Since 1990, the Nigerian government has repeatedly violated both international and domestic prohibitions on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment against the indigenous people of Ogoniland for oil exploitation. Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment must stop.
The Ogoni people have been victims of human right violations over the years. In 1990, Mobile Police Force men (MPF) shot down protesters against Shell in the village of Umuechem, killing 80 people and destroying 495 homes. In 1993, following protests that were designed to stop contractors from laying a new pipeline for Shell, the MOF raided the area to quell the unrest. In the chaos that followed, over 27 villages were raided, resulting in the death of over 2,000 Ogoni people and displacement of 80,000.
According to Amnesty International's 2009 report, "Killing At Will: Extrajudicial Executions and Other Unlawful Killings by the Police in Nigeria." Amnesty International documented 29 cases of victims of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions who had never appeared before a judge.
Since 1993 the Nigerian government and Shell have continuously harasses, arrests, beats, tortures, rapes and kills the Ogoni children, women and men. Between 1993 and 1996 over 2,000 children, women and men were killed and 30 Ogoniland villages were destroyed by the Nigerian armed forces.
On November 10th, 1995, without any valid allegation, Mr. Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other Ogoni leaders were hanged by the Nigerian government. Their crimes? Asking for the protection of their basic human rights, voicing their right to self-determination, and exposing the Shell Petroleum Development Company's (SPDC) role in destroying their homeland, dismantling their communities and killing their people.
Today, the Ogoni people have: No functioning schools, No functioning hospitals, No social welfare programs, No pipe-borne water, No electricity, No job opportunities, No economic development projects and the people are living under fifty cents ($0.50) a day.