India - What are we doing for our aged community????

India - What are we doing for our aged community????

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Delhi Public School Electronic City started this petition to The Government Of India and

Being born as a human being, we have all the privileges required for leading a meaningful and comfortable life. Unfortunately in our country, the old people are still considered a burden and subjected to a lot of suffering when they are in need of utmost care and attention from us. The poor standard of living and sheer negligence on our part result in low life expectancy among the aged people.

There are few countries in the world who are not only ahead us in taking care of the old people but are also well equipped to counter the challenges faced by the people belonging to the weak and fragile group.

In USA,there is an agency named ‘Administration of Ageing’ (AOA) which works to ensure that older Americans can stay independent in their communities ,mostly by awarding grants to states.There are nutrition programmes like ‘Meals on Wheels’ which help the seniors stay in their homes through their services such as accomplishing essential activities of daily living,(like getting to the doctor’s office,buying groceries etc) and through help given to caregivers.Some of these grants are for Cash and Counselling programs that provide Medicaid participants a monthly budget for home care and access to services that help them manage their finances.

The Australian government is using the funds contributed by people aged between 25 and 50 to support the elderly.These citizens aged between 25 and 50 are contributing a decent chunk of their salaries.Many policies are being organized to encourage the elderly to downsize their homes and contribute funds to their super funds. This might generate an income for the elderly.The government is regularly monitoring the poverty levels among the elderly and is trying to introduce many other policies and schemes to reduce poverty.

Japan has long been known for its widespread respect for its seniors and a powerful sense of

obligation to care for them. The involvement and responsibility of the family members in care

was even formally embodied in the “Japanese style welfare state”.

 

Yet as the demographic structure of society has changed, and the population has progressively

aged – Japan now has the oldest population in the world – the provision of care is increasingly

seen as a social (and not exclusively a family) concern.

 

In 2000, Japan introduced long term care insurance (LCTI), designed to provide cover to all

those over the age of 65, according to their needs. As such, the system is one of the most

comprehensive social care systems for the elderly in the world, built around the aim of

reducing the burden of care for families.

China endorses a social insurance type of social security which mandates every individual to maintain an account to receive social assistance . The Urban Enterprise Pension system (UEPS) covers urban workers, who in practice are mainly employees of large private enterprises and state – owned enterprises

Rural pension scheme allows rural workers to make voluntary contribution to individual accounts that are subsidized by local and central governments

The Civil Service pension system covers most employees of government agencies and related governmental bodies-without contributions required from these workers. Hospitals and clinics in urban areas are motivated to mobilize revenues by acquiring modern technologies. Initiatives are underway to provide basic medical insurance (BMI) for urban employees in the formal sector. The overall policy framework in China for the care of elderly is based on improving the pension system, improving the basic health system for the elderly, establish 3-tier elderly care system, develop technical standards for elderly friendly construction, increase facilities for culture, education, sports, and fitness for the elderly and strengthen the management of elderly social work.

Germany is a leader in leveraging digital technology to accommodate a healthier and more engaged older population. In order to address the growing need for care, the government has been working to broaden the scope and inclusivity of its LTC system, placing particular focus on improving conditions for both recipients and providers of home-based care. The older population in Germany is highly independent and engaged. Volunteerism is growing, thanks in part to government-sponsored programs that help connect older people with volunteer opportunities that take advantage of their unique experience and skills. In 2014, more than 45 percent of people ages 50 through 64 engaged in volunteer work, and 34 percent of seniors age 65 and older did the same. The German government has undertaken retirement reforms, including raising the pensionable age and introducing flexible retirement options, and has established programs to provide employment opportunities, education, and training, and to improve workplace conditions for older employees. The super-aged population in Germany has a high healthy life expectancy, with three-quarters of those age 65 and older reporting that they still feel fit. Germany is an early mover in requiring LTC insurance and is also working to strengthen home-based care and to widen the scope of beneficiaries, with particular emphasis on the population with dementia.

Policies have also endeavored to improve the quality and affordability of care. The government is also focused on ensuring that older adults in underserviced rural areas have access to the same quality of care as in urban areas, leveraging e-health technology.

We hereby request the Indian government to take up the issue related to old age in our country seriously and provide all the amenities required to attain a higher standard of living and increased life expectancy among the old people. There should be certain policies and schemes made by the government entitled to promote a healthy and happy group of senior citizens.

 

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