EQUALITY TOWARDS STUDENTS WHO LIVE IN RURAL AREAS THAT ARE TAKING CLASSES IN THE CITY

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Discrimination in education is the act of discriminating against people belonging to certain categories in enjoying full right to education. It is considered a violation of enunciated human rights. Education discrimination can be on the basis of ethnicity, nationality, age, gender, race, economic condition, disability and religion. (Community Ment Health J. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 Apr 1)

Experience of discrimination in daily life and perceived social inequity have a significant influence on mental health among rural-to-urban migrants. The findings underscore the needs to reduce public or societal discrimination against rural-to-urban migrants, to eliminate structural barriers (i.e., dual household registrations) for migrants to fully benefit from the urban economic development, and to create a positive atmosphere to improve migrant's psychological well-being. (Community Ment Health J. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 Apr 1)

A huge gap in educational opportunities between students from rural areas and those from cities is one of the main culprits. Some 60 million students in rural schools are “left-behind” children, cared for by their grandparents as their parents seek work in faraway cities. While many of their urban peers attend schools equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and well-trained teachers, rural students often huddle in decrepit school buildings and struggle to grasp advanced subjects such as English and chemistry amid a dearth of qualified instructors. (Community Ment Health J. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 Apr 1)

EVEN IN THE MODERN WORLD WE HAVE TODAY, WE CAN SAY THAT THE SCHOOLS IN RURAL AREAS ARE STILL LIMITED. QUALITY EDUCATION ISN’T GUARANTEED IN THOSE LOCATIONS, HENCE, MAKING THE MINORITY OF THOSE LOCATIONS’ POPULATION TRANSFER TO URBAN AREAS, WHERE PROGRESS AND OPPORTUNITIES COME IN VASTLY. BUT WHAT HINDERS THEM FROM REACHING THEIR ASPIRATIONS ARE THE HYPOCRITICAL MINDS OF THOSE THAT ARE IN THE CITY. BUILDING UP A PLEASING AND WELCOMING FAÇADE DEVOURS THE NAKED BODIES AND MINDS FILLED WITH PREJUDICE. DISCRIMINATION WILL NEVER BE ACCEPTABLE. PLACE OF BIRTH OR MERELY A HOMETOWN, WILL NEVER BE A BASIS OF A PERSON’S WORTH.

·         Schools in rural communities

In most cases, rural schools suffer from inadequate support from the national government. Lack of teachers, teaching/learning materials, school facilities (classrooms, play-grounds, waterlines, and toilets) have been raised through the years as problems facing rural schools. In some rural communities, children have to walk for hours to go to school.

Study 1 showed that the justification of the hukou system could predict discrimination operationalized using a social distance measure. Study 2 found that priming of the proposed abolishment of the current hukou system led to reduced social distance. Study 3, using a recruiting scenario, further demonstrated that priming of the proposed abolishment of the system led to reduced discrimination in salary decision. Consistent with our predictions, discrimination against rural-to-urban migrants could be triggered by justifying the current hukou system, while priming of the abolishment of the system serves to decrease discrimination. The present research thereby sheds light on China's reform of its hukousystem to achieve social justice and equality from a psychological perspective.

China's rural-urban dual society system is instituted by its unique hukou system. This system causes inequalities in social status between permanent urban and rural residents, and discrimination against rural-to-urban migrants is thus prevalent. A series of studies, based on system justification theory, sought to address the impact of the hukou system on the discrimination against rural-to-urban migrants. Study 1 showed that the justification of the hukou system could predict discrimination operationalized using a social distance measure. Study 2 found that priming of the proposed abolishment of the current hukou system led to reduced social distance. Study 3, using a recruiting scenario, further demonstrated that priming of the proposed abolishment of the system led to reduced discrimination in salary decision. Consistent with our predictions, discrimination against rural-to-urban migrants could be triggered by justifying the current hukou system, while priming of the abolishment of the system serves to decrease discrimination. The present research thereby sheds light on China's reform of its hukousystem to achieve social justice and equality from a psychological perspective.

Disparities in educational attainment both reflect and result in greater disparities in earning power and economic opportunity, in self-esteem and social standing, and in health and nutritional status of future families. By whole heartedly addressing access to education governments can ensure that disparities do not lead to dangerous levels of social inequity. It is equally important that children have access to quality education as it is well documented that low quality schools are the key cause of dropout and of low rates of student attendance. Experience has shown that providing the children who are being left behind with quality education can be more costly than the provision of education for those children who are enrolled; however, the longer term economic and social costs of not providing education for out of school children will be far greater (Community Ment Health J. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 Apr 1)

 

·        Indigenous education

Indigenous peoples in South and Southeast Asian countries have long been suffering from discrimination, economic displacement, displacement due to armed conflicts, as well as threat of loss of language and culture. (Community Ment Health J. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 Apr 1) 

 

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