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West Papua people are in danger of extinction if they continue to be part of Indonesia for the next 20 to 30 years. "According to Akihisa Matsuno, a professor at the Osaka School of International Public Policy who specializes in Indonesia, what is happening in West Papua amounts to genocide, both physical and cultural. He said that, at the very least, it was a crime against humanity in terms of a systematic annihilation of the civilian population that was intentional, widespread and ongoing." Valmaine Toki (Member of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues)   

Your signature will assist in saving the West Papuans from extinction from the planet. West Papua lost more than 500, 000 of its population under the 57 years Indonesian military rule and they continue to suffer all sorts of discrimination up to this day. Their resources are being exploited by the Indonesian government without providing much needed services to the indigenous people of West Papua.

The brief history of the people of West Papua could be found on (https://www.britannica.com/place/West-Papua The problems of genocide and need for intervention as reported in the United Nations Economic and Social Council (E/c.19/2013/12) is as follows; 

"West Papua

46. The indigenous peoples of West Papua are struggling to acquire their right to
self-determination and independence. The urgent need to tackle their issue is heightened by reports of violence, as noted in the report of the Working Group on
the Universal Periodic Review in July 2012 (A/HRC/21/7).

47. According to Akihisa Matsuno, a professor at the Osaka School of International Public Policy who specializes in Indonesia, what is happening in West Papua amounts to genocide, both physical and cultural. He said that, at the very least, it was a crime against humanity in terms of a systematic annihilation of the civilian population that was intentional, widespread and ongoing.

48. These current injustices provide additional reasons to support claims of independence, claims that have their roots in historical wrongs. The first colonization was in 1828, when the Netherlands took control of the area. In 1944, it was agreed that the West New Guinea Administration (Netherlands New Guinea) would be placed on the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. 

49. In January 1961, elections were held. Nevertheless, the Agreement between
the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands concerning West
New Guinea (West Irian) was signed in August 1962, providing for the trade of West
New Guinea to Indonesia. It delayed the application to the Special Committee by
seven years.

50. There are clear grounds for the General Assembly to support reinstatement on
the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. First, West Papua had satisfied the criteria set down in resolution 1541 (XV). Second, it had featured initially on the list. Third, the right of self-determination is articulated in article 3 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 

51. In view of the human rights violations, urgency is recommended.The significance of severe human rights violations such as death and perpetual discrimination requires action. The indigenous peoples of West Papua cannot even raise their flag or meet in large assemblies without reprisals that violate many human rights enshrined in the Declaration. The Declaration may offer a path towards reconciliation in many of the examples reviewed herein.

Current Issues in West Papua

The West Papua National Liberation Army the TPN-OPM declared war previously that led to many military engagement throughout the year in several locations up to the month of December 2018. The Indonesian Air force with complete knowledge of the declaration and the war in progress were given contract by the National Government to work on that part of the Trans Papua road with clear knowledge that the road is passing through the TPN-OPM stronghold. The workers there won’t be civilians they had been the Indonesian Air force from the start of the project but they dress in civilian clothes this time to gather intel information from the villages on the whereabouts of the TPN-OPM base and other stories to launch their attack.

It was unfortunate that the Airforce plan misfired on the 1st of December 2018 a day in which West Papuan families gather to celebrate and remember their Independence day that was snatched away by Indonesia back then. The OPM command in fact had sent a letter to the Indonesian Air forces that were constructing the road and bridges there in advance telling them about the coming holy day and they should stop work the whole of December for the Christmas period. The Air forces with clear knowledge of the situation went to observe the December 1st celebration in the village where the West Papuans were celebrating their independence day.
They gather information including taking pictures of suspected OPM members who were there. The people got one of them and demanded him to delete the pictures he had taken from his camera but he refused and ran to their base and was protected by his Air force counterparts. The Air forces prepared well for a gun fight the next day 2nd of December on their base camp which the OPM showed up. There was a military engagement that day between the OPM and the Indonesian Air forces that resulted in the fall of 24 Indonesian Air forces.

The number of 31 civilian casualties as reported in the mainstream media came from the Indonesian Air force that was heavily echoed by the government of Indonesia which of course was propaganda by the Indonesian government to gain public sympathy and support to legitimise their operations in the Nduga area and West Papua in general. The imaginary 31 civilians were never confirmed by the Indonesian mainstream media or the government to the public up to this day but it was like a wind that came out of Jakarta and went back to Jakarta.
The West Papua struggle was not a new struggle it is a 57 years old struggle the earliest and the longest independence struggle in the Pacific region which at the moment is getting heated up both on the military and the diplomatic fronts. Indonesia knowingly losing control of West Papua had to put up some last minute scene and a big one to show the international community especially the small Pacific Islands community that Indonesia means business about holding on to West Papua.

Why on earth is the government of Indonesia have to apply ‘phosphorous’ bombs on the unarmed civilian villagers. Indonesia’s target was not to silence the growing support at home but to silence the growing diplomatic support abroad especially the vocal Pacific Island Countries. The bombs were newly produced from the Indonesian factories and they had to be tested on the unfortunate civilians to see the effects of the bomb. The bombs were dropped 12 times, 5 in Mbua village and the surrounding mountains and the other 7 bombs in Yigi district and its surrounding villages. Its effects were so horrible that the plants and animals including human beings died immediately within few minutes and hours.

Heads of streams along with food gardens were completely polluted by the effects of the chemical bombs which the long term effect of the chemical bombs will still be experienced by the local population. It was meant to wipe out the local population slowly in the long run as the chemical in the phosphorus could be contagious that may be pass from plants or animals to human beings or may develop cancer in humans.