Save Concordia Parish

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Save Concordia Parish 

Sign the petition to keep Concordia Parish air clean and safe for future generations and all that reside here.

Syrah Technologies, LLC the US subsidiary of Syrah Resources Limited, an Australian based industrial minerals and technology company, proposes to construct a $25 million, start up, small scale demonstration facility to produce 2,500 tons, to be ramped up to 10,000 tons per year, of spherical graphite to use in lithium ion battery abides. 

The facility will be a pilot plant being built to determine the efficacy of US production of spherical graphite. 

The facility will mill and refine the graphite to a high purity spherical graphite using acid solution to leach out the impurities. 

Facility Tankage: 

Tankage at the facility will consist of aqueous solutions of Hydrochloric Acid & Hydrofluoric Acid, and neutralization tanks containing lime in water. A package boiler and a cooling tower will adjust the water temperature in the process to facilitate reaction time. 

Storage tanks at the facility: 

(2) 10,000 gallon Hydrochloric Acid 

(2) 10,000 gallon Hydrofluoric Acid 

(2) 10,000 gallon primary leach tanks

(1) 10,000 gallon primary leachate tanks

(2) 10,000 gallon secondary leach tanks 

(1) 10,000 gallon secondary leachate tanks

 (1) 10,000 gallon acid preparation tank

(2) 10,000 gallon repulp tank

(2) 10,000 gallon repulp leachate tank

(3) 10,000 gallon neutralization tank 

Air Emission Sources, chemicals and substances: 

Air classifying mill: Particulate matter (PM 2.5 & PM10) 

Wet plant scrubber & graphite dryer scrubber:Hydrogen chloride & Hydrogen fluoride

Cooling tower: pm2.5  & pm10

Graphite dryer combustion: pm2.5, pm10, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds. 

Package boiler: pm2.5, pm10, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds. 

Truck unloading losses: hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride. 

Wastewater discharge: 

The needed water supply will require 41,000 gallon per day for use by the facility. Scrubber, boiler, washing and cooling waters will be re-used in the process prior to discharge as a spent leach liquor wastewater stream. The city has indicated it can handle the waste water discharged from the facility. There is some concern about the technical ability and authority of the city to handle the waste water from the facility. Storm waste runoff from the graphite facility will have to be controlled. 

In the wastewater discharge permit application, Syrah listed the following chemicals to be present in the wastewater discharge stream: Oil and grease, ammonia, total suspended solids (particulate matter - graphite), total dissolved solids, chemicals that create biological oxygen demand, chemicals that create chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon. 

Based on chemicals that the applicant listed as being released into the air from facility operations, there are additional chemicals that should have been listed as being possible to be contained in the wastewater discharge and that DEQ should have been provided knowledge of, by the applicant, in order to consider establishing discharge limits in the discharge permit. 

Additional chemicals present in oil and grease (be send, ethylbenzene, toluene, and xylene) and ammonia, as well as cheicals causing biological oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand in the wastewater that are released into the air by the facility, should have been added to the chemical in the minor source air permit application. 

The chemicals in the wastewater and the treatment of the wastewater prior to discharge to a surface water resource was proposed to be used at the Reserve and Manchac facilities. In the case of the Vidalia facility, the city of Vidalia has indicated they will handle the wastewater processing. This waste stream is an industrial waste stream. 

Even with treatment, the pollutants in the wastewater will be discharged into the surface water resources from the municipal system and have the potential to negatively impact the aquatic environment. 

Syrah estimates two to three tons of feed stock is required to produce one ton of spherical graphite. 

Based on existing information, the brightening process will produce a large quantity of air emissions and particulate emissions. This process is a very dirty process that will negatively impact the environment. 

Chemicals not included as being contained in the graphite: 

Graphite is primarily carbon with concentrations of vanadium and uranium as well as other inorganic and organic contaminants released into the air under the minor source air permit application and not included as contaminants in the waste water. 

Uranium causes cancer of the lungs, larynx and bone in humans. Vanadium damages the kidneys and the male reproductive system. 

In order to establish a baseline prior to the proposed construction and operation if the Syrah Graphite facility, it is critically important to establish baseline conditions. 

Baseline air monitoring on a seasonal basis for at least one year, should be performed for the complete list of chemicals, criteria pollutants and particulate matter to be released by the facility, in the entire area of potential impact from the proposed Syrah facility. 

Soil sampling should also be performed in the area of impact to establish baseline conditions. 

A health surgery must be conducted to establish the health conditions of individuals living and/or working in the entire area of potential impact from the proposed Syrah facility. 

Syrah has been turned away from Reserve Louisiana and Manchac Louisiana.

Health impacts associated with the chemicals released into the air and stored onsite: 

Acute health impacts: 

Severe irritant to skin, eyes, and throat, nose, lungs, mouth

Causes headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breathe, coughing, and fatigue. 

Chronic health impacts: 

Known and suspected human cancer causing agents, damage to developing fetus, damages to the liver, kidneys, heart, and nervous system. 

Hydrogen, Leukemia, cancer of nasophaenyx, may decrease fertility in males and females. 

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