Secret War and How to Win" by E. J. Wyatt :
The Devil Beside Me details the tactics being used in the worldwide phenomenon known as gang stalking, the reasons behind this campaign of harassment and how to get your life back should you be one of the unfortunate few subjected to this inexplicable problem.

Written over the course of four years, The Devil Beside Me is a groundbreaking work encompassing a breadth of topics, from the esoteric to the familiar, the quantum to the spiritual. The author, through painstaking research, her own experience and interviews with victims as well as insiders, has discovered not just the reasons behind these events, but a shocking secret that has been carefully guarded for hundreds of years. The Devil Beside Me provides some startling revelations and goes a step further, giving you the tools you need to verify the truth for yourself.

"Tears of the Silenced": An Amish True Crime Memoir of Childhood Sexual Abuse, Brutal Betrayal, and Ultimate Survival by Misty Griffin:
Misty Griffin's courageous life story sheds light on the hidden, untold, stories of the MeToo movement.

A true crime memoir: When Misty was six years old her family started to live and dress like the Amish. Misty and her sister were kept as slaves on a mountain ranch where they were subjected to almost complete isolation, sexual abuse, and extreme physical violence. The two young girls were too terrified to escape. They also knew that no rescue would ever come because only a few people even knew they existed and did not care. The strict religious clothing the family wore acted as a barrier no one was willing to breach to check on the girls' welfare.

Amish Sexual abuse: When Misty reached her late teens, her parents feared she and her sister would escape and took them to an Amish community where they were adopted and became baptized members. Misty was devastated to once again find herself in a world of fear, animal cruelty and sexual abuse. Going to the police was severely frowned upon. A few years later, Misty was sexually assaulted by the bishop. As Misty recalls, "Amish sexual abusers are only shunned by the church for six weeks, a punishment that never seems to work. After I was assaulted by the bishop I knew I had to get help, and one freezing morning in early March I made a dash for a tiny police station in rural Minnesota. After reporting the bishop I left the Amish and found myself plummeted into a strange modern world with only a second or third-grade education and no ID or social security card. To all abuse survivors out there, please be encouraged, the cycle of abuse can be broken. Today, I am a nursing student and a child abuse and sexual assault awareness activist. This is my story."

"Fatal Vision" by Joe McGinniss: In 1970, Jeffrey MacDonald was discovered slightly injured, and his pregnant wife and two young daughters were found murdered. MacDonald claimed that assailants had broken in, wounded him, and knocked him unconscious while they murdered his family. However, since there was no evidence of a break-in or any that anyone else had been inside the home, MacDonald ended up being tried for the murders. Though MacDonald maintains his innocence, the thought that a father could potentially murder his pregnant wife and two small children is absolutely terrifying. (This is another book with discrepancies. MacDonald had thought the book would prove his innocence, but instead it makes it appear that he is definitely guilty. Both Janet Malcolm and Errol Morris have written response books to McGinniss’s bestseller. It still makes a horrifying read, though).

"The Stranger Beside Me" by Ann Rule:
When Ann Rule was assigned to write a book about the as-of-yet unsolved murders of multiple women, she had no idea that the culprit would end up being someone she knew. When Ted Bundy was arrested and tried for the murders, Rule was so shocked that she hurried “to the ladies room and [threw] up.” It turns out that she knew Bundy when they worked together at a suicide hotline; they were friends. It doesn’t get much more unnerving than that.

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Austin Tompkins
3 years ago
I'm signing this because learning about the history of the fight for civil rights and human dignity in America is important. It's motivating and uplifts all of us when we look back at those who came before us and fought back to make America a better America for all of us.

We need to learn about groups like the KKK and about the harsh reality of who they were and what they did. We need to learn about the Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, Black Panthers, NAACP, MLK, and everything they fought for. Learning about them provides great understanding about the America we live in today! We really need to go more in depth about some of these individuals.

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Barbara Butler
3 years ago
Education is paramount gor the future of OUR country!!!!!!!!!

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Christian Somerville
3 years ago
Um, WHAT!? Anyone wants to chime in on this, I'm welcome to it! Come on, Michigan!

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Michael Litten
3 years ago
Editing history for political and dogmatic reasons is not only stupid but dangerous

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Rosemarie Smallcombe
3 years ago
We need to educate our kids about facts and learn from history, not deny it and thereby lose its ability to inform future decisions.

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Liz McCarthy
3 years ago
its my attempt to express my truth

the truth for all the world elizabeth