SFPUC: Discontinue Fluoridating the Drinking Water in San Francisco, CA

To The Honorable Members of the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission,

Senator Art Torres - President

Vince Courtney – Vice President

Anson Moran

Ann Moller Caen

Francesca Vietor

Harlan L. Kelly, Jr. – General Manager


WHEREAS water, our most precious resource, is essential to all and the public water supply should be safe for all to drink, and

WHEREAS  you the SFPUC members are authorizing the continuation of water fluoridation in San Francisco County;  You, the SFPUC members have the authority to end water fluoridation in San Francisco County;  You, the SFPUC members are legally responsible for water fluoridation in San Francisco County. 

WHEREAS under the California Environmental Quality Act, (CEQA) law, the SFPUC must do a study on the environmental impacts of water fluoridation;  This study has not been done in San Francisco and should be completed before legally continuing to fluoridate our water;  99% of all fluoride added to the water goes down the drain and into the environment;  The fact that this study has not yet been done is egregious negligence on the part of the SFPUC, and

WHEREAS you say the reason you are fluoridating our water is because it’s good for children’s teeth, and California state law mandates it (but cannot enforce it because it will not pay for it); however the California Health and Safety Code law sections 104830-104865 already provides FREE topical fluoride treatments to children in a much more effective, economical, accurate, and far safer way than water fluoridation:

SECTION 104830-104865

104830. Pupils of public and private elementary and secondary schools, except pupils of community colleges, shall be provided the opportunity to receive within the school year the topical application of fluoride or other decay-inhibiting agent to the teeth in the manner approved by the department. The program of topical application shall be under the general direction of a dentist licensed in the state and may include self-application…”


WHEREAS according to evidence from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 41% of American children have dental fluorosis, a disfiguring mottling, including white spotted, brown-stained, or brittle broken teeth caused by excess fluoride;  Dental fluorosis is not simply a "cosmetic effect";  Dental fluorosis is the first visible sign of whole body fluoride poisoning;  These children will have to live with this disfigurement for the rest of their lives or undergo expensive treatment for it, and

WHEREAS the SFPUC is potentially subjecting itself to costly litigation because of health damages by continuing to use fluoride in our water, and

WHEREAS hexafluorosilicic acid, the type of fluoride used in our water, is a toxic waste product from the wet scrubbers of the fertilizer industry and is classified as hazardous waste, too toxic for permitted disposal anywhere, and has never been required to undergo randomized clinical trials for safety or effectiveness by any regulatory agency in the world;  It has also been known to contain arsenic, cadmium, mercury, lead, hexavalent chromium, sulfates, radon and uranium. When you are deliberately adding these highly toxic substances and you are willing to increase cancer rates to prevent tooth decay, this is clearly not acceptable nor legal, and

WHEREAS fluoridated water provides an uncontrolled dose of fluoride to citizens, some of whom may drink significantly large quantities due to their occupation, outdoor activity, special diet, health conditions (such as diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus), or medications being taken, and

WHEREAS water fluoridation forces the entire population to participate in a medical process that is only intended for children;  Fluoride is the only substance added to public water for the purpose of treating and preventing a health condition in the body, rather than treating the water itself (such as chlorine being added to kill microorganisms), and many citizens feel it is not morally or ethically justifiable to dose citizens with this substance or any other forced medication in water;  This toxic addition forces the entire population to participate in a wildly uncontrolled medical experiment. No residents have asked this Commission for medical treatment, and it is illegal for this Commission to act as a medical doctor to anyone or to treat anyone’s disease.  Each resident’s medical condition is unknown to this Commission.  Mass medication even by a doctor is illegal, and any person or group acting as if they were doctors to randomly deliver a toxic substance to any unwilling person or even a willing person is committing a serious crime; and

WHEREAS according to the Centers for Disease Control, fluoride's "predominant effect is post eruptive and topical."   In other words, any benefits that accrue from the use of fluoride, come from the direct application of fluoride to the outside of teeth (after they have erupted into the mouth) and not from ingestion; There is no need, therefore, to expose all other tissues to fluoride by swallowing it, and

WHEREAS 50% of ingested fluoride is deposited in the bones of children, while only about 10% is stored in adults; the National Research Council in 2006 reported that American infants and young children are being exposed, on a body weight basis, to 3-4 times the amount of fluoride as are adults, and young children’s bodies are especially susceptible to harm from chemical exposures due to their rapidly growing cells and tissues, and

WHEREAS as recently as November 9, 2006 the American Dental Association (ADA) raised concern that parents and caregivers of infants under 1 year of age may wish to use non-fluoridated water when mixing infant milk formula for their babies, but this is cost prohibitive for low income families, and

WHEREAS alternative methods of fluoride delivery exist; and we are already over exposed to fluoride in foods and beverages, and

WHEREAS addition of fluoride to municipal water supplies has documented significant, adverse health effects; For example:

a) Risk to the brain. 23+ human studies and 100+ animal studies link fluoride to brain damage and lowered IQ.  According to the National Research Council (NRC), fluoride can damage the brain. Animal studies conducted in the 1990s by EPA scientists found dementia-like effects at the same concentration (1 ppm) used to fluoridate water.

b) Risk to the thyroid gland. According to the NRC, fluoride is an “endocrine disrupter.” Most notably, the NRC has warned that doses of fluoride (0.01-0.03 mg/kg/day) achievable by drinking fluoridated water, may reduce the function of the thyroid among individuals with low-iodine intake. Reduction of thyroid activity can lead to loss of mental acuity, depression and weight gain. 

c) Risk to bones. According to the NRC, fluoride can diminish bone strength and increase the risk for bone fracture.  

d) Risk for bone cancer. Animal and human studies – including a recent study from a team of Harvard scientists – have found a connection between fluoride and a serious form of bone cancer (osteosarcoma) in males under the age of 20.

e) Risk to kidney patients. People with kidney disease have a heightened susceptibility to fluoride toxicity. The heightened risk stems from an impaired ability to excrete fluoride from the body. As a result, toxic levels of fluoride can accumulate in the bones, intensify the toxicity of aluminum build-up, and cause or exacerbate a painful bone disease known as renal osteodystrophy;

In addition, studies have shown that fluoride toxicity can lead to a wide variety of health problems, including:  increased lead absorption, disruption of the synthesis of collagen, hyperactivity and/or lethargy, muscle disorders, arthritis, autism, Alzheimer’s, bone fractures, impaired sleep by impairing melatonin production by the pineal gland, inactivation of 62 enzymes and inhibitor of more than 100, inhibited formation of antibodies, genetic damage and cell death, increased tumor and cancer rate, disrupted immune system, damaged sperm and increased infertility;

Dean Burk, Chief Chemist Emeritus, U.S. National Cancer Institute said, “Fluoride causes more human cancer, and causes it faster, than any other chemical,” and

WHEREAS for health reasons, people are increasingly forced to use reverse osmosis water filters to take the fluoride out;  These filters are costly and waste three gallons of water for every one they filter, which defeats our water conservation efforts, and

WHEREAS until the SFPUC can provide the toxicology data showing fluoride is safe, it's illegal to put it in our public water, and

WHEREAS each individual possesses the inalienable right to choose or reject to consume fluoride medication; therefore


We the undersigned citizens of San Francisco County respectfully demand that The SFPUC Members DISCONTINUE using our public water supply to deliver the medicine fluoride.


Communities in California which have Rejected Fluoridation Since 1990:

Crescent City,  California  November 6, 2012

Napa, California August 17, 2010  Napa City Council Rejected Grand Jury

Mammoth Lakes, California November 8, 2005

Redding, California November 5, 2002

Watsonville, California November 5, 2002

Modesto, California November 7, 2001

Woodside, California September 2000

Santa Barbara, California November 23, 1999

El Carjon, California April 27, 1999

Helix Water District, California April 7, 1999

Lakeside Water District, California April 6, 1999

Riverview Water District, California March 24, 1999

La Mesa, California March 9, 1999

Santa Cruz, California March 4, 1999

Suisun City, California May 1, 1997

Redwood Valley, California February 6, 1993

Los Altos Hills (Purissima) California 1993

Davis, California December 14, 1990

Morgan Hill, California March 7, 1990

This petition will be delivered to:
  • General Manager SFPUC
    Harlan L. Kelly, Jr.
  • SFPUC Commissioner - President
    Senator Art Torres
  • SFPUC Commssioner - Vice President
    Vince Courtney
  • SFPUC Commissioner
    Anson Moran
  • SFPUC Commissioner
    Ann Moller Caen
  • SFPUC Commissioner
    Francesca Vietor

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