TEACHING OF CYBER CRIME AWARENESS IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES.

TEACHING OF CYBER CRIME AWARENESS IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES.

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There is no international definition of cybercrime nor of cyberattacks. Offences typically cluster around the following categories: i) offences against the confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data and systems; ii) computer-related offences; iii) content-related offences; iv) offences related to infringements of copyright and related rights.

Broadly, cybercrime can be described as having cyber-dependent offences, cyber-enabled offences and, as a specific crime-type, online child sexual exploitation and abuse.

·         Cyber-dependent crime requires an ICT infrastructure and is often typified as the creation, dissemination and deployment of malware, ransomware, attacks on critical national infrastructure (e.g. the cyber-takeover of a power-plant by an organised crime group) and taking a website offline by overloading it with data (a DDOS attack).

·         Cyber-enabled crime is that which can occur in the offline world but can also be facilitated by ICT. This typically includes online frauds, purchases of drugs online and online money laundering.

·         Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse includes abuse on the clear internet, darknet forums and, increasingly, the exploitation of self-created imagery via extortion - known as "sextortion".

What most people see online is only a small portion of the data that's out there on the "clearnet". Most search engines, for example, only index 4% of the internet. The Deep Web, which is defined as a part of the World Wide Web that is not discoverable by search engines, includes password-protected information - from social networks through to email servers. The Darknet is a collection of thousands of websites that use anonymity tools like TOR to encrypt their traffic and hide their IP addresses. The high level of anonymity in the digital space enables criminals to act without being easily detected.

The darknet is most known for black-market weapon sales, drug sales and child abuse streaming. The darknet is also, however, used for good - including enabling free speech by human rights activists and journalists.

 

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