DEMOCRATIZE VENEZUELA: Urges for Economical and Governmental Reforms in Venezuela

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Crisis Background

Venezuela was once the richest country in all of South America. The oil-rich nation was once all the rage, exporting its oil and natural gas resources all over the world. They maintained their position up top until a massive fall in oil prices. Oil-oriented Venezuela since then have struggled financially to a point where it triggered a massive humanitarian crisis that touched all aspects of life in Venezuela.

Socio-political issues arise from this crisis. Arbitrary arrests, the torture of prisoners and a general social political crackdown have appeared in the timespan of this conflict. People have been trying to voice their opinions on how the government is dealing with the crisis, yet ended up in jail for no apparent reason. This leads to political polarization, the rising of anti-government groups and an even more radical government.

Economic issues arise from this crisis. Hyperinflation, devaluation of the Bolivar and severe humanitarian crisis have been the most significant effect so far. People have not been able to buy the daily necessities they need. They can’t afford simple goods such as one whole chicken and a roll of toilet paper without spending millions of Bolivars. This leads to extreme poverty, unemployment, a refugee crisis and a shortage in food and medicine.

This crisis came to limelight specifically due to the radical, totalitarian socialist government that Venezuela is controlled under, neglecting the issue and its protesting people. This government was also the one that called for the expropriation of businesses as a major economic policy that would later backfire when the financial crisis hits. Not just a severely unideal government system and a failed economic policy, the government also lacks transparency, notorious for being heavily corrupted.

Hypothesis

We think that the failure of the governmental and economical structure is the main problem that needs to be resolved for the Venezuelan Economic Crisis case. This human rights conflict violates article 25 on the rights to an adequate living standard in the UDHR. The offender in this case is the Venezuelan government and the victims are the citizens of Venezuela. So far, there hasn't been a concrete problem solving method done. Improving the situation, we urge for the complete revamp of the nation’s economic programme and government system. By having more private businesses, a clean government and a democratic point of view will grant Venezuela a stable economic, social and political environment in order to rise from this crisis. This means the specific international law needed to be enforced is the Declaration on the Right to Development, specifically article 2,3,4 and 6.

Proposed Solution

So to improve the situation, we are urging the United Nations to fight for the total reform of economical and governmental systems in Venezuela. Specific changes that we want to highlight is the formation of a new complete reformation plan, including the development of a new economic programme, privatization of industries, and restoring transparency within the government. We highly encourage the democratization of the country as a way for the people of Venezuela to voice their opinions and prevent any totalitarian control. Rebuilding this once great nation must require a fresh start, along with innovations and visionary strategies. This is of course not complete without an active participation of the people.



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