The UN Optional Protocol Against Torture (OPCAT)
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Most international treaties or mechanisms to end torture lack necessary implementation and enforcement capacities. However, the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture (OPCAT) requires participating countries to set up monitoring systems to ensure that prisoner rights are not violated and provides for international monitoring to ensure both transparency and enforcement. And thus, the Convention Against Torture must be implemented in order to be monitored. Consistent independent monitoring of detention sites - whether sites for criminal detainees, administrative detainees or those captured in armed conflict - has been found to be the most effective way to deter torture and cruel treatment.
Despite the US has ratified the Convention Against Torture, Torture and Inhuman Treatment has been practices for almost a decade. Implement the Optional Protocol Convention Against Torture would strengthen the Convention Against Torture and help prevent past violations from occurring. Further information or literature can be found in the following links:
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